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The Rangjung Yeshe Gilded Palace of Dharmic Activity (Front Cover)

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Six Stains (dri ma drug). [RY]

Six stains {dri ma drug}. Pride, lack of faith, lack of effort, outward distraction, inward tension and discouragement. [RY]

six superior qualities of the Nyingma School, listing of [LW1] [RY]

six superior qualities; of the Nyingma School, listing of [LWx] [RY]

Six Superknowledges (mngon par shes pa drug). The capacities for performing miracles, divine sight, divine hearing, recollection of former lives, cognition of the minds of others, and the cognition of the exhaustion of defilements.[AL] [RY]

six superknowledges (mngon shes drug); listing [LW1] [RY]

Six Syllables (yi ge drug pa). The mantra of Avalokiteshvara: om mani padme hung. [RY]

Six Syllables [LW1] [RY]

Six tantra sections (rgyud sde drug) The three outer tantras of Kriya, Upa and Yoga and the three inner tantras of Maha, Anu and Ati. [RY]

Six transcending actions (pha rol tu phyin pa drug). See 'six paramitas.' [RY]

Six transcending perfections {pha rol tu phyin pa drug}. Generosity, moral discipline, patience, diligence, concentration and discriminating awareness. [RY]

Six Treatises of the Kadampas (bka' gdams gzhung drug):, mdo sde rgyan /(some have nyan thos pa'i sa), byang chub sems dpa'i sa, bslab pa kun btus, spyod 'jug, skyes rabs, ched du brjod pa'i tshoms [MR]

six unions (sbyor ba drug) [LW1] [RY]

Six Unions (sbyor drug). One of the Eight Great Chariots of the Practice Lineage embodying the pith instruction for the practice of Kalachakra.[EMP] [RY]

Six Unions (sbyor drug). See Jordruk. [RY]

Six Vajra Lines (rdo rje tshig rkang drug). The supplication to Guru Rinpoche called Dusum Sangye. [RY]

Six Vajra Lines (rdo rje'i tshig drug). [ZL] [RY]

Six views (mtha' drug) are the views of the 1) expedient meaning (drang don), 2) true/ definitive meaning (nges don), 3) implied (dgongs pa can), 4) not implied (dgongs pa can ma yin pa), 5) literal (sgra ji bzhin pa), and 6) not literal (sgra ji bzhin ma yin pa). [RY]

Six ways of expounding the inner tantras; ('chad pa'i mtha' drug), as mentioned in the rgyud gal po che: (1) According to the conventional meaning /truth (drang don), (2) Ultimate certain meaning /truth (nges don), (3) With a hidden meaning behind intellible words which have an ordinary meaning (dgons pa can), (4) In a explicit way, without hidden meaning (dgons min), (5) In ordinary words of common language (sgra ji bzhin pa), and (6) in symbolic words arranged in sentences which makes no sense without a key for their understanding (sgra ji bzhin ma yin pa) (YNO, p. 24-26) [MR]

six wealths. The six wealths are: Long life; great power; good fortune; great majesty; great retinue; many possessions. [Peter Roberts]

Six worlds ('jig rten drug). The realms of the six classes of beings. [RY]

Six Yogas (rnal 'byor drug). See 'Six Doctrines of Naropa.' [RY]

Six Yogas {chos drug}. The yoga of psychic heat {gtum mo}; the yoga of the illusory body {sgyu lus}; the yoga of dream {rmi lam}; the yoga of luminosity {'od gsal}; the yoga of consciousness transference {'pho ba} and the yoga of the intermediate state {bar do}. [RY]

Six Yogas of Naropa with the Three Confidences, this refers to the zab lam na ro chos drug gi khrid rim yid ches gsum ldan of Tsongkhapa. [MR-ShabkarNotes]

Sixfold taking as path (lam khyer drug). [RY]

Six-fold Vajra Yoga - This refers to the six branches of practice according to the Kalachakra (dus 'khor sbyor ba yan lag drug). See DZ, Vol. 16 and NS, vol. 2, p.151. [MR-ShabkarNotes]

Sixteen Abodes of the Realm of Form (gzugs khams gnas rigs bcu drug) [LW1] [RY]

Sixteen arhants (gnas brtan bcu drug). Also known as the Sixteen Sthaviras. [RY]

Sixteen Arhats -() Disciples of the Buddha who vowed to preserve the Dharma until the coming of Maitreya [RY]

sixteen moments (skad cig ma bcu drug); listing of [LW1] [RY]

Sixteen Spheres (thig le bcu drug) is a renowned sadhana which belongs to the pith instructions (man ngag) section of the Kadampa tradition. Avalokitesvara is visualized with sixteen other deities in his heart, one within the other, and each one in a sphere of light. [MR-ShabkarNotes]

sixteen vowels and thirty consonants; listing of, see also 'Ali Kali]' [LW1] [RY]

Sixth Buddha (rgyal ba drug pa). Refers to Vajradhara. [RY]

Sixth Buddha Regent (drug pa'i rgyal tshab) [LW1] [RY]

Sixth Buddha Regent; expl.; [LWx] [RY]

Sixth Dalai Lama 1., Tsangyang Gyatso:6th; 1683-1702: Gushri Khan (Qosot Mongol prince) defeats the Tsangpa Ruler Karma Tenkyong Wangpo in 1642, and with the help of Desi Sönam Chopel unifies Tibet under the rule of the 5th Dalai Lama. Gushri Khan dies in Lhasa at the eage of 73, in 1675. Sönam Chopel dies in 1676 and is replaced by Desi Sangye Gyatso; in 1679, (after the resignation of Desi Losang Jinpa) at the age of 29. Nicknamed Desi Golep he was a great erudite, a tireless administrator and sometime a ruthless leader. When the great 5th passed away in 1682 this fact was concealed from the people for many years. Secretely too, the Desi had send parties to find the new incarnation, and in 1685, an extraordinary child, born in 1683 to a reputed Nyingma Tantric family descended from the damed Tertön Padma Lingpa;, was found in Tawang, Mön-yul. [RY]

Sixth Dalai Lama 2. In August 1697 annoucement was made of both the demise of the 5th Dalai Lama and of the finding of his reicarnation. The 2nd Panchen. Losang Yeshe was invited to Nagartse and gave to the young Dalai Lama the novice vows and the name Losang Rigzin Tsan-yang Gyatso, in 1697. In October 1687, the Sixth Dalai Lama was enthroned in Lhasa. The young Dalai Lama turned to be a simple, gifted, artist, and carefree young man, who disliked the pomp of Potala, and preferred mingling with the daily life of his people, walking instead of riding horse and enjoying the charm of nature. Leading a most simple life he would make his own tea and share it with anyone who would come to receive his audience. He would teach in public places and not in the magnificent Potala. Pressed by the Desi and the Panchen Lama to take full monastic vows, to everyone bewilderment, Tsang-yang Gyatso returned instead the novice vows he had receive earlier. From then on he lived as a lay yogin. Condensed from: Songs of the Sixth Dalai Lama, Translated from the Tibetan by K.Dhondup, Library of Tibetan Works and Archives Dharamsala, 1981 [MR]

Sixth Dalai Lama, Tsangyang Gyatso (tshangs dbyangs rgya mtsho, 1683-1702) and the regent-king, Desi Sangye Gyatso (sde srid sangs rgyas rgya mtsho, 1653-1703). [MR-ShabkarNotes]

Sixth Rigdzin Chenpo of Dorje Drak, Kunzang Gyurme Lhundrup (rdor brag 'rig 'dzin chen po kun bzang 'gyur med lhun grub). [MR-ShabkarNotes]

sixty aspects of melodious speech (gsung dbyangs yan lag drug bcu) [LW1] [RY]

Sixty aspects of speech (gsung dbyangs yan lag drug cu), according to Tantra, there are six categories: like the voice of Brahma, cymbals, song, the kalapinga bird, thunder, and a sitar. There are sixty aspects when each of them are multiplied by these ten: generating understanding, comprehensible, being worthy of respect, without discord, extremely profound, acceptable, indomitable, pleasing to hear, unconfused, and extremely distinct. [RY]

Sixty Verses of Reasoning; Yuktisastika-karika; (rigs pa drug cu pa); Nagarjuna, 1st-2nd century. [PK] [RY]

Sixty-eight Crescents (zla gam drug cu rtsa brgyad). Name of a mandala connected to the teachings of Vishuddha Heruka. [ZL] [RY]

sixty-four qualities of freedom and maturation (bral smin yan tan drug cu rtsa bzhi) [LW1] [RY]

sixty-four sacred places and countries (gnas yul drug cu rtsa bzhi) [LW1] [RY]

Skanda (skem byed). Skanda is the Brahmanical god of war, leader of demons that cure illness in children, and the god of thieves. The skandas' are no doubt these demons, however the Tib. name, which means 'drier-up', is puzzling. [RY]

Skandha (phung po). [RY]

Skandhas (phung po). Gathering or aggregation of many parts. See 'five skandhas/ aggregates.' [RY]

skandhas, dhatus and ayatanas. Skandhas: (Tibetan: phung po) "Aggregations". The five aggregations: physical forms, sensations, identification, mental activities (within which the second and third aggregates are in fact included) and consciousnesses. / Dhatus: (Tibetan - khams) "Elements". The eighteen elements of mental and sensory experience: The six consciousnesses of eye, ear, nose, tongue, body and the mind; the faculty of perception of these six; and the objects experienced by them - form, sound, smell, taste, physical sensation and "[mental] phenomena". / Ayatanas: (Tibetan - skye mched) "Birth and Development" are the twelve sources of perception, in fact the last twelve of the list of dhatus, the consciousnesses not being included in the ayatanas. These are all derived from the abhidharma teachings. [Peter Roberts]

Skandhas, the five aggregates (phung po lnga). The five aspects which comprise the physical and mental constituents of a sentient being: physical forms, sensations, conceptions, formations, and consciousnesses.[Primer] [RY]

Skillful Lasso (thabs kyi zhags pa). Also known as Concise Lotus Garland (pad mo phreng ba'i don bsdus pa), this scripture functions as a support for rituals to attain accomplishment. See Eighteen Mahayoga Tantras. [ZL] [RY]

Skillful means (thabs la mkhas pa). Ingenuity in application. [RY]

Skillful means and knowledge (thabs dang shes rab). The two main aspects of any practice. In Mahayana practice, they are compassion and insight into emptiness. In Vajrayana practice, they are the stages of development and completion. [RY]

Skipping the grades type (thod rgal ba'i rigs). People whose qualities of experience and realization increase and decrease without sequential order. [RY]

skull bowl that possesses all the ideal qualities. There are various signs that indicate a powerfully auspicious skull-bowl, the most important of which is one in which the entire skull is one piece, without being divided into sections by the lines of cranial joints. [Peter Roberts]

Skull Pieces (thod pa'i dum bu) [LW1] [RY]

skull-damaru, and so on. A skull-damaru is made of the tops of two crania, though more commonly a damaru made of wood or ivory in the shape of the crania is used. A skull with particular qualities is considered to naturally assist in the gaining of spiritual accomplishments if used in one's practice. [Peter Roberts]

Sky burial - In Tibet corpses are cut up in a special way, so that the vultures can feed on them. It was considered inauspicious if vultures did not come, or came but did not eat the corpse. The corpses are sometimes dismembered by monks or, in populated areas, by professionals. [MR-ShabkarNotes]

Sky Dancer, Namkhai Nyingpo, by Keith Dowman, Rutledge & Kegan-Paul, London. [ZL] [RY]

Sky Plain (gung thang). [ZL] [RY]

Sky Plain of Lhaitsa (gnam thang lha'i rtsa). [ZL] [RY]

Sky Plain Pass (gung thang la kha). [ZL] [RY]

Sky Treasury Consecration Tantra (nam mkha' mdzod byin rlabs kyi rgyud). A Mahayoga scripture. [ZL] [RY]

Sky Treasury Consecration Tantra (nam mkha' mdzod byin rlabs kyi rgyud). The word sky treasury has the connotation of inexhaustible wealth. [ZL] [RY]

sky-burial - Only the corpses of Dharma practitioners and special persons were actually cremated in Tibet. Others were given "sky-burial"; their corpses were cut up and fed to the vultures. People believed that the smoke from the cremation of ordinary bodies would defile the sky realm of the local deities and mountain gods. [MR-ShabkarNotes]

Sky-faced One (gnam zhal ma). The consort of Kalden Drendsey. [RY]

Sky-Iron Vajra". "The Sky-Iron Vajra" (gnam lcags rdo rje) is the second of Jatson Nyingpo's volumes of termas, devoted to long-life practice. [Peter Roberts]

Sky-soarer, khe-cara, (mkha' la spyod pa). 'One who goes in the air', deity, dakini; also conceivably Khasarpana, a form of Avalokiteshvara. [RY]

Slate Mountain Ridge (g.ya ri gong). [ZL] [RY]

Slaughter Rakshas (bshan pa srin po). [ZL] [RY]

Slayer of Demons (bdud kyi bshed chen). One of the 12 manifestations of Guru Rinpoche. Same as Dükyi Shechen. [RY]

Sle kug bzhad pa'i rdo rje: 5th incarnation of lho brag grub chen. Wrote many volumes related to the mkha' 'gro gsang ba ye shes of smin gling and chos rje gling pa. [MR]

smoke-offerings. Smoke-pujas: (bsangs), meaning a cleansing of the area through aromatic incenses. brngan, the second syllable means "payment" referring to the act of making a gift to local deities in lieu of their activity of protection) A native Tibetan tradition of burning aromatic auspicious wood, such as cedar, but to create smoke rather than flames, with various offerings of food, cloth, etc. added. It is used to make an offering to all the Three roots and Jewels and to make a gift to all beings in Samsara. The emphasis in this practice (which also demonstrates its origins) is on local and national deities, to please and appease them, the smoke cleansing the area as well as manifesting offerings. [Peter Roberts]

smoke-pujas. Smoke-pujas: (Tibetan: bsangs, meaning a cleansing of the area through aromatic incenses) A native Tibetan tradition of burning aromatic auspicious wood, such as cedar, but to create smoke rather than flames, with various offerings of food, cloth, etc. added. It is used to make an offering to all the Three roots and Jewels and to make a gift to all beings in Samsara. The emphasis in this practice (which also demonstrates its origins) is on local and national deities, to please and appease them, the smoke cleansing the area as well as manifesting offerings. [Peter Roberts]

Smritijnana [LW1] [RY]

Smrtijnanakirti - Pandita who entered Tibet from Nepal at the start of the second period of transmission, early in the eleventh century [RY]

snake-essence (sbrul gyi snying po). Some snakes are said to have a jewel in their forehead that is called "snake-essence" (sbrul gyi snying po). By extension, "snake-essence" is used to refer to very precious things, here to a rare kind of sandalwood. [MR-ShabkarNotes]

snow grouse or Tibetan partridge (gong mo, Lat. Perdrix Hodgsoniae). [MR-ShabkarNotes]

Snow Mountain of Tö - Mount Kailash. [MR-ShabkarNotes]

So Zur Nub Nyang (so zur bsnubs nyag). Great masters in the Nyingma lineage. [RY]

Socrates: 399 BC [MR]

Sog po mda' bcu gcig: A rig etc,. Main distinctions in Golok: mgo log, dbal shul, mdzod dge nyin rsib. [MR]

Sogdians - Traders and scribes who played an important role in transmitting the Dharma throughout Central Asia [RY]

Soglung (srog rlung), an illness caused by prana getting stuck in the heart center due to various strenuous circumstances. [RY]

Sogpo Tendar (mkhas grub sog po bstan dar): 1759- [MR]

Sole Mother, Machik Labdrön (ma gcig lab sgron, 1055-1153), who, with Padampa Sangye (pha dam pa sangs rgyas, d.1117), initiated in Tibet the lineage of the practice of Chöd (gcod), which means "cutting through" ego-clinging and other attachments. In this practice, based on the view of the Prajnaparamita, one visualizes offering one's body to the "four classes of guests" (mgron po bzhi) which are: (1) the Three Jewels, the Buddhas and Bodhisattvas who elicit faith and respect, (2) the protectors of the Dharma who are endowed with good qualities, (3) sentient beings who deserve our compassion, and (4) negative harmful spirits to whom we must repay karmic debts. On the history of Chöd see J. Gyatso (1989). On translations of Machik's biographies see A. Tempa Gyaltsen et al. (1990) and J. Edou (1993). [MR-ShabkarNotes]

Sole Ornament of the Five Families of Vajrasattva (rdor sems rigs lnga rgyan gcig) is the peaceful aspect of the Taktsang Phurba cycle. See RT vol.31 (Ki) and note 54 above. [MR-ShabkarNotes]

Solkha. [RY]

Somo Tsang. [RY]

Son - Korean form of Ch'an teachings that became one of the major forms of Korean Buddhism [RY]

Sona - One of the missionaries of Ashoka's time sent to Suvarnabhumi, identified with Burma in the Burmese tradition [RY]

Sönam Gyatso: 1543-1588. [RY]

Sönam Tashi: 1352-1412 [MR]

Sönam Tsemo (bsod nams rtse mo) :1142-1182. One of the Five Sakya Forefathers. [RY]

Sönam Tsemo(bsod nams rtse mo), son of Kunga Nyingpo: 1142-1182 [MR]

Songnor Rinpoche. [RY]

Songpo Labpey. [RY]

Songtsen Gampo (srong btsan sgam po). (569-650) or (617-650). The king of Tibet in the seventh century Tibetan who prepared the way for transmission of the teachings. He is regarded as an incarnation of Avalokiteshvara. He married Bhrikuti of Nepal and Wen Cheng of China who each brought a sacred statue of Buddha Shakyamuni to Lhasa. Songtsen Gampo built the first Buddhist temples in Tibet, established a code of laws based on Dharma principles, and had his minister Thönmi Sambhota develop the Tibetan script. During his reign the translation of Buddhist texts into Tibetan began. [ZL] [RY]

Songtsen Gampo / Srong btsan sgam po - Seventh century Tibetan Dharma king who prepared the way for transmission of the teachings; regarded as an incarnation of Avalokiteshvara [RY]

Songtsen Gampo / Srong btsan sgom po (7th century) first great Dharma King, who united the Tibetan Kingdom. He married two Buddhist princesses, Bhrikuti of Nepal and Wen ch'eng of China. He built the first Buddhist temples, established a code of laws based on Dharma principles, developed the Tibetan script with the help of his minister Thon mi Sambhota and also began the translation of Buddhist texts into Tibetan. Srong btsan sgam po was succeeded by: Gung srong, Mang srong, 'dus srong, and Khri lde gtsug btsan (Mes ag tshoms) [RY]

Songtsen Gampo [LW1] [RY]

Songtsen Gampo: 609- 649/698?. [RY]

Songtsen Gampo: 609-698, according to Gendun Chöphel: 617-650 (see White Annals p.13) [MR]

Songtsen Gampo; [LWx] [RY]

Söpa Gyatso is the first Khardo Rinpoche. [MR-ShabkarNotes]

Sopo Tendar: 1759-. [RY]

Sosaling (so sa gling). [ZL] [RY]

Sosaling. [Daki] [RY]

Sotokpa Lodrö Gyaltsen (Sog bzlog pa blo gros rgyal mtshan): 1552- [MR]

Sounds, colors and lights (sgra 'od zer gsum). The first manifestations in the bardo of dharmata. [RY]

space (dbyings). See dharmadhatu [LW1] [RY]

Space dissolving in luminosity (nam mkha' 'od gsal la thim pa). The dividing point between the bardo of dying and the bardo of dharmata. [RY]

Space Section (klong sde). A division of Dzogchen emphasizing emptiness. [Bardo Guide 91] [RY]

Space sections {klong sde}. Aspect of the Dzogchen tantras. [RY]

space; explanation of space as buddha nature [LWx] [RY]

Spear-Wielding Criminal (mi nag gdung thung can) [LW1] [RY]

Special Aphorisms (mched du brjod pa); aspect of excellent speech [LW1] [RY]

Special inner preliminaries (thun min nang gi sngon 'gro). See preliminaries. [RY] Special inner preliminaries of four times one-hundred thousand (thun min nang gi sngon 'gro 'bum bzhi). Same as 'special preliminaries.' [RY]

special path; in regard to the dhyanas [LW1] [RY]

Special preliminaries (thun min gyi sngon 'gro). Taking refuge, arousing bodhicitta, recitation and meditation of Vajrasattva, mandala offerings, and guru yoga. For further details see 'Torch of Certainty,' Shambhala Publications, or 'The Great Gate,' Rangjung Yeshe Publications, 1988. [RY]

special stage of dhyana (bsam gtan khyad par ba) [LW1] [RY]

special stage of dhyana [LWx] [RY]

Special Tradition of Mantrayana [LWx] [RY]

speech (gsung); listing five types of enlightened speech [LW1] [RY]

speech; listing five types of enlightened speech [LWx] [RY]

Spiral of Auspiciousness: the lha rnams mnyes par byed pa'i bsangs mchod bkra shis 'khyil ba, written by the fifth Dalai Lama. This is a text for the ritual of smoke-offering (bsangs), which is made by burning leaves and branches of fragrant trees such as juniper and rhododendron, mixed with blessed ingredients. Boundless offerings, filling the sky, are visualized in the smoke and are offered to the "four classes of guests" (see Author's Introduction, note 32). [MR-ShabkarNotes]

Spirits, bhuta, ('byung po; also graha, gdon; mi ma yin); malignant beings of the preta class, ghosts etc. [RY]

Spiritual Friend, kalyana mitra, (bshes gnyen dam pa) (dge ba'i bshes gnyen). Guru. [RY]

Spiritual Friend, kalyana mitra, (dge ba'i bshes gnyen) or (bshes gnyen dam pa). Guru. [RY]

Spiritual life-force (thugs srog). The seed syllable usually in the heart center of the deity. [RY]

Splendor, Peak, and Space (dpal rtse dbyings gsum) [LW1] [RY]

Splendorous Realm (dpal dang ldan pa). The buddhafield of Ratnasambhava. [RY]

Spontaneous Fulfillment of Wishes (bsam pa lhun grub). A supplication to Guru Rinpoche. [RY]

Spontaneous presence (lhun grub). One of the two main aspects of Dzogchen teaching, the other being 'primordial purity' (ka dag). [RY]

Spontaneous sound of dharmata (chos nyid kyi rang sgra). One of the first displays in the bardo of dharmata. [RY]

Spontaneous Summit Scripture (rtse mo byung rgyal gyi lung). One of the Eighteen Major Scriptures of the Mind Section of Dzogchen. Vol. KA of the Nyingma Gyübam. [ZL] [RY]

Spontaneously Accomplished Mound (lhun grub brtsegs); charnel ground [LW1] [RY]

Spontaneously present luminosity of the rupakayas (gzugs sku lhun grub kyi 'od gsal). The display during the bardo of dharmata. [RY]

Sporting Devourer Tantra (za byed rol pa'i rgyud). A Mahayoga scripture. [ZL] [RY]

Spreading the Light of Wisdom [LW1] [RY]

Sri Lanka - The island kingdom south of India; an early home of the Dharma; also known as Ceylon and Simhaladvipa [RY]

Stages of development and completion (bskyed rdzogs kyi rim pa). The two main aspect of Vajrayana practice. [RY]

stages of the path (lam rim); common for people of lesser capacity; common for people of medium capacity; common for people of superior capacity [LW1] [RY]

stages of the path common for people of lesser capacity; expl. [LWx] [RY]

stages of the path common for people of medium capacity; detailed expl. [LWx] [RY]

Stages of the path for the three kinds of individuals (byang chub lam gyi rim pa). Perfect faith is the path of the lesser individual, perfect renunciation is the path of the mediocre individual and perfect altruism is the path of the superior individual. [RY]

Stages of the Path for the Three Kinds of Individuals (skyes bu gsum gyi lam rim) [LW1] [RY] Stages of the Path for the Three Kinds of Individuals, Tsongkhapa's greater and lesser (skyes bu gsum gyi lam rim). [RY]

Stages of the Path of Enlightenment (byang chub lam gyi rim pa) [LW1] [RY]

Stages of the path of Mantra called "a ro'i theg chen rnal 'byor". [RY]

stages of the path; definition of; [LWx] [RY]

Stages, Ten (bhumi, sa). The successive steps in the career of an Arya Bodhisattva; Buddhahood is attained from the Tenth Stage. A Master of the T.S. is thus an Arya bodhisattva or a Buddha. [RY]

Stages, two (krama, rim (pa)). Anuttara yoga tantra is divided into two main Stages, first the Stage of Generation, then when that is perfected, the Completing Stage. [RY]

Stainless (dri ma med pa). The second of the ten bhumis. [RY]

Stainless Sutra (dri ma med pa'i mdo). [RY]

Stainless; bhumi [LW1] [RY]

Stains (mala, dri ma). Sometimes = the three poisons. [RY]

state of passion (chags rtog gnas skabs) [LW1] [RY]

Statement and Realization. See Dharma of Statement and Realization [LW1] [RY]

Statements and realization (lung rtogs). The authoritative scriptures and the realization of the Dharma in the minds of noble beings. [RY]

statements. See tantras, statements, and instructions; more details of [LW1] [RY]

Sthavira (gnas brtan pa)- School of the Elders, one of the earliest Buddhist schools, usually contrasted to the Mahasamghika [RY]

Sthiramati - Disciple of Vasubandhu famed for his mastery of Abhidharma [RY]

Stillness (gnas pa). Absence of thought activity and disturbing emotions, but with subtle fixation on this stillness. [RY]

stillness. See shamatha [LW1] [RY]

Stirring from the sleep of ignorance (ma rig gnyid skrog). See 'awakening from the sleep of ignorance.' [RY]

Storehouse Tantra (bang mdzod kyi rgyud). [EMP] [RY]

stream of being (rgyud, sems rgyud). [LW1] [RY]

Stream of Wealth Goddess (nor rgyun ma). Name of a Mahayana sutra. [ZL] [RY]

Stream-of-being (rgyud), (sems rgyud). The individual continuity of cognition in an individual sentient being. [ZL] [RY]

Stream-of-being (sems rgyud) (rgyud),. The individual continuity of cognition in an individual sentient being. [ZL] [RY]

stretcher. "Stretcher": The literal definition of the word is "that which is used for carrying the sick". The Tibetan in the text actually gives two names: "do li" and "khyogs" which are in fact synonymous. A third synonym also exists: "phebs byams". The word "do li" should not be confused with the purely colloquial word which means bull's testicles! This has been known to occur! The term refers to the line of mantras carrying the blessings from the deity to yourself. [Peter Roberts]

Stuffed dummy - glud, an effigy which is a rough representation of a person offered as ransom in place of the person himself in a ritual for averting premature death. See chap.6, note 43. [MR-ShabkarNotes]

Stupa - At the center of a stupa one puts a life-tree (srog shing) as its central axis. It is cut square and placed in the stupa, facing the same way as it grew in the wild. One writes on it various mantras and prayers, and one attaches precious relics to it. [MR-ShabkarNotes]

Stupa - see mChod rten. [RY]

Stupa (mchod rten). A dome-shaped monument housing relics of the Buddha or an accomplished master. The shape of the stupa embodies an elaborate symbolism. [ZL] [RY]

Stupa of Great Purity (mchod rten rnam dag) is the stupa in front of which Sakyamuni cut his hair and vowed to renounce the world. Some place it near Ramagama, east of Kapilavistu (see Lamotte, 1958), and others near Mankapur in Uttar Pradesh (see NS Vol.2 p. 30, n. 400), or near Bodhgaya itself. [MR-ShabkarNotes]

Stupa, mchod rten (Skt. stupa) lit. 'foundation of offering'; monuments often containing relics of Buddhist saints. Stupas are built according to universal principles of harmony and order. Often quite large, they focus and radiate healing energy throughout the six realms of existence. [RY]

Stupidity-meditation (blun sgom). [RY]

Style of the Trikaya Jewel (sku gsum nor bu'i lugs). The manner of visualization in which the root guru is regarded as the embodiment of the three kayas. [RY]

Subahu (lag bzang) [LW1] [RY]

Sub-aspects of the nonvirtuous actions (mi dge ba'i yan lag). The sub-aspects of killing are to hit, beat or suppress others etc. The sub-aspects of stealing from others are to profiteer in business, soliciting and being pretentious etc. The sub-aspects of sexual misconduct are wanton talk etc. The other sub-aspects are shown through these examples. [RY]

Subduer of Mara (bdud 'dul ma). [ZL] [RY]

S continued - S6

The Rangjung Yeshe Gilded Palace of Dharmic Activity (Front Cover)

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