concurrent formations

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...from pgs. 184-185, The Light of Wisdom, Vol. 1, Appendix 7:

IV. The aggregate of formations has the fifty-one mental states which are concurrent formations:

  • 1-5. The five ever-present mental states are contact, attention, sensation, conception, and attraction.
  • 6-10. The five object-determining mental states are adherence, intention, recollection, concentration, and discrimination.
  • 11-21. The eleven virtuous mental states are faith, conscience, shame, conscientiousness, equanimity, commiseration, exertion, pliancy, nonattachment, nonaggression, and nondelusion.
  • 22-27. The six root disturbances are attachment, anger, arrogance, ignorance, belief of the transitory collection, and doubt.
  • 28-47. The twenty subsidiary disturbances are envy, stinginess, hypocrisy, pretense, self-infatuation, lethargy, excitement, lack of faith, laziness, distraction, heedlessness, forgetfulness, nonattentiveness, hostility, lack of conscience, shamelessness, fury, resentment, concealment, and spite.
  • 48-51. The four variable mental states are regret, sleep, concept, and discernment.

Among these, the forty-nine excepting sensation and conception and the nonconcurrent formations such as names and attributes, are what perform the function of samsara and nirvana.

The nonconcurrent formations which are neither matter nor cognition are: acquisition, serenity of cessation, conceptionless serenity, nonconception, life faculty, birth, aging, subsistence, impermanence, group of names, of words, and of letters, regular sequence, definitive distinctness, connection, link, number, sequence, location, time, and gathering. RY