M continued - M1

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M continued

M continued - M1

M continued - M2


The Rangjung Yeshe Gilded Palace of Dharmic Activity (Front Cover)

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Mantra - syllables and words whose sounds can communicate the nature of tantric deities, grant super normal powers, or lead to purification and realization. [RY]

Mantra The secret mantras (gsang sngags), the vidya mantras (rigs sngags), and the dharani mantras (gzungs sngags) have many different connotations such as secret mantras being Father Tantra, vidya mantras being Mother Tantra, and dharani mantras being Nondual Tantra. Here all the root mantras, essence and quintessence mantras taught in the Father, Mother and Nondual Tantras are secret mantras. The six-syllable mantra, the GATE mantra (om ga gate paragate etc) are vidya mantras. The Vajra Vidarana, Vajra Subduer, [rnam 'joms] mantra and so forth are dharani mantras. [RY]

Mantra (mantra (rig) sngags; vidya, rig pa; guhya mantra, gsang sngags). Because mantras play such a key role in its practice, Tantra or Vajrayana is often called Mantra, or the M. Vehicle. Their nature is discussed in many books, such as Lama Govinda's. [RY]

Mantra (sngags). 1) A synonym for Vajrayana. 2) A particular combination of sounds symbolizing and communicating the nature of a deity and which lead to purification and realization, for example Om mani padme hung. There are chiefly three types of mantra: guhya mantra, vidya mantra and dharani mantra. [Bardo Guide 91] [ZL] [RY]

Mantra (sngags). 1) A synonym for Vajrayana. 2) A particular combination of sounds symbolizing the nature of a deity, for example Om mani padme hung. [RY]

MANTRA (sngags). 1) A synonym for Vajrayana. 2) A particular combination of sounds symbolizing and communicating the nature of a deity and which lead to purification and realization, for example OM MANI PADME HUNG. There are chiefly three types of mantra: guhya mantra, vidya mantra and dharani mantra. [AL] [RY]

Mantra and Philosophy (sngags dang mtshan nyid). Mantra is synonymous with Secret Mantra or Vajrayana while Philosophy refers to the 'causal vehicles of philosophy:' Hinayana and Mahayana. [ZL] [RY]

Mantra and Philosophy - 'Mantra' means Vajrayana while the 'Vehicle of Philosophy' includes both Hinayana and Mahayana. [RY]

Mantra Mahamudra (sngags kyi phyag chen). The Mahamudra practice connected to the Six Doctrines of Naropa. [RY]

MANTRA, VEHICLE OF (sngags; sngags kyi theg pa). Same as Mantrayana. See under Vajrayana.[AL] [RY]

Mantra. See Mantrayana, Sutra and Mantra [LW1] [RY]

Mantradhara (sngags 'chang). An adept of tantric rituals. [ZL] [RY] mantras (sngags); three types [LW1] [RY]

mantras of multiplication. Mantras of multiplication increase the effect of subsequent mantras that are recited, so that for example, one mantra will become equivalent to a hundred thousand. [Peter Roberts]

mantras; explanation of three types; three types of; [LWx] [RY]

Mantrayana - see Vajrayana. [RY]

Mantrayana - The vehicle of Realization which depends on the teachings of the Tantras and proceeds from the point of view of the goal [RY]

Mantrayana - The Vehicle of Realization which depends on the teachings of the Tantras and proceeds from the point of view of the goal. [Tarthang]

Mantrayana (sngags kyi theg pa). Syn. for Secret Mantra or Vajrayana. [RY]

MANTRAYANA (sngags kyi theg pa). Syn. for Secret Mantra or Vajrayana.[AL] [RY]

Mantrayana (sngags kyi theg pa); comparison with the Sutra system; eleven special qualities; explanation of cognitive obscuration; five special qualities of; meaning of Wisdom Essence; outer and inner sections; scriptures for the stages of the path; listing of seven special qualities of; special version of the Three Jewels; superiority of; tradition of bodhichitta vow [LW1] [RY]

Mantric (sngags kyi). Of or pertaining to Vajrayana. [ZL] [RY]

mantrika (sngags pa) [LW1] [RY]

Mantrika (sngags pa). A practitioner of Vajrayana. [RY]

MANTRIKA (sngags pa). A practitioner of Vajrayana.[AL] [RY]

Mantrika (sngags pa). A practitioner of Vajrayana.[Primer] [RY]

Mantrika (sngags pa). See tantrika. [ZL] [RY]

Many Birds (bya mang po) is a place near the Divine Lake of the Raksas (lha mtsho srin mtsho) in Gungthang. [MR-ShabkarNotes]

Mara - lord of the desire realm, master of illusion who attempted to prevent the Buddha from attaining enlightenment at Bodh Gaya. [RY]

Mara - The lord of illusion, ruler of the desire realm, whom the Buddha defeated before attaining enlightenment [RY]

Mara - The lord of illusion, ruler of the desire realm, whom the Buddha defeated before attaining enlightenment. [Tarthang]

Mara (bdud), of the Realm of Desire [LW1] [RY]

Mara (bdud), the devil, the personification of ego. [MR-ShabkarNotes]

Mara (bdud). Demon or demonic influence that creates obstacles for practice and enlightenment. Mythologically said be a powerful god who dwells in the highest abode in the Realm of Desire; the master of illusion who attempted to prevent the Buddha from attaining enlightenment at Bodhgaya. For the Dharma practitioner, Mara symbolizes one's own ego-clinging and preoccupation with the eight worldly concerns. Generally, there are four maras or obstructions to practice of the Dharma: those of defilements, death and the aggregates, and the godly mara of seduction. Sometimes the four maras are mentioned by name; Lord of Death, Godly Son, Klesha and Skandha. [ZL] [RY]

Mara (bdud). Demon or demonic influence that creates obstacles for practice and enlightenment. Mythologically said to dwell in the highest abode in the realm of desire master of illusion who attempted to prevent the Buddha from attaining enlightenment at Bodh Gaya. For the Dharma practitioner, Mara symbolizes one's own ego-clinging and preoccupation with the eight worldly concerns. [RY]

Mara (bdud). Demon or demonic influence that creates obstacles for practice and enlightenment. Mythologically said be a powerful god who dwells in the highest abode in the Realm of Desire; the master of illusion who attempted to prevent the Buddha from attaining enlightenment at Bodhgaya. For the Dharma practitioner, Mara symbolizes one's own ego-clinging and preoccupation with the eight worldly concerns. Generally, there are four maras or obstructions to practice of the Dharma: those of defilements, death and the aggregates, and the godly mara of seduction. Sometimes the four maras are mentioned by name; Lord of Death, Godly Son, Klesha and Skandha. [AL] [RY]

Mara (bdud). Lit. 'death'. 1. The Evil One, a powerful god ruling the highest heaven of the Desire Realm, who habitually tries to distract and hinder Buddhas and bodhisattvas. since each world-system has its own set of heavens, it is possible to speak of infinitely many such Evil Ones. 2. The four maras or obstructions to practice of the Dharma: those of defilements, death and the aggregates, and the god mara. 3. Mara's whole army of followers are also called Maras or maras after him; they act as evil spirits, obstructing Dharma practice. [RY]

mara [LW1] [RY]

Mara of meritorious action (bsod nams kyi las kyi bdud). The seduction to aim one's spiritual practice towards selfish ends. Virtuous deeds that are not embraced by renunciation or bodhicitta. [RY]

Mara's Subjugation Cave : the principal among the four main caves of Lachi (bdud 'dul phug, ze phug, lung bstan tshal chen phug, and sbas phug), where Jetsün Milarepa subjugated all evil forces. It is also the cave where Jetsün Milarepa spent 6 months in complete seclusion, blocked by snows which had fallen form 18 days and nights, and where Jetsün Milarepa transformed his body into water and vice-versa. Later other greats saint meditated in this cave: Rechungpa, Nyö Lhanangpa (mnyos lha nang pa, ko brag pa, g.yag ru dpal grags, la phyi pa nam mka' rgyal mthan, tsang myongs, sharkha ras chen). One finds around several footprints of Mirarepa. [MR]

Mara-Taming Mantra Temple (bdud 'dul sngags pa gling). A temple at Samye. [ZL] [RY]

Maratika ('chi ba mthar byed). The sacred place in eastern Nepal where Guru Rinpoche and Mandarava were blessed with immortal life by Buddha Amitayus. [ZL] [RY]

Maratika Cave [LW1] [RY]

Maratika. The sacred place in eastern Nepal where Guru Rinpoche was bless with immortal life by Buddha Amitayus. [RY]

Mardza Ridge [LW1] [RY]

Margyenma; see Queen Margyenma; [LWx] [RY]

Markham Ridge [LW1] [RY]

Marks and Signs (laksananuvyanjana, mtshan (dang) dpe (byad)). The thirty-two characteristic Marks and eighty minor signs of a Great Being (a Universal Monarch or a Buddha), such as thousand-spoked wheels on the palms and soles, the hairs of the body pointing upwards, and copper-colored nails. [RY]

Marks and signs (mtshan dpe). A perfect buddha's 32 major and 80 minor marks of excellence. [RY]

Marpa (mar pa). The great forefather of the Kagyü lineage. See Life of Marpa the Translator, Shambhala Publications. [Bardo Guide 91] [RY]

Marpa (mar pa). The great Tibetan master and disciple of Naropa who brought the teachings of Mahamudra and the Six Doctrines to Tibet. See the book "Life of Marpa the translator." [RY]

Marpa Lotsawa / Mar pa lo tsa ba - Tibetan disciple of Naropa and master of Mi la ras pa; founder of the bKa' brgyud school [RY]

Marpa Lotsawa; Chökyi Lodrö 1012-1097. (mar pa lo tsa ba chos kyi blo gros) Born in Khodrak, in southern Tibet, he first studied with Drogmi Lotsawa then travelled to India three times to meet his root teacher the mahasiddha pandit Naropa, as well as his other gurus, Jnanagharba, Kukkuripa and Maitripa. [MR]

Marpa the Translator (mar pa lo tsa ba). The great forefather of the Kagyu lineage. See 'Life of Marpa the Translator,' Shambhala Publications. [RY]

Marpa: 1012-1097 [MR]

Marut (rlung lha). Perhaps 'flashing or shining one'. Brahmanical god of the wind, and the numerous Vedic storm-gods. [RY]

Marvelous Emanated Scriptures (ngo mtshar sprul pa'i glegs bam), see Appendix 5. [MR-ShabkarNotes]

Marvels (rmad du byung ba); aspect of excellent speech [LW1] [RY]

MASTER (bla ma). In the Lamrim Yeshe Nyingpo, Padmasambhava says: "The vajra master, the root of the path, is someone who has the pure conduct of samaya and vows. He is fully adorned with learning, has discerned it through reflection, and through meditation he possesses the qualities and signs of experience and realization. With his compassionate action he accepts disciples." In short, someone with the correct view and genuine compassion. [AL] [RY]

Master (bla ma, slob dpon). Title given to spiritual teachers and learned scholars. In this book, master often refers to Guru Rinpoche. [RY]

master (slob dpon, bla ma); characteristics of; expl. qualities; how to follow [LW1] [RY]

Master Bodhisattva (slob dpon bo dhi sa tva). See 'Shantarakshita.' [ZL] [RY]

Master of ceremonies. [RY]

MASTER OF UDDIYANA (o rgyan gyi slob dpon). Another name for Padmasambhava.[AL] [RY]

Master of Uddiyana. See Padmasambhava [LW1] [RY] Master Padmakara; [LWx] [RY]

Master, acarya, (slob dpon). title given to spiritual teachers and learned scholars. [RY]

master; characteristics of; expl. qualities; how to follow [LWx] [RY]

masteries; eight; eight (zil gnon brgyad), expl.; ten (dbang bcu); ten (dbang bcu), expl. [LWx] [RY]

Matchless King of the Shakyas, Buddha Shakyamuni 84 [LW1] [RY]

Matchless King of the Shakyas. See Buddha Shakyamuni [LW1] [RY]

Matchless King of the Shakyas; alias Buddha Shakyamuni; [LWx] [RY]

material finality [LW1] [RY]

material finality [LWx] [RY]

Material substance (bem po) are the earth, stones, mountains and rocks etc. [RY]

Mathura - An early Buddhist center; later the location of an important school of art [RY]

Mathura - An early Buddhist center; later the location of an important school of art. [Tarthang]

Matrceta - A convert to Buddhism after being defeated in debate by Aryadeva; author of many famous stotras and other works [RY]

Matrceta - A convert to Buddhism after being defeated in debate by Aryadeva; author of many famous stotras and other works. [Tarthang]

Matrul Thegchog Jigme Pawo 5th : 1856-1915 [MR]

maturation; qualities of (rnam smin yon tan); [LWx] [RY]

maturation; qualities of maturation (rnam smin yon tan) [LW1] [RY]

Maturing instructions {smin khrid}. Maturing instructions are given while one actually does the practice. If they are given over a period of time one does the practice after the instructions are given and relates one's experience to one's master from time to time. Upon that the master gives the subsequent instructions. [RY]

Maudgalyayana - One of the Buddha's two chief disciples, said to excel in attainments [RY]

Mauryan Empire - First great historical Indian empire, founded late in the fourth century B.C. [RY]

Mawey Senge (smra ba'i seng ge). Lion of Speech. One of the 12 manifestations. He is Guru Rinpoche inseparable from Manjushri. [RY]

Maya - The mother of Sakyamuni Buddha. [Tarthang]

Maya - The mother of Shakyamuni Buddha [RY]

Maya (sgyu ma). Magical illusion.[Primer] [RY]

Maya (sgyu 'phrul). See also Magical Net [LW1] [RY]

Maya Jala. [Daki] [RY]

Maya Sections, Eight (sgyu 'phrul sde brgyad) [LW1] [RY]

Maya Tantra (sgyu 'phrul) [LW1] [RY]

Maya Tantra; quotation from; [LWx] [RY]

Mayajala (sgyu 'phrul drva ba) [LW1] [RY]

Mayajala Tantras (sgyu 'phrul gyi rgyud) [LW1] [RY]

Mayajala Tantras (sgyu 'phrul gyi rgyud) [LWx] [RY]

Meadow of Mönkha (mon kha ne'u ring). Possibly identical with Mönkha Senge Dzong, a cave situated to the east of Bumthang in Bhutan which was used by Padmasambhava and later by Yeshe Tsogyal as a sacred place for the sadhana of Vajra Kilaya. [ZL] [RY]

Meaning (don). See 'symbol, meaning, and sign.' [RY]

Meaningful Lasso Tantra (don yod zhags pa'i rgyud). A tantra focused on Avalokiteshvara; belongs to Kriya Yoga and is also known as Amogha Pasha. [ZL] [RY]

Meaningful to Behold (mthong ba don ldan) [LW1] [RY]

Meaningful to Behold (mthong ba don ldan) [LWx] [RY]

Means (thabs; Skt. upaya). The methods or skillful means that are the practical application of the Buddhist teachings. Can also refer to the seventh of the ten paramitas. [RY]

Means , Method (upaya, thabs). The conventional aspect of the practice of Dharma, equivalent to Compassion, as contrasted with the ultimate aspect, wisdom. In Tantra, it is symbolized by the vajra and the male aspect. Also counted as seventh of the ten Perfections. [RY]

means and knowledge (thabs dang shes rab); as terma signs; e and vam; in Vajrayana; union of; unity of; vowels and consonants [LW1] [RY]

Means and knowledge (thabs dang shes rab); Skt. prajna and upaya. Buddhahood is attained by uniting means and knowledge; in Mahayana, compassion and emptiness, relative and ultimate bodhichitta. In Vajrayana, means and knowledge are the stages of development and completion. According to the Kagyu schools, means refers specifically to the 'path of means,' the Six Doctrines of Naropa and knowledge to the 'path of liberation,' the actual practice of Mahamudra. According to Dzogchen, 'knowledge' is the view of primordial purity, the Trekchö practice of realizing the heart of enlightenment in the present moment, while 'means' is the meditation of spontaneous presence, the Tögal practice of exhausting defilements and fixation through which the rainbow body is realized within one lifetime. [RY]

means and knowledge (thabs dang shes rab); Skt. prajna and upaya. Buddhahood is attained by uniting means and knowledge; in Mahayana, compassion and emptiness, relative and ultimate bodhichitta. In Vajrayana, means and knowledge are the stages of development and completion. According to the Kagyu schools, means refers specifically to the 'path of means,' the Six Doctrines of Naropa and knowledge to the 'path of liberation,' the actual practice of Mahamudra. According to Dzogchen, 'knowledge' is the view of primordial purity, the Trekchö practice of realizing the heart of enlightenment in the present moment, while 'means' is the meditation of spontaneous presence, the Tögal practice of exhausting defilements and fixation through which the rainbow body is realized within one lifetime.[AL] [RY]

Means and knowledge (thabs dang shes rab, prajna and upaya). Generally, buddhahood is attained by uniting the two aspects of means and knowledge; in Mahayana, compassion and emptiness; and in Vajrayana, the stages of development and completion. According to the Kagyu schools in particular, these two aspects are the 'path of means,' referring to the Six Doctrines and the 'path of liberation,' referring to the actual practice of Mahamudra. [RY]

means and knowledge; as terma signs; e and wam; expl.; in Vajrayana; union of; unity of; vowels and consonants; [LWx] [RY]

means and liberation (thabs grol); of Mahayoga [LW1] [RY]

means and liberation; of Mahayoga [LWx] [RY]

means. Means:- Sanskrit: upaya. Tibetan: thabs. [Peter Roberts]

meat-eating - According to some Hinayana treatises, meat-eating is tolerated to a certain extent, under the so-called "three conditions": 1) that one has not killed the animal oneself; 2) that one has not ordered its killing; 3) that it has not been purposely killed for one's own consumption. The Mahayana view understands that meat is sold purely because of consumer demand. Therefore, only the meat of animals who have died of natural or accidental causes is suitable to be eaten, a rare occurrence. In Mahayana sutras it is explained that applying the "three conditions" to oneself is a method that should result in one's becoming more aware and responsible, and thus help one to stop eating meat. It is not intended to suggest that, even though these "three conditions" may have been met, eating meat is suitable for a Buddhist practitioner. [MR-ShabkarNotes]

Medicine Buddha {sangs rgyas sman lha}. When he was a Bodhisattva he promised to cure the illnesses of those who recite his mantra. [RY]

Medicine drubchen (sman gyi sgrub chen). sman sgrub, [RY] medicine" made of eight primary and a thousand secondary ingredients. Medicine here is another name for amrita, specifically the kind manufactured from the thousand and eight ingredients [Peter Roberts]

medicine. Medicine is the term used for amrita when it is offered together with torma and rakta. [Peter Roberts]

Meditating (sgom pa). In the context of learning, contemplating and meditating, it means the act of assimilating the teachings into one's personal experience, growing accustomed to them through actual practice. [RY]

Meditation (dhyana, bsam gtan). The fifth Perfection, see Dhyana; (dhyana, mnyam bzhag). Gesture of both hands flat with palms upward, right fingers resting on the left, thumbs slightly bent with the tips touching. [RY]

Meditation (sgom pa). In the context of Mahamudra or Dzogchen practice, meditation is the act of growing accustomed to or sustaining the continuity of the recognition of our buddha nature as pointed out by a qualified master. In the context of learning, contemplating and meditating, it means the act of assimilating the teachings into one's personal experience, growing accustomed to them through actual practice. [Bardo Guide 91] [RY]

MEDITATION (sgom pa). In the context of Mahamudra or Dzogchen practice, meditation is the act of growing accustomed to or sustaining the continuity of the recognition of our buddha nature as pointed out by a qualified master. In the context of learning, contemplating and meditating, it means the act of assimilating the teachings into one's personal experience, then growing accustomed to them through actual practice. [AL] [RY]

Meditation (sgom pa). In the context of Mahamudra practice, meditation 'the act of growing accustomed' or 'sustaining the continuity.' [RY]

Meditation Accomplishment Scripture (bsgom don grub pa'i lung). One of the Eighteen Major Scriptures of the Mind Section of Dzogchen. [ZL] [RY]

Meditation and postmeditation (mnyam bzhag dang rjes thob). 'Meditation' here means resting in equanimity free from mental constructs, like pure space. 'Postmeditation' is when distracted from that state of equanimity, and one conceptually regards appearances as an illusion, mirage, dream, etc. [ZL] [RY]

Meditation and postmeditation (mnyam bzhag dang rjes thob). 'Meditation' here means resting in equanimity free from mental constructs. 'Postmeditation' is when being distracted from that state of equanimity. [RY]

meditation state of the solitude of mind (yid dben mnyam bzhag) [LW1] [RY]

Meditation Temple (bsam gtan gling). A temple at Samye. [ZL] [RY]

Meditator (sgom chen). A person who spends all the time on meditation practice, often in mountain retreats. The special connotation is a full time practitioner of ordinary mind or unfabricated naturalness. [RY]

Medium Prajnaparamita (yum bar ma) [LW1] [RY]

Medium Prajnaparamita (yum bar ma); quotation from [LWx] [RY]

Melong Dorje (me long rdo rje). (1243-1303) A great Tibetan master in the Oral Lineage of the Nyingma School. [RY]

Melong Dorje: 1243-1303 [MR]

Menander - Most powerful Bactrian king; portrayed in The Questions of King Milinda as a convert to Buddhism [RY]

Menander - Most powerful Bactrian king; portrayed in The Questions of King Milinda as a convert to Buddhism. [Tarthang]

Mending-purification (gso sbyong). A ritual for mending vows and purifying breaches.[EMP] [RY]

Men-ngag De. [RY]

Mental body (yid kyi lus). An immaterial body formed of habitual tendencies, quite like the imagined physical form we have while dreaming. [Bardo Guide 91] [RY]

mental cognition (yid kyi rnam shes). See also mind consciousness [LW1] [RY]

Mental constructs (spros pa). [RY]

Menyag-rab Ridge [LW1] [RY]

Merit (bsod nams). The positive karmic result from virtuous actions. [RY]

Merit (punya, bsod nams; sometimes dge ba); Field of (Accumulation of) M. Tshogs zhing); Merits and Wisdom (tshogs (gnyis)). [RY]

Meru (ri rab). The mountain in the center of the world surrounded by four continents of which the southern in our known world, Jambudvipa. [RY]

Meru (rme ru) included the New and Old Residences (rme ru rnying pa and rme ru gsar pa). The Old Meru was the seat of the Nechung State Oracle. Shi De (bzhi sde) is the area where resided Reting Rinpoche (rwa sgreng). [MR-ShabkarNotes]

Meru, Mount (ri rab (lhun po), lhun po ). Giant mountain at the center of the world, where the two lowest classes of gods of the Desire Realm live. It is said to rise 84000 leagues above sea-level. [RY]

Merutse (me ru tse). [ZL] [RY]

Mesho Dzomnang. [RY]

Mesho. [RY] Metaphors for the Graded Path, "Heap of Jewels" (dpe'i lam rim rin chen spungs pa) was composed by Geshe Potowa (dge bshes po to ba, 1031-1105), a great Kadampa master. The text consists of hundreds of metaphors on all aspects of the path. [MR-ShabkarNotes]

Metok Trengdze. [RY]

Meu-po - Chinese monk who established Buddhism in Vietnam [RY]

Meu-po - Chinese monk who established Buddhism in Vietnam. [Tarthang]

Meyshö [LW1] [RY]

Middle (dbu ma). Same as Madhyamaka. [RY]

Middle Dharma Wheel. See Dharma Wheels [LW1] [RY]

Middle Dharma Wheel; expl. [LWx] [RY]

Middle Way (dbu ma). See Madhyamaka. [RY]

Middle Way (dbu ma); as the sugata essence; Great Middle; Padmasambhava's definition; view of; viewpoint of the noble potential [LW1] [RY]

Middle Way (dbu ma); Skt. madhyamaka. The highest of the four Buddhist schools of philosophy. The Middle Way means not holding any extreme views, especially those of eternalism or nihilism. [RY]

Middle Way. Skt. madhyamaka. The highest of the four Buddhist schools of philosophy. The Middle Way means not holding any extreme views, especially those of eternalism or nihilism.[Primer] [RY]

Middle Way; as the sugata essence; expl.; view of; viewpoint of the noble potential [LWx] [RY]

Mighty Lotus (padma dbang chen). Same as the tantric deity Hayagriva, the chief heruka of the padma family. [ZL] [RY]

Mighty Lotus Tantra (padma dbang chen gyi rgyud). Several Mahayoga tantras with resembling names occur in Vol. HA of the Nyingma Gyübum. [ZL] [RY]

Mighty Padma (pad ma dbang) (Hayagriva); transmission of [LWx] [RY]

Mighty Padma (pad ma dbang); transmission of [LW1] [RY]

Migrators, Migrating beings, jagat, ('gro ba) or ('gro rnams). Sentient beings, wandering continually from one samsaric existence to another. [RY]

Miktsema (dmigs brtse ma), a prayer to Je Tsongkhapa (1357-1419), considered as inseparable from Avalokitesvara, Manjusri, and Vajrapani. [MR-ShabkarNotes]

Mikyö Dorje, Karmapa VIII: 1507-1554 [MR]

Mila Phuk in Nyelam; (mi la phug) Near Pelgyeling Monastery (the Place of Increase and Expansion, a name given by Milarepa himself). The monastery was built upon one the Namkha Ding; Phug (Garuda Cave /Hovering in Space) where Milarepa meditated during several years, in the Nyelam valley (near the village of Shongang.) A litlle above is the Rechungpa's cave. Nyelam; means the Path of Hell, referring to the tortuous passage dwon the Po Chu gorge to Shammo. [MR]

M continued - M2


The Rangjung Yeshe Gilded Palace of Dharmic Activity (Front Cover)

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--Richard 12:52, 12 August 2008 (EDT)