Pema Nyinche Wangpo

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Pema Nyinche Wangpo (padma nyin byed dbang po)

  • Pema Nyinche Wangpo. The ninth Tai Situpa. (1774-1853) A holder of the Karma Kagyu lineage. [Peter Roberts]

A Brief Biography of Pema Nyinche Wangpo

The ninth Tai Situpa, Pema Nyinche Wangpo, was born in Yilung, near Derge in Kham, Eastern Tibet in the year of the wood-horse. He was recognized by the Karmapa and Pawo Rinpoche, who had received a prediction from Guru Rinpoche in a vision. At the age of five years he was formally enthroned and received all of the teachings of the lineage from Karmapa Dudul Dorje, Shamar Chodrup Tenzin, and Dzigar Dorje Trakpa amongst other accomplished masters.

He renovated Palpung monastery and made countless precious offerings to many monasteries of all traditions. He became the root-lama to the first Jamgon Kongtrul Rinpoche, Khyentse Wangpo Rinpoche, and Chokling Rinpoche, amongst others. He started the Rime (non-sectarian) movement in Tibet, that was firmly established by his disciples.

His life of freedom demonstrated genuine great accomplishment, and he exerted a great spiritual influence on the precious doctrine of the practice lineage. He spent most of his life in deep meditation and was a renowned scholar and teacher and performed many miracles such as leaving footprints in rock.

At the age of 61 years he entered the retreat centre at Palpung, Drubgyu Samtenling, and practised the teachings for eighteen years. At the age of 79 he passed away. At that time the sky was filled with rainbows and there were many other highly auspicious signs.


Excerpts are from The Blossoms of Devotion by Jamgon Lodro Thaye (published by Dilgo Khyentse Rinpoche, New Delhi)

The Ninth Situpa, Pema Nyinche Wangpo (1774 - 1853)

Guru Rinpoche, an Indian master who was among the first to introduce Buddhism to Tibet, stated that at a certain time in the future he would manifest as an individual called Pema Nyinche Wangpo.

The tenth Shamarpa, Chodrub Gyamtso, and the seventh Pawo, Tsuglag Gawa, recognized him as the reincarnation of Situ Chokyi Jungnay and the Shamarpa installed and enthroned him. Pema Nyinche Wangpo studied with many masters of his time. His principal gurus were the thirteenth Karmapa, Dudul Dorje and the tenth Shamarpa, Chodrub Gyamtso.

Situpa created many retreat-centers where he taught extensively, thus contributing toward the spreading of the Kagyu meditation practices. He was the guru of the fourteenth Karmapa, Tegchog Dorje, and Jamgon Lodro Thaye.