ngo tsha shes pa

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conscience, sense of shame, [sense of] propriety, conscientious, [sense of] self-respect, decency, conscientious action [IW]

Conscience, as one of the eleven virtuous mental states; conscience, sense of shame, self-respect, sense of propriety, conscientious, sense of self-respect; Def. by Jamg�n Kongtr�l: rang la ltos nas kha na ma tho ba la 'dzem pa [RY]

modesty; self-respect; shame [RB]

self-respect mibp 42, sense of shame, shame, modest [JV]

self-respect, decency, conscientious action [dge ba'i sems byung bcu gcig gi gras shig ste bdag gam chos rgyu mtshan du byas nas kha na ma tho ba la 'dzem pa nyes spyod sdom pa'i rten byed pa'i las can zhig [IW]

Shame, shamefast DKC

Discussion

One of the virtuous mental factors. It is concurrent with all virtuous cognitions. Shame is restraint from misdeeds out of consideration of the harm to oneself. Compare it with modesty (khrel yod pa).

In English the adjectival form "shameful" has strong negative connotations, so it is preferable to use the older adjectival form "shamefast" which does not have such connotations. DKC