Shantarakshita

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ཞི་བ་འཚོ་
zhi ba 'tsho

Biography

Shantarakshita 'Guardian of Peace.' The Indian pandita and abbot of Vikramashila and of Samye who ordained the first Tibetan monks. He was an incarnation of the bodhisattva Vajrapani and is also known as Khenpo Bodhisattva or Bhikshu Bodhisattva Shantarakshita. He is the founder of philosophical school combining Madhyamaka and Yogachara. This tradition was reestablished and clarified by Mipham Rinpoche in his commentary on the Madhyamaka Lamkara.


  • zhi ba mtsho - Shantarakshita, SA zhi ba 'tsho [JV]
  • zhi ba 'tsho - Shantarakshita [R] [IW]
  • zhi ba 'tsho - Shantarakshita [IW]
  • zhi ba 'tsho - Lobpön Bodhisattva, Shantarakshita, 'Guardian of Peace.' The Indian pandita and abbot of Vikramashila and of Samye who ordained the first Tibetan monks. He was an incarnation of the bodhisattva Vajrapani and is also known as Khenpo Bodhisattva or Bhikshu Bodhisattva Shantarakshita. He is the founder of a philosophical school combining Madhyamika and Yogachara. This tradition was reestablished and clarified by Mipham Rinpoche in his commentary on the Madhyamaka Lamkara [RY]
  • zhi ba 'tsho - proponent of Svatantrika; Indian pandita, first half of 8th century. Shantarakshita [RY]
  • zhi ba 'tsho - shantaraksita [JV]
  • mkhan chen zhi ba 'tsho - {chos rgyal go ma de byi bya ba'i sras po mkhan chen zhi ba 'tsho} a great abbot called santaraksita, son of the religious king Gomadeviya [RY]
  • mkhan po bo dhi sa tva - khenpo bodhisattva Shantarakshita [bod rgyal khri srong lde btsan gyi dus su bod du phebs pa'i rgya gar gyi mkhan po zhi ba 'tsho [IW]
  • mkhan po bo dhi sa twa - khenpo/ abbot/ preceptor bodhisattva, Shantarakshita [IW]
  • mkhan po bo dhi sa twa zhi ba 'tsho - Bodhisattva Shantarakshita [IW]
  • mkhan po bo dhi sa tva zhi ba 'tsho - Bodhisattva Shantarakshita [RY]
  • mkhan po bo dhi sa tva zhi ba 'tsho - Bodhisattva Shantarakshita. The first abbot to ordain monks in Tibet [RY]
  • Lopon Bodhisattva, Shantarakshita, 'Guardian of Peace.' The Indian pandita and abbot of Vikramashila and of Samye who ordained the first Tibetan monks. He was an incarnation of the bodhisattva Vajrapani and is also known as Khenpo Bodhisattva or Bhikshu Bodhisattva Shantarakshita. He is the founder of a philosophical school combining Madhyamaka and Yogachara. This tradition was reestablished and clarified by Mipham Rinpoche in his commentary on the Madhyamaka Lamkara.[RY]
  • Proponent of Svatantrika; Indian pandita, first half of 8th century. Shantarakshita [RY]
  • Indian Pandita who was invited to Tibet by King Trison Deutsen and founded Samye Monastery; proponent of the Yogachara-Svantantrika Madhyamaka, a philosophical tradition that combines the views of the Yogachara system of Asanga and the Madhyamaka philosophy of Nagarjuna. CJD
  • Śāntarakṣita, a dakini that granted the Indian master Padmasambhava empowerment in Sosaling Charnel Ground. CJD

Literary Works

Main Teachers

Main Students

Main Lineages

Alternate Names & Spellings

Other Reference Sources

  • Speech of Delight: Mipham's Commentary on Shantarakshita's Ornament of the Middle Way; by Ju Mipham, trans. by Thomas Doctor
  • The Adornment of the Middle Way; Shantarakshita's Madhyamakalankara with Commentary by Jamgon Mipham. Translated by Padmakara Translation Group. ISBN 1-59030-241-9
  • The Ornament of the Middle Way: A Study of the Madhyamaka Thought of Shantarakshita, by James Blumenthal

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