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The Rangjung Yeshe Gilded Palace of Dharmic Activity (Front Cover)

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Samayasattva (dam tshig sems dpa') See 'samaya being.' [RY]

Samayasattva. Commitment-Deity. Skt: Samayasattva. Tib: dam.tshig sems.dpa'. Though the Sanskrit word is the same, there is a differentiation in Tibetan into the above and dam.tshig.pa. This latter is the deity that oneself creates with one's own mind, due to the commitment that one has made following which the ye-shes-pa (Jnanasattava "Wisdom Deity"), the actual deity will be invited. The Damtsig sempa that we have here however, is a differentiation of aspects of the visualisation of the deity. The visualisation of oneself as the deity is termed the commitment-deity, (Samayasattva or Damtsig Sempa), and the deity visualised in one's heart is termed the Wisdom Deity, (Jnanasattva or Yeshe Sempa). Though the terms in Sanskrit, and here in English, are identical, they must be understood to have quite different meanings. [Peter Roberts]

Samayoga Tantra (rgyud mnyam sbyor) [LW1] [RY]

Samayoga Tantra (rgyud mnyam sbyor); expl. [LWx] [RY]

Samayoga Tantra; quotation from; [LWx] [RY]

Sambhogakaya - An aspect or 'embodiment' of the Buddha that manifests to Bodhisattvas having attained a certain stage of realization [RY]

Sambhogakaya - An aspect or 'embodiment' of the Buddha that manifests to Bodhisattvas having attained a certain stage of realization. [Tarthang]

Sambhogakaya - see Three Kayas. [RY]

sambhogakaya (long sku). See three kayas; yidams [LW1] [RY]

Sambhogakaya (longs (spyod rdzogs pa'i) sku, longs spyod). 'Enjoyment Body' the Body endowed with the thirty-two Marks and eighty minor signs that a buddha displays to Arya Bodhisattvas in a Pure Land, teaching the Mahayana until the end of samsara. [RY]

Sambhogakaya (longs spyod rdzogs pa'i sku). See 'three kayas'.[Primer] [RY]

Sambhogakaya (longs spyod rdzogs pa'i sku). The 'body of perfect enjoyment.' In the context of the 'five kayas of fruition,' sambhogakaya is the semi-manifest form of the buddhas endowed with the 'five perfections' of perfect teacher, retinue, place, teaching and time which is perceptible only to bodhisattvas on the ten levels. [Bardo Guide 91] [ZL] [RY]

SAMBHOGAKAYA (longs spyod rdzogs pa'i sku). The 'body of perfect enjoyment.' In the context of the 'five kayas of fruition,' sambhogakaya is the semi-manifest form of the buddhas endowed with the 'five perfections' of perfect teacher, retinue, place, teaching and time which is perceptible only to bodhisattvas on the ten levels. [AL] [RY]

Sambhogakaya {longs spyod rdzogs pa'i sku}. Body of perfect enjoyment. This is the spontaneously luminous aspect of Buddhahood perceptible to realized beings. [RY]

Sambhogakaya attire (longs spyod rdzogs pa'i chas). The five silken garments and the eight jewel ornaments. [RY]

Sambhogakaya costume. The sambhogakaya costume consists of eight kinds of jewellery and five silk garments: A crown, earrings, a short necklace, a middle-length necklace, a very long necklace, armlets, bracelets and anklets. There are variations, for example, a belt may be listed instead of the armlets. There are variant lists of the silk garments, sometimes differing in the interpretation of what the clothing referred to in the Tantras are. The Tibetan pictorial representations of deities has developed its own iconography, which does not necessarily match the descriptions given in the actual Tantras. The colours of the garments can vary with specific deities. 1.Crown-ribbons of five colours. 2.A large blue silk ribbon hanging from the rear of the crown. 3.A shawl of white silk with gold embroidery. 4.A very short green blouse the hem of which is above the breasts. 5.A skirt of dark maroon decorated with parallel lines of gold, or with bands of rainbow colours. If the blue crown-ribbon is counted as one with the other crown-ribbons, then the fifth garment is enumerated as a silken belt next to the precious belt, that is knotted at the front, its two ends hanging loosely. The shawl is sometimes interpreted as being the blouse, and the wide blue ribbon at the rear of the crown is identified as a long silken scarf. However, the above description would appear to be more precise. [Peter Roberts]

Sambhogakaya Great Compassion (longs sku thugs rje chen po). Same as Avalokiteshvara. [ZL] [RY]

Sambhogakaya Great Compassionate One (longs sku thugs rje chen po). Same as Avalokiteshvara. [RY]

Sambhogakaya luminosity (longs sku'i 'od gsal). The luminosity during the bardo of dharmata. [RY]

sambhogakaya See trikaya. [Rain of Wisdom]

Sambhuti (sam bhu ti) is the Exposition Tantra of the Two Discernments (brtag gnyis bshad rgyud), meaning "union" (kha sbyor), or "perfectly united" (yang dag par kha sbyor). [RY]

Sambhuti [LW1] [RY]

Sambhuti Tantra (Skt.). [EMP] [RY]

Sambhuti; expl.; quotation from; [LWx] [RY]

Sameness of space and wisdom (dbyings dang ye shes mnyam pa nyid). [RY]

Samkhya [LWx] [RY]

Sammatiya. prominent Hinayanist school, to which in the seventh century more than a quarter of the Buddhist monks in India were counted as belonging. They were notorious for their heretical, 'Personalist' views and often their bigotry and moral depravity. [RY]

Sampa Lhündrub (bsam pa lhun grub). A supplication to Guru Rinpoche as well as a terma of Chokgyur Lingpa. [RY]

Sampa Lhündrub (bsam pa lhun grub); inner sadhana; Tukdrub Yishin Norbu [LW1] [RY]

Sampa Lhündrub Yishin Norbu. [RY]

Sampa Lhundrub, the inner practice. A supplication to Guru Rinpoche as well as a terma of Chokgyur Lingpa.[Primer] [RY]

Sampa Lhündrub; inner sadhana (bsam pa lhun grub) [LWx] [RY]

Samsara ('khor (ba); also bhava, srid ). The state of continually having to take rebirth under the control of karma and defilements. [RY]

Samsara ('khor ba). 'Cyclic existence,' 'vicious circle' or 'round' of birth and death and rebirth within the six realms of existence, characterized by suffering, impermanence, and ignorance. The state of ordinary sentient beings fettered by ignorance and dualistic perception, karma and disturbing emotions. Ordinary reality, an endless cycle of frustration and suffering generated as the result of karma. [Bardo Guide 91][ZL] [RY]

samsara ('khor ba); causes of; characteristics of; conditions for; creator of; origin according to Dzogchen . (Ref. Light of Wisdom, vol. 1 pg. 311) [LW1] [RY]

Samsara {'khor ba}. Cyclic existence where beings go around from one birth to another through the karmic force of their actions [RY]

Samsara and Nirvana ('khor 'das). Pure and impure phenomena. [RY]

Samsaric ('khor ba'i). Of or pertaining to samsara; worldly, mundane, profane. [ZL] [RY]

Samsaric existence ('khor ba'i srid pa). See 'samsara.' [RY]

Samten Gyamtso (bsam gtan rgya mtsho). The root guru of Tulku Urgyen Rinpoche. [RY] Samten Gyamtso Namkha Drimey (bsam gtan rgya mtsho nam mkha' dri med). See Samten Gyatso. [RY]

Samten Gyatso Rinpoche [LW1] [RY]

Samten Kangsar. [RY]

Samten Palpa of Gomo: 1291-1366 [MR]

Samten Palpa of Gomo: 1291-1366. [RY]

Samvarodaya (sdom 'byung) [LW1] [RY]


Samvarodaya (sdom 'byung); quotation from [LWx] [RY]

Samye (bsam yas). The temple built by King Trisong Deutsen and consecrated by Guru Rinpoche. It is situated in Central Tibet close to Lhasa. [RY]

Samye (bsam yas). The wondrous temple complex built by King Trisong Deutsen (790-844) and consecrated by Guru Rinpoche. A major center of the early transmission. It is situated in Central Tibet close to Lhasa. It is also known as Glorious Samye, the Unchanging and Spontaneously Accomplished Temple. [ZL] [RY]

Samye (bsam yas). The wondrous temple complex, modeled after the Indian monastery Odantapuri, built by King Trisong Deutsen (790-844) and consecrated by Guru Rinpoche in 814. A major center of the early transmission of Buddhism in Tibet. It is situated in Central Tibet close to Lhasa. It is also known as Glorious Temple of Samye, the Unchanging and Spontaneously Fulfillment of Boundless Wishes. Its three stories are of Indian, Chinese and Tibetan designs. See The Lotus-born (Shambhala Publications).[AL] [RY]

Samye (bsam yas); description of; middle story; Unchanging and Spontaneously Perfected Temple [LW1] [RY]

Samye / bSam yas - Tibetan temple and monastery founded by Padmasambhava, Khri srong lde btsan, and Shantarakshita; center of the early transmission [RY]

Samye caught fire: 1816 [MR]

Samye Chimphu - The place where Guru Padmasambhava gave the first empowerment (abhiseka) in Tibet to King Trisong Detsen and to seven other disciples, each of whom was entrusted with the practice upon one the Eight Herukas of the Eight Canons of Accomplishment (sgrub pa bka' brgyad). [MR-ShabkarNotes]

Samye Chimphu (bsam yas chims phu). A mountain retreat situated above the temple of Samye. [RY]

Samye Chimphu (bsam yas chims phu). The sacred place of Padmasambhava's speech. A mountain retreat situated four hours walk above Samye. During the last twelve centuries numerous great masters have meditated in the caves at this hermitage. [ZL] [RY]

SAMYE CHIMPHU (bsam yas chims phu). The sacred place of Padmasambhava's speech. A mountain retreat situated four hours walk above Samye. During the last twelve centuries numerous great masters have meditated in the caves at this hermitage.[AL] [RY]

Samye debate: 792? [MR]

Samye is completed : 814 [MR]

Samye Mingyur Lhungyi Drubpa (bsam yas mi 'gyur lhun gyis grub pa). Samye temple, established by Padmasambhava, King trisong Deutsen and Shantarakshita. It's building commenced in 762, ended in 766 and it was consecrated in 767. [Peter Roberts]

Samye, monastery;, (bsam yas). The first monastery built in Tibet, by Guru Padmasambhava, where the Buddhist canonical scriptures were translated into Tibetan, and where Guru Rinpoche gave many profound teachings and initiations. [MR]

Samye; description of; [LWx] [RY]

Sanctuary of the Changeless Supreme Teaching (bstan mchog 'gyur med gling) [LW1] [RY]

Sandal Grove charnel ground (tsan dan tshal gyi dur khrod). The Golden Garland Chronicles (p. 179) describes this place as: 'The eminent celestial sacred place of the vidyadharas, the wild jungle which is a crossroad on the secret path of great bliss.' It is also counted among the traditional Eight Charnel Grounds. [ZL] [RY]

Sandhi Vyakarana (dgongs pa lung ston) [LW1] [RY]

Sangdak Dorje Bechön (gsang bdag rdo rje be con) [LW1] [RY]

Sangdak Dorje Bechön; [LWx] [RY]

Sangdok Palri (zangs mdog dpal ri). The Glorious Copper colored Mountain, the pure land of Guru Rinpoche situated on the south-western continent of Camara (rnga g.yab). [RY]

Sangdok Palri, the Glorious Copper Colored Mountain. [Daki] [RY]

Sangha - the community of those practicing the teachings of the Buddha, united by their vision and their commitment to the path. In order to lay the foundation for Dharma practice, various forms of discipline are undertaken. Eight traditional kinds of Sangha exist: bhikshu and bhikshuni: fully ordained monks and nuns: Shramanara and shramani: novices who have taken preliminary vows; shiksamana: aspirants too young to join the community but who follow special rules; upavasta: laymen of laywomen who take monk's vows for a certain limited time; upasaka and upasika: laymen and laywomen who practice Buddhist teachings follow five precepts: not to kill, not to steal, not to lie, not to take intoxicating substances, not to engage in sexual misconduct. [RY]

Sangha (dge 'dun). 'Community, congregation'. The Sangha in which one takes Refuge is the Community of Saints, or Arya Beings - those of the Hinayana, the Shravaka and Pratyeka-buddha Aryas; those of the Mahayana, the Arya Bodhisattvas and Buddhas; and those of the Vajrayana, the Heroes, Dakinis, etc. This is Ultimate Sangha; Relative Sangha is the community of ordained monks and nuns, which should be honored as representing the actual Sangha Refuge just as Buddha images and sacred texts should be revered as representing the actual Buddha and Dharma. [RY]

Sangha (dge 'dun). The community of practitioners usually the fully ordained monks and nuns or the ngakpas. The Noble Sangha means those who have achieved the path of seeing among the five paths and therefore are liberated from samsara. [Bardo Guide 91][ZL] [RY]

Sangha (dge 'dun); actual and resembling; expl. qualities; fourfold, of the lesser vehicles; three qualities of freedom; three qualities of knowledge; triple; two aspects and six qualities of [LW1] [RY]

Sangha {dge 'dun}. The followers of the Buddha who can guide others on the path. It refers to arhats, Bodhisattvas, and ordained monks and nuns etc. In a broader sense it refers to all practitionars of the Buddhist teachings. [RY]

Sangha; actual and resembling; expl. qualities; three qualities of freedom; three qualities of knowledge; two aspects and six qualities of [LWx] [RY]

Sanghamitra - Ashoka's daughter and a nun; brought a branch of the Bodhi tree as an emissary to Sri Lanka [RY]

Sanglingma (zangs gling ma). The name of the text used for this translation of Padmasambhava's life story. See Translator's Preface. [ZL] [RY]

Sanglingma Life Story by Nyang Ral Nyima Özer (1124-1192). The first known terma biography; 41 chapters, 202 pages. Tibetan title: slob dpon pad-ma 'byung gnas kyi skyes rabs chos 'byung nor bu'i phreng ba, rnam thar zangs gling ma'o. Included by Jamgön Kongtrül the First in the Rinchen Terdzö. The Sanglingma exists also in a longer version of 286 pages. This version, also revealed by Lord Nyang, is so far unpublished but is found at the National Archives, Kathmandu, Nepal. Tibetan title: u rgyan gu ru padma 'byung gnas kyi rnam thar 'bring po zangs gling mar grags pa. The Sanglingma is also present in an extensive two volume version which was banned in Central Tibet due to some clear and damaging predictions about certain ministers' involvement in the decline of Buddhism in Tibet in the twentieth century. This version, 1260 pages, was found in the Mustang region of Nepal and is also available at the National Archives, Kathmandu, Nepal. [ZL] [RY]

Sang-ngak Lamrim Radiant Jewel Lamp (gsang sngags lam rim rin chen gsal ba'i sgron me) [LW1] [RY]

Sang-ngak Lamrim Radiant Jewel Lamp (gsang sngags lam rim rin chen gsal ba'i sgron me); expl. [LWx] [RY]

Sang-ngak Phodrang (gsang sngags pho brang). The seat of Chokgyur Lingpa. [RY]

Sang-ngak Phodrang [LW1] [RY]

Sang-ngak Rinpoche (gsang sngags rin po che). The brother of Samten Gyatso. [RY]

Sangri Kharmar; (zangs ri mkhar kmar) The Red Citadel (Kharmar) is thus called because is was built upon a red rock, at the southern extremity of the Copper Mountain (Sangri), overloooking the northern banks of the Tsangpo river. On the cliff-face to the west of the temple (which was destroyed by the Chinese) is Machik Labdrön's (1055-1149) meditation cave. [MR]

sangs rgyas gsang ba - wo1 254 life story [RY]

Sangthik Korsum (gsang thig skor gsum). Termas by Chokgyur Lingpa. [RY]

Sangwa Yeshe cycle of Olkha ('ol kha'i gsang ba ye shes), the sixteen-volume cycle of teachings focused on the dakini "Secret Wisdom" (gsang ba ye shes) according to the visions of Lelung Jedrung Shepai Dorje (sle lung rje drung bzhad pa'i rdo rje, b. 1697) from Olkha, based on the terma revelations of Minling Terchen (see chap.1, note 38). [MR-ShabkarNotes]

Sangwa Yeshe of Tertön Dechen Gyalpo, see chap.10, note 52. [MR-ShabkarNotes]

Sangwey Nyingpo (gsang ba'i snying po) [LWx] [RY]

Sangwey Nyingpo (gsang ba'i snying po). See Guhyagarbha Tantra [LW1] [RY]

Sangye Gyatso: 1653-1705. [RY]

Sangye Lama [LW1] [RY]

Sangye Lingpa (1340-1396). [Daki] [RY]

Sangye Lingpa (sangs rgyas gling pa). (1340-1396). A reincarnation of the second son of King Trisong Deutsen; a major tertön and revealer of the Lama Gongdü cycle in 13 volumes. Sangye Lingpa means 'Sanctuary of Awakening.'[AL] [RY]

Sangye Lingpa (sangs rgyas gling pa)1340-1396 [MR]

Sangye Lingpa [LW1] [RY]

Sangye Lingpa [LWx] [RY]

Sangye Nyenpa Drupthob Tashi Paljor: [MR]

Sangye Nyenpa Drupthob Tashi Paljor:. [RY]

Sangye Nyenpa. [RY]

Sangye On (dhar ma seng ge sangs rgyas dbon): 1177-1237 [MR]

Sangye Yeshe (sangs rgyas ye shes). See Nupchen Sangye Yeshe. [RY]

Sangye Yeshe of Nub (gnubs sangs rgyas ye shes). One of the twenty-five disciples of Padmasambhava, he was the chief recipient of the Anu Yoga teachings as well as the Yamantaka of Mahayoga. In addition to Guru Rinpoche, his other teachers were Traktung Nagpo and Chögyal Kyong of India, Vasudhara of Nepal, and Chetsen Kye from the country of Drusha. He visited India and Nepal seven times. When the evil king Langdarma attempted to destroy Buddhism in Tibet, Sangye Yeshe instilled fear in the king by causing an enormous scorpion, the size of nine yaks, to magically appear by a single gesture of his right hand. Through this, Langdarma lost the courage to persecute the Vajrayana sangha who dressed in white robes and kept long hair. Tulku Urgyen Rinpoche is considered one of his reincarnations. Sangye Yeshe means 'Buddha Wisdom.' [AL] [RY]

San-Iun - Chinese Buddhist school based on the Madhyamaka teachings brought by Kumarajiva. [Tarthang]

San-lun - Chinese Buddhist school based on the Madhyamaka teachings brought by Kumarajiva [RY] Sanskrit (legs sbyar gyi skad). The language of ancient India. [RY]

Santideva, (shi ba lha) one of the eighty-four mahasiddha of India. He composed the famous Bodhicaryavatara (byang chub sems dpa'i spyod pa la 'jug pa), "Engaging in the Bodhicitta's Deeds", and the Siksasamuccaya (bslab pa kun las btus pa), the "Collected Precepts" two major texts describing the ideal and practice of a bodhisattva. [MR]

sara; expl. of meaning [LW1] [RY]

sara; expl.; expl. of meaning [LWx] [RY]

Saraha - The sage Rahulabhadra, abbot of Nalanda one of the 84 Siddhas [RY]

Saraha - The sage Rahulabhadra, abbot of Nalanda; one of the 84 Siddhas. [Tarthang]

Saraha (sa ra ha). One of the mahasiddhas of India and a master in the Mahamudra lineage. See The Royal Songs of Saraha, Shambhala Publications. [Bardo Guide 91] [RY]

Saraha [LW1] [RY]

Saraha {sa ra ha}. Indian mahasiddha who was the author of three cycles of dohas. [RY]

Saraha; quotation by [LWx] [RY]

Sarasvati - goddess of Euphony and patron of the arts and sciences; early known as goddess of sacred river in northern India and as the goddess of speech and learning; traditionally regarded in India as the source of the Sanskrit language and Devanagri letters. [RY]

Sarasvati (dbyangs can lha mo) [LW1] [RY]

Sarasvati (dbyangs can ma). Vedic goddess of a now dried-up river, who became patron deity of poetry, music, science and all the creative arts, and in much this form was adopted into the Buddhist pantheon, with Manjushri as Her consort. [RY]

Sarasvati; [LWx] [RY]

Sariputra - One of the Buddha's two chief disciples, said to excel in wisdom. [Tarthang]

Sariputra, one of the two disciples always depicted at the side of Buddha Sakyamuni. [MR-ShabkarNotes]

Sarma (gsar ma). See the New Schools. [RY]

Sarma / gSar ma - The new tradition or new Tantras associated with the second transmission of teachings to Tibet, starting in the eleventh century [RY]

Sarma / The gSar ma is the general heading of all the Tibetan schools of Buddhism which developed after the 10th century. [RY]

Sarma and Nyingma (gsar rnying). See also Sarma Schools, Nyingma School; tantras [LW1] [RY]

Sarma and Nyingma tantras [LWx] [RY]

Sarma and Nyingma; [LWx] [RY]

Sarma Schools (gsar ma) [LW1] [RY]

Sarma Schools (gsar ma). 'New Schools.' The New Schools are Kagyü, Sakya, and Gelug as well as Shijey and Chö, Jordruk, Shangpa Kagyü, and Nyendrup (the Kalachakra system). [ZL] [RY]

Sarma Schools of Secret Mantra (gsang sngags gsar ma). See New Schools. [RY]

Sarma Schools; expl. [LWx] [RY]

Sarnath [LW1] [RY]

Sarvabuddha Samayoga (sangs rgyas mnyam sbyor). 'Equalizing Buddhahood.' A Mahayoga scripture. Three tantras of this name are found in Vol. MA of the Nyingma Gyübum. Sometimes counted among the Eighteen Mahayoga Tantras as the tantra of enlightened body. [ZL] [RY]

Sarvabuddha Samayoga. See Samayoga Tantra [LW1] [RY]

Sarvastavadin [LW1] [RY]

Sarvastavadin [LWx] [RY]

Sarvastivada (thams cad yod par smra ba). 'pan-realism', a prominent and influential Hinayanist school named after their assertion that a dharma exists during all time, wandering from the future to the present when it seems to arise and transferred into the past when it perishes. [RY]

Sarvastivadin - One of the original eighteen schools, noted for study of Abhidharma; forerunners of the Vaibhashikas [RY]

Sa-ter. [RY]

satsas. Satsa. Sanskrit: saccha. These are small images of stupas or deities, made quickly by pressing clay into a mould. This way, one can accumulate the good karma of creating a great number of images in a short time. [Peter Roberts]

Sattva-paryanka (sems dpa'i skyil krung). Cross-legged sitting posture with the shins flat on the ground forming virtually a straight line, right ankle on top of the left. [RY]

sattvasana (sems dpa'i skyil krung) A type of cross legged meditation posture in which the legs are very loosely crossed, the right leg being slightly extended out in front. [Rain of Wisdom]

Sautantrika; expl. view [LWx] [RY]

Sautrantika - Second major philosophical school, one branch of which was known for its reliance on the Sutras instead of Abhidharma. [Tarthang]

Sautrantika (mdo sde pa)- Second major philosophical school, one branch of which was known for its reliance on the Sutras instead of Abhidharma [RY]

Sautrantika (mdo sde pa). A Hinayana school of philosophy and one of the four major Buddhist School. [RY]

Sautrantika (mdo sde pa). A hinayana school of philosophy and the second of the four major Buddhist Schools known for its reliance on the sutras rather than Abhidharma.[EMP] [RY]

Sautrantika School (mdo sde pa); expl. View; viewpoint of the noble potential [LW1] [RY]

Sautrantika School [LWx] [RY]

Sautrantika. A Hinayana school of philosophy and second of the four major Buddhist Schools. One of its branchess was known for its reliance on the Sutras instead of Abhidharma[Primer] [RY]

Sautrantika; expl.; viewpoint of the noble potential [LWx] [RY]

S continued - S1


The Rangjung Yeshe Gilded Palace of Dharmic Activity (Front Cover)

Go To:

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--Richard 13:10, 12 August 2008 (EDT)