dge bsnyen

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Upasaka. Fem. Upasika. A Buddhist layman, bound by the five vows to avoid killing, stealing, lying, sexual misconduct, and intoxicating liquor. The Tibetan equivalent, genyen, means 'pursuer of virtue;' layman, lay devotees, lay follower [RY]

(aup'asaka, genyen [IW]

upasaka, layman, boy-monk about 7 or 8, male lay devotee, buddhist devotee with only 8 vows to observe [JV]

(aup'asaka, genyen [among the so thar ris bdun, eg laymen w the five precepts, lay devotees, genyen, virtue obtained, (not to kill, not to lie, not to steal, not to take intoxicants, not to engage in sexual misconduct), (upasa_ka) Some may omit the intoxicants vow etc. or take the 8 1 day precepts] [IW]