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S continued - S continued - S1 - S continued - S2 - S continued - S3 - S continued - S4 - S continued - S5 - S continued - S6


The Rangjung Yeshe Gilded Palace of Dharmic Activity (Front Cover)

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Shanavasika - Disciple of Ananda; the third patriarch [RY]

Shang [LW1] [RY]

Shang Rinpoche (shangs): 1353- [MR] 1123-1193? [RY]

Shang Rinpoche, Yudrak Gonpo, see chap.9, note 59. [MR-ShabkarNotes]

Shang Ton (shangs ston)?: 1309- [MR]

Shangpa / The shangs pa teachings were based on the lineage brought to Tibet by the siddha Khyung po rnal 'byor (11th century?), a great tantric master who has studied with many teachers, including dakinis. Khyung po lived in Shangs in gTsang, central Tibet, where six disciples became his spiritual sons. Thus, this school is sometimes known as the Seven Treasures lineage (the Master and his six sons) or as the Dakini lineage. The teachings of this school, which are powerful and practice-oriented, have been assimilated into the other schools, particularly the bKa' rgyud and dGe lugs schools. [RY]

Shangpa Kagyü [LW1] [RY]

shangshang [LW1] [RY]

Shangshung (zhang zhung). [ZL] [RY]

Shangtong Tashi Dorje (zhong ston bkra shis rdo rje): 1097-1167 [MR]

Shantarakshita - Abbot of Vikramashila who ordained the first Tibetan monks; founder of philosophical school synthesizing Madhyamaka and Yogachara [RY]

Shantarakshita (zhi ba 'tsho) means Peace Sustainer. [RY]

Shantarakshita (zhi ba 'tsho), abbot of Samye [LW1] [RY]

Shantarakshita (zhi ba 'tsho). 'Guardian of Peace.' The Indian pandita and abbot of Vikramashila and of Samye who ordained the first Tibetan monks. He was an incarnation of the bodhisattva Vajrapani and is also known as Khenpo Bodhisattva or Bhikshu Bodhisattva Shantarakshita. He is the founder of philosophical school combining Madhyamaka and Yogachara. This tradition was reestablished and clarified by Mipham Rinpoche in his commentary on the Madhyamaka Lamkara. [ZL] [RY]

Shantarakshita (zhi ba 'tsho). The Indian pandita and abbot of Samye who ordained the first Tibetan monks. [RY]

Shantarakshita (zhi ba 'tsho); expl. [LWx] [RY]

Shantarakshita. He was an incarnation of the bodhisattva Vajrapani who dwells on the bhumis and is known as the Bhikshu Bodhisattva Shantarakshita (dge slong byang chub sems dpa' zhi ba 'tsho). [RY]

Shantarakshita; [LWx] [RY]

Shantideva - Seventh century master at nalanda, one of the 84 Siddhas; author of the Bodhicharyavatara [RY] Shantideva (zhi ba lha). A great learned and realized Indian master. [RY]

Shantideva (zhi ba lha). The great Indian master and scholar; author of the Bodhicharyavatara. [RY]

Shantideva (zhi ba lha); quotation by [LWx] [RY]

Shantideva (zhi ba lha, 685-763) was one of the eighty-four mahasiddhas of India. He composed the famous Bodhicaryavatara (byang chub sems dpa'i spyod pa la 'jug pa, T 3871), Engaging in the Bodhisattva's Activity, from which the verse quoted here is extracted. [MR-ShabkarNotes]

Shantideva {zhi ba lha}. Indian mahasiddha and scholar at Nalanda university during the first half of the 8th century. He astounded the monks of Nalanda with his famous poem on bodhicitta, the Bodhicaryavatara {byang chub sems pa'i spyod pa la 'jug pa}. He was one of the eightyfour mahasiddhas of India. [RY]

Shantigarbha (zhi ba'i snying po) [LW1] [RY]

Shantigarbha (zhi ba'i snying po); mention of [LWx] [RY]

Shariputra - One of the Buddha's two chief disciples, said to excel in wisdom [RY]

Shariputra (sha ri'i bu). One of the Buddha's two chief disciples, said to excel in wisdom. [Bardo Guide 91] [RY]

Shariputra [LW1] [RY]

Sharmapa Chökyi Wangchuk (zhva dmar pa chos kyi dbang phyug). 1584-c.1635. The sixth master in the line of Sharmapa incarnations. [RY]

sharp-pointed red torma (dmar gtor rtse rno), [RY]

Shasa Horma (sha za hor ma). According to Kyabje Dilgo Khyentse Rinpoche this is the same as Shasa Khamoche (sha za kha mo che), a wrathful female wisdom protector who was entrusted by Guru Padmasambhava at Samye Chimphu to guard the Nyingma teachings in general and the Lama Gondu (bla ma dgongs 'dus) cycle in particular (a terma rediscovered by Sangye Lingpa, 1340-1396). [MR-ShabkarNotes]

Shastras {bstan chos}. Commentaries specifically illustrating the meaning of the Buddha's teachings. The three qualifications for composing shastras are perfect realization, a vision of the yidam deity and complete knowledge of the five sciences. [RY]

Shavaripa (sha ba ri pa). A great Indian master and the guru of Saraha. [RY]

Shawopa, or Shawo Gangpa;, (sha bo sgang pa), 1067-1131, a disciple of Langri Tangpa;, (glang ri thang pa) and of the Three Brothers -- Putowa;, (pu to ba), Chengnawa;, (spyan snga ba), and Puchungwa; (phu chung ba)--the three main disciples of Dromtönpa;, ('brom ston pa). [MR]

Shechen Gyaltsap Rinpoche, Gyurme Pema Namgyal, (zhe chen rgyal tshab 'gyur med pad ma rnam rgyal) [MR]

Shechen Kongtrül Pema Drime (zhe chen kong sprul pad ma dri med): 1901-1960 [MR]

Shechen Ongtrul Gyurme Tuthob Namgyal (zhe chen dbon sprul 'gyur med mthu stobs rnam rgyal):1787- [MR]

Shechen Rabjam Rinpoche [LW1] [RY]

Shechen Rabjam: 1910-195? [MR]

Shechen, Monastery [LW1] [RY]

Sheja Kunkhyab Treasury (shes bya kun khyab mdzod). One of the Five Treasuries of Jamgön Kongtrül containing an encyclopedia of Buddhism and Buddhist culture in three volumes. At present, it is being translated under the guidance of H.E. Kalu Rinpoche. [RY]

Sheldam Nyingjang (zhal gdams snying byang) is the basic root text and the first volume of the Barchey Künsel cycle revealed by Chokgyur Lingpa. [RY]

Sheldam Nyingjang (zhal gdams snying byang), root tantra of Barchey Künsel [LW1] [RY]

Sheldam Nyingjang Yishin Norbu (zhal gdams snying byang yid bzhin nor bu). The Wish-fulfilling Jewel Essence Manual of Oral Instruction, the major text among the collection of treasures belonging to Lamey Tukdrub Barchey Künsel. It is the first volume in the New Delhi edition of the New Treasures of Chokgyur Lingpa (mchog gling gter gsar). [RY]

Sheldam Nyingjang; quotation from; root tantra of Barchey Künsel [LWx] [RY]

Sheldrak Phuk (shel brag phug) [LW1] [RY]

Shelkar Chöde; (shel dkar chos sde) A monastery founded by a Sakya Lama, Sindeu Rinchen, who then turned to the Geluk order. [MR]

Shelkar Chödeh (shel dkar chos sde) is located near Shelkar Dzong (shel dkar rdzong), the provincial capital of Tingri, which marks the limit between the provinces of Tsang (gtsang) and Lato (stod). [MR-ShabkarNotes]

Shelkar Dzong; (shel dkar rdzong) The Whitle Crystal Castle /Fortress, was the provincial capital for the Tingri area. [MR]

Shenpa Pekar (bshan pa pe kar). [ZL] [RY]

Shenpa. [RY]

Shenrab / (gshen rab) - according to the Bon tradition, the founder of the Bon religion. [RY]

Shentong (gzhan stong). An aspect of the Madhyamaka School in Tibet focusing on emptiness indivisible from luminosity, asserting that the kayas and wisdoms of buddhahood are naturally present within the sugata essence. [Bardo Guide 91] [RY]

Shentrul Wangje (gzhan 'phrul dbang byed) One of the abodes of gods in the Realm of Desire. [RY]

Shijey (Pacifying) (zhi byed) [LW1] [RY]

Shijey (zhi byed). Pacifying, one of the Eight Practice Lineages brought to Tibet by Phadampa Sangye. [RY]

Shijey / The Zhi byed teachings were brought to Tibet by Dam pa sang rgyas, a siddha who visited Tibet several times around the 12th century and introduced the gCod teachings. His disciple, sKyo ston bSod nams bla ma, founded the Father lineage of gCod which followed the Sutrayana teachings according to Aryadeva; Ma gcig Slab sgron, a great female siddha, founded the Mother lineage, based on Prajnaparamita. Zhi byed emphasizes teachings suited to the individual's consciousness rather than adhering to specific texts. gCod teachings continue within other schools, especially rNying ma and bKa' rgyud. [RY]

Shijey / Zhi byed - see Tantra [RY]

Shin (gshin). A type of spirit; either the yama type or simply consciousness of a human who has passed away but is still lingering in the bardo state. [ZL] [RY]

Shin Arahan - Young monk from Thaton responsible for converting King Anoratha of Pagan [RY]

Shingon - Japanese school of Tantra, based on Yoga Tantras as taught in the Chinese tradition; emphasizes practice relating to Vairocana Buddha [RY]

Shingsa Pandita Lobzang Dargye (shing bza' pandita blo bzang dar rgyas, 1753-1824). He became the second abbot of Ragya monastery, succeeding its founder, Arik Geshe. He was considered to be the incarnation of, among others, the Kashmir pandita Sakya Sri and Tsongkhapa's mother, Shingsa Achö, (shing bza' a chos). See Jigme Gyaltsen, p. 11, and AC, vol.2, p.139. [MR-ShabkarNotes]

Shining Jewel Tantra (rin po che 'bar ba'i rgyud). One of The Twenty-five Tantras of the Great Perfection taught by Shri Singha to Vairochana. [ZL] [RY]

Shining Turquoise Temple [LW1] [RY]

Shinje Tsedak. [RY]

Shinran - Disciple of Honen; founder of the Japanese Jodoshinshu Pure Land School [RY]

Shintam Garbha (zhi ba'i snying po). One of the Eight Vidyadharas, receiver of the transmission of Maledictory Fierce Mantra. Born in Uddiyana and reputed to have visited Tibet and participated in the consecration of the Samye Temple. [ZL] [RY]

Shloka (shlo ka). A stanza, esp. One of four eight-syllable padas; as a unit of length of prose, 32 syllables. [RY]

Shomu - Eight century Japanese emperor and patron of the Dharma [RY]

Short History of Dorje Drag; (rdo rje brag) Monastery: bod yul gangs can gyi ljong su snga 'gyur bka' gter gyi chos brgyud 'dzin pa'i gdan sa chen po thub bstan rdo rje brag E wam lcog sgar ba'i chos brgyud dang gdan rabs bcas kyi lo rgyus mdor bsdus) by Taklung Tsetrul Rinpoche [MR] Short Indirect Meditation Tantra (bsam gtan brgyud pa'i mdo rgyud). One of the Twenty-five Tantras of the Great Perfection taught by Shri Singha to Vairochana. [ZL] [RY]

Short lineage of Terma (nye brgyud gter ma). The Dharma treasures concealed chiefly by Guru Rinpoche to be discovered in the future by a tertön, a treasure revealer. [RY]

Short Notes; (zin bris chung). [PK] [RY]

Short Truth of the Middle Way (dbu ma bden chung); quotation from [LWx] [RY]

Shotoku - Sixth century japanese prince and regent who helped establish the Dharma; built important temples and wrote Buddhist commentaries [RY]

SHRAMANA (dge sbyong). A spiritual practitioner. Often has the connotation of an ascetic or mendicant monk.[AL] [RY]

Shramanera, (dge tshul). Novice, a lesser number of vows taken prior to the full ordination of a monk.[Primer] [RY]

Shravaka (Nyan thos) lit. 'Hearer'; one who listens to the teachings of the Buddha, realizes the suffering inherent in samsara, and focuses on understanding that there is no independent self. By conquering emotionality, he liberates himself, attaining first the stage of Stream Enterer at the Path of Seeing, followed by the stage of Once-Returner who will be reborn only one more time, and the stage of Non-returner who will no longer be reborn into samsara. The final goal is to become an Arhants. The vehicle of the Shravaka is known as the Shravakayana. [RY]

Shravaka (nyan thos). 'Hearer' or 'listener.' Hinayana practitioner of the First Turning of the Wheel of the Dharma on the four noble truths who realizes the suffering inherent in samsara, and focuses on understanding that there is no independent self. By conquering disturbing emotions, he liberates himself, attaining first the stage of Stream Enterer at the Path of Seeing, followed by the stage of Once-Returner who will be reborn only one more time, and the stage of Non-returner who will no longer be reborn into samsara. The final goal is to become an Arhant. These four stages are also known as the 'four results of spiritual practice.' [Bardo Guide 91] [ZL] [RY] Shravaka (nyan thos). 'Hearer' or 'listener.' Hinayana practitioner of the the First Turning of the Wheel of the Dharma on the four noble truths. [RY]

SHRAVAKA (nyan thos). 'Hearer' or 'listener.' Hinayana practitioner of the First Turning of the Wheel of the Dharma on the four noble truths who realizes the suffering inherent in samsara, and focuses on understanding that there is no independent self. By conquering disturbing emotions, he liberates himself, attaining first the stage of Stream Enterer at the Path of Seeing, followed by the stage of Once-Returner who will be reborn only one more time, and the stage of Non-returner who will no longer be reborn into samsara. The final goal is to become an Arhant. These four stages are also known as the 'four results of spiritual practice.' [AL] [RY]

Shravaka (nyan thos). 'Hearer, Disciple (of a Buddha)'. A Hinayana Arhant who attains Nirvana under the guidance of a teacher; or someone practicing to become such an Arhant, a Hinayanist. [RY]

shravaka (nyan thos); as noble Sangha; compared to pratyekabuddha School; enlightenment; general accomplishments; relation to Mahayana; Three Jewels; Vaibhashika School; vehicle; vehicle (nyan thos kyi theg pa); vehicle as First Dharma Wheel [LW1] [RY]

Shravaka Collection [LWx] [RY]

Shravaka Collections (nyan thos kyi sde snod) [LW1] [RY]

shravaka. 'Hearer' or 'listener.' Hinayana practitioner of the First Turning of the Wheel of the Dharma on the four noble truths who realizes the suffering inherent in samsara, and focuses on understanding that there is no independent self. By conquering disturbing emotions, he liberates himself, attaining first the stage of Stream Enterer at the Path of Seeing, followed by the stage of Once-Returner who will be reborn only one more time, and the stage of Non-returner who will no longer be reborn into samsara. The final goal is to become an Arhant. These four stages are also known as the 'four results of spiritual practice.'[Primer] [RY]

Shravakas {nyan thos}. Lit. listeners. [RY]

Shravaka's samadhi of peace (nyan thos kyi zhi ba'i ting nge 'dzin). [RY]

Shri (dpal ldan). 'Glorious, splendorous.' A title given to many masters, and placed in front of their names. [RY]

Shri (dpal). 'Glorious, holy', a respectful title. [RY]

Shri Dipam (dpal sgron). The daughter of Chokgyur Lingpa. [RY]

Shri Guhyagarbha (dpal gsang ba snying po). An important Nyingma tantra. [RY]

SHRI GUHYASAMAJA (dpal gsang ba 'dus pa). Literally, 'Assembly of Secrets.' One of the major tantras and yidams of the New School.[AL] [RY]

Shri Heruka (dpal chen he ru ka). The wrathful form of Buddha Vairocana. [RY]

Shri Ratna of Bal [LW1] [RY]

Shri Singha (shr'i sing ha). The chief disciple and successor of Manjushrimitra in the lineage of the Dzogchen teachings. He was born in the city of Shokyam in Khotan and studied with the masters Hatibhala and Bhelakirti. Among Shri Singha's disciples were four outstanding masters: Jnanasutra, Vimalamitra, Padmasambhava and the Tibetan translator Vairochana. [Bardo Guide 91] [RY]

Shri Singha (Skt). One of the masters in the lineage of mahasandhi or Dzogchen who was a disciple of Manjushrimitra and also the root guru of Padmasambhava. [RY]

SHRI SINGHA (Skt). The chief disciple and successor of Manjushrimitra in the lineage of the Dzogchen teachings. He was born in the city of Shokyam in Khotan and studied with the masters Hatibhala and Bhelakirti. Among Shri Singha's disciples were four outstanding masters: Jnanasutra, Vimalamitra, Padmasambhava and the Tibetan translator Vairochana. [AL] [RY]

Shri Singha / Shri Singha - Vidyadhara, born in Khotan and active in China; important in the Vajrayana transmission lineage [RY]

Shri Singha [LW1] [RY]

Shri Singha 1. (Skt). Shri Singha was the chief disciple and successor of Manjushrimitra in the lineage of the Dzogchen teachings. He was born in the Chinese city of Shokyam in Khotan and studied at first with the Chinese masters Hatibhala and Bhelakirti. In his Ocean of Wondrous Sayings, Guru Tashi Tobgyal adds that Shri Singha received a prophesy from Avalokiteshvara while traveling to Serling, telling him to go to the Sosaling charnel ground in order to be sure of the ultimate attainment. After many years Shri Singha met Manjushrimitra in the charnel ground of Sosaling, and remained with him for twenty-five years. Having transmitted all the oral instructions, the great master Manjushrimitra dissolved his bodily form into a mass of light. When Shri Singha cried out in despair and uttered songs of deep yearning, Manjushrimitra appeared again and bestowed him a tiny casket of precious substance. The casket contained his master's final words, a vital instruction named Gomnyam Drugpa, the Six Experiences of Meditation. Having received this transmission, Shri Singha reached ultimate confidence. In Bodhgaya he found the manuscripts of the tantras previously hidden by Manjushrimitra which he took to China where he classified the Instruction Section into four parts: the outer, inner, secret, and the innermost unexcelled sections. Among Shri Singha's disciples were four outstanding masters: Jnanasutra, Vimalamitra, Padmasambhava and the Tibetan translator Vairochana. [ZL] [RY]

Shri Singha The chief disciple of Manjushrimitra in the lineage of the Dzogchen teachings. He was born in the Chinese city of Shokyam and studied with the Chinese masters Hatibhala and Bhelakirti. Later he met Manjushrimitra in the charnel ground of Sosaling, and remained with him for 25 years. Among his chief disciples were Jnanasutra, Vimalamitra, Padmasambhava and the Tibetan translator Vairochana. [RY]

Shri Singha, the great vidyadhara who conferred upon Guru Rinpoche the empowerment of the "Manifestation of Awareness" (rig pa'i rtsal dbang). See chap.4, note 16. [MR-ShabkarNotes]

Shri Singha; mention of [LWx] [RY]

Shri Vajrasattva (dpal ldan rdo rje sems dpa'). [RY]

Shrine mandala (rten gyi man dal). The mandala plate placed on the shrine during offerings. [RY]

Shrivijaya - Buddhist kingdom founded in Sumatra that spread throughout Indonesia and onto Malay Peninsula [RY]

Shubhakarasimha - Eight century tantric master in China [RY]

Shuddhodhana - King of the Shakyas; father of Shakyamuni Buddha [RY]

Shudra caste (dmangs rigs). The menial classes. [RY]

Shuksep Jetsün Rigdzin Chönyi Sangmo (shug gseb rje btsun cho nyid bzang mo): 1841-1940 [MR]

Shula Dragmo (shul la brag mo). [ZL] [RY]

Shun-tao - Chinese monk who introduced Dharma to Korea in fourth century [RY]

Shun-tao - Chinese monk who introduced Dharma to Korea in fourth century. [Tarthang]

Shunyata mantra (shu nya ta'i sngags). The mantra Om svabhava shuddho sarva dharma svabhava shuddho 'ham. [RY]

SHURMA (shur ma). A Tibetan script, half way between printed and written script.[AL] [RY]

Shurpa vina (dgu po rgyud mang). A kind of vina. [RY]

Shutö Terdrom at Drigung ('bri gung gzhu stod gter sgrom); see NW, fol. 1b and 5b. [MR-ShabkarNotes]

Sibtsen land of Mön (mon gyi srib btsan lung) [LW1] [RY]


Siddha - one who has accomplished the siddhis. [RY]

Siddha - Tantric master who attains direct realization outside the conventional course of study [RY]

Siddha (grub pa) (grub thob),. Perfected one, realized one, adept who has attained siddhi. [RY]

Siddha (grub thob). 'Accomplished one.' Someone who has attained siddhi; an accomplished master. [ZL] [RY]

Siddhi (bsgrub) lit. 'success, complete attainment'; there are eight 'common' siddhis developed by the practice of yoga. Among these are clairvoyance, clairaudiance, the ability to fly through the air, the ability to read thoughts, and control of the body and external world, enabling one to transform both at will. The supreme siddhis is enlightenment. [RY]

Siddhi (dngos grub). 'Accomplishment.' The attainment resulting from Dharma practice usually referring to the 'supreme siddhi' of complete enlightenment. It can also mean the 'common siddhis,' eight mundane accomplishments such as clairvoyance, clairaudiance, flying in the sky, becoming invisible, everlasting youth, or powers of transmutation; the ability to control of the body and external world. The most eminent attainments on the path are, however, renunciation, compassion, unshakable faith and realization of the correct view.[Primer] [RY]

Siddhi (dngos grub). 'Accomplishment.' The attainment resulting from Dharma practice usually referring to the 'supreme siddhi' of complete enlightenment. It can also mean the 'common siddhis,' eight mundane accomplishments such as clairvoyance, clairaudiance, flying in the sky, becoming invisible, everlasting youth, or powers of transmutation; the ability to control of the body and external world. The most eminent attainments on the path are, however, renunciation, compassion, unshakable faith and realization of the correct view. [RY]

Siddhi (dngos grub). 'Accomplishment.' Usually refers to the 'supreme siddhi' of complete enlightenment, but can also mean the 'common siddhis,' eight mundane accomplishments. [RY]

Siddhi (dngos grub). See Accomplishment. [ZL] [RY]

Siddhi (dngos grub). Success, attainment, esp. Magical attainment such as flying in the sky, becoming invisible, everlasting youth, or powers of transmutation. They are divided into supreme s. (mchog gi dngos grub) and ordinary or common s. (mthun mong gi dngos grub), [RY]

Siddhi of mahamudra (phyag rgya chen po'i dngos grub). Same as enlightenment. In the context of Mahayoga Tantra, it can also refer to the attainment of the third vidyadhara level in which 'mahamudra' means the sublime body of the yidam deity. [RY]

Siddhi rastu. "May it be accomplished!" [RY]

Siddhis (dngos grub). The supreme and common accomplishments. The supreme siddhi is the accomplishment of complete enlightenment. The common siddhis are usually eight types of miraculous powers. [RY]

siddhis (dngos grub); supreme and common [LW1] [RY]

S continued - S4


The Rangjung Yeshe Gilded Palace of Dharmic Activity (Front Cover)

Go To:

-A - B - C - D - E - F - G - H - I - J - K - L - M - N - O - P - Q - R - S - T - U - V - W - X - Y - Z -


--Richard 13:12, 12 August 2008 (EDT)