V continued

From Rangjung Yeshe Wiki - Dharma Dictionnary
Jump to: navigation, search

V

V continued


The Rangjung Yeshe Gilded Palace of Dharmic Activity (Front Cover)

Go To:

-A - B - C - D - E - F - G - H - I - J - K - L - M - N - O - P - Q - R - S - T - U - V - W - X - Y - Z -



Varuna (chu lha). Vedic god of the sky, 'the Encompassing', lord of light and darkness, celestial order, morality, and the primordial waters. Later relegated to overlordship of the terrestrial oceans, hence the Tib. translation of his name, 'water-god'. Guardian of the western quarter. [RY]

Vase breath (bum can gyi rlung sbyor). A particular breathing practice to be learned from oral instructions. [RY] vase empowerment (bum dbang) [LW1] [RY] Vase empowerment (bum pa'i dbang). The first of the four empowerments. [RY] Vasu (Skt.). [ZL] [RY] Vasubandhu - Younger brother of Asanga; master of both Abhidharma and Mahayana studies [RY] Vasubandhu [LW1] [RY] Vasubandhu; (dbyig gnyen) [MR]

Vasumitra - According to several accounts, the leader of the Third Council held at the time of Kaniska } [RY]

Vattagamani - King of Sri Lanka late in first century B.C., under whom reign the Pali Canon was first written down [RY]

Vayu (rlung lha). Vedic god of the wind, guardian of the north-west quarter. [RY]

Veda (rig byed). The books of 'sacred knowledge' - hymns and rituals - of the Aryans who invaded India c. 17)) BC, completed by about 8)) B. C. [RY]

Vehicle (theg pa). The practice of a set of teachings which 'carries' one to the level of fruition. [RY]

Vehicle (theg pa). The practice of a set of teachings which 'carries' one to the level of fruition. In Buddhism there are mainly three vehicles: Hinayana, Mahayana and Vajrayana. [ZL] [RY]

vehicle (theg pa); causal vehicles (rgyu'i theg pa); of bodhisattvas (byang chub sems dpa'i theg pa); of philosophy; listing of; of pratyekabuddhas (rang sangs rgyas / rang rgyal kyi theg pa); of shravakas (nyan thos kyi theg pa); paramita vehicle; resultant vehicles [LW1] [RY]

Vehicle (yana, theg pa). A means to liberation; in the Lotus Sutra' (Sad-dharma pundarika sutra) the various V. are compared to carts of different sizes. 'Both V.' (theg pa che chung, lit. 'the Great and Small V.') means the Hinayana and Mahayana, the latter being also called the V. of the Perfect Buddhas. 'The Supreme V.' (theg mchog) is Tantra, the Vajrayana, strictly speaking included in the Mahayana. The three V., in the present book, are Hinayana, (non-tantric) Mahayana, and Vajrayana. [RY]

Vehicle {theg pa}. Skt. Yana. The means to travel the path to enlightenment. [RY]

vehicle of bodhisattvas (byang chub sems dpa'i theg pa) [LWx] [RY]

Vehicle of Characteristics {mtshan nyid theg pa}. The teachings of Hinayana and Mahayana that regard the practices of the path as the causes for attaining the fruition of liberation and enlightenment. [RY]

vehicle of Mantra. See Mantrayana [LW1] [RY]

vehicle of pratyekabuddhas (rang sangs rgyas / rang rgyal kyi theg pa) [LWx] [RY]

vehicle of shravakas (nyan thos kyi theg pa) [LWx] [RY]

vehicle. See also causal and resultant vehicles [LW1] [RY]

vehicles of Philosophy; expl.; listing of [LWx] [RY]

Venerable (usually bhattarika, rje btsun (ma)). Common title of Tara. [RY]

Very unelaborate conduct (shin tu spros med kyi spyod pa). A type of conduct for enhancement. [RY]

Vetala (ro langs). see Corpse-raiser. [RY]

Vicious Nagas (gdug pa klu). [ZL] [RY]

Victorious conduct (rnam rgyal gyi spyod pa). One of the numerous types of conduct. [RY]

Victorious King of the Munis (rgyal ba thub pa'i dbang po). See Buddha Shakyamuni [LW1] [RY]

Victorious King of the Munis (rgyal ba thub pa'i dbang po): [RY]

Victorious One (rgyal ba). Same Buddha Shakyamuni. [RY]

Victorious One of Uddiyana. See Padmasambhava [LW1] [RY]

Victorious One. See Buddha Shakyamuni [LW1] [RY]

Victorious ones (rgyal ba), jina. Same as buddhas. [Bardo Guide 91] [RY]

Victorious ones (rgyal ba, jina). Same as buddhas. [RY]

Victorious ones and their sons (rgyal ba sras bcas). Same as buddhas and bodhisattvas. [RY]

Videha (Skt.) One of the eight sub-continents. [RY]

Vidya (rig ma). 'Knowledge-woman, mantra-woman', a yogin's consort in Tantric sexual practices. [RY]

Vidyadhara (rig 'dzin) lit. 'wisdom holder'; holder of the Enlightened Lineage; those who have attained great spiritual and magical abilities. Having received and manifested the teachings of the enlightened lineage, they are able to transmit these teachings to others. [RY]

Vidyadhara (rig 'dzin). "Knowledge-holder," [RY]

vidyadhara (rig 'dzin); four levels; expl.; level of Full Maturation (rnam par smin pa'i rig 'dzin); level of Immortal Life; level of Life Mastery (tshe la dbang ba'i rig 'dzin); level of Mahamudra; level of Spontaneous Presence (lhun grub rig 'dzin); literal meaning of; Sangha [LW1] [RY]

Vidyadhara (rig 'dzin, knowledge-holder) means holding (dhara) or upholding the wisdom of knowledge (vidya) mantra. [RY]

Vidyadhara (rig 'dzin, knowledge-holder). One who holds (dhara) or upholds the wisdom of knowledge (vidya) mantra. An accomplished master of the Vajrayana teachings. [RY]

Vidyadhara (rig pa 'dzin pa). 'Knowledge-holder.' "Holder (dhara) or bearer of knowledge (vidya) mantra." A master on one of the four stages on the tantric path of mahayoga, the four vidyadhara levels: 'fully matured,' 'life-mastery,' 'great seal,' and 'spontaneously accomplished'; (rnam smin, tshe dbang, phyag chen, lhun grub). [RY]

Vidyadhara (rig pa 'dzin pa). 'Knowledge-holder.' Holder (dhara) or bearer of knowledge (vidya) mantra. A realized master on one of the four stages of the tantric path of Mahayoga, the tantric equivalent of the eleven bodhisattva levels. Another definition is bearer of the profound method, the knowledge which is the wisdom of deity, mantra and great bliss. [Bardo Guide 91] [RY]

Vidyadhara (rig pa 'dzin pa). 'Knowledge-holder.' Holder (dhara) or bearer of knowledge (vidya) mantra. A realized master on one of the four stages on the tantric path of Mahayoga, the tantric equivalent of the eleven levels. Another definition is: Bearer of the profound method, the knowledge which is the wisdom of deity, mantra and great bliss. [ZL] [RY]

Vidyadhara (rig pa 'dzin pa). 'Knowledge-holder.' Holder (dhara) or bearer of knowledge (vidya) mantra. A realized master on one of the four stages on the tantric path of Mahayoga, the tantric equivalent of the sixteen bhumis. [RY]

VIDYADHARA (rig pa 'dzin pa). 'Knowledge-holder.' Holder (dhara) or bearer of knowledge (vidya) mantra. A realized master on one of the four stages on the tantric path of Mahayoga, the tantric equivalent of the eleven levels. Another definition is: Bearer of the profound method, the knowledge which is the wisdom of deity, mantra and great bliss. [AL] [RY]

Vidyadhara (rig pa) 'dzin (pa)). 'Knowledge-bearer, mantra-bearer', a kind of supernatural being, possessed of magical power; usually depicted flying in the air in beautiful human form, sometimes with the lower half of the body bird-like. Fem. Vidya-dhari. [RY]

Vidyadhara {rig 'dzin}. Awarenessholder. [RY]

Vidyadhara Accomplishment Tantra (rig 'dzin grub pa'i rgyud). One of the Eighteen Mahayoga Tantras. The Golden Garland Chronicles names this scripture The Tantra of Six Vidyadharas (rig 'dzin drug pa'i rgyud). [ZL] [RY]

Vidyadhara Display Root Tantra (rig 'dzin rol pa rtsa ba'i rgyud). Tantra belonging to the Sadhana Section of Mahayoga. [ZL] [RY]

Vidyadhara level of Full Maturation (rnam par smin pa'i rig 'dzin). [RY]

vidyadhara level of Full Maturation (rnam par smin pa'i rig 'dzin) [LW1] [RY]

vidyadhara level of Immortal Life [LW1] [RY]

vidyadhara level of Life Mastery (tshe la dbang ba'i rig 'dzin) [LW1] [RY]

Vidyadhara level of Life Mastery (tshe la dbang ba'i rig 'dzin). [RY]

Vidyadhara level of life-mastery (tshe dbang rig 'dzin). [RY]

Vidyadhara level of life-mastery (tshe la dbang ba'i rig 'dzin) [RY]

Vidyadhara level of longevity (tshe'i rig 'dzin), (tshe la dbang ba'i rig 'dzin). The second of the four vidyadhara levels. Corresponds to the path of seeing. The practitioner's body turns into the subtle vajra-like body while his mind matures into the wisdom of the path of seeing. It is the attainment of longevity beyond birth and death. [ZL] [RY]

Vidyadhara level of mahamudra (phyag chen rig 'dzin). [RY]

Vidyadhara level of mahamudra (phyag rgya chen po'i rig 'dzin). The third of the four vidyadhara levels. The stage of the path of cultivation; the practitioner emerges from the luminosity of the path of seeing in the form of the wisdom body of unified state of the 'path of training.' [ZL] [RY]

vidyadhara level of Mahamudra [LW1] [RY]

Vidyadhara level of Mahamudra which belongs to the path of cultivation (sgom lam). [RY]

Vidyadhara level of maturation (rnam par smin pa'i rig 'dzin). The first of the four vidyadhara levels. The beginning of the path of seeing; the practitioner has reached stability in the development stage and his mind has 'matured' into the form of the yidam deity, but he is yet to purify the remainder of the physical elements. [ZL] [RY]

Vidyadhara level of maturation (rnam smin rig 'dzin). [RY]

Vidyadhara level of spontaneous perfection (lhun gyis grub pa'i rig 'dzin). The fourth of the four vidyadhara levels. Corresponds to buddhahood, the path beyond training. The final fruition and state of a vajra holder endowed with the spontaneously perfected five kayas: dharmakaya, sambhogakaya, nirmanakaya, vajrakaya, and abhisambodhikaya. [ZL] [RY]

Vidyadhara level of spontaneous presence (lhun grub rig 'dzin gyi sa). One of the stages during the bardo of dharmata. [RY]

vidyadhara level of Spontaneous Presence (lhun grub rig 'dzin) [LW1] [RY]

Vidyadhara level of spontaneous presence. [Daki] [RY]

Vidyadhara levels (rig 'dzin gyi sa). See 'four vidyadhara levels.' [RY]

vidyadhara of Mahamudra, a vidyadhara of life, or a completely matured vidyadhara. Vidyadharas of Mahamudra have attained the ultimate Mahamudra realisation, the supreme accomplishment. Vidyadharas of complete maturation have miraculous powers, the mundane accomplishments. Vidyadharas of life have attained power over their life-span. [Peter Roberts]

Vidyadhara Padmakara (rig 'dzin pad ma 'byung gnas). Same as Guru Rinpoche. [RY]

vidyadhara realm. A Vidyadhara is said to be literally "a holder of wisdom or knowledge" or "a holder of wisdom female [mantra]". Their realms are varied and exist secretly within this world as well as beyond it. [Peter Roberts]

vidyadhara sangha [LWx] [RY]

vidyadhara. See also eight great vidyadharas; level of Mahamudra [LW1] [RY]

vidyadharas. Vidyadharas in the Sanskrit can mean "A holder of wisdom", "a holder of wisdom mantra" or "holder of wisdom female". They are non-human Tantrikas with supernormal powers who live in secret locations within this world as well as in realms beyond it. [Peter Roberts]

Vidya-mantra-dhara (rig sngags 'chang ba). One learned in the profound mantric lore (D). [RY]

view - refers to the non-conceptual recognition of the absolute nature of phenomena, the basis for subsequent meditation and action. [MR-ShabkarNotes]

View (drsti, lta (ba)). Used several times in the sense of the Right View of Emptiness. [RY]

View (lta ba). A particular understanding and orientation based on studies of philosophy. In the context of Mahamudra and Trekcho, the view refers to the state of 'ordinary mind' or 'self-existing wakefulness' free from any concept, even of philosophical insight. [ryt] [RY]

View (lta ba). Drishta'i sgra las grangs na lta ba zhes bya ste, gzal bya'i yul gang la shes rab kyis sgro 'dogs bcad nas mtha' gcig tu nges par 'dzin pa'i blo'o. [Mipham Rinpoche] [RY]

View, meditation, and action (lta ba sgom pa spyod pa). The philosophical orientation, the act of growing accustomed to that - usually in sitting practice, and the implementation of that insight during the activities of daily life. Each of the 'nine vehicles' has its particular definition of view, meditation and action. [RY]

View, meditation, conduct and fruition (lta ba sgom pa spyod pa 'bras bu). The orientation, the act of growing accustomed to that - usually in sitting practice, the implementation of that insight during the activities of daily life, and the final outcome resulting from such training. Each of the nine vehicles has its particular definition of view, meditation, conduct and fruition. [ZL] [RY]

VIEW, MEDITATION, CONDUCT AND FRUITION (lta ba sgom pa spyod pa 'bras bu). The philosophical orientation, the act of growing accustomed to that — usually in sitting practice, the implementation of that insight during the activities of daily life, and the final outcome resulting from such training. Each of the nine vehicles has its particular definition of view, meditation, conduct and fruition. [AL] [RY]

Vihara (gtsug lag khang). A Buddhist monastery or monastic college. [RY]

Vihardhara (gtsug lag 'dzin). [ZL] [RY]

Vihardhara. [Daki] [RY]

Vikramashila (Skt.). [ZL] [RY]

Vikramashila (Skt.). A famous monastic institution in ancient India. [Bardo Guide 91] [RY]

Vikramashila, literal meaning [LW1] [RY]

Vima (Skt.) Short for Vimalamitra. [RY]

Vimala Sabtik. [RY]

Vimalakirti (dri med grags pa) [LW1] [RY]

Vimalamitra - Great tantric master of Oddiyana who played a vital role in establishing the Atiyoga lineage in Tibet [RY]

Vimalamitra - Great tantric master of Oddiyana who played a vital role in establishing the Atiyoga lineage in Tibet. [Tarthang]

Vimalamitra - wo1 270 life story [RY]

Vimalamitra (dri med bshes gnyen), river of empowerment [LW1] [RY]

Vimalamitra (dri med bshes gnyen). A Dzogchen master who was invited to Tibet by King Trisong Deutsen. One of the three main forefathers of the Dzogchen teachings, especially Nyingthig, in Tibet. [RY]

VIMALAMITRA (dri med bshes gnyen). A Dzogchen master who was invited to Tibet by King Trisong Deutsen. One of the three main forefathers of the Dzogchen teachings, especially Nyingtig, in Tibet. Vimalamitra means 'Flawless Kinsman.'[AL] [RY]

Vimalamitra (dri med bshes gnyen). A Great Perfection master who was invited to Tibet by King Trisong Deutsen. One of the three main forefathers of the Great Perfection teachings, especially Nyingtig, in Tibet.[EMP] [RY]

Vimalamitra (dri med bshes gnyen). A master in the Dzogchen lineage and the crown ornament of five hundred panditas, who had attained the indestructible form of the rainbow body. He received the transmission of Dzogchen from Shri Singha and Jnanasutra. Vimalamitra is regarded as one of the three main forefathers for establishing the Dzogchen teachings, especially the Instruction Section, in Tibet, which he chiefly transmitted to five people: King Trisong Deutsen, Prince Muney Tsenpo, Tingdzin Sangpo of Nyang, Kawa Paltsek and Chokro Lui Gyaltsen. Having translated these extremely profound instructions, he concealed the texts at Samye Chimphu for the sake of future generations. On his departure to the Five-peaked Mountain in China, Vimalamitra made the promise to return once every century in order to clarify and propagate the teachings of the secret, innermost essence, Sangwa Nyingtig. The oral lineage of his teachings on the Instruction Section was continued by Tingdzin Sangpo of Nyang who also concealed one set of the scriptures. one hundred and fifty five years after Vimalamitra departed from Tibet, an emanation of him named Dangma Lhüngyal took out the hidden texts. They are now included in the collection known as Vima Nyingtig, the Heart Essence of Vimalamitra. In his role as lineage holder of Nectar Quality among the Eight Sadhana Teachings, he is counted among the Eight Vidyadharas of India, the receiver of the Eightfold Volume of Nectar Quality. According to this lineage he was born in Elephant Grove, an area in the western part of India. He was learned in both the common and extraordinary topics of knowledge and received teachings on the tantras from Buddhaguhya and many other illustrious masters. Having practiced, he reached the accomplishment of the vidyadhara level of mahamudra and wrote numerous treatises, mainly on the teachings connected to the Magical Net. [ZL] [RY]

Vimalamitra (dri med bshes gnyen). A master in the Dzogchen lineage and the crown ornament of five hundred panditas, who had attained the indestructible form of the rainbow body. He received the transmission of Dzogchen from Shri Singha and Jnanasutra. Vimalamitra is regarded as one of the three main forefathers for establishing the Dzogchen teachings, especially the Instruction Section, in Tibet, which he chiefly transmitted to five people: King Trisong Deutsen, Prince Muney Tsenpo, Tingdzin Sangpo of Nyang, Kawa Paltsek and Chokro Lui Gyaltsen. Having translated these extremely profound instructions, he concealed the texts at Samye Chimphu for the sake of future generations. On his departure to the Five-peaked Mountain in China, Vimalamitra made the promise to return once every century in order to clarify and propagate the teachings of the secret, innermost essence, Sangwa Nyingtig. The oral lineage of his teachings on the Instruction Section was continued by Tingdzin Sangpo of Nyang who also concealed one set of the scriptures. one hundred and fifty five years after Vimalamitra departed from Tibet, an emanation of him named Dangma Lhüngyal took out the hidden texts. They are now included in the collection known as Vima Nyingtig, the Heart Essence of Vimalamitra. In his role as lineage holder of Nectar Quality among the Eight Sadhana Teachings, he is counted among the Eight Vidyadharas of India, the receiver of the Eightfold Volume of Nectar Quality. According to this lineage he was born in Elephant Grove, an area in the western part of India. He was learned in both the common and extraordinary topics of knowledge and received teachings on the tantras from Buddhaguhya and many other illustrious masters. Having practiced, he reached the accomplishment of the vidyadhara level of mahamudra and wrote numerous treatises, mainly on the teachings connected to the Magical Net[Primer] [RY]

Vimalamitra;, Drime Shenyen, Vimalamitra; (Dri med bshes bsnyen). The great Indian pandita, emanation of Manjusri, the Buddha of Wisdom, and disciple of Sri Sinha and Jnanasutra. He came to Tibet, displayed countless miracles, and led the Indian panditas who participated in the translation of the Buddhist Canon. His transmission of the Dzogchen teachings, the Vima Nyingthig, was entrusted to Nyang Wen Tingzin Zangpo (Nyang wen Ting 'Dzin bZang po). [MR] Vimalasvabhava - Mountain where Bodhisattvas gathered to recite the Mahayana teachings after the Parinirvana [RY]

Vimuktasena - Disciple of Vasubandhu famed for extensive knowledge of Prajnaparamita [RY]

Vina (pi wang). A type of stringed instrument, Indian lute. [RY]

Vinaya - The Buddha's teachings relating to conduct and the discipline of the monastic community; one of the three pitakas [RY]

Vinaya - The Buddha's teachings relating to conduct and the discipline of the monastic community; one of the three pitakas. [Tarthang]

Vinaya ('dul ba). 'Discipline.' One of the three parts of the Tripitaka. The Buddha's teachings showing ethics, the discipline and moral conduct that is the foundation for all Dharma practice for both lay and ordained people. [Primer] [RY]

Vinaya ('dul ba) teachings which establish the discipline and moral conduct (shila) that support all Dharma practice. [RY]

Vinaya ('dul ba). 'Basket' of the scriptures (see Pitaka) concerned with monastic discipline, the rules for the behavior of monks and nuns and the conduct of their communal business. [RY]

Vinaya ('dul ba). 'Discipline.' One of the three parts of the Tripitaka. [RY]

Vinaya ('dul ba). 'Discipline.' One of the three parts of the Tripitaka. The Buddha's teachings showing ethics, the discipline and moral conduct that is the foundation for all Dharma practice for both lay and ordained people. [Bardo Guide 91] [RY]

Vinaya ('dul ba). 'Discipline.' One of the three parts of the Tripitaka. The Buddha's teachings showing ethics, the discipline and moral conduct that is the foundation for all Dharma practice, both for lay and ordained people. [ZL] [RY]

Vinaya ('dul ba). 'Discipline.' One of the three parts of the Tripitaka. The Buddha's teachings showing ethics, the discipline and moral conduct that is the foundation for all Dharma practice, both for lay and ordained people. [AL] [RY]

Vinaya ('dul ba). One of the three major sections of the Buddha's teachings showing ethics, what to adopt and what to avoid. [RY]

Vinaya [LW1] [RY]

Vinaya followers ('dul ba'i sde) [LW1] [RY]

VINAYA PITAKA ('dul ba'i sde snod). See 'Tripitaka.'[AL] [RY]

Vinaya Pitaka [LW1] [RY]

Vinaya Pitaka {'dul ba'i sde}. One of the three Pitakas, containing teachings about monastic discipline and ethics in general. [RY]

Vinaya Scripture ('dul ba lung) [LW1] [RY]

Vinitaruci - Sixth century Indian monk who introduced Thien to Vietnam; also known as Vararuci [RY]

violation-demons (dam sri) [LW1] [RY]

Vipashyana (lhag mthong). 'Clear' or 'wider seeing.' Usually refers to insight into emptiness. One of the two main aspects of meditation practice, the other being shamatha. Vipashyana according to the shravaka level means insight into impermanence, suffering and egolessness. At the Mahayana level it means the means insight into the emptiness of all phenomena, the perceiver as well as the perceived. At the inner Vajrayana level this insight is equal to the thoughtfree wakefulness that is the direct remedy against basic ignorance, the root cause of samsara.[Primer] [RY]

Vipashyana (lhag mthong). 'Clear' or 'wider seeing.' Usually referring to insight into emptiness. One of the two main aspects of meditation practice, the other being shamatha. [RY]

VIPASHYANA (lhag mthong). 'Clear' or 'wider seeing.' Usually referring to insight into emptiness. One of the two main aspects of meditation practice, the other being shamatha.[AL] [RY]

vipashyana of postmeditation; in regards to the seven types of attention [LW1] [RY]

vipashyana; mundane [LW1] [RY]

virtue conducive to liberation [LW1] [RY]

Virtuous mental states (dge ba'i sems byung). Feelings such as devotion, compassion and renunciation. [RY]

Virupa - Indian Siddha; founder of lineage brought to Tibet by 'Brog mi lo tsa ba [RY]

Virupa (bi ru pa) Indian Siddha; founder of the lineage brought to Tibet by Drogmi Lotsawa ('brog mi lo tsa ba) in the eleventh century, now renowned as the Sakya (sa skya) School. He is also counted among the teachers of Atisha and Dombi Heruka.[EMP] [RY]

Virupa. [Daki] [RY]

Vishnu (khyab 'jug). Probably 'the Pervader'; as preserver of the universe, he forms part of the Hindu triad of gods, with Brahma the creator and Shiva the destroyer. [RY]

Vishnu [LW1] [RY]

Vishuddha (yang dag). The heruka of the vajra family or the tantric teachings connected to that wrathful deity. One of the Eight Sadhana Teachings of the Nyingma School. [ZL] [RY]

Vishuddha (yang dag); transmission of [LW1] [RY]

Vishuddha Essence of Great Bliss (yang dag bde chen snying po) [RY]

Vishuddha Essence of Great Bliss (yang dag bde chen snying po) [LW1] [RY]

Vishuddha Heruka (yang dag he ru ka). See Vishuddha. [ZL] [RY]

Vishuddha Heruka. [Daki] [RY]

Vishuddha Mind (yang dag thugs) [LW1] [RY]

Vishuddha Mind (yang dag thugs). See Vishuddha. [ZL] [RY]

Vishva (sna tshogs). Variety, manifold purposes. In this book the Vishva Temple at Samye used for teaching arts and crafts. [ZL] [RY]

Vishva Temple (sna tshogs gling). A temple at Samye. [ZL] [RY]

visual transmission (mthong rgyun). The visual transmission is the direct passing on of the knowledge of how to make tormas etc. by a physical demonstration. [Peter Roberts]

Voice of sixty qualities, of sixty melodious aspects (gsung dbyangs yan lag drug cu). Sixty qualities are ascribed to the Buddha's voice in a Sutra. [RY]

Vow (pranidhana, smon lam). The eighth Perfection; (samvara, sdom (pa)). The sets of vowed discipline - Pratimoksa, Bodhisattva and Tantric vows. [RY]

Vow of Individual Liberation (so sor thar pa'i sdom pa). The seven sets of precepts one of which should be kept by a Hinayana practitioner. [RY]

Vowels and consonants (dbyangs gsal), ali kali. The Sanskrit alphabet of 16 vowels and 30 consonants. [RY]

Vows (sdom pa). The individual pledge to observe the precepts prescribed in one or all of the three vehicles. [RY]

VOWS AND PRECEPTS (bslab sdom). See under 'Three sets of vows.'[AL] [RY]

Vows or precepts (sdom pa). See 'Three sets of vows.' [RY]

Vulture Peak Mountain [LW1] [RY]


The Rangjung Yeshe Gilded Palace of Dharmic Activity (Front Cover)

Go To:

-A - B - C - D - E - F - G - H - I - J - K - L - M - N - O - P - Q - R - S - T - U - V - W - X - Y - Z -


--Richard 13:25, 12 August 2008 (EDT)