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'''[[The Rangjung Yeshe Gilded Palace of Dharmic Activity]]''' (Front Cover)
 
'''[[The Rangjung Yeshe Gilded Palace of Dharmic Activity]]''' (Front Cover)
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light-body ('od kyi sku) [LW1] [RY]
 
light-body ('od kyi sku) [LW1] [RY]
  
Lineage of the Profound View (zab mo lta brgyud) [LWx] [RY]
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'''[[L continued]]'''
 
 
Lineage of the Profound View (zab mo lta brgyud). See also Chariot of the Profound View [LW1] [RY]
 
 
 
Lineage of the Vast Conduct (rgya chen spyod brgyud) [LWx] [RY]
 
 
 
Lineage of the Vast Conduct (rgya chen spyod brgyud). See also Chariot of the Vast Cunduct [LW1] [RY]
 
 
 
Lineage Supplication (brgyud pa'i gsol 'debs). [RY]
 
 
 
Ling Sum, "the three residences," are (1) Tsemön Ling (tshe smon gling), the seat of Tsemön Ling Rinpoche; (2) Tengye Ling (bstan rgyas gling), the seat of Demo Rinpoche (de mo rin po che); and (3) Kunde Ling (kun bde gling), the seat of Tatsak Rinpoche (rta tshag rin po che). These three high lamas would assume by turns the office of regent-king of Tibet, who took care of the secular and religious matters of state during the minority of the Dalai Lama. [MR-ShabkarNotes]
 
 
 
Linga: Representation of the forces of evil as a figure in chains, with destructive mantras written upon it. [MR-ShabkarNotes]
 
 
 
Lingam. Male organ, especially as emblem of Shiva. [RY]
 
 
 
Lingchen Repa (gling chen ras pa) or gling rje ras pa, pad ma rdo rje, disciple of Phagmo Drupa, master of Tsangpa Gyare): 1128-1188/9 [MR]
 
 
 
Lingchenrepa (gling chen ras pa) Founder of the Drukpa Kagyu lineage. [Rain of Wisdom]
 
 
 
Lingje Dorje Repa (gling rje rdo rje ras pa). A great master in the lineage of the Drukpa Kagyu School. [RY]
 
 
 
Lingje Repa (gling rje ras pa). (1128-1188). A great master in the early lineage of the Drukpa Kagyu School; also known as Lingchen Repa Pema Dorje (gling chen ras pa pad ma rdo rje). He was a disciple of Phagmo Drupa and the teacher of Tsangpa Gyare.[EMP] [RY]
 
 
 
Lingje Repa, disciple of Phagmo Drupa and teacher of Tsangpa Gyare, founded the bar 'brug: 1248-1308 /1228-1289? [MR]
 
 
 
Lingpa (gling pa). A title usually appended to the name of a tertön, revealer of concealed treasures. Literally, it means 'sanctuary' of peace and happiness for beings. [RY]
 
 
 
Lingtso Ngönmo (ling mtsho sngon mo) [LW1] [RY]
 
 
 
Lion Cave of Taktsang (stag tshang seng ge'i phug). [ZL] [RY]
 
 
 
Lion's Roar, the full title of which is snying gtam lhug par smra ba seng ge sgra dbyangs, is advice in prose by Jowo Atisha. [MR-ShabkarNotes]
 
 
 
Listening (thos pa). In the context of learning, contemplating and meditating, 'listening' means receiving oral teachings and studying scriptures in order to clear away ignorance and wrong views. [RY]
 
 
 
listing of vidyadharas [LW1] [RY]
 
 
 
literal (sgra ji bzhin pa); among the six limits [LW1] [RY]
 
 
 
literal meaning (tshig gi don); among the four modes [LW1] [RY]
 
 
 
literal meaning (tshig gi don); among the four modes [LWx] [RY]
 
 
 
literal meaning See true meaning. [Rain of Wisdom]
 
 
 
Little Mongolia - sog po. On the name "Little Mongolia," see Translator's Introduction, page *. [MR-ShabkarNotes]
 
 
 
Liturgy {cho ga}. Recitation while meditating on deities. [RY]
 
 
 
Lives of 100 Tertöns, The Precious Garland of Lapis Lazuli.. [Daki] [RY]
 
 
 
LOBPÖN BODHISATTVA, ALIAS SHANTARAKSHITA (zhi ba 'tsho), 'Guardian of Peace.' The Indian pandita and abbot of Vikramashila and of Samye who ordained the first Tibetan monks. He was an incarnation of the bodhisattva Vajrapani and is also known as Khenpo Bodhisattva or Bhikshu Bodhisattva Shantarakshita. He is the founder of a philosophical school combining Madhyamika and Yogachara. This tradition was reestablished and clarified by Mipham Rinpoche in his commentary on the Madhyamaka Lamkara. [AL] [RY]
 
 
 
Lobzang Chökyi Gyaltsen (blo bzang chos kyi rgyal mtshan, 1570-1662), also known as Lobzang Chögyen, (blo bzang chos rgyan), the fourth Panchen Lama and the first to hold this title. (He was declared by the 5th Dalai Lama to be the 4th Tulku of Khedrup Je, 1385-1438, one of Tsongkhapa's main disciples). A great scholar, Chökyi Gyaltsen wrote many commentaries and ritual texts; his Offering to the Gurus (bla ma mchod pa), is one of the major offering rituals used in the Geluk tradition. [MR-ShabkarNotes]
 
 
 
Lobzang Yeshe (blo bzang ye shes, 1663-1737), the 5th Panchen Lama (2nd to hold the title). [MR-ShabkarNotes]
 
 
 
Lobzang, as well as the "second Buddha" mentioned thereafter, refers to Tsongkhapa, Lobzang Trakpa. [MR-ShabkarNotes]
 
 
 
Local deity (gzhi bdag). A powerful spirit of the region. [RY]
 
 
 
local goddesses, twelve (bstan ma bcu gnyis) Local deities subjugated by Padmakara. They are associated with the months of the year the realms and the nidanas. [Rain of Wisdom]
 
 
 
Locana, Buddha-locana (sangs rgyas spyan ma). First of the four Sublime Mothers (yum mchog), the female aspects of the Tathagatas of the Five Families. [RY]
 
 
 
Location list. [RY]
 
 
 
Lochen Dharma Shri [LW1] [RY]
 
 
 
Lochen Dharma Shri [LWx] [RY]
 
 
 
Lochen Rinchen Sangpo (lo chen rin chen bzang po) is regarded as the first translator of the New Mantra School. [RY]
 
 
 
Lochen Rinchen Sangpo [LW1] [RY]
 
 
 
Lochen Rinchen Sangpo [LWx] [RY]
 
 
 
Lo-chen Vairotsana - Disciple of Santaraksita and great tantric master who extensively established the Vajrayana in eastern Tibet. [Tarthang]
 
 
 
Lo-chen Vairotsana - Disciple of Shantarakshita and great tantric master who extensively established the Vajrayana in eastern Tibet [RY]
 
 
 
Loden Chogsey (blo ldan mchog sred). One of the eight manifestations of Padmasambhava. [ZL] [RY]
 
 
 
Loden Choksey. [Daki] [RY]
 
 
 
Loden Choksey; [LWx] [RY]
 
 
 
Loden Choksey; one of the eight manifestations [LW1] [RY]
 
 
 
Lodrak Drupchen's embalmed body was kept in the Stupa Vase of Lodrak (lho brag bum pa) at Taphu (rta phu), below Ganden monastery. The stupa was erected at a crossroads, on the spot where the master had passed away, lying facing the ground to suppress the influence of the nagas and other negative forces that cause leprosy and other diseases.  [MR-ShabkarNotes]
 
 
 
Lodrö Thaye (blo gros mtha' yas). Another name of Jamgön Kongtrül. [RY]
 
 
 
Lodrö Thaye. See Jamgön Kongtrül [LW1] [RY]
 
 
 
Lodrö Thaye; alias Jamgön Kongtrül; [LWx] [RY]
 
 
 
Lojong (blo sbyong). Mind Training. The Mahayana meditation system of the early Kadampa School as brought to Tibet by Atisha Dipamkara. [RY]
 
 
 
Loka ('jig rten mchod bstod); transmission of [LW1] [RY]
 
 
 
Loka ('jig rten); transmission of [LWx] [RY]
 
 
 
loka krodhas [LW1] [RY]
 
 
 
loka krodhas [LWx] [RY]
 
 
 
Lokeshvara ('jig rten dbang phyug). 'Lord of the World', a title of the bodhisattva Avalokiteshvara. [RY]
 
 
 
Loki Chung (lo ki chung). [ZL] [RY]
 
 
 
Lokyi Chungpa (lo ki chung pa). A close disciple of Padmasambhava who became a Buddhist translator while very young, hence his name. He is also known as Khyeu-chung Lotsawa, 'Boy Translator.' Among his later incarnations are the tertön Düdül Dorje (1615-1672), Dudjom Lingpa (1835-1903), and H.H. Dudjom Rinpoche, Jigdrel Yeshe Dorje (1904-1987).[AL] [RY]
 
 
 
long Canonical Transmission (ring brgyud bka' ma), the direct lineage of the Revealed Treasures (nye brgyud gter ma), and the profound Pure Visions (zab mo dag snang): see Appendix 1. [MR-ShabkarNotes]
 
 
 
Long Cave Sky Ladder (phug ring gnam skas). [ZL] [RY]
 
 
 
Long lineage of Kama (ring brgyud bka' ma). See Kama. [RY]
 
 
 
Long Upper Cave (yang phug ring mo) [ZL] [RY]
 
 
 
Longchen Nyingthig {klong chen snying thig}. Heart- essence of the Vast Expanse. A mind treasure discovered by Jigme Lingpa, transmitted to him by Longchenpa. [RY]
 
 
 
Longchen Nyingthig Teachings ; The Lineage Masters of Longchen Nyingthig:;  1. Dharmakaya;  2. Sambhogakaya;  3. Nirmanakaya;  4. Prahevajra (Garap Dorje);  5. Manjushrimitra;  6. Shrisimha;  7. Jnanasutra;  8. Vimalamitra;  9. Guru Rinpoche, Padmasambhava; A. The Five Principal Consorts of Guru Rinpoche; B. The Chief Disciples of Guru Rinpoche in Tibet;  10. Kunkhyen, Longchen Rabjam (1308-1363);  11. Rikdzin, Jigme Lingpa (1729-1798);  12. First Dodrupchen, Jigme Thrinle Özer (1745-1821);  13. Jigme Gyalwe Nyugu (1765-1843);  14. Dola, Jigme Kalzang;  15. Fourth Dzogchen, Migyur Namkhe Dorje (1793-?);  16. Do Khyentse, Yeshe Dorje (1800-1866);  17. Gyalse, Zhenphen Thaye (1800-?);  18. Dzogchen Khenpo, Pema Badzar;  19. Paltul, Jigme Chökyi Wangpo (1808-1887);  20. Second Dodrupchen, Jigme Phuntsok Jungne (1824-1863);  21. Jamyang Khyentse Wangpo (1820-1892);  22. Nyoshul, Lungtok Tenpe Nyima (1829-1901);  23. Onpo, Tendzin Norbu;  24. Adzom Drukpa, Drodul Pawo Dorje (1842-1924);  25. Lushul Khenpo, Konchok Dronme (1859-1936);  26. Third Dodrupchen, Jigme Tenpe Nyima (1865-1926);  27. Shuksep Lochen, Chönyid Zangmo (1865-1953);  28. Fifth Dzogchen, Thupten Chökyi Dorje (1872-1935);  29. Gekong Khenpo, Kunzang Palden (1872-1943);  30. Yukhok Chatralwa, Chöying Rangtrol (1872-1952);  31. Kathok Khenpo, Ngawang Palzang (1879-1941);  32. Alak Zenkar, Pema Ngödrup Rolwe Dorje (1881-1943);  33. Dzongsar Khyentse, Chökyi Lodrö (1893-1959);  34. Kyala Khenpo, Chechok Thondup (1893-1957);  35. Dilgo Khyentse, Tashi Paljor (1910-1991);  36. Chatral, Sangye Dorje (1913 -);  37. Fourth Dodrupchen, Rigdzin Tenpe Gyaltsen (1927-1961);  38. Fourth Dodrupchen, Thupten Trinle Palzang (1927-) — Tulku Thondup [RY]
 
 
 
Longchen Rabjam (klong chen rab 'byams). A major lineage master and writer of the Nyingma lineage. [RY]
 
 
 
Longchen Rabjam (klong chen rab 'byams); Omniscient Lord of Dharma; on the nature of syllables; quotation explaining the causal and resultant vehicles [LW1] [RY]
 
 
 
Longchen Rabjam. A major lineage master and writer of the Nyingma lineage. Longchen Rabjam was an incarnation of Princess Pema Sal, the daughter of King Trisong Deutsen, to whom Guru Rinpoche had entrusted his own lineage of Dzogchen known as Khandro Nyingthig. He is single-handedly regarded as the most important writer on Dzogchen teachings. His works include the Seven Great Treasuries, the Three Trilogies and his commentaries in the Nyingthig Yabshi. A more detailed account of his life and teachings is found in Buddha Mind by Tulku Thondup Rinpoche, Snow Lion, 1989.[Primer] [RY]
 
 
 
Longchen Rabjam; 1308-1363, (kun mkhyen klong chen rab 'byams), the most eminent of all Nyingmapa scholars and saints, who was the first to put into writing the meanings of the 17 Tantras of the Ati Yoga (rDzogs chen rGyud bCu bDun), in his famed Seven Treasuries (mDzod bDun) which also contain a thorough exposition of the Nine Yanas. In visions he met Guru Rinpoche and Khandro Yeshe Tsogyal, and himself attained the level of the primordial buddha Samantabhadra. [MR]
 
 
 
Longchen Rabjam; on the nature of syllables [LWx] [RY]
 
 
 
Longchen Rabjam;, Drime Özer, 1308-1369  (rgyal ba klong chen rab 'byams dri med od gzer), the foremost teacher of the Nyingma tradition who first set into writing in his Seven Treasures (mdzod bdun) and other texts the explanation of the Nine Vehicles in general and of the Great Perfection (rdzogs pa chen po) in particular, elucidating the meaning of the Seventeen Tantras of the Great Perfection (rdzogs chen rgyud bcu bdun). [MR]
 
 
 
Longchenpa (1308-1363) Longchen Rabjam was an incarnation of Princess Pema Sal, the daughter of King Trisong Deutsen, to whom Guru Rinpoche had entrusted his own lineage of Dzogchen known as Khandro Nyingthig. He is single-handedly regarded as the most important writer on Dzogchen teachings. His works include the Seven Great Treasuries, the Three Trilogies and his commentaries in the Nyingthig Yabshi. A more detailed account of his life and teachings is found in Buddha Mind by Tulku Thondup Rinpoche, Snow Lion, 1989. [RY]
 
 
 
Longchenpa (klong chen pa). See 'Longchen Rabjam.' [RY]
 
 
 
Longchenpa / Klong chen pa - Fourteenth century rNying ma master who systematized the rDzogs chen teachings [RY]
 
 
 
Longchenpa {klong chen pa}. (1308-1363) Longchen Rabjam, the most brilliant teacher of the Nyingma lineage. He systamized the Nyingmapa doctrine in his Seven Treasures {mdzod bdun} and other works, which cover all aspects of the Buddhist teachings and in particular the Great Perfection. [RY]
 
 
 
Longchenpa alias Longchen Rabjam (klong chen pa), (klong chen rab 'byams). (1308-1363) An incarnation of Princess Pema Sal, the daughter of King Trisong Deutsen, to whom Guru Rinpoche had entrusted his own lineage of Dzogchen known as Khandro Nyingtig. He is single-handedly regarded as the most important writer on Dzogchen teachings. His works include the Seven Great Treasuries, the Three Trilogies and his commentaries in the Nyingtig Yabshi. A more detailed account of his life and teachings is found in Buddha Mind by Tulku Thondup Rinpoche (Snow Lion Publications), 1989. Longchenpa means 'Great expanse.'[AL] [RY]
 
 
 
Longchenpa. [RY]
 
 
 
Longchenpa. See Longchen Rabjam [LW1] [RY]
 
 
 
Longchenpa; alias Longchen Rabjam; quotation explaining the causal and resultant vehicles [LWx] [RY]
 
 
 
Longde. [RY]
 
 
 
Longdrol Lama Khyentse Özer: 1719-1794 [MR]
 
Longevity Lord Yamantaka (gshin rje tshe bdag). [ZL] [RY]
 
 
 
Longevity Sadhana within the Articles of Perfect Auspiciousness (bkra shis yang dag pa'i rdzas la tshe sgrub). [ZL] [RY]
 
 
 
Longevity Sadhana within the Secret Perfect Space (gsang ba yang dag pa'i dbyings la tshe sgrub pa). [ZL] [RY]
 
 
 
Longevity Sadhana within the Secret Space of the Consort (mkha' dbyings yum gyi bha ga la tshe sgrub pa). [ZL] [RY]
 
 
 
Longing faith ('dod pa'i dad pa). One of the three kinds of faith. The strong wish to attain enlightened qualities. [RY]
 
 
 
long-life arrow with all the necessary characteristics. There are many details on the composition of the ideal arrow, one for long life dividing into five feathered ends, each one with a different coloured piece of silk attached to it, the flight feathers being a vulture's, etc. The main characteristics however are that the arrow should be straight and undamaged. [Peter Roberts]
 
 
 
long-life objects. The vase, arrow, torma, pills and elixir upon the shrine. [Peter Roberts]
 
 
 
Long-life Practice of the Northern Continent or Uttarakuru (byang sgra mi snyan gyi tshe sgrub) can be found in the Compendium of Sadhanas (sgrub thabs kun btus, vol. 1, p. 417 and RT, vol.48 (Tshi). This practice was received in a vision of Guru Padmakara by Drigung Chökyi Trakpa ('bri gung chos kyi grags pa, 1597-1659). [MR-ShabkarNotes]
 
 
 
Long-life practice of the Northern Continent, (sgra mi snyan gyi tshe sgrub), can be found in the sgrub thabs kun btus, Vol. Ka p. 417, sde dge edition, and in the rin chen gter mdzod, vol. 48 (tshi, of the mtshur pu edition). This practice was received in a vision of Guru Padmakara by Drigung Chötrak ('Dri gung rig 'dzin chos kyi grags pa), 17th century. [MR]
 
 
 
long-life vases. Vases filled with the amrita of immortality. [Peter Roberts]
 
 
 
Long-living gods {lha tshe ring po}. One of the eight conditions that gives no freedom to practice Dharma. [RY]
 
 
 
Longsal Nyingpo (klong gsal snying po): 1625-1692 [MR]
 
 
 
Longsal Nyingpo (klong gsal snying po); Vidyadhara Longsal Nyingpo. 1625-1692. One of the early masters of the Khatok Nyingma tradition. [Peter Roberts]
 
 
 
Longsel (klong gsal). A Dzogchen tantra. [RY]
 
 
 
Longthang Drönma (klong thang sgron ma). [ZL] [RY]
 
 
 
look truly into the true (yang dag nyid la yang dag blta); quotation by Maitreya [LW1] [RY]
 
 
 
Look truly into the true; quote by Maitreya; quote by Maitreya explained [LWx] [RY]
 
 
 
Lord (bhagava, bcom dan 'das). A title of male Buddhas. [RY]
 
 
 
lord and subjects (rje 'bangs). King Trisong Deutsen and twenty-four others who were Padmasambhava's principal pupils. [Peter Roberts]
 
 
 
Lord Atisha (dpal ldan a ti sha). The great Indian master who brought the teachings later known as Kadampa to Tibet. [RY]
 
 
 
Lord Buddha:563-483 BC [MR]
 
 
 
Lord Dawö Shönnu (rje zla 'od gzhon nu). Chandrakumara, another of Gampopa's names. [RY]
 
 
 
Lord Gampopa (rje btsun sgam po pa). The great father of all the Kagyu lineages. See 'Life of Milarepa' and 'Rain of Wisdom,' both Shambhala Publications. [RY]
 
 
 
Lord Nagarjuna (mgon po klu grub). See Nagarjuna. [RY]
 
 
 
Lord Nyang (mnga' bdag nyang) / (myang). See Nyang Ral Nyima Özer. [ZL] [RY]
 
 
 
Lord of all beings {skye dgu'i bdag po}. The creator of the universe according to non-Buddhists. [RY]
 
 
 
Lord of Black Swamp (nag po 'dam 'dzin). [ZL] [RY]
 
 
 
LORD OF DEATH (gshin rje). 1) A personification of impermanence and the unfailing law of cause and effect. 2) ('chi bdag) The demon with this name is one of the four Maras; see under 'Mara.'[AL] [RY]
 
 
 
Lord of Death (gshin rje). A personification of impermanence and the unfailing law of cause and effect. [RY]
 
 
 
Lord of Death {gshin rje}. Yama. [RY]
 
 
 
Lord of Dharma Gyalwa Götsangpa; Gönpo Dorje 1189-1258 (chos rje rgyal ba rgod tshang pa mgon po rdo rje), a rebirth of Jetsün Milarepa, and one of the most remarkable saints of the Drukpa Kagyu lineage, who spent years in retreat in solitary caves meditating on compassion, fervent devotion, and pure perception. He performed many miracles and left numerous inspiring writings many aspects of contemplative life. Among his many disciples were Drupchen Orgyenpa (grub chen o rgyan pa), Nedingpa (ne dings pa), and Yangönpa (yang dgon pa) [MR]
 
 
 
Lord of Great Compassion (jo bo thugs rje chen po). The great bodhisattva Avalokiteshvara. [ZL] [RY]
 
 
 
Lord of Secrets (gsang ba'i bdag po) refers to Vajrapani. [MR-ShabkarNotes]
 
 
 
Lord of Secrets (gsang ba'i bdag po), a synonym for Vajrapani, the compiler of the tantric teachings. [MR-ShabkarNotes]
 
 
 
Lord of Secrets (gsang ba'i bdag po). The great bodhisattva Vajrapani who is regarded as the chief compiler of the Vajrayana teachings. [ZL] [RY]
 
 
 
Lord of Secrets, Subduer of Arrogant Ones (gsang bdag dregs pa kun 'dul), see Rinchen Terdzö, Vol. 28 (Sa), a terma focused on Vajrapani revealed by Pema Ledreltsel (1291-1315, see chap.3, note 16). [MR-ShabkarNotes]
 
 
 
Lord of the Circle ('khor lo'i mgon po) [LW1] [RY]
 
 
 
Lord of the Circle ('khor lo'i mgon po); expl.; [LWx] [RY]
 
 
 
Lord of the Dead Who Destroys Arrogant Spirits (gshin rje dregs 'joms), is a terma that was rediscovered by Minling Terchen Terdak Lingpa, Gyurme Dorje (smin gling gter chen gter bdag gling pa 'gyur med rdo rje, 1646-1714).  [MR-ShabkarNotes]
 
 
 
Lord of the Dead Who Destroys Arrogant Spirits (gshin rje dregs 'joms), see chap.1, note 38.  [MR-ShabkarNotes]
 
 
 
Lord of the family (rigs bdag). The chief figure of the buddha family. [RY]
 
 
 
Lord of the family (rigs kyi bdag po). The chief buddha of the family to which one's particular yidam deity belongs. For example, Avalokiteshvara's crown buddha is Amitabha. [RY]
 
 
 
Lord of the Snow Mountains. See Avalokiteshvara [LW1] [RY]
 
 
 
Lord Ralpachen of Nyang (mnga' bdag nyang ral pa can). See Nyang Ral Nyima Özer. [ZL] [RY]
 
 
 
Lord who Pervades an Ocean of Mandalas (dkyil 'khor rgya mtsho'i khyab bdag). In the pervaded (khyab bya), the infinite ocean of mandalas, the pervader (khyab byed) is the Guru, the embodiment of all the families. The analogy is the sun in the sky which can be present in countless lakes. [RY]
 
 
 
Lord Who Pervades an Ocean of Mandalas (dkyil 'khor rgya mtsho'i khyab bdag) [LW1] [RY]
 
 
 
Lord who Pervades an Ocean of Mandalas (dkyil 'khor rgya mtsho'i khyab bdag) [LWx] [RY]
 
 
 
lords of the ten bhumis (sa bcu'i dbang phyug) [LW1] [RY]
 
 
 
lords of the ten bhumis; [LWx] [RY]
 
 
 
Lords of the Three Families (rigs gsum mgon po) [LW1] [RY]
 
 
 
Lords of the Three Families (rigs gsum mgon po) are Manjusri, Avalokitesvara, and Vajrapani.  [MR-ShabkarNotes]
 
 
 
Lords of the Three Families (rigs gsum mgon po). The three bodhisattvas Avalokiteshvara, Manjushri and Vajrapani. [ZL] [RY]
 
 
 
Lorepa (lo ras pa). A great lineage master in the Drukpa Kagyu school. [RY]
 
 
 
Lorepa (lo ras pa, dharma dbang phyug): - 1251 [MR]
 
 
 
Lorepa (lo re pa). (1187-1250). A great master of the Drukpa Kagyü school. He is also known as Wangchuk Tsöndrü (dbang phyug brtson 'grus). [EMP] [RY]
 
 
 
Lo-tsa-ba - Tibetan term for a translator, who not only translated but transmitted the texts; great lo-tsa-bas sometimes receive the title Lo-chen. [Tarthang]
 
 
 
Lotsawa - Tibetan translators of the canonical texts who usually worked with Indian panditas. [RY]
 
 
 
Lotsawa (lo tsa ba), Skt. locchava. Tibetan translators of the canonical texts who usually worked closely with Indian panditas. The title literally means 'bilingual' (skad gnyis smra ba) or the 'eyes of the world' ('jig rten mig). [ZL] [RY]
 
 
 
Lotsawa / Lo tsa ba - Tibetan term for a translator, who not only translated but transmitted the texts; great lo tsa bas sometimes receive the title Lo chen [RY]
 
 
 
Lotsawa Vairochana (lo tsa ba vE ro tsa na). See Vairochana. [ZL] [RY]
 
 
 
Lotsawa, ('jig rten mig) means 'bilingual' or the 'eyes of the world.' [RY]
 
 
 
lotsawa, literal meaning of [LW1] [RY]
 
 
 
Lotus Arrayed Realm of Akanishta ('og min pad mo bkod pa). See Akanishta. [RY]
 
 
 
Lotus Born Master; [LWx] [RY]
 
 
 
Lotus Born; alias Padmasambhava; [LWx] [RY]
 
 
 
Lotus Covered Realm (pad mas 'khebs pa'i zhing). Pure land manifested after the death of Chokgyur Lingpa. [RY]
 
 
 
Lotus crown (pad zhva). The crown worn by Guru Rinpoche. [RY]
 
 
 
Lotus Crown Root Tantra (padma cod pan rtsa ba'i rgyud). A tantra belonging to Kriya Yoga. [ZL] [RY]
 
 
 
Lotus crown which liberates by sight (pad ma mthong grol). The crown worn by Guru Rinpoche. [RY]
 
 
 
Lotus Crystal Cave. [RY]
 
 
 
Lotus Essence Tantra (padma snying po'i rgyud) [LW1] [RY]
 
 
 
Lotus Essence Tantra [LWx] [RY]
 
 
 
Lotus Family (padma kula, padma'i rigs). The Family of Amitabha. [RY]
 
 
 
lotus family of supreme speech (gsung mchog pad ma'i rigs) [LW1] [RY]
 
 
 
Lotus family of supreme speech (gsung mchog pad ma'i rigs). [RY]
 
 
 
Lotus Holder (phyag na pad mo). Same as Avalokiteshvara. [RY]
 
 
 
Lotus Holder, Padmapani, a name of Avalokitesvara. [MR-ShabkarNotes]
 
 
 
Lotus King (pad ma rgyal po). Same as Guru Rinpoche. One of his eight manifestations. [ZL] [RY]
 
 
 
Lotus Light (pad ma 'od). The name of the palace in Guru Rinpoche's pure land. [RY]
 
 
 
Lotus Light Palace (pho drang pad ma 'od), [RY]
 
 
 
Lotus Mound (pad ma brtsegs pa). The pure realm of Buddha Amitabha. [RY]
 
 
 
Lotus Mound (pad ma brtsegs); charnel ground [LW1] [RY]
 
 
 
Lotus Mound (pad ma spungs pa); quotation from [LWx] [RY]
 
 
 
Lotus Mound (padma spungs pa) [LW1] [RY]
 
 
 
Lotus Net (pad ma drva ba). Same as Padmajala, the pure land of Guru Rinpoche. [RY]
 
 
 
Lotus of Nonattachment (ma chags pad ma). The twelfth bhumi. [RY]
 
 
 
lotus posture. This is described as having the soles of the feet pressed together, so that the somewhat extended legs form the elliptical shape of a lotus petal. It is said that there is also a version where the legs are crossed at the shins, the feet bent so that the toes touch, this area between the feet thus creating the lotus petal shape. [Peter Roberts]
 
 
 
Lotus Source. See Padmasambhava [LW1] [RY]
 
 
 
Lotus Speech (pad ma gsung). The heruka of the padma family or the tantric teachings connected to this deity among the Eight Sadhana Teachings. [ZL] [RY]
 
 
 
Lotus Speech (padma gsung) [LW1] [RY]
 
 
 
Lotus-Born (pad ma 'byung gnas). Same as Guru Rinpoche. [RY]
 
 
 
Lotus-Born (Shambhala3) [LW1] [RY]
 
 
 
Lotus-Born Master. See Padmasambhava [LW1] [RY]
 
 
 
Lotus-Born. See Padmasambhava [LW1] [RY]
 
 
 
Lotus-Born; biography of Padmasambhava [LWx] [RY]
 
 
 
lotus-dish. A lotus-dish is a small bowl or saucer which has the shape or pattern of lotus petals. [Peter Roberts]
 
 
 
Love, Loving kindness (maitri, byams pa)_. see Friendliness; 'Love' also translates brtse (ba), which includes compassion of mercy. [RY]
 
 
 
Loving kindness (byams pa). The attitude of wishing that other beings may be happy. [RY]
 
 
 
Lower Dokham [LW1] [RY]
 
 
 
Lower philosophical schools (grub mtha' dman pa). The two main Hinayana schools: Vaibhashika and Sautrantika. Compared to Mahayana they are called 'lower' in that they fail to establish the emptiness of all phenomena. [RY]
 
 
 
Lower realms (ngan song). The three abodes of hell beings, hungry ghosts and animals. [ZL] [RY]
 
 
 
Lower realms {ngan song}. The realms of the hells, pretas and animals. [RY]
 
 
 
Lower sections of Secret Mantra (gsang sngags 'og sde). The Three Outer Tantras: Kriya, Charya/Upa, and Yoga Tantra.[EMP] [RY]
 
 
 
Lower Svatrantika School. (rang rgyud 'og ma). [RY]
 
 
 
Lower tantras of Mantra (sngags kyi rgyud sde 'og ma). The three sections of tantra: kriya, charya, and yoga. [RY]
 
 
 
Lower Triangular Plain (chos 'byung ma thang), below the Cave of the Subjugation of Mara- at Lapchi. [MR-ShabkarNotes]
 
 
 
Lower vehicles (theg pa 'og ma). Compared to Vajrayana, the lower are the vehicles of shravakas, pratyekabuddhas, and bodhisattvas. [RY]
 
 
 
Lo-yang - Important translation center; at one time the capital of China [RY]
 
 
 
Lo-yang - Important translation center; at one time the capital of China. [Tarthang]
 
 
 
Lu-dü red-torma that is entwined by a serpent. This is as an offering to the local Lu-dü deity of Homdrang, the place where the Könchok Chidu terma was discovered. Lu-dü (klu bdud) could also be translated as Naga-Mara, which would be misleading to some extent, because a naga and a mara have a specific meaning in Indian mythology, while the terms used to translate them had their own indigenous meaning in Tibet. Here it is the indigenous meaning that is meant. The Lu are deities of rain, fertility, river-springs and lakes. They can cause leprosy and skin diseases. This is fairly homogeneous with the serpent deity of India. They are associated with snakes and blue-grey horses and mules. This is fairly homogeneous with the serpent deity of India. However the Dü is not identical with the Mara of traditional Buddhism. However the Dü is not identical with the Mara of traditional Buddhism. They are however generally described as black, fearsome beings that ride black steeds, are associated with darkness and bring bad luck if not propitiated. There are however a variety of different groups of Dü. The Lu-Dü are beings that originate from the mixed parentage of these two groups of supernatural beings. These again are described in a great variety of different groups. The torma offered is red because the deity offered to is wrathful, and the snake symbolises the Lu or Naga status. The torma is described as a "red torma with shoulders" entwined by a snake and adorned by two butter discs. This red torma is of the "blunt" type, that is having a rounded head. The "shoulders" refer to the torma widening from its base upwards before narrowing at "shoulder-level" towards the head. [Peter Roberts]
 
 
 
Lui Gyaltsen (klu yi rgyal mtshan). See Chokro Lui Gyaltsen. [ZL] [RY]
 
 
 
Lui-de. [RY]
 
 
 
Lumbini - Garden outside Kapilvastu where Shakyamuni Buddha was born [RY]
 
 
 
Lumey / (klu mes) - Disciple of Bla chen who brought the Vinaya lineage back to central Tibet in tenth century after period of disruption [RY]
 
 
 
Luminosities of mother and child ('od gsal ma bu). 'Mother luminosity' is the buddha nature inherent in all beings. 'Child luminosity' is the recognition of that which one's teacher points out. [RY]
 
 
 
Luminosity ('od gsal). A key term in Vajrayana philosophy signifying a departure from Mahayana's over-emphasis on emptiness which can lead to nihilism. According to Mipham Rinpoche, 'luminosity' means 'free from the darkness of unknowing and endowed with the ability to cognize.' [ZL] [Bardo Guide 91] [RY]
 
 
 
Luminosity ('od gsal). Literally 'free from the darkness of unknowing and endowed with the ability to cognize.' The two aspects are 'empty luminosity,' like a clear open sky; and 'manifest luminosity,' such as five-colored lights, images, and so forth. Luminosity is the uncompounded nature present throughout all of samsara and nirvana. [RY]
 
 
 
Luminosity ('od gsal). Literally 'free from the darkness of unknowing and endowed with the ability to cognize.' The two aspects are 'empty luminosity,' like a clear open sky, which is the cognizant quality of the nature of mind; and 'manifest luminosity,' such as five-colored lights, images, and so forth. Luminosity is the uncompounded nature present throughout all of samsara and nirvana.[AL] [RY]
 
 
 
luminosity ('od gsal); as one of the Five Stages [LWx] [RY]
 
 
 
luminosity ('od gsal); as one of the Five Stages; as synonym for sugata essence [LW1] [RY]
 
 
 
Luminosity dissolving into union ('od gsal zung 'jug la thim pa). One of the dissolution stages during the bardo of dharmata [RY]
 
 
 
Luminosity is the uncompounded nature present throughout all of samsara and nirvana. In particular, the New Mantra schools use ultimate coemergent wisdom while the Old School use self-existing wisdom. [RY]
 
 
 
Luminosity manifestations of spontaneous presence (lhun grub 'od gsal gyi snang ba). The display during the bardo of dharmata. [RY]
 
 
 
Luminosity of appearance (snang ba'i 'od gsal). The first of the three stages of appearance, increase and attainment. [RY]
 
 
 
Luminosity of dharmata (chos nyid kyi 'od gsal). [RY]
 
 
 
Luminosity of the first bardo (bar do dang po'i 'od gsal). Same as "mother luminosity." [RY]
 
 
 
Luminosity.". Fundamental Luminosity: Sanskrit: Prabhasvara. "Abhasvara" means brightness or splendour, and "pra" is an intensifying prefix. The Tibetan translation: 'od gsal, literally means clear, vivid or bright light. This is not a reference to an actual light, but to the brightness, luminosity or clarity, that is the fundamental nature of the mind. [Peter Roberts]
 
 
 
luminosity; as synonym for sugata essence; as synonym for sugata essence, expl. [LWx] [RY]
 
 
 
Luminous bardo of dharmata (chos nyid 'od gsal gyi bar do). The period from the moment after dying until emerging in the mental body of the bardo of becoming. [RY]
 
 
 
Luminous Cave ('od gsal phug) in Rongphu (rong phu). See MI, p.181. [MR-ShabkarNotes]
 
 
 
Luminous dharmakaya ('od gsal chos kyi sku). See dharmakaya. [RY]
 
 
 
Luminous dharmata (chos nyid 'od gsal). The innate wakefulness that is the nature of mind of all sentient beings. [RY]
 
 
 
Luminous nature (rang bzhin gsal ba). The cognizant quality of mind. One of 'essence, nature, and capacity.' [RY]
 
 
 
Luminous Vajra Essence ('od gsal rdo rje snying po). A synonym for the Great Perfection, Dzogchen. [ZL] [RY]
 
 
 
Luminous Vajra Essence ('od gsal rdo rje snying po). Same as the Instruction Section of Dzogchen. [RY]
 
 
 
Luminous Vajra Essence ('od gsal rdo rje snying po); dharmakaya realm [LW1] [RY]
 
 
 
Luminous Vajra Essence; dharmakaya realm; [LWx] [RY]
 
 
 
Luminous wisdom of dharmata (chos nyid 'od gsal gyi ye shes). [RY]
 
 
 
Lunar eclipses are said to begin when the demon Rahu swallows the moon, and to cease when the moon escapes through the second mouth Rahu has on his stomach. [MR-ShabkarNotes]
 
 
 
Lung Anu Yoga (lung a nu yo ga). The second of the Three Inner Tantras emphasizing the completion stage. [RY]
 
 
 
Lung byang - see gTer ma. [RY]
 
 
 
Lung Dorje Kopa (lung rdo rje bkod pa). An Anu Yoga scripture. [RY]
 
 
 
Lungsum Valley (lung gsum ljong) [LW1] [RY]
 
 
 
Lungten Dorje (lung bstan rdo rje). Same as King Jah. [RY]
 
 
 
Lungtok Gyatso. [RY]
 
 
 
Luthai - Thai king who initiated many political reforms and revitalized the Sangha; eventually became a monk [RY]
 
 
 
Luthai - Thai king who initiated many political reforms and revitalized the Sangha; eventually became a monk. [Tarthang]
 
 
 
Luyipa - One of the mahasiddhas, know for eating fish-guts. [Rain of Wisdom]
 
 
 
Ly-thanh Ton - Vietnamese king who attained great realization and built many Buddhist monuments; served as first patriarch of an important school of Thien [RY]
 
 
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The Rangjung Yeshe Gilded Palace of Dharmic Activity (Front Cover)

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labelling-basis for confusion; as synonym for the all-ground [LW1] [RY]

labelling-basis for confusion; as synonym for the all-ground [LWx] [RY]

Lachen Gongpa Rabsel / (bla chen dgongs pa rab gsal) - Tibetan Vinaya master who preserved the Vinaya lineage during the period of disruption in ninth century [RY]

Lachen Gongpa Rabsel: 893- [MR]

Lachi 1. was blessed successively by Guru Rinpoche, the Great Yuthokpa (g.yu thog pa chen po) Jetsün Milarepa, and later by many Drigungpa masters. /274/5 Caves of Jetsün Mila: Brag dkar rta so where he stayed 12 years before going to Lachi. (On the way are brag dmar po mtho mchong lung nyi ma rdzong and bring spo ze la, which leads to gnya' nang mthong la and to the door of Lachi, gnya nang bkra shis sgang) /292 Drigung Jigten Gonpo (see his biography by dbon shes rab 'byung gnas) had a dream in which the guardian deities of the Three Holy Places (lha btsan for Kailash, zhing skyong for Lachi and zhing skyongs ? for Tsari) prostrated themselves and requested him to come and bless the place. Jigten Gonpo said he would send their great meditators. Accordingly he sent first 80 hermits to each of these sites. [RY]

Lachi 2. A few years later he sent 900 hermits to each and finally 55525 Dharma practitioners to each, lead by pan chen gy ya sgang pa to Kailash, by dge bshes gi yag ru dpal grags to Lachi, and by rdor 'dzin mgo bo che to Tsari. dge bshes gi yag ru dpal grags established himself in Lachi and under his inspiration many practice centers were established all around, in Gyalgi Shri, Nyanang, Mangyul, tsum ku thang, etc,. For 686 years (until the Iron Female Ox year of the 15th rabjung) there was an ininterrupted succession of Drigung masters in the area. Lachi is said to be a "triple triangle"; the sky above is triangular ", the earth below is triangular, and the waters in between are triangular. /313/2 South of Dingri is bring spo ze la on top of which Jetsün Milarepa flew. South of Lachi is mthon mthin rgyal mo; a high snow peak in triangular shape which is the Tseringma's palace. [MR]

Lady (bhagavati, bcom ldan 'das ma). A title of female Buddhas. [RY]

Lady Angchung of Gya (rgya bza' ang chung). [ZL] [RY]

Lady Angchung of Mashang (ma shang bza' ang cung). [ZL] [RY]

Lady Gyalmo Tsün of Pho-gyong (pho gyong bza' rgyal mo btsun). One of the queens of king Trisong Deutsen. [ZL] [RY]

Lady Jangchub Men of Tro ('bro bza' byang chub sman). One of the queens of king Trisong Deutsen. [ZL] [RY]

Lady Jangchubma of Drom ('brom bza' byang chub ma). [ZL] [RY]

Lady Kharchen (mkhar chen bza'). See Yeshe Tsogyal. [ZL] [RY]

Lady Margyen of Tsepang (tshe spang bza' dmar rgyan). One of the queens of king Trisong Deutsen. Reputed to have been a major troublemaker. [ZL] [RY]

Lady Tsogyal (jo mo mtsho rgyal). Also known as Khandro Yeshe Tsogyal, the close disciple of Guru Rinpoche who compiled the major part of his teachings. [RY]

Lady Tsogyal of Kharchen (mkhar chen bza' mtsho rgyal). See Yeshe Tsogyal. [ZL] [RY]

Lake Danakosha (dha na ko sha'i mtsho), Skt. dhana kosha. [ZL] [RY]

Lake Maldro (mal gro mtsho). [ZL] [RY]

Lake Manasarovar; South of Kailash, across the great plain of Barga, at the base of the Mount Gurla Mandhata are the two lakes of Mapham Yutso (Manasarovar, 330 sq kms) and Lhanag Tso (Rakshas Tal, 224 sq kms), the Manasarovar being the highest body of fresh water in the world (4558 m). The two lakes are connected by a channed called the Ganga chu. [MR]

Lake of Splendor (dpal mo dpal mtsho). [ZL] [RY]

Lake Trishok Gyalmo - Description of Trakar Drel Dzong (brag dkar sprel rdzong gi dkar chag), by Drigung Chötrak ('bri gung chos grags, 1597-1659) speaks of Guru Padmasambhava blessing Lake Trishok Gyalmo. The Guide to Tsonying Island (mtsho snying ma ha de wa'i gnas yig), written by Orgyen Samten Lingpa (O rgyan bsam gtan gling pa) according to a vision he had, says that 108 great spiritual treasures (gter ma) were concealed by Guru Padmasambhava and Vairocana on this blessed island. [MR-ShabkarNotes]

Lake-born Guru (mtsho skyes bla ma). Same as Guru Rinpoche. [RY]

Lake-born Vajra (mtsho skyes rdo rje). One of the names of Guru Rinpoche. [RY]

Lake-born Vajra [LWx] [RY]

Lake-born Vajra Holder (mtsho skyes rdo rje 'chang). Same as Guru Rinpoche. [RY]

Lake-Born Vajra Holder (mtsho skyes rdo rje 'chang). See Padmasambhava [LW1] [RY]

Lake-Born Vajra Holder, Padmasambhava [LW1] [RY]

Lake-born Vajra" (mtsho skyes rdo rje) is one of Guru Padmasambhava's names. [MR-ShabkarNotes]

Lake-Menmo round white-torma that carries a child. A "Menmo torma that carries a child" is an offering to one of a particular type of native Tibetan goddess called "sman mo", who was a local deity of Homdrang, the place where the Könchok Chidu terma was discovered. The Menmo form sisterhoods, such as four of the twelve guardian goddesses of Tibet (the Tenma). Menmo are also found to be consorts of important mountain deities, such as Yarlha Shampo, Machen Pomra and Nyenchen Tanglha. There is a multiplicity of these kinds of goddesses, each with their own description, locality and liturgy, originating from the native religious tradition of Tibet. Lake-Menmo are those who inhabit lakes, but there is a number of these and I have not been able to determine which one is being specifically referred to here. The torma offered is white and rounded as the goddess offered to is of peaceful aspect, and the torma is said to be given the appearance of carrying a child, because that is an attribute of the goddess. The "child" projects from the lap and butter discs upon the front of the mother and child's bodies, indicate that they are facing each other. This is said to be the traditional way that a mother carries her child in Tibet. The torma is thus offered to both the mother and the child. [Peter Roberts]

Laksashva - King in Western India; early patron of the Mahayana [RY]

Laksasva - King in Western India; early patron of the Mahayana. [Tarthang]

Lakshmikara [LW1] [RY]

Lakshmikara [LWx] [RY]

lalana (rgyang ma) The main left nadi. See also nadi, prana,a and bindu. [Rain of Wisdom]

Lalitaditya - Greatest kind of the Kashmiri Karkota dynasty; renowned patron of the Dharma. [RY]

Lalitavistara [LW1] [RY]

Lalitavistara, (rgya cher rol pa) [MR]

Lalitavistara; quotation from [LWx] [RY]

Lama (bla ma, guru). A spiritual teacher and in particular, the vajra master. [RY]

Lama Dampa Sönam Gyaltsen: 1312-1375 (3nd son of Sangpo Pal's 6th spouse) (held the throne 1345-1349) [MR]

Lama Gongdü (bla ma dgongs 'dus) [LW1] [RY]

Lama Gongdü (bla ma dgongs 'dus) [LWx] [RY]

LAMA GONGDÜ (bla ma dgongs 'dus). Cycle revealed by Sangye Lingpa (1340-96) in 18 volumes of approximately 700 pages each. Lama Gongdü means 'embodiment of the master's realization.'[AL] [RY]

Lama Gongdü cycle of teachings. [Daki] [RY]

Lama Gongpa Düpa (bla ma dgongs pa 'dus pa). [EMP] [RY]

Lama Kalu Rinpoche: 1905-1989 [MR]

Lama Khyenno (bla ma mkhyen no). "Master, think of me!" [RY]

Lama Mipham (mi pham spyogs las rnam rgyal), also known as Mipham Jamyang Gyatso (mi pham 'jam dbyangs rgya mtsho) and Jampal Gyepai Dorje ('jam dpal gyes pa'i rdo rje): 1846-1912 [MR]

Lama Ngödrub Gyamtso (bla ma dngos grub rgya mtsho) [LWx] [RY]

Lama Ngödrub Gyatso (bla ma dngos grub rgya mtsho) [LW1] [RY]

Lama Sangdü (bla ma gsang 'dus). A terma discovered by Guru Chöwang (1212-1270), one of the earliest and most important tertöns. It focuses on the guru principle as Padmasambhava's sambhogakaya form of the fivefold mandala of Tötreng Tsal. Lama Sangdü means 'embodiment of the master's secrets.'[AL] [RY]

Lama Sangdu. The bla-ma gsang-'dus, a terma discovered by Guru Chöwang 1212-1270, one of the earliest and most important Tertöns. In the longer commentary Kongtrül gives it many other names such as gsang-thems "Secret Document". The relevant lines being refered to are: "This quintessential mantra of the union of the Sugatas is the practice of the entire union of all the Buddhas". [Peter Roberts]

Lama Sang-ngak. [RY]

Lama Shang, Yudrak Tsöndru Trakpa (zhang g.yu brag brtson 'grus grags pa, 1123-1193), an influential teacher who founded the Tsalpa Kagyu (tshal pa bka' brgyud) lineage. He was a disciple of Dagpo Gomtsul Tsultrim Nyingpo (dwags po sgom tshul tshul khrims snying po, 1116-1169), Gampopa's nephew. See BA pp. 771ff. [MR-ShabkarNotes]

Lama Shang; Tsondru Trakpa (bla ma shang btson grus grags pa) 1123-1193: Disciple of founder of Tsalpa Kagyu and disciple of Dakpo Gomtsul;, Wöngom Tsultrim Nyingpo. [MR]

Lama Tendzin Chögyal [LW1] [RY]

Lama Tennyi Korsum (bla ma bstan gnyis skor gsum); terma treasure by Jamyang Khyentse Wangpo [LW1] [RY]

Lama Tennyi Korsum (bla ma bstan gnyis skor gsum); terma treasure by Jamyang Khyentse Wangpo [LWx] [RY]

Lama Yangthig {bla ma yang thig}. Writings by Longchenpa on the innermost unsurpassed cycle of pith instructions of Atiyoga. [RY]

Lama Yangtik (bla ma yang thig). [RY]

Lamdrey (lam 'bras) [LW1] [RY]

Lamdrey (lam 'bras). Path and Result. The main teaching of the Sakya school. [RY]

Lamdrey [LWx] [RY]

Lamenting Apology of Rudra (ru dra sme bshags). Extracted from the Immaculate Confession Tantra. [RY]

Lamey Tukdrub Barchey Künsel (bla ma'i thugs sgrub bar chad kun sel). The main cycle of terma teachings revealed by Chokgyur Lingpa. See 'Barchey Künsel.' [RY]

Lamey Tukdrub Dorje Draktsal; See Dorje Drakpo Tsal [LW1] [RY]

Lamp for the Path of Enlightenment (lam sgron, byang chub lam sgron) [LW1] [RY]

Lamp For the Path of Enlightenment; quotation from; [LWx] [RY]

Lamp of the Three Modes {tshul gsum sgron me}. Skt. Nayatrayapradipa. Written by Tripitakamala. [RY]

Lamp on the Path to Enlightenment; Bodhipathapradipa; (byang chub lam sgron); Atisha, 982-1054. [PK] [RY]

Lamrim Yeshe Nyingpo (lam rim ye shes snying po); defining the scope of the scripture from the title; details of first revelation; details of revelation by Tekchok Tenphel; details of revelation by the second Chokgyur Lingpa; details of the first propagation by Tulku Urgyen Rinpoche; existence in major collections of Vajrayana scriptures; Jamgön Kongtrül's reason for writing the commentary; Jamgön Kongtrül's summary; Padmasambhava's entrustment to his disciples; placement among the Dharma treasures of Chokgyur Lingpa; story of its revelation by Orgyen Tobgyal Rinpoche; summary by Padmasambhava; three major summations [LW1] [RY]

Lamrim Yeshe Nyingpo. [RY]

lamrim; definition of [LW1] [RY]

lamrim; definition of; [LWx] [RY]

Land of Snow (gangs can gyi yul). Same as Tibet. [RY]

Land of Snow. Same as Tibet [LW1] [RY]

Land of Snow; [LWx] [RY]

Lang Dharma: 803-. [RY]

Lang Dharma's persecution: 901-906, assasinated by Palgi Dorje, 906 [MR]

Langdarma (glang dar ma). Brother of the great Dharma king Ralpachen and the persecutor of the Sangha in central Tibet during a five year reign. During his brief reign, he almost succeeded in eradicating Buddhism in Tibet. [ZL] assasinated by Palgi Dorje, 906 [RY]

Langdarma / Glang dar ma - Brother of Ral pa can who persecuted the Sangha in central Tibet during a five year reign, initiating a period of anarchy and disruption [RY]

Langdro Lotsawa (glang 'gro lo tsa ba). One of the twenty-five disciples of Guru Rinpoche. [RY]

Langri Tangwa (glang ri thang ba) Dorje Senge: 1054-1123 [MR]

Langtsang (lang tsang). [ZL] [RY]

Lanka Mound (lan ka brtsegs); charnel ground [LW1] [RY]

Lankapuri (Skt.). [ZL] [RY]

Lankavatara Sutra (lang kar gshegs pa'i mdo). A sutra of the third turning of the Wheel of the Dharma. Used as basis for Yogachara and Chittamatra. [RY]

Lankavatara-sutra, Tib. lang kar gshegs pa'i mdo, T 107. [MR-ShabkarNotes]

Lanlap Changchub Dorje: 12- [MR]

Lapchi - There are several Tibetan guidebooks to Lapchi, among which the most extensive was written by Drigung Chungtsang Konchog Tendzin (1829-1906; see chap.11, note 10), hereafter quoted as GL. A clear and detailed description of the site of Lapchi and its history, with translation of large parts of the guide mentioned above, has been presented by Toni Huber, (1989, hereafter quoted as LNY). Among the twenty-four holy places (see chap.11, note 10), Lapchi corresponds to Godhavari. Several other locations are also known as Godhavari, perhaps the most ancient one of which is situated in central India (see LNY, note 2). Another one is located in the Kathmandu Valley, near a spring said to be the womb of Vajravarahi. It must be remembered that sacred geography does not follow the same criteria as ordinary geography. Kyabje Dilgo Khyentse Rinpoche (1910-91), for instance, said that within any single valley one can identify the entire set of the twenty-four sacred places. Kyabje Dudjom Rinpoche (1903-87) also said that sacred places, such as Uddiyana, can shrink and even disappear when conditions are no longer conducive to spiritual practice. The twenty-four sacred places are also present in the innate vajra body of each being. Among these, Godhavari, or Lapchi, is the left ear. It is said that Lapchi was first ruled by a malicious and fierce gandharva (dri za) couple, Suravarina and his consort Viramati, who took Mahadeva as their object of refuge. Following the subjugation of Mahadeva (see chap.11, note 10), the Bodhisattva Vajrapani (phyag na rdo rje) and his consort Vetali (ro lang ma) subdued Suravarina and his consort. The Bodhisattva and his consort took possession of the spirits' abode and ornaments. The Bodhisattva transformed them respectively into a celestial palace and into divine attributes. He and his consort enjoyed the meat and drink in which the spirits reveled, as the sacramental substances of ganachakra feast offerings. They blessed the lingam symbol of Mahadeva as the mandala of the sixty-two deities of the Chakrasamvara mandala. Lapchi was also blessed by Guru Padmasambhava and by the great physician Yuthok Yonten Gonpo (g.yu thog yon tan mgon po), but it became especially famous after the great saint Jetsun Milarepa (1040-1123) spent many years there in solitary meditation. Milarepa "opened" the sacred place by subjugating the local deities and negative forces adverse to the Dharma. Later many other masters came to meditate at Lapchi. Those from the Drigung lineage in particular exerted their spiritual influence on the place over centuries down to the present day (see chap.11, note 10, as well as GL and Petech, 1978). The central site of Lapchi is said to be a "triple triangle"; the sky above is seen as a triangle, the earth below is triangular, and the rivers in between form a triangle. Among the many sacred mountains around, the central one is said to be the palace of Chakrasamvara. Three other mountains are considered to be the palaces of Avalokitesvara, Vajrapani, and Manjusri. [MR-ShabkarNotes]

Lapchi, caves - the Hidden One (sbas pa, see GL, p.51, and LNY, p.55). There are two caves, the upper and the lower Hidden Caves (sbas pa gong 'og) where Jetsun Milarepa meditated and had a vision of the mandala of Chakrasamvara that dissolved into him. There too, meditated Tertön Changchub Lingpa (byang chub gling pa, fourteenth century, who came from the place known as Many Birds, bya mang po, and attained the rainbow body). According to GL, p.54/b, Shabkar stayed in the upper cave, the Revelation of All Secrets (sbas pa kun gsal). [MR-ShabkarNotes]

Lapis lazuli, rajavarta (mu men) (meaning confirmed by Jackson and Jackson) [RY]

Later 17 and 21 disciples. [Daki] [RY]

Later Meditation Tantra (bsam gtan phyi ma'i rgyud). A tantra belonging to Kriya Yoga. [ZL] [RY]

Later Translation Schools (phyi 'gyur). Same as Sarma, the New Schools. [RY] Lay follower, layman, Upasaka, (dge bsnyen). One who has taken Refuge in the Three Jewels and vows of pure moral conduct to abandon killing, stealing, sexual misconduct, lying and drinking alcohol. [RY]

League, yojana, (dpag tshad). [RY]

Learning, reflection and meditation (thos bsam sgom gsum). 'Learning' means receiving oral teachings and studying scriptures in order to clear away ignorance and wrong views. 'Reflection' is to eradicate uncertainty and misunderstanding through carefully thinking over the subject. 'Meditation' means to gain direct insight through applying the teachings in one's personal experience. [Bardo Guide 91] [ZL] [RY]

LEARNING, REFLECTION AND MEDITATION (thos bsam sgom gsum). 'Learning' means receiving oral teachings and studying scriptures in order to clear away ignorance and wrong views. 'Reflection' is to eradicate uncertainty and misunderstanding through carefully thinking over the subject. 'Meditation' means to gain direct insight through applying the teachings in one's personal experience. [AL] [RY]

learning, reflection and meditation; expl. [LWx] [RY]

learning, reflection, and meditation (thos bsam sgom gsum) [LW1] [RY]

Legden (legs ldan) [LW1] [RY]

Legend of the Great Stupa [LW1] [RY]

Legend of the Great Stupa [LWx] [RY]

Legend of the Great Stupa, The; Dharma Publishing, Berkeley. [ZL] [RY]

leisure and wealth" for Dharma practice. Leisures and wealths: The ten leisures are freedom from the non-human existences of the hells, the pretas (spirits), the animals, and long-living deities, and freedom from such human existences as being in a world where the Buddhas teachings have not appeared, being in a barbaric land, having wrong views, and having impaired faculties. The ten wealths:- Five that come from oneself: a human existence, all faculties complete, being in a land where the Dharma exists, to have not carried out the worst kind of actions, and to have faith in the Dharma. The five wealths that come from others; The appearance of a Buddha in this world, the Buddha having given his teachings, the continued existence of the teachings, the existence of followers of the teachings, and the existence of a spiritual friend who will teach you. [Peter Roberts]

Leisureless states, the eight a-ksana, (mi khom pa). The states in which there is no opportunity to practice the Dharma, namely being born in hell, as an animal, as a preta, among the long-lived gods, or in a barbaric country where there are no Buddhist monastics or lay followers; being dull-witted, deaf and dumb; being addicted to perverse views such as disbelief in rebirth or Liberation; and when no Buddha has appeared and taught the Dharma. [RY]

Lekdrub (legs grub). See Lekdrub of Tsang. [ZL] [RY]

Lekdrub of Tsang (gtsang legs grub). The companion of Vairochana on his journey to India. Lekdrub received half of the transmission of Dzogchen from Shri Singha, departed early and died on his way back to Tibet. He was reborn as Yudra Nyingpo. [ZL] [RY]

Lekdrub of Tsang [LW1] [RY]

Lekjin Nyima (legs byin nyi ma). Tibetan translator. [ZL] [RY]

Leksher (legs gzher). [ZL] [RY]

Leksher Palmo (legs gzher dpal mo). [ZL] [RY]

Lelag (le lag) [LW1] [RY]

Lelag (le lag); expl.; quotation from; [LWx] [RY]

lesser and greater vehicles. See Hinayana, Mahayana, vehicles [LW1] [RY]

Letter 'A'. A sutra says, calling out: "Shubhuti, the letter transcending superficial convention is ultimately unborn natural state, the nonarising essence of 'A' endowed with the threefold emancipation. The empty essence of this 'A' is itself the luminous nature of mind; it utterly transcends all confines of constructs such as the permanence of being concrete or the discontinuance of being inconcrete." [RY]

Letter of Dispelling Sorrow (mya ngan bsal ba'i spring yig). A text of advices composed by Nagarjuna. [RY]

Letter to a Friend (bshes spring) [LW1] [RY]

Letter to a Friend (bshes spring); quotation from [LWx] [RY]

Letter to a Friend (Skt. Suhrllekha, Tib. bshes pa'i spring yig, T 4182) of Nagarjuna. [MR-ShabkarNotes]

Letter to a Friend; Suhrllekha; (bshes spring); Nagarjuna, 1st-2nd century. [PK] [RY]

Leulag Magical Net (sgyu 'phrul le'u lag) [LW1] [RY]

Leulag Magical Net (sgyu 'phrul le'u lag) [LWx] [RY]

Leulag Magical Net (sgyu 'phrul le'u lag). A Mahayoga scripture. Vol. PHA of the Nyingma Gyübum. [ZL] [RY]

Level (sa). The levels or stages a bodhisattva traverses on the journey to complete enlightenment. [ZL] [RY]

Level of omniscience (thams cad mkhyen pa). Same as complete buddhahood. [RY]

levels of experience, four (nyams rim pa bzhi) See yogas, four. [Rain of Wisdom]

Leykyi Wangmo (las kyi dbang mo), Skt. Karma Indranila, Karmeshvari. The dakini who transmitted the Eight Sadhana Teachings to the Eight Vidyadharas and later the Assemblage of Sugatas to Padmasambhava. See also 'Kungamo.' [ZL] [RY]

Lha Thothori. [RY]

Lhagong Lupal [LW1] [RY]

Lhagyari kings are considered to be of celestial origin. See chap.10, note 5. [MR-ShabkarNotes]

Lhalung of Senge Go (senge mgo lha lung). [ZL] [RY]

Lhalung Palgyi Dorje (lha lung dpal gyi rdo rje). Born in Upper Drom, he was first a border guard but developed renunciation and received ordination from Vimalamitra, together with his two brothers. He received the bodhisattva vow from Padmasambhava as well as empowerment and oral instructions in Vajrayana. He practiced meditation in White Gorge of Tsib and at Yerpa where he reached the accomplishment of being able to traverse freely through solid rock. Years later he assassinated the evil king Langdarma. [ZL] [RY]

Lharje Deshek Zurpoche: 945-1012 [MR]

Lharu [LW1] [RY]

Lhasa (lha sa). 'Abode of the Gods.' The capital of Tibet and location of the famous Jokhang temple founded by King Songtsen Gampo. [ZL] [RY]

Lhasa Thil is the main part of the city of Lhasa; [MR-ShabkarNotes]

Lhasa Trülnang (lha sa 'phrul snang). [ZL] [RY]

Lhasey Lotsawa. [RY]

Lhasey. [RY]

Lhasum Damdrak. [RY]

Lhatho Thori / (lha tho tho ri) - the 27th king of Tibet, who received a Buddhist Sutra, statue, and relic; regarded as an incarnation of Samantabhadra [RY]

Lhathori Nyentsen: 433 brings the first Buddhist scriptures to Tibet [MR] lHa-tho-tho-ri - The 27th king of Tibet, who received a Buddhist Sutra, statue, and relic; regarded as an incarnation of Samantabhadra. [Tarthang]

Lhatse Dzong; (lha rtse rdzong) or Drampa Lhatse; (gram pa lha rtse) The fortress of Lhatse (now destroyed) was built on a rock at the entrance of the Tsangpo gorge. One finds there the cave of Drokmi Lotsawa, an important translator of the lamdre teachings of the Sakya school and one the earliest teacher of Marpa. Below the Fortress was a Gelukpa Monastery, Lhatse Chöde (lha rtse chos sde). [MR]

Lhatsun Changchup Ö (lha btsun byang chub 'od) was the nephew of the King of Gu-gey, Lha Lama Yeshe Ö (lha bla ma ye shes 'od). Lha Lama sent envoys with offerings of gold to invite Atisha to Tibet so that he could restore the purity of the teachings, which were in decline. But Atisha refused. Meanwhile, Lha Lama was captured by the king of Garlog, who was alarmed at any effort to revive the teachings. The king demanded Lha Lama's weight in gold as ransom. When Changchup Ö brought it, Lha Lama said, "I am now old, and it matters little whether I live or not. Use the gold to bring Pandit Atisha here." So Changchup Ö sent Naktso Lotsawa to India with the invitation. Hearing that the king Lha Lama had sacrificed his life for the sake of the teachings, Atisha said he could not refuse the invitation, although he had received a prediction from Tara that he would live to the age of ninety-two if he remained in India but only until seventy-three if he went to Tibet. [MR-ShabkarNotes]

Lhatsün Chenpo Namkha Jigme, 1597-c.1650. (lha btsun nam mkha' 'jigs med). A pupil of Rigdzin Jatson Nyingpo and also of Dundul Dorje [bdud 'dul rdo rje] 1615-1672 to whom Jatson Nyingpo principally transmitted the Ratnasamanyasamgha, the Köncho Chidu, teachings. Namkha Jigme was himself a tertön, the discoverer of the "Attainment of the Vidyadhara Life" teachings [rig 'dzin srog sgrub] [Peter Roberts]

Lhatsün Namkhai Jigme: 1587-1653 [MR]

Lhatsün Ngönmo (lha dbang rgya mtsho blo gros). (gter ston lha btsun sngon mo), Revealed the terma of Liberating History of the Great Stupa Jarung Khashor. [RY]

Lhatsün Ngönmo (gter ston lha btsun sngon mo), (lha dbang rgya mtsho blo gros). Revealed the terma of Liberating History of the Great Stupa Jarung Khashor. [RY]

Lho brag bka' 'bum, the writings of Lodrak Drupchen Lekyi Dorje. See chap.1, note 61. [MR-ShabkarNotes]

Lhodrak Po-ting (lho brag po mthing). [ZL] [RY]

Li ma, bronze alloy with a high percentage of silver and gold. [MR-ShabkarNotes]

Liberated ground of primordial purity. [Daki] [RY]

Liberating History of the Great Stupa Jarung Khashor (mchod rten chen po bya rung kha shor gyi lo rgyus thos pas grol ba) by Lhatsün Ngönmo (gter ston lha btsun sngon mo, lha dbang rgya mtsho blo gros). 59 pages. Published recently in India. Translated by Keith Dowman as The Legend of the Great Stupa, Dharma Publishing, Berkeley. [ZL] [RY]

Liberating instructions (grol byed kyi khrid). Oral instructions received from an authentic master which, when practiced, liberate one's mind from delusion. [RY]

Liberating Sorcery of Mother Deities (ma mo rbod gtong) [LW1] [RY]

Liberating Sorcery of Mother Deities (ma mo rbod gtong). One of the Eight Sadhana Teachings of Mahayoga. [ZL] [RY]

Liberating Sorcery, Bötong (ma mo rbod gtong); transmission of [LW1] [RY]

Liberating Sorcery, Bötong, (rbod gtong); transmission of [LWx] [RY]

Liberation (thar pa). Emancipation from samsaric existence. [RY]

Liberation and omniscience (thar pa dang thams cad mkhyen pa). Refers to liberation from samsaric existence and the state of complete enlightenment. [RY]

Liberation Bodhichitta Sadhana of Pure Compassion (snying rje dag pa sgrol ba byang chub sems kyi sgrub pa). [ZL] [RY]

liberation of the upper gate (steng sgo rnam grol); as e and vam [LW1] [RY]

liberation of the upper gate (steng sgo rnam grol); as 'e and wam'; reference [LWx] [RY]

Liberation Through Hearing in the Bardo (bardo thos grol). Published in English as Liberation Through Hearing in the Bardo. Trungpa and Freemantle, Shambhala Publications. [RY]

Liberation Through Hearing, the Bardo Thödrol (bar do thos grol) and The Self-liberation through Awareness Seen in its Nakedness (rig pa ngo sprod gcer mthong rang grol) belongs to the famous cycle of rediscovered teachings of Karma Lingpa (1326-?, see GC, vol.2 pp. 714-8 and NS, pp. 800-801), known as The Peaceful and Wrathful Deities, Self-liberated Wisdom Mind (zhi khro dgongs pa rang grol). [MR-ShabkarNotes]

Liberation, Freedom (moksa, thar pa). Release from the bondage of samsara, whether as a Arhant or as a Buddha, the latter being 'Great Liberation.' [RY]

Licchavi [LW1] [RY]

Licchavi [LWx] [RY]

Life and Liberation of Padmasambhava, The; Dharma Publishing, Berkeley, 1978. [ZL] [RY]

Life and Teaching of Chokgyur Lingpa [LW1] [RY]

Life and Teaching of Chokgyur Lingpa, The: Stories of a great tertön by Orgyen Tobgyal Rinpoche, Rangjung Yeshe Publications, Boudhanath. [ZL] [RY]

Life and Teachings of Chokgyur Lingpa; [LWx] [RY]

Life Story of Dorje Dröllo by Taksham Nüden Dorje. (bla ma rdo rje gro lod kyi rnam thar). A life story of Padmasambhava focusing on the esoteric meaning of his wrathful manifestation as Dorje Dröllo. [ZL] [RY]

Life Story of Padmasambhava by Jamgön Kongtrül Lodrö Thaye (1813-1899). A Short Biography of Guru Rinpoche extracted from The Precious Garland of Lapis Lazuli, an explanation of termas and a collection of life stories of the 108 main tertöns written by Jamgön Kongtrül the First and found in Vol I of his Rinchen Terdzö. Tibetan title: zab mo'i gter dang gter ston grub thob ji ltar byon pa'i lo rgyus rin po che bai dur-ya'i phreng ba. An English translation of this extract is included in Dakini Teachings, Shambhala Publications, 1990. [ZL] [RY]

Life Story of Vairochana by Jamgön Kongtrül Lodrö Thaye (1813-1899). 71 pages. Tibetan title: vai ro rnam thar padma'i dga' tshal. Short terma in poetic verse form. Included by His Holiness Dilgo Khyentse in the Rinchen Terdzö. [ZL] [RY]

Life Story Yeshe Tsogyal by Namkhai Nyingpo. Tibetan title: bod kyi jo mo ye shes mtsho rgyal gyi mdzad tshul rnam par thar pa gab pa mngon byung rgyud mang dri za'i glu phreng. Woodblock of the manuscript available at Sangdog Palri Temple in Kalimpong, India. Recently translated by Tarthang Tulku as Mother of Knowledge, Dharma Publishing, and by Keith Dowman as Sky Dancer, Rutledge and Kegan Paul. [ZL] [RY]

life-faculty (srog gi dbang po) [LW1] [RY]

life-force and spirit. The Tibetan is bla. It has no equivalent in the Sanskrit, but is a native Tibetan concept. In scholarly texts it is described as being a synonym for life-force, and that which is a basis for the consciousness, though in popular use has more the meaning of that which remains briefly within a corpse and leaving it has an immaterial existence independent of the deceased's mind. The meaning here is the first interpretation. [Peter Roberts]

Life-mastery Vidyadhara (tshe dbang rig 'dzin). The second of the four vidyadhara levels. [RY]

life-pillars [LW1] [RY]

life-upholding wind (srog 'dzin gyi rlung) [LW1] [RY]

Life-wheel, hail and spells (srog ser gtad gsum). Three aspects of protective tantric rituals. [ZL] [RY]

Life-wind (srog rlung). One of the five major 'winds' or pranas. Here it refers to the original 'life-wind' which is the functioning of wisdom. [RY]

light-body ('od kyi sku) [LW1] [RY]

L continued


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