yi dam

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tutelary deity, SA kye rdo rje, ma ha ma ya, dzam bha la, Kalachakra, dpal gsang ba bsdus pa, gsang ba bdus pa, solemn promise, vow, oath, confirmation by oath, Yidam, meditation deity, devata [JV]

yidam; meditational deity; Yidam, a meditation deity, [devata]; meditational deities. personal meditation / tutelary deity [yidam]. deities who are the focus of meditation and means for attainment, and who confer supreme accomplishments [RY]

Yidam. A personal deity and the root of accomplishment among the Three Roots. The yidam is one's tutelary deity; a personal protector of one's practice and guide to enlightenment. Traditionally, yidam practice is the main practice that follows the preliminaries. It includes the two stages of development and completion and is a perfect stepping stone for, or the bridge to approaching, the more subtle practices of Mahamudra and Dzogchen. Later on, yidam practice is the perfect enhancement for the view of these subtle practices [RY]

Yidam, the deity that forms the main object of one's meditation [RY]

yi dam gyi lha chosen (meditational) deity [RB]

1) yidam; 2) promise, vow, oath [IW]

Iṣṭadeva. Meditation Deity, Tutelary Deity (short for yi dam kyi lha) [Erick Tsiknopoulos]

Sanskrit: समादान (samādān)[1], or སམཱདཱནི (samādāni) [2][CF]


  1. Lokesh Chandra, Tibetan-Sanskrit Dictionary (p. २१४८)
  2. སཾ་བོད་རྒྱ་གསུམ་ཤན་སྦྱར་གྱི་ཚིག་མཛོད། (Sanskrit-Tibetan-Chinese Dictionary),(p 615)