Difference between revisions of "Investigation of the Aggregates"

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Return to '''''main page "[[Mulamadhyamakakarika: Verses from the Centre]]"''''' for information and links.
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#REDIRECT[[bskems]][[Category:B]]
 
 
(return to list of '''''[[Contents & Translation of "Mulamadhyamakakarika: Verses from the Centre"]]''''')
 
 
 
'''Chapter 4. Investigation of the [[Aggregates]]'''
 
 
 
 
 
'''''(Body)''''' - ''([[sku]])''
 
 
 
________________________________
 
 
 
 
 
<span class=TibUni18>གཟུགས་ཀྱི་རྒྱུ་ནི་མ་གཏོགས་པར།</span><br>
 
 
 
<span class=TibUni18>གཟུགས་ནི་དམིགས་པར་མི་འགྱུར་རོ།</span><br>
 
 
 
<span class=TibUni18>གཟུགས་ཞེས་བྱ་བ་མ་གཏོགས་པར།</span><br>
 
 
 
<span class=TibUni18>གཟུགས་ཀྱི་རྒྱུ་ཡང་མི་སྣང་ངོ།།</span><br>
 
 
 
1. [[gzugs]] [[kyi]] [[rgyu]] [[ni]] [[ma gtogs par]]/<br>
 
[[gzugs]] [[ni]] [[dmigs pa]]r [[mi 'gyur ro]]/<br>
 
[[gzugs]] [[zhes bya ba]] [[ma gtogs par]]/<br>
 
[[gzugs]] [[kyi]] [[rgyu]] [[yang]] [[mi snang]] [[ngo]]//<br>
 
 
 
1. Apart from the cause of form, form is not perceived. Apart from "form", the cause of form also does not appear.
 
 
 
['''Ts.''' 128 gives "the eye etc."as examples of "form" and "the four elements" as examples of the "causes of form."
 
 
 
________________________________
 
 
 
 
 
<span class=TibUni18>གཟུགས་ཀྱི་རྒྱུ་ནི་མ་གཏོགས་པར།</span><br>
 
 
 
<span class=TibUni18>གཟུགས་ན་གཟུགས་ནི་རྒྱུ་མེད་པར།</span><br>
 
 
 
<span class=TibUni18>ཐལ་བར་གྱུར་ཏེ་དོན་གང་ཡང།</span><br>
 
 
 
<span class=TibUni18>རྒྱུ་མེད་པ་ནི་གང་ནའང་མེད།།</span><br>
 
 
 
2. [[gzugs]] [[kyi]] [[rgyu]] [[ni]] [[ma gtogs par]]/<br>
 
[[gzugs]] [[na]] [[gzugs]] [[ni]] [[rgyu med par]]/<br>
 
[[thal bar]] [[gyur]] [[te]] [[don gang]] [[yang]]/<br>
 
[[rgyu med pa]] [[ni]] [[gang na'ang med]]//<br>
 
 
 
2. If there were form apart from the cause of form, it would follow that form is without cause; there is no object at all that is without cause.
 
 
 
________________________________
 
 
 
 
 
<span class=TibUni18>གལ་ཏེ་གཟུགས་ནི་མ་གཏོགས་པར།</span><br>
 
 
 
<span class=TibUni18>གཟུགས་ཀྱི་རྒྱུ་ཞིག་ཡོད་ན་ནི།</span><br>
 
 
 
<span class=TibUni18>འབྲས་བུ་མེད་པའི་རྒྱུར་འགྱུར་ཏེ།</span><br>
 
 
 
<span class=TibUni18>འབྲས་བུ་མེད་པའི་རྒྱུ་མེད་དོ།།</span><br>
 
 
 
3. [[gal te]] [[gzugs]] [[ni]] [[ma gtogs par]]/<br>
 
[[gzugs]] [[kyi]] [[rgyu]] [[zhig yod]] [[na]] [[ni]]/<br>
 
[['bras bu med pa]]'i [[rgyur 'gyur]] [[te]]/<br>
 
[['bras bu med pa]]'i [[rgyu med]] [[do]]//<br>
 
 
 
3. If a cause of form existed apart from form, it would exist as a cause without fruit; causes without fruit do not exist.
 
 
 
________________________________
 
 
 
 
 
<span class=TibUni18>གཟུགས་ཡོད་ན་ཡང་གཟུགས་ཀྱི་ནི།</span><br>
 
 
 
<span class=TibUni18>རྒྱུ་ཡང་འཐད་པར་མི་འགྱུར་ཉིད།</span><br>
 
 
 
<span class=TibUni18>གཟུགས་མེད་ན་ཡང་གཟུགས་ཀྱི་ནི།</span><br>
 
 
 
<span class=TibUni18>རྒྱུ་ཡང་འཐད་པར་མི་འགྱུར་ཉིད།།</span><br>
 
 
 
4. [[gzugs]] [[yod na]] [[yang]] [[gzugs]] [[kyi]] [[ni]]/<br>
 
[[rgyu]] [[yang]] [['thad pa]]r [[mi 'gyur]] [[nyid]]/<br>
 
[[gzugs med]] [[na yang]] [[gzugs]] [[kyi]] [[ni]]/<br>
 
[[rgyu]] [[yang]] [['thad pa]]r [[mi 'gyur]] [[nyid]]//<br>
 
 
 
4. If form existed, a cause of form would be untenable; if form did not exist, a cause of form would be untenable.
 
 
 
________________________________
 
 
 
 
 
<span class=TibUni18>རྒྱུ་མེད་པ་ཡི་གཟུགས་དག་ནི།</span><br>
 
 
 
<span class=TibUni18>འཐད་པར་མི་རུང་རུང་མིན་པ་ཉིད།</span><br>
 
 
 
<span class=TibUni18>དེ་ཕྱིར་གཟུགས་ཀྱི་རྣམ་པར་རྟོག།</span><br>
 
 
 
<span class=TibUni18>འགའ་ཡང་རྣམ་པར་བརྟག་མི་བྱ།།</span><br>
 
 
 
5. [[rgyu med pa]] [[yi]] [[gzugs]] [[dag]] [[ni]]/<br>
 
[['thad pa]]r [[mi rung]] [[rung]] [[min pa nyid]]/<br>
 
[[de phyir]] [[gzugs kyi rnam pa]]r [[rtog]]/<br>
 
[['ga' yang]] [[rnam par]] [[brtag]] [[mi bya]]//<br>
 
 
 
5. Forms which do not have a cause are not at all tenable. Therefore, do not conceive the concept of form at all*.
 
 
 
*['''Ts.''' 129-30 explains "[[rung]] [[min pa nyid]]" in line b as being an added emphasis. To "not conceive of the concept of form" he regards as unworthy for the yogin who beholds reality. He cites [[Buddhapalita]], who explains how it is "inappropriate," in contrast to "how appropriate it would be to reflect on non-abiding."]
 
 
 
________________________________
 
 
 
 
 
<span class=TibUni18>འབྲས་བུ་རྒྱུ་དང་འདྲ་བ་ཞེས།</span><br>
 
 
 
<span class=TibUni18>བྱ་བ་འཐད་པ་མ་ཡིན་ཏེ།</span><br>
 
 
 
<span class=TibUni18>འབྲས་བུ་རྒྱུ་དང་མི་འདྲ་ཞེས།</span><br>
 
 
 
<span class=TibUni18>བྱ་བ་འང་འཐད་པ་མ་ཡིན་ནོ།།</span><br>
 
 
 
6. [['bras bu]] [[rgyu]] [[dang 'dra ba]] [[zhes]]/<br>
 
[[bya ba]] [['thad pa]] [[ma yin te]]/<br>
 
[['bras bu]] [[rgyu]] [[dang]] [[mi 'dra]] [[zhes]]/<br>
 
[[bya ba'ang]] [['thad pa]] [[ma yin no]]//<br>
 
 
 
6. It is untenable to say, "the fruit is like the cause." It is also untenable to say, "the fruit is unlike the cause."
 
 
 
________________________________
 
 
 
 
 
<span class=TibUni18>ཚོར་དང་འདུ་ཤེས་འདུ་བྱེད་དང།</span><br>
 
 
 
<span class=TibUni18>སེམས་དང་དངོས་པོ་ཐམས་ཅད་ཀྱང།</span><br>
 
 
 
<span class=TibUni18>རྣམ་པ་དག་ནི་ཐམས་ཅད་དུ།</span><br>
 
 
 
<span class=TibUni18>གཟུགས་ཉིད་ཀྱིས་ནི་རིམ་པ་མཚུངས།།</span><br>
 
 
 
7. [[tshor]] [[dang]] [['du shes]] [['du byed]] [[dang]]/<br>
 
[[sems]] [[dang]] [[dngos po thams cad]] [[kyang]]/<br>
 
[[rnam pa]] [[dag]] [[ni]] [[thams cad du]]/<br>
 
[[gzugs nyid]] [[kyis]] [[ni]] [[rim pa]] [[mtshungs]]//<br>
 
 
 
7. Feeling and perception, impulses and mind and all things are comparable in every aspect, at every stage with form.
 
 
 
________________________________
 
 
 
 
 
<span class=TibUni18>སྟོང་པ་ཉིད་ཀྱིས་བརྩད་བྱས་ཚེ།</span><br>
 
 
 
<span class=TibUni18>གང་ཞིག་ལན་འདེབས་སྨྲ་བྱེད་པ།</span><br>
 
 
 
<span class=TibUni18>དེ་ཡི་ཐམས་ཅད་ལན་བཏབ་མིན།</span><br>
 
 
 
<span class=TibUni18>བསྒྲུབ་པར་བྱ་དང་མཚུངས་པར་འགྱུར།།</span><br>
 
 
 
8. [[stong pa nyid]] [[kyis]] [[brtsad]] [[byas]] [[tshe]]/<br>
 
[[gang zhig]] [[lan 'debs]] [[smra byed pa]]/<br>
 
[[de]] [[yi]] [[thams cad]] [[lan btab]] [[min]]/<br>
 
[[bsgrub par bya]] [[dang mtshungs pa]]r [['gyur]]//<br>
 
 
 
8. When having argued by means of emptiness, everything of that one who objects is not an objection; it is similar to what is to be established .
 
 
 
________________________________
 
 
 
 
 
<span class=TibUni18>སྟོང་པ་ཉིད་ཀྱིས་བཤད་བྱས་ཚེ།</span><br>
 
 
 
<span class=TibUni18>གང་ཞིག་སྐྱོན་འདོགས་སྨྲ་བྱེད་པ།</span><br>
 
 
 
<span class=TibUni18>དེ་ཡི་ཐམས་ཅད་སྐྱོན་བཏགས་མིན།</span><br>
 
 
 
<span class=TibUni18>བསྒྲུབ་པར་བྱ་དང་མཚུངས་པར་འགྱུར།།</span><br>
 
 
 
9. [[stong pa nyid]] [[kyis]] [[bshad bya]]s [[tshe]]/<br>
 
[[gang zhig]] [[skyon 'dogs]] [[smra byed]] [[pa]]/<br>
 
[[de]] [[yi]] [[thams cad]] [[skyon]] [[btags]] [[min]]/<br>
 
[[bsgrub pa]]r [[bya]] [[dang mtshungs pa]]r [['gyur]]//<br>
 
 
 
9. When having explained by means of [[emptiness]], everything of that one who finds fault is not a fault; it is similar to what is to be established.
 
 
 
________________________________
 
 
 
 
 
<span class=TibUni18>ཕུང་པོ་བརྟག་པ་ཞེས་བྱ་བ་སྟེ་རབ་ཏུ་བྱེད་པ་བཞི་པའོ།།</span><br>
 
 
 
[[phung po]] [[brtag pa]] [[zhes bya ba]] [[ste]] [[rab tu byed pa]] [[bzhi pa]]'o//<br>
 
----
 
(ref; [[phung po]]; [[skandhas]]).
 
 
 
[[Category:I]] [[Category:Teachings]] [[Category:Key Terms]]
 

Revision as of 17:36, 10 November 2009

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