bden pa gnyis

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the two kinds of reality, the two truth; definition from the dung dkar tshig mdzod chen mo: bden pa gnyis te kun rdzob bden pa dang don dam bden pa gnyis yin/ go bde bar bshad na/ phyi rol dngos po rnams kyi snang tshul mi 'gra ba sna tshogs pa ni phyi tshul yin pas kun rdzob bden pa zhes zer zhing/ dnos po rnams kyi ngo bo ngo ma de la don dam bden pa zhes brjod pa yin/ Transl. "The two satyas are conventional satya and ultimate satya. For a simple explanation: the various different manners of appearance of external phenomena, being apparently external are called conventional satya; the actual essence of these phenomena is called ultimate satya." On a translation point: I think simply translating bden pa as "truth" is grossly oversimplifying it. Replace satya with truth, and the above sentences don't make sense anymore. If external things are a truth, a true statement, just what is that statement and what is being asserted? Here it makes much more sense to use "reality". Contrast this with the bden pa bzhi, the four noble truth. If one were to ask what propositions are asserted by any of these truths, it is easy to answer. In this context truth is a valid translation - namely when the word bden pa is used in that way. There are many more uses than just one or two. [TSD]

Two truths. Relative truth and ultimate truth. Relative truth describes the seeming, superficial and apparent mode of all things. Ultimate truth describes the real, true and unmistaken mode. These two aspects of reality are defined by the Four Philosophical Schools as well as the tantras of Vajrayana in different ways, each progressively deeper and closer to describing things as they are [RY]

satyadvaya kun rdzob kyis bden pa sa v tisatya and don dam bden pa relative and absolute truth param rthasatya [IW]

two levels of truth [RB]

2 truths (don dam, kun rdzob) [JV]

two levels of truth, two truths [absolute and relative]; Relative truth kun rdzob kyi bden pa and ultimate truth don dam bden pa Syn bden gnyis [RY]

two truths [thd]

two truths [relative truth kun rdzob kyi bden pa or samvrtisatya and ultimate truth don dam bden pa or param rthasatya] [IW]