ngan song gsum

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Three lower realms. The worlds of hell beings, hungry ghosts, and animals [RY]

3 lower states [JV]

lower realms [RY]

three evil existences/ lower realms/ evil states [the denizens of hell smyal ba or naraka, the tormented spirits yi (error)dyags or preta, and the animals dud 'gro or tiryak [gd-mk] [IW]

three lower realms [RY]

three lower realms, three evil existences, evil states, evil destinies. The denizens of hell dmyal ba, the tormented spirits yi dvags or preta, and the animals dud 'gro [RY]

Lower realms [RY]

three evil existences/ lower realms/ evil states [IW]