Difference between revisions of "Nyingtik"

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<noinclude><span class=TibUni16>[[ཀློང་ཆེན་སྙིང་ཐིག]]</span></noinclude><br>
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<span class=TibUni16>[[སྙིང་ཐིག]]</span> ([[snying thig]]) - '''Heart Essence'''
<noinclude>[[klong chen snying thig]]</noinclude><br>
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<noinclude>'''[[Heart Essence of the Vast Expanse]]'''</noinclude>
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In general identical with the [[Instruction Section]] ([[man ngag sde]]), the third of three division of [[Dzogchen]]. In particular it refers to the [[Innermost Unexcelled Cycle of Heart Essence]] ([[yang gsang bla na med pa'i snying thig gi skor]]), the fourth of the four divisions of the Instruction Section according to the arrangement of [[Shri Singha]]. <br>
 +
All lineages of the [[Innermost Essence]] passed through Shri Singha and continued in Tibet through his personal disciples, [[Padmasambhava]] and [[Vimalamitra]]. In the 14th century these two lineages passed through [[Rangjung Dorje]], the [[third Karmapa]], and his close Dharma friend [[Longchen Rabjam]] (1308-1363), the latter of which systematized these teachings in his great body of writings. The [[Nyingthig]] teachings have also appeared through many other lines of transmission; for instance, each major [[terton]] reveals an independent cycle of Dzogchen instructions. The practice of the innermost Heart Essence is continued to this very day. [RY]
 
----
 
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*Visions ([[dag snang]]) of [['jigs med gling pa]]; [[Longchen Nyingtig]]. the [[Heart Essence of the Great Expanse]] / [[Longchenpa]]. A cycle of teachings revealed to [[Jigmey Lingpa]] in three visions of Longchenpa; terma revealed by [[Rigdzin Jigme Lingpa]]. ([[RY]])
 
*A mind-treasure revealed by [[Rigdzin Jigme Lingpa]]. ([[RY]])
 
*Nyingma terma ([['jigs med gling pa]]'s [[dgongs gter]]). ([[IW]])
 
*Longchen Nyingthig, "The [[Heart Essence of the Great Expanse]]" (the cycle of teachings revealed to Jigme Lingpa in three visions of Longchen Rabjampa [[klong chen rab 'byams pa]] - [[Longchen Rabjam]] [1308-1363) the great Nyingma master Longchenpa Drimey Oser - [[Longchenpa]], Longchen Rabjampa (1308-1363) the great Nyingmapa master [[Longchenpa|Longchenpa Drimey Oser]]; [[rnying ma]]'i [[slob dpon]] [[klong chen pa dri med 'od zer]] [[zhes pa]] [[dbus]] [[lho]] [[gyo]] [[ru]] [[gra]]'i [[cha]] [[stod]] [[grong]] [[du]] [[rab byung]] [[lnga pa]]'i [[sa sprel]] [[lor]] [['khrungs]] / [[rab byung]] [[drug pa]]'i [[chu yos lo]]r [['das]] / [[ta'i si tu byang chub rgyal mtshan]] [[dang du]]s [[mnyam]] [[yin]] / [[khong]] [[gis]] [[mdzad pa]]'i [[mdzod chen]] [[bdun]] [[dang]] / [[snying thig ya bzhi]] / [[ngal gso skor gsum]] / [[rang grol skor gsum]] [[sogs]] [[chos tshan]] [[brgya phrag]] [[gnyis]] [[lhag tsam]] [[yod]]. ([[IW]])
 
*[[Longchen Nyingthig]], the heart essence of the great expanse. ([[IW]])
 
*[[Heart Essence of the Great Expanse]], mind-treasure revealed by [[Jigmey Lingpa]]. ([[RY]])
 
*Essence of the mind of [[Longchenpa]], [['jigs med gling pa]]'s synthesis of [[rdzogs chen snying thig]] teachings. ([[JV]])
 
*Longchen Nyingtig, Heart Essence of the Great Expanse. ([[RY]])
 
===Brief History===
 
[[Image:with names.jpg|frame|right]]
 
The Longchen Nyingthig is a [[Terma]] cycle revealed by the master [[Rigdzin Jigme Lingpa]]. Since its inception in the late 18th century, it has become one of the most widespread sets of teachings in the [[Nyingma]] tradition. It is particularly known and loved for its extensive commentarial literature, which includes practice manuals such as the famed ''[[Yeshe Lama]]''.
 
 
These teachings were originally transmitted by the master [[Padmasambhava]] to [[King Trisong Deutsen]], the [[Dakini]] [[Yeshe Tsogyal]] and the [[Lotsawa]] [[Vairochana]] at [[Samye Monastery]] in central Tibet. As the time for these teachings to spread was not yet right, they were then written in symbolic script by [[Yeshe Tsogyal], entrusted to the Dakinis, and hidden to be revealed at a later time. The king later reincarnated as the [[Terton|Treasure Revealer]] [[Jigme Lingpa]], who recalled the teachings he had received and, recognizing the time was ripe for them to be practised, put them down in writing and began to teach.
 
 
[[Jigme Lingpa]], the [[Terton]] who revealed this cycle of teachings, was a reincarnation of two important masters, [[Vimalamitra]] and [[King Trisong Deutsen]]. As the embodiment of these two figures, Tibet's two primary [[Dzogchen]] lineages were combined in [[Jigme Lingpa]] -- the [[Vima Nyingthig]] and [[Khandro Nyingthig]], both of which are contained in the [[Nyingthig Yabshi]]. Hence, the [[Longchen Nyingthig]] terma cycle is considered a condensation of these profound teachings.
 
 
The texts that were revealed by [[Jigme Lingpa]], in their present-day form, comprise three volumes, known as the [[Nyingthig Tsapod]] (''[[snying thig rtsa pod]]''). The numerous treatises, [[sadhana]]s and prayers it contains deal primarily with tantric practice, in particular the stages of [[Development Stage]] and [[Dzogchen]].
 
 
===Lineage===
 
*The Present day lineages transmitted down from the many students of Rigdzin Jigme Lingpa have spread and are practice throughout every corner of this realm, however there where four main "Heart Sons" that became crucial to the dissemination of the lineage, which in turn created a number of lineages of transmission down to present masters.<br>
 
====The ''primary lineage'' is as follows====
 
**[[Samantabhadra]] - the [[Dharmakaya]]<br>
 
**[[Vajrasattva]] - the [[Sambhogakaya]]<br>
 
**[[Garab Dorje]] - the [[Nirmanakaya]]<br>
 
**[[Manjushrimitra]]<br>
 
**[[Shri Singha]]<br>
 
**[[Vimalamitra]]<br>
 
**[[Padmasambhava]]<br>
 
**[[Yeshe Tsogyal]]<br>
 
**[[Trisong Deutsen]]<br>
 
**[[Longchenpa]]<br>
 
**[[Jigme Lingpa]]<br>
 
 
====The Four Main Lineage Holders====
 
*[[Jigme Lingpa]]'s four primary students known as "[[The Four Jigmes]]"
 
**[[Jigme Trinle Ozer]]
 
**[[Jigme Gyalwey Nyugu]]
 
**[[Jigme Kundrol Namgyal]]
 
**[[Getse Jigme Ngotsar]]
 
 
====From Jigme Lingpa's heart son ''Jigme Trinle Ozer'' to the present ''Dodrupchen Rinpoche''====
 
**[[Dola Jigme Kalzang]] and [[Do Khyentse Yeshe Dorje]]
 
**[[Gyalse Shenpen Thaye]]<br>
 
**[[Khenchen Pema Dorje]]<br>
 
**[[Jamyang Khyentse Wangpo]]<br>
 
**[[Dodrup Tenpey Nyima]] (3rd [[Dodrupchen Rinpoche]])<br>
 
**[[Khenpo Kunpal]]<br>
 
**[[Thubten Trinle Palzang]] (4th [[Dodrupchen Rinpoche]])<br>
 
 
====From Jigme Lingpa's heart son ''Jigme Gyalwe Nyugu'' to the present ''Chatral Rinpoche''====
 
**[[Patrul Rinpoche]]<br>
 
**[[Lungtog Tenpe Nyima]]<br>
 
**[[Khenpo Ngagchung]]<br>
 
**[[Chatral Rinpoche]]<br>
 
 
====From Jigme Lingpa's heart son ''Jigme Gyalwe Nyugu'' to the present ''Penor Rinpoche''====
 
**[[Patrul Rinpoche]]<br>
 
**[[Lungtog Tenpe Nyima]]<br>
 
**[[Khenpo Ngagchung]] [1879-1941]<br>
 
**[[Rigdzin Palchen Düpa]] [1887-1932] (2nd [[Drubwang Padma Norbu]])<br>
 
**[[Thubten Chokyi Dawa]] (2nd [[Tarthang Choktrul Rinpoche]])<br>
 
**[[Penor Rinpoche]] [b. 1932] (3rd [[Drubwang Padma Norbu]])<br>
 
 
===Other Lineage Masters===
 
*[[Mingyur Namkhai Dorje]] (the fourth [[Dzogchen Rinpoche]])<br>
 
*[[Onpo Tendzin Norbu]]<br>
 
*[[Adzom Drukpa]]<br>
 
*[[Rigdzin Palchen Düpa]] (second [[Pema Norbu Rinpoche]])<br>
 
*[[Thubten Chokyi Dorje]] (the fifth [[Dzogchen Rinpoche]])<br>
 
*[[Yukhok Chatralwa]]<br>
 
*[[Jamyang Khyentse Chokyi Lodro]]<br>
 
*[[Dilgo Khyentse Rinpoche]]<br>
 
 
===Primary Sadhanas===
 
[[File:Longchen Nyingthig- Tsa Sum-1.jpg|240px|thumb|right|Guru]]
 
The Longchen Nyingthig cycle relates primarily to the teachings of [[Dzogchen]], particularly the [[Innermost Essence]] teachings. Though there are various practices and [[Sadhanas]] found in this tradition, such practices are often approached from this Dzogchen perspective. These practices include:
 
<br>
 
*'''Preliminary Practice ([[sngon 'gro]]):'''
 
**[[The Excellent Path To Omniscience]] ([[rnam mkhyen lam bzang]])
 
**See also [[Longchen Nyingthig Ngondro]]
 
<br>
 
 
*'''Peaceful Male [[Vidyadhara]] [[Sadhana]]s:'''
 
**Outer Guru Practice: [[Guru Yoga]] ([[bla ma'i rnal 'byor]])
 
**Inner Guru Practice: [[Rigdzin Dupa]] ([[rig 'dzin 'dus pa]])
 
**Secret Guru Practice: [[Dukngal Rangdrol]] ([[sdug bsngal rang grol]])
 
**Utmost Guru Secret Practice: [[Ladrup Thigle Gyachen]] ([[bla sgrub thig le'i rgya chen]])
 
<br>
 
[[File:Longchen Nyingthig- Tsa Sum-2.jpg|240px|thumb|right|Takyung Barwa]]
 
*'''Wrathful male [[Vidyadhara]] [[Sadhana]]s:'''
 
**[[Palchen Dupa]] ([[dpal chen 'dus pa]]) and its related practices:
 
***[[Yamantaka]]: Overpowering The Lord Of Death ([['jam dpal gshin rje 'chi bdag zil gnon]])
 
***[[Hayagriva]]: Reveling In The Three Realms ([[rta mgrin khams gsum rol pa]])
 
***[[Visuddha]]: Union Of The Buddhas ([[yang dag sangs rgyas mnyam sbyor]])
 
***[[Vajrakilaya]]: Overpowering The Hordes Of Mara]] ([[phur pa bdud dpung zil gnon]])
 
**[[Takyung Barwa]] ([[rta khyung 'bar ba]])
 
<br>
 
[[File:Longchen Nyingthig- Tsa Sum-3.jpg|240px|thumb|right|Dechen Gyalmo]]
 
*'''Female [[Vidyadhara]] [[Sadhana]]s:'''
 
**[[Yumkha Dechen Gyalmo]] ([[yum mkha' bde chen rgyal mo]])
 
**[[Senge Dongchen]] ([[seng nge'i gdong chen]])
 
<br>
 
*'''Dharma Protector (gsol kha) Practices:'''
 
**Protectress [[Magon Chamdrel]] ([[bka’ srung ma mgon lcam dral]])
 
**Protectress[[The Five Medicine Sisters]] ([[bka' srung sman btsun mched lnga]])
 
<br>
 
*'''Other MiscellaneousPractices:'''
 
**[[Cleansing The Lower Realms: The Peaceful And Wrathful Deities]] ([[zhi khro ngan song sbyong ba]])
 
**Chod Practice: [[The Bellowing Laugh of the Dakinis]] ([[mkha' 'gro gad rgyangs]])
 
**[[Purifying The Realm Of Complete Joy: A Guru Yoga On Vajrasattva]] ([[rdo rje sems dpa' la brten pa'i bla ma'i rnal 'byor mngon dga'i zhing sbyong]])
 
<br>
 
 
===Primary Texts===
 
<br>
 
====The main ''Tantras and Pith-instructions''====
 
**[[Kuntuzangpo Yeshe Long Ki Gyu]] ([[kun tu bzang po ye she klong gi rgyud]])
 
**[[Gyu Chima]] ([[rgyud phyi ma]])
 
**[[Nesum Shenje]] ([[gnad gsum shan 'byed]])
 
**[[Neluk Dorje Tsik-kang]] ([[gnas lugs rdo rje tshig rkang]])
 
**[[Yeshe Lama]] ([[ye shes bla ma]]) and its supporting commentaries
 
 
====''Preliminary Practice'' Instructions====
 
**[[The Steps to Liberation]] (thun mong gi sngon 'gro sems sbyong rnam pa bdun gyi don khrid thar ba'i them skas thar ba'i them skas)
 
**[[Establishing Practice]] (rdzogs pa chen po klong chen snying thig gi thun mong gi sngon 'gro khrid kyi lag len la 'debs lugs)
 
**[[Establishing Mindfulness]] (rdzogs pa chen po klong chen snying thig gi thun mong ma yin pa'i sngon 'gro'i khrid yig dran pa nyer gzhag)
 
 
====''Development Stage'' Instructions====
 
**[[The Ladder to Akanishta]] ([['og min bgrod pa’i them skas]])bskyed rim lha’i khrid kyi rnam par gzhag pa)
 
**[[The Advice of Palchen]] (yo ga gsum gyi spyi chings dpal chen zhal lung)
 
 
====''Completion Stage'' Instructions====
 
**[[A Wish-fulfilling Jewel: A Condensation of the Oral Lineage for Completion Stage, Bliss-emptiness Energy]] (bde stong rlung gi rdzogs rim snyan rgyud shog dril yid bzhin nor bu)
 
**[[A Short Text on the Blazing and Dripping of Tummo]] (gtum mo'i 'bar 'dzag yig chung)
 
  
====Prayers and Aspirations====
+
===Lineage Masters===
**[[bde can zhing bkod smon lam]]
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*[[Padmasambhava]]
**[[gzhi lam 'bras bu'i smon lam]]
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*[[Vimalamitra]]
**[[sku gsum zhing khams sbyong ba'i gsol 'debs smon lam]]; also known as ([[zhing sbyong smon lam]])
+
*[[Longchenpa]]
**[[bar do'i smon lam dgongs gcig rgya mtsho]]
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*[[3rd Karmapa]] Rangjung Dorje
**[[zangs mdog dpal ri'i smon lam dpal ri'i gsang lam]]
+
*[[Jigme Lingpa]]
  
===Present Day Teachers of the Longchen Nyingthig===
+
===Important Literature===
*[[Thubten Trinle Palzangpo]] (fourth [[Dodrupchen Rinpoche]])<br>
 
*[[Chatral Rinpoche]]<br>
 
*[[Penor Rinpoche]]<br>
 
*[[Trulshik Rinpoche]]<br>
 
*[[Dzigar Kongtrul Rinpoche]]<br>
 
*[[Dzongsar Khyentse Rinpoche]]<br>
 
*[[Sogyal Rinpoche]]<br>
 
*[[Pema Wangyal Rinpoche]]<br>
 
*[[Shechen Rabjam Rinpoche]]<br>
 
*[[Jigme Losel Wangpo]] (the seventh [[Dzogchen Rinpoche]])<br>
 
*The son of Adzom Druktrul (name unknown)<br>
 
*[[Traktung Rinpoche]]<br>
 
*[[Tulku Thondup]]
 
  
===Longchen Nyingthig Literature in Translation===
 
*Works on the '''[[Longchen Nyingthig Ngondro]]''':
 
**Patrul Rinpoche (1994). '''Words of My Perfect Teacher'''. Translated by the Padmakara Translation Group. San Francisco: HarperCollins. ISBN 978-1570624124
 
**Ngawang Pelzang, Khenpo (2004). '''A Guide to the Words of My Perfect Teacher'''. Translated by the Padmakara Translation Group. Boston: Shambhala Publications. ISBN 978-1590300732
 
**'''An Elucidation of The Path To Excellent Omniscience'''. Translated by the [[Vajravairochana Translation Committee]]. Halifax: Vajravairochana Translation Committee, 1996.
 
**Thondup, Tulku (1982). '''Dzogchen: Innermost Essence Preliminary Practice'''. India: Library of Tibetan Works and Archives.
 
  
*Works on '''[[Development Stage]]''':
+
===Alternate Names & Spellings===
**'''[[Ladder to Akanishta]]'''. Included in [[Deity, Mantra and Wisdom]]. Translated by [[Dharmachakra Translation Committee]].
+
*Nyingthik
 +
*Nyingthig
 +
*Nyingtig
 +
*[[Heart Essence]]
  
*Works on '''[[Dzogchen]]''':
+
===Related Internal Links===
**'''Yeshe Lama'''. Translated by Sangye Khandro.
+
See also:
**Van Schaik, Sam (2004). '''Approaching the Great Perfection'''. Boston: Wisdom Publications.
+
*Dictionary entry: [[snying thig]]
 
+
*[[Dzogchen]]
*'''Sadhana Practices''':
+
*[[Instruction Section]]
**'''The Queen of Great Bliss of Long-Chen Nying-Thig'''. Translated by Tulku Thondup. Sikkim: Published by Dodrup Chen Rinpoche, 1992. A translation of the [[Yumkha Dechen Gyalmo]] sadhana.
+
*[[Nyingtig Yabshi]]
**'''The Assemblage of Vidyadharas of Long-Chen Nying-Thig'''. Translated by Tulku Thondup. Sikkim: Published by Dodrup Chen Rinpoche, 1992. A translation of the [[Rigdzin Dupa]] sadhana.
+
*[[Vima Nyingthig]]
 
+
*[[Khandro Nyingthig]]
===Other References===
+
*[[Longchen Nyingthig]]
*Thondup, Tulku (1996) ''Masters of Meditation and Miracles''. Boston: Shambhala Publications. - The most complete reference on the lineages and practices of the Longchen Nyingthig in the English language.
 
*Gyatso, Janet (1998). ''Apparitions of the Self''. Princeton: Princeton University Press. - Contains translations of two biographies of Jigme Lingpa.
 
*[http://www.dzogchen.org/library/bios/dzogchen-lineage.htm The Dzogchen Lineage of Nyoshul Khenpo]
 
 
 
===Alternate Names and Spellings===
 
*Heart Essence of the Vast Expanse
 
*Heart Essence of the Great Expanse
 
*Heart Essence of Longchenpa
 
===Internal Links===
 
*Longchen Nyingthig Masters[http://rywiki.tsadra.org/index.php/Category:Longchen_Nyingthig_Masters]
 
*[[Dodrubchen Monastery]]
 
*[[Dzogchen Monastery]]
 
*[[Palyul Monastery]]<br>
 
::'''''Wylie text from the Longchen Nyingtik'''''
 
*[[Choying Dzo]] "[[chos dbyings rin po che'i mdzod]]" by Kunkyen [[Longchenpa]]
 
*[[rdzogs pa chen po'i gnad gsum shan 'byod]] By Rigdzin [[Jigme Lingpa]]
 
*[[man ngag rdzogs pa chen po'i rgyud phyi ma]] By Rigdzin [[Jigme Lingpa]]
 
*[[kung tu bzang po'i dgongs nyams]] By Rigdzin [[Jigme Lingpa]]
 
  
 
===External Links===
 
===External Links===
*[http://www.tbrc.org/cgi-bin/tbrcdatx?do=so&resource=W21024 TBRC] page on the Longchen Nyingthig<br>
+
*<br>
*[http://www.tbrc.org/cgi-bin/tbrcdatx?resource=O15&highlight= TBRC] listing of the treatises contained in the Longchen Nyingthig root texts
+
[[Category:Lineages & Teachings]][[Category:Nyingma Lineages]]
*The Tibetan versions of many of the Nyingtig prayers and sadhanas. The ones from [[Bj Lhundrup|[BL]]] are RTF also a very nice collection in TibDoc. [http://www.tibet.dk/pktc/download/longchenntliturgies.zip]
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[[Category:Dzogchen Literature]][[Category:Nyingma Literature]][[Category:Terma]]
 
+
[[Category:Key Terms]][[Category:Glossary]] [[Category:Key Terms]][[Category:Dictionary]]
[[Category:Lineages & Teachings]][[Category:Nyingma]]
 
[[Category:Longchen Nyingthig]][[Category:Nyingma Teachings]][[Category:Nyingma Literature]]
 
[[Category:Terma]][[Category:Dzogchen]][[Category:Teachings]][[Category:Key Terms]]
 

Latest revision as of 19:50, 25 January 2009

སྙིང་ཐིག (snying thig) - Heart Essence


In general identical with the Instruction Section (man ngag sde), the third of three division of Dzogchen. In particular it refers to the Innermost Unexcelled Cycle of Heart Essence (yang gsang bla na med pa'i snying thig gi skor), the fourth of the four divisions of the Instruction Section according to the arrangement of Shri Singha.
All lineages of the Innermost Essence passed through Shri Singha and continued in Tibet through his personal disciples, Padmasambhava and Vimalamitra. In the 14th century these two lineages passed through Rangjung Dorje, the third Karmapa, and his close Dharma friend Longchen Rabjam (1308-1363), the latter of which systematized these teachings in his great body of writings. The Nyingthig teachings have also appeared through many other lines of transmission; for instance, each major terton reveals an independent cycle of Dzogchen instructions. The practice of the innermost Heart Essence is continued to this very day. [RY]


Lineage Masters

Important Literature

Alternate Names & Spellings

Related Internal Links

See also:

External Links