lta ba

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ལྟ་བ།

1) [philosophical] view, orientation, point of view, philosophical position [wrong view / opinion, belief, heresy, speculative theory, ideology], theory, position, stand point, outlook, attitude, perspective, doctrine, opinionatedness. dogma, principles, ideology, teaching, insight, understanding. 2) lta ba, bltas pa, blta ba, ltas trans. v.; to pay attention to, look at, see, watch, gaze at, observe, contemplate, view/ regard/ attend to /; 3) sight, visual faculty, view, way of seeing; view; [one of the 'phags lam gyi yan lag brgyad eightfold noble path; 4) belief, [as one of the six root disturbances] [RY]

1) (Tha dad pa bltas pa, blta ba, ltos,; 1) view w the eyes; 2) analyze, zhib 'jug byed pa; 3) have concern for, preserve, cherish; 4) the way 1 wants; 2) self-concern/ regard.; 3) [dharma] view, philosophy, doctrine; 4) belief [IW]

View. A particular understanding and orientation based on studies of philosophy. In the context of Mahamudra and Trekcho, the view refers to the state of 'ordinary mind' or 'self-existing wakefulness' free from any concept, even of philosophical insight [RY]

adjusted, gave attention to [RY]

belief, opinionatedness mibp 74, look (-, for, into, at), observe, scan, gaze, watch, examine, opinion, view, understanding, ideology, (biased, proper way of, philosophical, act of) looking, seeing, vision, direct vision, perspective, point of view, search for, view mentally, consider, investigate, doctrine, theory, philosophical system, school, theory, 1 of lam yan lag brgyad, conceited, way of seeing, point of view, intuitive comprehension of one's real nature, outlook, self-observation, philosophical outlook, to direct one's gaze, to be seen as, to perceive [JV]

belief, view [thd]

gaze upon lta ba la chags te became so engrossed in gazing upon [RY]

la mi lta bar - without regard for [RY]

one of the 'phags lam gyi yan lag brgyad the eightfold noble path [RY]

view, orientation, perspective [RY]

view; def: drishta'i sgra las grangs na lta ba zhes bya ste, gzal bya'i yul gang la shes rab kyis sgro 'dogs bcad nas mtha' gcig tu nges par 'dzin pa'i blo'o. [Mipham Rinpoche] [RY]

view; to view/ regard/ watch/ attend to/ observe/ consider; to be directed (toward); biased views; opinionatedness; isc. point of view; to look (at); isc. to believe in; isc. to hold a (point of) view [pejorative sense] [RB]

View DKC

Discussion

Views are beliefs. The Sanskrit and Tibetan words both mean to look or see as well as to hold a particular belief, much like the English word view. Views are not their own particular mental factor but rather are an aspect of the factor of full knowing (prajñā or shes rab). Wrong or afflicted views are considered an aspect of faulty full knowing.

Views can be either afflicted or un-afflicted. There are five afflicted views: the view of the transient body ('jigs tshogs la lta ba), view of holding extremes (mthar 'dzin lta ba), wrong view (log lta), holding views supreme (lta ba mchog 'dzin), and holding discipline and austerity supreme (tshul khrims brtul zhugs mchog 'dzin). In some presentations, these are grouped together under the single category of view, which is one of the six root afflictions.

According to the Great Exposition school, these views are all discarded on the path of seeing. According to the presentation of the Great Vehicle, the imaginary transient and extreme views that are imagined based on the teachings of false spiritual guides are abandoned on the path of seeing but the innate views that come from aeons of habituation are abandoned during the path of meditation.

Unafflicted views included the correct worldly view ('jig rten pa'i yang dag pa'i lta ba) and the undefiled views of Nobles. In the Great Exposition school, the correct worldly view is defiled virtue and is therefore discarded on the path of meditation. In some Great Vehicle schools, it is proposed that all views must be abandoned to attain the ultimate result of awakening to complete and perfect buddhahood. DKC