Difference between revisions of "Patrul Rinpoche"

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'''Longchen Nyingthig''' ([[klong chen snying thig]]) - '''Heart Essence of the Vast Expanse'''
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'''Patrül Rinpoche''', Jigmé Chökyi Wangpo (Tib: dpal sprul 'jigs med chos kyi dbang po) 1808-1887
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The Longchen Nyingthig is a [[Terma]] cycle revealed by the master [[Jigme Lingpa]]. Since its inception in the late 18th century, it has become one of the most widespread sets of teachings in the [[Nyingma]] tradition. It is particularly known and loved for its extensive commentarial literature, which includes practice manuals such as the famed ''[[Yeshe Lama]]''.
 
  
These teachings were originally transmitted by the master [[Padmasambhava]] to [[King Trisong Deutsen]], the [[Dakini]] [[Yeshe Tsogyal]] and the [[Lotsawa]] [[Vairochana]] at [[Samye Monastery]] in central Tibet. As the time for these teachings to spread was not yet right, they were then written in symbolic script by Yeshe Tsogyal, entrusted to the Dakinis, and hidden to be revealed at a later time. The king later reincarnated as the [[Terton|Treasure Revealer]] Jigme Lingpa, who recalled the teachings he had received and, recognizing the time was ripe for them to be practised, put them down in writing and began to teach.
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Patrül Rinpoche was born in the Dzachuka valley of Eastern Tibet. Although he is generally considered to have been the speech incarnation of the great tertön [[Jigme Lingpa]], Patrül Rinpoche was originally recognized as an incarnation of Palgé Tülku, a lama from Dzogchen Monastery. The first [[Dodrupchen Rinpoche]], one of Jigme Lingpa's two main disciples, entrusted young Patrül with the [[Longchen Nyingthik]] lineage shortly after the recognition. He practiced, studied, and taught this lineage throughout his life.
  
Jigme Lingpa, the [[Terton]] who revealed this cycle of teachings, was a reincarnation of two important masters, [[Vimalamitra]] and [[King Trisong Deutsen]]. As the embodiment of these two figures, Tibet's two primary [[Dzogchen]] lineages were combined in Jigme Lingpa -- the [[Vima Nyingthig]] and [[Khandro Nyingthig]], both of which are contained in the [[Nyingthig Yabshi]]. Hence, the Longchen Nyingthig terma cycle is considered a condensation of these profound teachings.
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Patrül Rinpoche studied with many different masters. His two main teachers, however, were Jigmé Lingpa's second main disciple, [[Jigme Gyalwe Nyugu]], and the great tantric yogi [[Do Khyentse Yeshe Dorje]], the mind incarnation of Jigmé Lingpa. Under these and other important lamas, he studied a vast array of topics, from the foundational teachings of the Hinayana up to the most profound and secret oral instructions of the [[Great Perfection]].
  
The texts that were revealed by Jigme Lingpa, in their present-day form, comprise three volumes, known as the [[Nyingthig Tsapod]] (''[[snying thig rtsa pod]]''). The numerous treatises, sadhanas and prayers it contains deal primarily with tantric practice, in particular the stages of [[Development Stage]] and [[Dzogchen]].
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At the age of twenty, Patrül Rinpoche left the residence of his predecessor and took up the life of a wandering hermit. For the rest of his days, Patrül wandered from mountain retreats to large monasteries, practicing the teachings, instructing students, and composing commentaries on important texts and practices. Though he was master of the Great Perfection teachings, he had a passion for teaching the [[Mahayana]] as well. He taught [[Shantideva]]'s [[Bodhisattva-caryavatara]] over a hundred times. Throughout his life, Patrül Rinpoche demonstrated the impeccable life of a true siddha/scholar; he kept few possessions, had no fixed abode, and was often mistaken for a beggar due to his humble appearance.
  
===Lineage===
+
In addition to the many stories of his life and exploits, which remain a much treasured part of Tibetan Buddhist lore, Patrül Rinpoche's writings have proven to be some of the most influential in recent history. His texts range from scholastic tomes on Mahayana philosophy to pithy poems on how to apply Buddhist principles in daily life. In particular, his text ''[[The Words of My Perfect Teacher]]'' (Tib: [[kun bzang bla ma'i zhal lung]]), a commentary on the Great Perfection preliminary practices, is studied in all of Tibetan Buddhism's four main lineages. He also composed a profound commentary on [[The Three Words that Strike the Vital Point]], known in Tibetan as[[Tsigsum Nedek]].
*The '''primary lineage''' is as follows:
 
**[[Samantabhadra]] - [[Dharmakaya]]<br>
 
**[[Vajrasattva]] - [[Sambhogakaya]]<br>
 
**[[Garab Dorje]] - [[Nirmanakaya]]<br>
 
**[[Manjushrimitra]]<br>
 
**[[Shri Singha]]<br>
 
**[[Vimalamitra]]<br>
 
**[[Padmasambhava]]<br>
 
**[[Yeshe Tsogyal]]<br>
 
**[[Trisong Deutsen]]<br>
 
**[[Longchenpa]]<br>
 
**[[Jigme Lingpa]]<br>
 
**[[Jigme Trinle Ozer]] and [[Jigme Gyalwey Nyugu]]<br>
 
  
*Lineage descending from Jigme Lingpa's heart son '''Jigme Trinle Ozer''' to the present '''Dodrupchen Rinpoche''':
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Patrül Rinpoche's heart disciple was Lungtok Tenpé Nyima, who lived with him for twenty-eight years. His other disciples include some of the 19th century's most outstanding masters. Among them were Mipham Rinpoche, Khenpo Künpal, the 3rd Dodrupchen Rinpoche, the famed tertön and teacher of the 13th Dalai Lama Lerab Lingpa, and Adzom Drukpa. Patrül Rinpoche died at the age of 80. Patrül Rinpoche died at the age of 80.
**[[Dola Jigme Kalzang]] and [[Do Khyentse Yeshe Dorje]]
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----
**[[Gyalse Shenpen Thaye]]<br>
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'''Please expand this page''' by pressing the '''edit''' tab above or consulting [[Sample Buddhist Teacher Info & Instructions]] for more details
**[[Khenchen Pema Dorje]]<br>
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**[[Jamyang Khyentse Wangpo]]<br>
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===Literary Works===
**[[Dodrup Tenpey Nyima]] (third [[Dodrupchen Rinpoche]])<br>
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See [[Writings of Patrul Rinpoche]]<br>
**[[Khenpo Kunpal]]<br>
 
**[[Thubten Trinle Palzangpo]] (fourth [[Dodrupchen Rinpoche]])<br>
 
  
*Lineage descending from Jigme Lingpa's heart son '''Jigme Gyalwe Nyugu''' to the present-day master '''Chatral Rinpoche''':
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===Main Teachers===
**[[Patrul Rinpoche]]<br>
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*[[Jigme Gyalwe Nyugu]]<br>
**[[Lungtog Tenpe Nyima]]<br>
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*[[Do Khyentse Yeshe Dorje]]<br>
**[[Khenpo Ngagchung]]<br>
 
**[[Chatral Rinpoche]]<br>
 
  
===Other Lineage Masters===
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===Main Students===
*[[Mingyur Namkhai Dorje]] (the fourth [[Dzogchen Rinpoche]])<br>
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*[[Lungtok Tenpe Nyima]]<br>
*[[Onpo Tendzin Norbu]]<br>
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*[[Mipham]]<br>
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*[[Khenpo Kunpal]]<br>
 +
*[[Dodrup Tenpe Nyima ]], the third [[Dodrupchen Rinpoche]]<br>
 +
*[[Lerab Lingpa]]<br>
 
*[[Adzom Drukpa]]<br>
 
*[[Adzom Drukpa]]<br>
*[[Thubten Chokyi Dorje]] (the fifth [[Dzogchen Rinpoche]])<br>
 
*[[Yukhok Chatralwa]]<br>
 
*[[Jamyang Khyentse Chokyi Lodro]]<br>
 
*[[Dilgo Khyentse Rinpoche]]<br>
 
 
===Primary Sadhanas===
 
The Longchen Nyingthig cycle relates primarily to the teachings of [[Dzogchen]], particularly the [[Innermost Essence]] teachings. Though there are various practices and [[Sadhanas]] found in this tradition, such practices are often approached from this Dzogchen perspective. These practices include:
 
 
*Preliminary Practice ([[sngon 'gro]])
 
**[[The Excellent Path To Omniscience]] ([[rnam mkhyen lam bzang]])
 
**See also [[Longchen Nyingthig Ngondro]]
 
 
*Peaceful Male [[Vidyadhara]] [[Sadhana]]s:
 
**Outer Guru Practice: [[Guru Yoga]] ([[bla ma'i rnal 'byor]])
 
**Inner Guru Practice: [[Rigdzin Dupa]] ([[rig 'dzin 'dus pa]])
 
**Secret Guru Practice: [[Dukngal Rangdrol]] ([[sdug bsngal rang grol]])
 
**Utmost Guru Secret Practice: [[Ladrup Thigle Gyachen]] ([[bla sgrub thig le'i rgya chen]])
 
 
*Wrathful male [[Vidyadhara]] [[Sadhana]]s:
 
**[[Palchen Dupa]] ([[dpal chen 'dus pa]]) and its related practices:
 
***[[Yamantaka: Overpowering The Lord Of Death]] ([['jam dpal gshin rje 'chi bdag zil gnon]])
 
***[[Hayagriva: Reveling In The Three Realms]] ([[rta mgrin khams gsum rol pa]])
 
***[[Visuddha: Union Of The Buddhas]] ([[yang dag sangs rgyas mnyam sbyor]])
 
***[[Vajrakilaya: Overpowering The Hordes Of Mara]] ([[phur pa bdud dpung zil gnon]])
 
**[[Takyung Barwa]] ([[rta khyung 'bar ba]])
 
**Secret Practice: [[Dukngal Rangdrol]] ([[sdug bsngal rang grol]])
 
**Utmost Secret Practice: [[Ladrup Thigle Gyachen]] ([[bla sgrub thig le'i rgya chen]])
 
 
*Female [[Vidyadhara]] [[Sadhana]]s:
 
**[[Yumkha Dechen Gyalmo]] ([[yum mkha' bde chen rgyal mo]])
 
**[[Senge Dongchen]] ([[seng nge'i gdong chen]])
 
 
*Protector Practices
 
**Protectress [[Magon Chamdrel]] ([[bka’ srung ma mgon lcam dral]])
 
**Protectress[[The Five Medicine Sisters]] ([[bka' srung sman btsun mched lnga]])
 
 
*Other Practices
 
**[[Cleansing The Lower Realms: The Peaceful And Wrathful Deities]] ([[zhi khro ngan song sbyong ba]])
 
**Chod Practice: [[The Bellowing Laugh of the Dakinis]] ([[mkha' 'gro gad rgyangs]])
 
**[[Purifying The Realm Of Complete Joy: A Guru Yoga On Vajrasattva]] ([[rdo rje sems dpa' la brten pa'i bla ma'i rnal 'byor mngon dga'i zhing sbyong]])
 
 
===Primary Texts===
 
*The '''main Tantras and instructions''' of the Longchen Nyingthig:
 
**[[Kuntuzangpo Yeshe Long Ki Gyu]] ([[kun tu bzang po ye she klong gi rgyud]])
 
**[[Gyu Chima]] ([[rgyud phyi ma]])
 
**[[Nesum Shenje]] ([[gnad gsum shan 'byed]])
 
**[[Neluk Dorje Tsik-kang]] ([[gnas lugs rdo rje tshig rkang]])
 
**[[Yeshe Lama]] ([[ye shes bla ma]]) and its supporting commentaries
 
 
*'''[[Preliminary Practice]]''' instructions:
 
**[[The Steps to Liberation]] (thun mong gi sngon 'gro sems sbyong rnam pa bdun gyi don khrid thar ba'i them skas thar ba'i them skas)
 
**[[Establishing Practice]] (rdzogs pa chen po klong chen snying thig gi thun mong gi sngon 'gro khrid kyi lag len la 'debs lugs)
 
**[[Establishing Mindfulness]] (rdzogs pa chen po klong chen snying thig gi thun mong ma yin pa'i sngon 'gro'i khrid yig dran pa nyer gzhag)
 
 
*'''[[Development Stage]]''' practice instructions:
 
**[[The Ladder to Akanishta]] ([['og min bgrod pa’i them skas]])bskyed rim lha’i khrid kyi rnam par gzhag pa)
 
**[[The Advice of Palchen]] (yo ga gsum gyi spyi chings dpal chen zhal lung)
 
 
*[[Completion Stage]] practice instructions:
 
**[[A Wish-fulfilling Jewel: A Condensation of the Oral Lineage for Completion Stage, Bliss-emptiness Energy]] (bde stong rlung gi rdzogs rim snyan rgyud shog dril yid bzhin nor bu)
 
**[[A Short Text on the Blazing and Dripping of Tummo]] (gtum mo'i 'bar 'dzag yig chung)
 
 
*Prayers and Aspirations:
 
**[[bde can zhing bkod smon lam]]
 
**[[gzhi lam 'bras bu'i smon lam]]
 
**[[sku gsum zhing khams sbyong ba'i gsol 'debs smon lam]]; also known as ([[zhing sbyong smon lam]])
 
**[[bar do'i smon lam dgongs gcig rgya mtsho]]
 
**[[zangs mdog dpal ri'i smon lam dpal ri'i gsang lam]]
 
 
===Present Day Teachers of the Longchen Nyingthig===
 
*[[Thubten Trinle Palzangpo]] (fourth [[Dodrupchen Rinpoche]])<br>
 
*[[Chatral Rinpoche]]<br>
 
*[[Trulshik Rinpoche]]<br>
 
*[[Dzongsar Khyentse Rinpoche]]<br>
 
*[[Sogyal Rinpoche]]<br>
 
*[[Pema Wangyal Rinpoche]]<br>
 
*[[Shechen Rabjam Rinpoche]]<br>
 
*[[Jigme Losel Wangpo]] (the seventh [[Dzogchen Rinpoche]])<br>
 
*The son of Adzom Druktrul (name unknown)<br>
 
*[[Traktung Rinpoche]]<br>
 
*[[Tulku Thondup]]
 
 
===Longchen Nyingthig Literature in Translation===
 
*Works on the '''[[Longchen Nyingthig Ngondro]]''':
 
**Patrul Rinpoche (1994). '''Words of My Perfect Teacher'''. Translated by the Padmakara Translation Group. San Francisco: HarperCollins. ISBN?
 
**Ngawang Pelzang, Khenpo (2004). '''A Guide to the Words of My Perfect Teacher'''. Translated by the Padmakara Translation Group. Boston: Shambhala Publications. ISBN?
 
**'''An Elucidation of The Path To Excellent Omniscience'''. Translated by the [[Vajravairochana Translation Committee]]. Halifax: Vajravairochana Translation Committee, 1996.
 
**Thondup, Tulku (1982). '''Dzogchen: Innermost Essence Preliminary Practice'''. India: Library of Tibetan Works and Archives.
 
  
*Works on '''[[Dzogchen]]''':
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===Main Lineages===
**'''Yeshe Lama'''. Translated by Sangye Khandro.
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*[[Longchen Nyingthig ]]<br>
**Van Schaik, Sam (2004). '''Approaching the Great Perfection'''. Boston: Wisdom Publications.
 
  
*'''Sadhana Practices''':
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===Alternate Names===
**'''The Queen of Great Bliss of Long-Chen Nying-Thig'''. Translated by Tulku Thondup. Sikkim: Published by Dodrup Chen Rinpoche, 1992. A translation of the [[Yumkha Dechen Gyalmo]] sadhana.
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*[[Jigme Chokyi Wangpo]]<br>
**'''The Assemblage of Vidyadharas of Long-Chen Nying-Thig'''. Translated by Tulku Thondup. Sikkim: Published by Dodrup Chen Rinpoche, 1992. A translation of the [[Rigdzin Dupa]] sadhana.
+
*[[Palge Tulku]]<br>
  
===Other References===
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===Other Reference Sources===
*Thondup, Tulku (1996) ''Masters of Meditation and Miracles''. Boston: Shambhala Publications. - The most complete reference on the lineages and practices of the Longchen Nyingthig in the English language.
+
*[[Fill in the blanks]]<br>
*Gyatso, Janet (1998). ''Apparitions of the Self''. Princeton: Princeton University Press. - Contains translations of two biographies of Jigme Lingpa.
 
  
===Alternate Names and Spellings===
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===Internal Links===
*Heart Essence of the Vast Expanse
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*Add double-brackets "[[ ]]" around any relevant word or phrase and it will create a new page for that term or link to an already existing page
*Heart Essence of the Great Expanse
 
*Heart Essence of Longchenpa
 
  
 
===External Links===
 
===External Links===
[http://www.tbrc.org/cgi-bin/tbrcdatx?do=so&resource=W21024 TBRC] page on the Longchen Nyingthig<br>
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*[http://www.lotsawahouse.org/id13.html Patrul Rinpoche Series on Lotsawa House]
[http://www.tbrc.org/cgi-bin/tbrcdatx?resource=O15&highlight= TBRC] listing of the treatises contained in the Longchen Nyingthig root texts
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*[http://lotsawahouse.org/school/id43.html Index to Patrul Rinpoche's Collected Works on Lotsawa School]
 +
*[http://www.tbrc.org/cgi-bin/tbrcdatx?do=so&resource=P270 TBRC on Patrul Rinpoche]
  
===This area of dharmadictionary.net is being developed by the '''[[Rime Foundation]]'''===
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[[Category:Buddhist Masters]]
 +
[[Category:Nyingma Masters]]
  
[[Category:Lineages & Teachings]]
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* http://groups.yahoo.com/group/patrul
[[Category:Nyingma]]
 
[[Category:Nyingma Teachings]]
 
[[Category:Nyingma Literature]]
 
[[Category:Terma]]
 
[[Category:Dzogchen]]
 

Revision as of 19:33, 27 April 2006

Patrül Rinpoche, Jigmé Chökyi Wangpo (Tib: dpal sprul 'jigs med chos kyi dbang po) 1808-1887

Patrül Rinpoche was born in the Dzachuka valley of Eastern Tibet. Although he is generally considered to have been the speech incarnation of the great tertön Jigme Lingpa, Patrül Rinpoche was originally recognized as an incarnation of Palgé Tülku, a lama from Dzogchen Monastery. The first Dodrupchen Rinpoche, one of Jigme Lingpa's two main disciples, entrusted young Patrül with the Longchen Nyingthik lineage shortly after the recognition. He practiced, studied, and taught this lineage throughout his life.

Patrül Rinpoche studied with many different masters. His two main teachers, however, were Jigmé Lingpa's second main disciple, Jigme Gyalwe Nyugu, and the great tantric yogi Do Khyentse Yeshe Dorje, the mind incarnation of Jigmé Lingpa. Under these and other important lamas, he studied a vast array of topics, from the foundational teachings of the Hinayana up to the most profound and secret oral instructions of the Great Perfection.

At the age of twenty, Patrül Rinpoche left the residence of his predecessor and took up the life of a wandering hermit. For the rest of his days, Patrül wandered from mountain retreats to large monasteries, practicing the teachings, instructing students, and composing commentaries on important texts and practices. Though he was master of the Great Perfection teachings, he had a passion for teaching the Mahayana as well. He taught Shantideva's Bodhisattva-caryavatara over a hundred times. Throughout his life, Patrül Rinpoche demonstrated the impeccable life of a true siddha/scholar; he kept few possessions, had no fixed abode, and was often mistaken for a beggar due to his humble appearance.

In addition to the many stories of his life and exploits, which remain a much treasured part of Tibetan Buddhist lore, Patrül Rinpoche's writings have proven to be some of the most influential in recent history. His texts range from scholastic tomes on Mahayana philosophy to pithy poems on how to apply Buddhist principles in daily life. In particular, his text The Words of My Perfect Teacher (Tib: kun bzang bla ma'i zhal lung), a commentary on the Great Perfection preliminary practices, is studied in all of Tibetan Buddhism's four main lineages. He also composed a profound commentary on The Three Words that Strike the Vital Point, known in Tibetan asTsigsum Nedek.

Patrül Rinpoche's heart disciple was Lungtok Tenpé Nyima, who lived with him for twenty-eight years. His other disciples include some of the 19th century's most outstanding masters. Among them were Mipham Rinpoche, Khenpo Künpal, the 3rd Dodrupchen Rinpoche, the famed tertön and teacher of the 13th Dalai Lama Lerab Lingpa, and Adzom Drukpa. Patrül Rinpoche died at the age of 80. Patrül Rinpoche died at the age of 80.


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Literary Works

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Main Teachers

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Alternate Names

Other Reference Sources

Internal Links

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