Rangjung Yeshe Wiki:About

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About This Website

This website was created through collaboration between Erik Pema Kunsang, Kent Sandvik, Gerry Wiener, Eric Colombel, and many others, including the translators who contributed their glossaries to the initial phase of the project including Erik Pema Kunsang, Ives Waldo, Jim Valby, Richard Barron, Gyurme Dorje, Thomas Doctor, and Matthieu Ricard. It is hosted by Tsadra Foundation and is overseen by the Tsadra Foundation Research Department as of 2021. If you wish to make contributions please email research at tsadra dot org.

Erik Pema Kunsang wrote in his initial welcome letter in 2005:

Welcome translators, assistants to the lotsawas of our times, and you who are involved in helping the Dharma's journey from the Tibetan language to the West.
This website is yours.
The spirit in which it was created is simple: we give and we benefit from each other's generosity.
The ethics are simple as well: mutual respect and civility.
We aim at honoring our various lineages of Dharma transmission by staying true to the original teachings and at the same time finding various ways to express the meaning of these teachings in the different contexts of life.

How to Search the Dictionary

Use the search box on the top right to search for any Tibetan term in Wylie. Examples: sems, rig pa, snying rje. A search can also be made in Unicode Tibetan script, but will not return as many hits.

History of the Dictionary

Current Project

2021: The Lotsawa Workbench

Tsadra Foundation launched an initiative to create a "Lotsawa Workbench" that will be useful for translators of Tibetan texts. See the Tsadra Lotsawa Workbench Project page for more details.

Policies and Community Rules

On the Need for Policies and Rules

In order to maintain a dictionary that is useful to translators and students, we have to establish a certain level of trust in the information provided here and that means having policies that ensure that users are not spreading false or misleading information.

We must seek to maintain a certain level of professionalism and integrity so that people can trust the information provided here.

Wikipedia has developed extensive guides, rules, and policies, as well as a system for handling disputes. In general, we can follow those guidelines here. However, there are some differences as this website can only be edited by people who have been given a login and is not open to any member of the public to edit. If you wish to apply for a login to make contributions, please email research at tsadra dot org.

Below is a list of policies and guidelines that has been copied from Wikipedia and lightly edited to reflect the Dharma Dictionary's community of translators.


IF you are editing the Legacy RY Wiki Content content, feel free to add lines of text and information to the bottom of a page and remember to cite your sources and sign your additions. To sign your additions to the RY Wiki Content area of a page, please follow the convention used since the beginning of single brackets around initials. See the abbreviations page for a list of these "signatures". Please do not make changes to the other entries as they represent specific content created by specific translators.

Please do not make changes to whole Categories or Category links at the bottom of any page without discussing with administrators or prior permission.

Use Forms

When forms are available please use them to make edits so that you can follow a standardized method of data entry.

No Self-Promotion

This wiki is about sharing information useful for translators and students of Tibetan Buddhist texts. It is NOT a blog or social media website. It is NOT for promoting one's own work, generating money, creating jobs, or any other activities related to generating wealth for oneself. Please act with integrity and with a genuine motivation to help others. If you are found to be regularly engaging in self-promotion, you may risk being removed from the website entirely.

Three-Strikes Rule

  1. Upon the first infraction of any of the community rules or policies you will receive an official first warning via email, detailing the infraction. This comes with the caveat that if your first infraction involves spamming or any form of discrimination or threats, your user will be immediately removed from the website.
  2. If you continue to make edits that are misrepresenting information or otherwise breaking the rules of conduct, we will send a second warning detailing the offenses. At this second stage, we may change your offending contributions and/or add warning next to your contributions and user page notifying users that this information is suspect. If you attempt to disturb the content of the dictionary, the website itself, or the project in any way, administrators will take action.
  3. If after a second warning you continue any actions that misrepresent, reduce the quality of, or veracity of the information on the website, or otherwise disturb the quality contributions of other users, your user will be deleted from the website entirely and you will not be allowed to make further edits. Furthermore, your previous edits will be reviewed and if significant problems are found, all of your contributions to the website will be permanently removed.

For further guidelines and suggestions for how to contribute to this wiki, please see Wikipedia's Policies and especially their behavioral guidelines.


Rudeness or insensitivity, whether intentional or not, can distract from and interfere with our work. If reasoned discussion breaks down, a dispute resolution forum may be created by contacting the administrators of this website.
Consensus among equals is the main tool for resolving content disputes on Wikipedia.
Dispute resolution
The first step to resolving any dispute is to talk to those who disagree with you using the talk pages on the wiki. If that fails, there are more structured forms of discussion available.
Edit warring
If someone challenges your edits, discuss it with them and seek a compromise, or seek dispute resolution. Do not start fights over competing views and versions. Reverting any part of any single page more than three times in twenty-four hours, or even once if long-term edit-warring is apparent, can result in a block on your account.
Editing policy
Improve pages wherever you can, and don't worry about leaving them imperfect. It is advisable to explain major changes.
Do not stop other editors from enjoying this wiki by making threats, nitpicking good-faith edits to different articles, repeated annoying and unwanted contacts, repeated personal attacks or posting personal information.
No personal attacks
Do not make personal attacks anywhere. Comment on the content, not on the contributor. Personal attacks damage the community and deter editors.
Ownership of content
Pages that you create and edit belong to the community. Others can and often do mercilessly edit "your" material.
Sock puppetry
Do not use multiple accounts to create the illusion of greater support for an issue, to mislead others, or to circumvent a block. Do not ask your friends to create accounts to support you or anyone.
Username policy
Choose a neutral username with which you will be happy. You can usually change your name if you need to by asking, but you cannot delete it.
Vandalism is any addition, deletion, or change to content made in a deliberate attempt to compromise the integrity of the encyclopedia. It is inappropriate behavior for an online encyclopedia.

Assume good faith

This is what Wikipedia has to say:

  • Unless there is clear evidence to the contrary, assume that people who work on the project are trying to help it, not hurt it.
  • If criticism is needed, discuss editors' actions, but avoid accusing others of harmful motives.
Assuming good faith (AGF) is a fundamental principle on Wikipedia. It is the assumption that editors' edits and comments are made in good faith. Most people try to help the project, not hurt it. If this were untrue, a project like Wikipedia would be doomed from the beginning. This guideline does not require that editors continue to assume good faith in the presence of obvious evidence to the contrary (e.g. vandalism). Nor does assuming good faith prohibit discussion and criticism. Rather, editors should not attribute the actions being criticized to malice unless there is specific evidence of such.
When disagreement occurs, try as best you can to explain and resolve the problem, not cause more conflict, and so give others the opportunity to reply in kind. Consider whether a dispute stems from different perspectives, and look for ways to reach consensus.
When doubt is cast on good faith, continue to assume good faith yourself when possible. Be civil and follow dispute resolution procedures, rather than attacking editors or edit-warring with them. If you wish to express doubts about the conduct of fellow Wikipedians, please substantiate those doubts with specific diffs and other relevant evidence, so that people can understand the basis for your concerns. Although bad conduct may seem to be due to bad faith, it is usually best to address the conduct without mentioning motives, which might intensify resentments all around.
Be careful about citing this principle too aggressively. Just as one can incorrectly judge that another is acting in bad faith, so too can one mistakenly conclude that bad faith is being assumed; exhortations to "Assume Good Faith" can themselves reflect negative assumptions about others.

Hanlon's Razor

Hanlon's razor is a principle or rule of thumb that states "never attribute to malice that which is adequately explained by stupidity". Known in several other forms, it is a philosophical razor that suggests a way of eliminating unlikely explanations for human behavior.

Behavioral Guidelines

Conflict of interest
Do not use Wikipedia to promote yourself, your website, your mixtape, or your organization.
Disruptive editing
Participants with a pattern of edits that has the effect of disrupting progress toward improving an article or the fundamental project of building an encyclopedia may be blocked or banned indefinitely.
Do not disrupt this wiki to illustrate a point
State your point. However, do not spam the Dharma Dictionary, disingenuously nominate articles for deletion, push rules to their limits, or otherwise create work for other people just to prove your point.
Contributors have different views, perspectives, and backgrounds, sometimes varying widely. Treating others with respect is key to collaborating effectively in building an encyclopedia.
Sign all of your posts on Wikipedia talk pages by typing MarcusPerman (talk) 22:28, 6 July 2021 (UTC) to be accountable and to help others understand the conversation, but do not sign in articles.
Talk page guidelines
Talk pages are for polite discussion serving to improve the encyclopedia, and should not be used to express personal opinions on a subject.
User pages
You can use your user page to add a little information about yourself or to help you to use the website more effectively. However, remember that this is not a blog, webspace provider, or social networking site.
Other behavioural guidelines
Appealing a block
A block is not a punishment but a way to prevent disruption. Blocked users should understand the reasons for the block and convince administrators that they won't disrupt the project if they are unblocked.
When notifying other editors of discussions, keep the number of notifications small, keep the message text neutral, and don't preselect recipients according to their established opinions. Be open!
Gaming the system
Playing games with policies and guidelines in order to avoid the spirit of consensus, or thwart the intent and spirit of policy, is strictly forbidden.
Linking to external harassment
Links that contain privacy violations or malicious harassment should be avoided. Links in articles are a matter for sound editorial judgement.
Responding to threats of harm
Threats of harm (including self-harm) should be treated seriously and reported to the administrators immediately.
Responding to discrimination
Discrimination of any kind should be treated seriously and reported to the administrators immediately.