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L continued - L1


The Rangjung Yeshe Gilded Palace of Dharmic Activity (Front Cover)

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Lord (bhagava, bcom dan 'das). A title of male Buddhas. [RY]

lord and subjects (rje 'bangs). King Trisong Deutsen and twenty-four others who were Padmasambhava's principal pupils. [Peter Roberts]

Lord Atisha (dpal ldan a ti sha). The great Indian master who brought the teachings later known as Kadampa to Tibet. [RY]

Lord Buddha:563-483 BC [MR]

Lord Dawö Shönnu (rje zla 'od gzhon nu). Chandrakumara, another of Gampopa's names. [RY]

Lord Gampopa (rje btsun sgam po pa). The great father of all the Kagyu lineages. See 'Life of Milarepa' and 'Rain of Wisdom,' both Shambhala Publications. [RY]

Lord Nagarjuna (mgon po klu grub). See Nagarjuna. [RY]

Lord Nyang (mnga' bdag nyang) / (myang). See Nyang Ral Nyima Özer. [ZL] [RY]

Lord of all beings {skye dgu'i bdag po}. The creator of the universe according to non-Buddhists. [RY]

Lord of Black Swamp (nag po 'dam 'dzin). [ZL] [RY]

LORD OF DEATH (gshin rje). 1) A personification of impermanence and the unfailing law of cause and effect. 2) ('chi bdag) The demon with this name is one of the four Maras; see under 'Mara.'[AL] [RY]

Lord of Death (gshin rje). A personification of impermanence and the unfailing law of cause and effect. [RY]

Lord of Death {gshin rje}. Yama. [RY]

Lord of Dharma Gyalwa Götsangpa; Gönpo Dorje 1189-1258 (chos rje rgyal ba rgod tshang pa mgon po rdo rje), a rebirth of Jetsün Milarepa, and one of the most remarkable saints of the Drukpa Kagyu lineage, who spent years in retreat in solitary caves meditating on compassion, fervent devotion, and pure perception. He performed many miracles and left numerous inspiring writings many aspects of contemplative life. Among his many disciples were Drupchen Orgyenpa (grub chen o rgyan pa), Nedingpa (ne dings pa), and Yangönpa (yang dgon pa) [MR]

Lord of Great Compassion (jo bo thugs rje chen po). The great bodhisattva Avalokiteshvara. [ZL] [RY]

Lord of Secrets (gsang ba'i bdag po) refers to Vajrapani. [MR-ShabkarNotes]

Lord of Secrets (gsang ba'i bdag po), a synonym for Vajrapani, the compiler of the tantric teachings. [MR-ShabkarNotes]

Lord of Secrets (gsang ba'i bdag po). The great bodhisattva Vajrapani who is regarded as the chief compiler of the Vajrayana teachings. [ZL] [RY]

Lord of Secrets, Subduer of Arrogant Ones (gsang bdag dregs pa kun 'dul), see Rinchen Terdzö, Vol. 28 (Sa), a terma focused on Vajrapani revealed by Pema Ledreltsel (1291-1315, see chap.3, note 16). [MR-ShabkarNotes]

Lord of the Circle ('khor lo'i mgon po) [LW1] [RY]

Lord of the Circle ('khor lo'i mgon po); expl.; [LWx] [RY]

Lord of the Dead Who Destroys Arrogant Spirits (gshin rje dregs 'joms), is a terma that was rediscovered by Minling Terchen Terdak Lingpa, Gyurme Dorje (smin gling gter chen gter bdag gling pa 'gyur med rdo rje, 1646-1714). [MR-ShabkarNotes]

Lord of the Dead Who Destroys Arrogant Spirits (gshin rje dregs 'joms), see chap.1, note 38. [MR-ShabkarNotes]

Lord of the family (rigs bdag). The chief figure of the buddha family. [RY]

Lord of the family (rigs kyi bdag po). The chief buddha of the family to which one's particular yidam deity belongs. For example, Avalokiteshvara's crown buddha is Amitabha. [RY]

Lord of the Snow Mountains. See Avalokiteshvara [LW1] [RY]

Lord Ralpachen of Nyang (mnga' bdag nyang ral pa can). See Nyang Ral Nyima Özer. [ZL] [RY]

Lord who Pervades an Ocean of Mandalas (dkyil 'khor rgya mtsho'i khyab bdag). In the pervaded (khyab bya), the infinite ocean of mandalas, the pervader (khyab byed) is the Guru, the embodiment of all the families. The analogy is the sun in the sky which can be present in countless lakes. [RY]

Lord Who Pervades an Ocean of Mandalas (dkyil 'khor rgya mtsho'i khyab bdag) [LW1] [RY]

Lord who Pervades an Ocean of Mandalas (dkyil 'khor rgya mtsho'i khyab bdag) [LWx] [RY]

lords of the ten bhumis (sa bcu'i dbang phyug) [LW1] [RY]

lords of the ten bhumis; [LWx] [RY]

Lords of the Three Families (rigs gsum mgon po) [LW1] [RY]

Lords of the Three Families (rigs gsum mgon po) are Manjusri, Avalokitesvara, and Vajrapani. [MR-ShabkarNotes]

Lords of the Three Families (rigs gsum mgon po). The three bodhisattvas Avalokiteshvara, Manjushri and Vajrapani. [ZL] [RY]

Lorepa (lo ras pa). A great lineage master in the Drukpa Kagyu school. [RY]

Lorepa (lo ras pa, dharma dbang phyug): - 1251 [MR]

Lorepa (lo re pa). (1187-1250). A great master of the Drukpa Kagyü school. He is also known as Wangchuk Tsöndrü (dbang phyug brtson 'grus). [EMP] [RY]

Lo-tsa-ba - Tibetan term for a translator, who not only translated but transmitted the texts; great lo-tsa-bas sometimes receive the title Lo-chen. [Tarthang]

Lotsawa - Tibetan translators of the canonical texts who usually worked with Indian panditas. [RY]

Lotsawa (lo tsa ba), Skt. locchava. Tibetan translators of the canonical texts who usually worked closely with Indian panditas. The title literally means 'bilingual' (skad gnyis smra ba) or the 'eyes of the world' ('jig rten mig). [ZL] [RY]

Lotsawa / Lo tsa ba - Tibetan term for a translator, who not only translated but transmitted the texts; great lo tsa bas sometimes receive the title Lo chen [RY]

Lotsawa Vairochana (lo tsa ba vE ro tsa na). See Vairochana. [ZL] [RY]

Lotsawa, ('jig rten mig) means 'bilingual' or the 'eyes of the world.' [RY]

lotsawa, literal meaning of [LW1] [RY]

Lotus Arrayed Realm of Akanishta ('og min pad mo bkod pa). See Akanishta. [RY]

Lotus Born Master; [LWx] [RY]

Lotus Born; alias Padmasambhava; [LWx] [RY]

Lotus Covered Realm (pad mas 'khebs pa'i zhing). Pure land manifested after the death of Chokgyur Lingpa. [RY]

Lotus crown (pad zhva). The crown worn by Guru Rinpoche. [RY]

Lotus Crown Root Tantra (padma cod pan rtsa ba'i rgyud). A tantra belonging to Kriya Yoga. [ZL] [RY]

Lotus crown which liberates by sight (pad ma mthong grol). The crown worn by Guru Rinpoche. [RY]

Lotus Crystal Cave. [RY]

Lotus Essence Tantra (padma snying po'i rgyud) [LW1] [RY]

Lotus Essence Tantra [LWx] [RY]

Lotus Family (padma kula, padma'i rigs). The Family of Amitabha. [RY]

lotus family of supreme speech (gsung mchog pad ma'i rigs) [LW1] [RY]

Lotus family of supreme speech (gsung mchog pad ma'i rigs). [RY]

Lotus Holder (phyag na pad mo). Same as Avalokiteshvara. [RY]

Lotus Holder, Padmapani, a name of Avalokitesvara. [MR-ShabkarNotes]

Lotus King (pad ma rgyal po). Same as Guru Rinpoche. One of his eight manifestations. [ZL] [RY]

Lotus Light (pad ma 'od). The name of the palace in Guru Rinpoche's pure land. [RY]

Lotus Light Palace (pho drang pad ma 'od), [RY]

Lotus Mound (pad ma brtsegs pa). The pure realm of Buddha Amitabha. [RY]

Lotus Mound (pad ma brtsegs); charnel ground [LW1] [RY]

Lotus Mound (pad ma spungs pa); quotation from [LWx] [RY]

Lotus Mound (padma spungs pa) [LW1] [RY]

Lotus Net (pad ma drva ba). Same as Padmajala, the pure land of Guru Rinpoche. [RY]

Lotus of Nonattachment (ma chags pad ma). The twelfth bhumi. [RY]

lotus posture. This is described as having the soles of the feet pressed together, so that the somewhat extended legs form the elliptical shape of a lotus petal. It is said that there is also a version where the legs are crossed at the shins, the feet bent so that the toes touch, this area between the feet thus creating the lotus petal shape. [Peter Roberts]

Lotus Source. See Padmasambhava [LW1] [RY]

Lotus Speech (pad ma gsung). The heruka of the padma family or the tantric teachings connected to this deity among the Eight Sadhana Teachings. [ZL] [RY]

Lotus Speech (padma gsung) [LW1] [RY]

Lotus-Born (pad ma 'byung gnas). Same as Guru Rinpoche. [RY]

Lotus-Born (Shambhala3) [LW1] [RY]

Lotus-Born Master. See Padmasambhava [LW1] [RY]

Lotus-Born. See Padmasambhava [LW1] [RY]

Lotus-Born; biography of Padmasambhava [LWx] [RY]

lotus-dish. A lotus-dish is a small bowl or saucer which has the shape or pattern of lotus petals. [Peter Roberts]

Love, Loving kindness (maitri, byams pa)_. see Friendliness; 'Love' also translates brtse (ba), which includes compassion of mercy. [RY]

Loving kindness (byams pa). The attitude of wishing that other beings may be happy. [RY]

Lower Dokham [LW1] [RY]

Lower philosophical schools (grub mtha' dman pa). The two main Hinayana schools: Vaibhashika and Sautrantika. Compared to Mahayana they are called 'lower' in that they fail to establish the emptiness of all phenomena. [RY]

Lower realms (ngan song). The three abodes of hell beings, hungry ghosts and animals. [ZL] [RY]

Lower realms {ngan song}. The realms of the hells, pretas and animals. [RY]

Lower sections of Secret Mantra (gsang sngags 'og sde). The Three Outer Tantras: Kriya, Charya/Upa, and Yoga Tantra.[EMP] [RY]

Lower Svatrantika School. (rang rgyud 'og ma). [RY]

Lower tantras of Mantra (sngags kyi rgyud sde 'og ma). The three sections of tantra: kriya, charya, and yoga. [RY]

Lower Triangular Plain (chos 'byung ma thang), below the Cave of the Subjugation of Mara- at Lapchi. [MR-ShabkarNotes]

Lower vehicles (theg pa 'og ma). Compared to Vajrayana, the lower are the vehicles of shravakas, pratyekabuddhas, and bodhisattvas. [RY]

Lo-yang - Important translation center; at one time the capital of China [RY]

Lo-yang - Important translation center; at one time the capital of China. [Tarthang]

Lu-dü red-torma that is entwined by a serpent. This is as an offering to the local Lu-dü deity of Homdrang, the place where the Könchok Chidu terma was discovered. Lu-dü (klu bdud) could also be translated as Naga-Mara, which would be misleading to some extent, because a naga and a mara have a specific meaning in Indian mythology, while the terms used to translate them had their own indigenous meaning in Tibet. Here it is the indigenous meaning that is meant. The Lu are deities of rain, fertility, river-springs and lakes. They can cause leprosy and skin diseases. This is fairly homogeneous with the serpent deity of India. They are associated with snakes and blue-grey horses and mules. This is fairly homogeneous with the serpent deity of India. However the Dü is not identical with the Mara of traditional Buddhism. However the Dü is not identical with the Mara of traditional Buddhism. They are however generally described as black, fearsome beings that ride black steeds, are associated with darkness and bring bad luck if not propitiated. There are however a variety of different groups of Dü. The Lu-Dü are beings that originate from the mixed parentage of these two groups of supernatural beings. These again are described in a great variety of different groups. The torma offered is red because the deity offered to is wrathful, and the snake symbolises the Lu or Naga status. The torma is described as a "red torma with shoulders" entwined by a snake and adorned by two butter discs. This red torma is of the "blunt" type, that is having a rounded head. The "shoulders" refer to the torma widening from its base upwards before narrowing at "shoulder-level" towards the head. [Peter Roberts]

Lui Gyaltsen (klu yi rgyal mtshan). See Chokro Lui Gyaltsen. [ZL] [RY]

Lui-de. [RY]

Lumbini - Garden outside Kapilvastu where Shakyamuni Buddha was born [RY]

Lumey / (klu mes) - Disciple of Bla chen who brought the Vinaya lineage back to central Tibet in tenth century after period of disruption [RY]

Luminosities of mother and child ('od gsal ma bu). 'Mother luminosity' is the buddha nature inherent in all beings. 'Child luminosity' is the recognition of that which one's teacher points out. [RY]

Luminosity ('od gsal). A key term in Vajrayana philosophy signifying a departure from Mahayana's over-emphasis on emptiness which can lead to nihilism. According to Mipham Rinpoche, 'luminosity' means 'free from the darkness of unknowing and endowed with the ability to cognize.' [ZL] [Bardo Guide 91] [RY]

Luminosity ('od gsal). Literally 'free from the darkness of unknowing and endowed with the ability to cognize.' The two aspects are 'empty luminosity,' like a clear open sky; and 'manifest luminosity,' such as five-colored lights, images, and so forth. Luminosity is the uncompounded nature present throughout all of samsara and nirvana. [RY]

Luminosity ('od gsal). Literally 'free from the darkness of unknowing and endowed with the ability to cognize.' The two aspects are 'empty luminosity,' like a clear open sky, which is the cognizant quality of the nature of mind; and 'manifest luminosity,' such as five-colored lights, images, and so forth. Luminosity is the uncompounded nature present throughout all of samsara and nirvana.[AL] [RY]

luminosity ('od gsal); as one of the Five Stages [LWx] [RY]

luminosity ('od gsal); as one of the Five Stages; as synonym for sugata essence [LW1] [RY]

Luminosity dissolving into union ('od gsal zung 'jug la thim pa). One of the dissolution stages during the bardo of dharmata [RY]

Luminosity is the uncompounded nature present throughout all of samsara and nirvana. In particular, the New Mantra schools use ultimate coemergent wisdom while the Old School use self-existing wisdom. [RY]

Luminosity manifestations of spontaneous presence (lhun grub 'od gsal gyi snang ba). The display during the bardo of dharmata. [RY]

Luminosity of appearance (snang ba'i 'od gsal). The first of the three stages of appearance, increase and attainment. [RY]

Luminosity of dharmata (chos nyid kyi 'od gsal). [RY]

Luminosity of the first bardo (bar do dang po'i 'od gsal). Same as "mother luminosity." [RY]

Luminosity.". Fundamental Luminosity: Sanskrit: Prabhasvara. "Abhasvara" means brightness or splendour, and "pra" is an intensifying prefix. The Tibetan translation: 'od gsal, literally means clear, vivid or bright light. This is not a reference to an actual light, but to the brightness, luminosity or clarity, that is the fundamental nature of the mind. [Peter Roberts]

luminosity; as synonym for sugata essence; as synonym for sugata essence, expl. [LWx] [RY]

Luminous bardo of dharmata (chos nyid 'od gsal gyi bar do). The period from the moment after dying until emerging in the mental body of the bardo of becoming. [RY]

Luminous Cave ('od gsal phug) in Rongphu (rong phu). See MI, p.181. [MR-ShabkarNotes]

Luminous dharmakaya ('od gsal chos kyi sku). See dharmakaya. [RY]

Luminous dharmata (chos nyid 'od gsal). The innate wakefulness that is the nature of mind of all sentient beings. [RY]

Luminous nature (rang bzhin gsal ba). The cognizant quality of mind. One of 'essence, nature, and capacity.' [RY]

Luminous Vajra Essence ('od gsal rdo rje snying po). A synonym for the Great Perfection, Dzogchen. [ZL] [RY]

Luminous Vajra Essence ('od gsal rdo rje snying po). Same as the Instruction Section of Dzogchen. [RY]

Luminous Vajra Essence ('od gsal rdo rje snying po); dharmakaya realm [LW1] [RY]

Luminous Vajra Essence; dharmakaya realm; [LWx] [RY]

Luminous wisdom of dharmata (chos nyid 'od gsal gyi ye shes). [RY]

Lunar eclipses are said to begin when the demon Rahu swallows the moon, and to cease when the moon escapes through the second mouth Rahu has on his stomach. [MR-ShabkarNotes]

Lung Anu Yoga (lung a nu yo ga). The second of the Three Inner Tantras emphasizing the completion stage. [RY]

Lung byang - see gTer ma. [RY]

Lung Dorje Kopa (lung rdo rje bkod pa). An Anu Yoga scripture. [RY]

Lungsum Valley (lung gsum ljong) [LW1] [RY]

Lungten Dorje (lung bstan rdo rje). Same as King Jah. [RY]

Lungtok Gyatso. [RY]

Luthai - Thai king who initiated many political reforms and revitalized the Sangha; eventually became a monk [RY]

Luthai - Thai king who initiated many political reforms and revitalized the Sangha; eventually became a monk. [Tarthang]

Luyipa - One of the mahasiddhas, know for eating fish-guts. [Rain of Wisdom]

Ly-thanh Ton - Vietnamese king who attained great realization and built many Buddhist monuments; served as first patriarch of an important school of Thien [RY]


The Rangjung Yeshe Gilded Palace of Dharmic Activity (Front Cover)

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--Richard 12:50, 12 August 2008 (EDT)