thabs dang shes rab

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means and knowledge; Skt. prajna and upaya. Buddhahood is attained by uniting means and knowledge; in Mahayana, compassion and emptiness, relative bodhichitta and ultimate bodhichitta. In Vajrayana, means and knowledge are the stages of development and completion. According to the Kagyü schoools, means refers specifically to the 'path of means,' the Six Doctrines of Naropa and knowledge to the 'path of liberation,' the actual practice of Mahamudra. According to Dzogchen, 'knowledge' is the view of primordial purity, the Trekchö practice of realizing the heart of enlightenment in the present moment, while 'means' is the meditation of spontaneous presence, the Tögal practice of exhausting defilements and fixation through which the rainbow body is realized within one lifetime [RY]

means and knowledge [JV]

skillful means and wisdom [RY]

prajna and upaya, means and knowledge, wisdom and skillful means [IW]

prajna and upaya. Prajna is knowledge or intelligence; in particular, the knowledge of realizing egolessness. Upaya is the method or technique that brings about realization [RY]

prajna and upaya - Means and knowledge. ["wisdom and skillful means"] [RY]