Difference between revisions of "Mipham"

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[[Image:mipham-1.jpg|frame|Kunkhyen Jamyang Mipham Rinpoche]]
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[[Image:Jigme_Lingpa.jpg|frame|Jigme Lingpa  (1730-1798)]]
<noinclude><span class=TibUni16>[[མི་ཕམ།]]</span></noinclude><br>
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<span class=TibUni16>[[འཇིགས་མེད་གླིང་པ།]]</span><br>[['jigs med gling pa]]<br><span class=TibUni16>[[རིག་འཛིན་འཇིགས་མེད་གླིང་པ།]]<br></span>[[rig 'dzin 'jigs med gling pa]]<br>
<noinclude>[[mi pham]]</noinclude><br>
 
<noinclude>[[Mipham Gyatso]]</noinclude><br>
 
<noinclude><span class=TibUni16>[[མི་ཕམ་རྒྱ་མཚོ།]]</span></noinclude><br>
 
<noinclude>[[mi pham rgya mtsho]]</noinclude><br>
 
<noinclude>[[Mipham Namgyal]]</noinclude><br>
 
<noinclude><span class=TibUni16>[[མི་ཕམ་རྣམ་རྒྱལ།]]</span></noinclude><br>
 
<noinclude>[[mi pham rnam rgyal]]</noinclude><br>
 
<noinclude>[[Jamgon Mipham]]</noinclude><br>
 
<noinclude><span class=TibUni16>[[འཇམ་མགོན་མི་ཕམ།]]</span></noinclude><br>
 
<noinclude>[['jam mgon mi pham]]</noinclude><br>
 
<noinclude>[[Jamgon Ju Mipham Namgyal]]</noinclude><br>
 
<noinclude><span class=TibUni16>[[འཇམ་མགོན་འཇུ་མི་ཕམ་རྣམ་རྒྱལ།]]</span></noinclude><br>
 
<noinclude>[['jam mgon 'ju mi pham rnam rgyal]]</noinclude><br>
 
[[Image:Mipham-3.jpg|frame|Jamgon Mipham Rinpoche]]
 
 
===Short Biography===
 
===Short Biography===
:::''Repository of the four aspects of perfect intelligence,''
+
'''Rigdzin Jigme Lingpa, Khyentse Ozer''' (1730-1798), was regarded as an incarnation of both [[King Trisong Deutsen]] and [[Vimalamitra]]. His most enduring contributions to the Tibetan tradition are his revealed teachings, the [[Longchen Nyingthig]], the diverse body of literature he composed, and the amazing lineage of realized masters that have followed in his wake, which includes [[Patrul Rinpoche]], [[Do Khyentse Yeshe Dorje]] and [[Jamyang Khyentse Wangpo]].
:::''Lord of the kingdom of dharma,''
 
:::''You were the greatest pandita of your generation:''
 
:::''Homage to Jamgon Mipham.''
 
<br>
 
:::''The wisdom of Manjushri dawned in his heart. ''
 
:::''He accomplished the aspirations of Bodhisattva Samantabhadra.''
 
:::''He fulfilled the activity of the buddhas and their heirs.''
 
:::''I supplicate Jampal Gyepe Dorje.''
 
  
'''Jamyang Mipham Namgyal Gyatso Rinpoche''' (1846-1912) ranks alongside [[Longchen Rabjam]] and [[Tsongkhapa]] as one of Tibet's most prolific and influential masters. His presentation of the [[Nyingma]] School's unique approach to the view and practice of Buddhism, and in particular the relationship between [[Madhyamaka]] and the [[Great Perfection]], has had an enormous impact on the past few generations of Tibetan Buddhist scholars and practitioners. Namdrolling Monastic College, currently the largest functioning [[Nyingma]] educational institution, includes twenty of his texts in its curriculum. By comparison, only five texts by [[Longchenpa]] are included and only one by [[Rongzom Mahapandita]].
+
Unlike many masters of the Tibetan tradition that went on to compose influential philosophical treatises, Jigme Lingpa did not receive extensive educational training. Neither was he a recognized reincarnation, a [[tulku]]. Instead, his great realization came directly through practice. In particular, it came from a series of three visions he had of the great master [[Longchenpa]] while in retreat at the [[Samye Chimpu]]. In these visions, Jigme Lingpa received the entire transmission of [[Longchen Rabjam]]'s works, both their words and meanings, and his mind eventually merged completely with that of [[Longchenpa]]'s.
  
Mipham's primary teachers were [[Patrul Rinpoche]] and [[Jamyang Khyentse Wangpo]], both incarnations of the tertön [[Rigdzin Jigme Lingpa]]. Khyentsé Rinpoche requested Mipham to preserve the [[Nyingma]] teachings through teaching, debate, and composition—a task in which he admirably succeeded. About his remarkable student, Khyentsé remarked: “In this time, there is no one else on earth more learned than Lama Mipham.
+
Following his pivotal retreat at [[Samye Chimpu]], Jigme Lingpa went on to found one of the most influential lineages in the [[Nyingma]] tradition. In the centuries since his passing, the inheritors of the [[Longchen Nyingthig]] have proven to be some of the greatest scholars, meditation masters and realized yogis in recent history. Many of his literary works, particularly the ''[[Treasury of Precious Qualities]]'' ([[yon tan mdzod]]), continue to be widely studied in [[Nyingma]] educational institutions, while his works on tantric practice, such as the famed [[yeshe lama]], are among the most commonly taught practice manuals.
  
He excelled not only in study and teaching, however, but in practice as well. The numerous retreats he completed were always accompanied by miraculous signs of accomplishment.
+
'''Rigdzin Jigme Lingpa''' (1729-1798) was considered to be an emanation of the great [[pandita]] [[Vimalamitra]], of [[King Trisong Detsen]], of [[Longchen Rabjam]] (13O8-1363), of [[Ngari Panchen Pema Wangyal]] (1487-1542), and of many other sages. He was also the immediate reembodiment of [[Choje Lingpa]], also known as [[Orgyen Rogje Lingpa]] (1682-1725). [RY]
 +
*<br>
 +
<center><noinclude><span class=TibUni16>ཤེས་བྱ་ཀུན་མཁྱེན་འགྲོ་ལ་རྗེས་བརྩེའི་གཏེར། །</span></noinclude><br></center>
 +
<center>You who know all that’s knowable, source of compassion for all beings,<br></center>
 +
<center><noinclude><span class=TibUni16>དྲི་མེད་འོད་ཟེར་ཡང་སྤྲུལ་ཐུགས་གཏེར་མཛོད། །</span></noinclude><br></center>
 +
<center>The emanation of Drime Özer <small>''(Longchenpa)''</small> and heir to a treasury of mind-termas;<br></center>
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<center><noinclude><span class=TibUni16>འོད་གསལ་ཀློང་ཆེན་ནམ་མཁའི་རྣལ་འབྱོར་པ། །</span></noinclude><br></center>
 +
<center>Sky-like yogi of the luminescent, vast expansive<br></center>
 +
<center><noinclude><span class=TibUni16>འཇིག་མེད་གླིང་པའི་ཞབས་ལ་གསོལ་བ་འདེབས།། །།</span></noinclude><br></center>
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<center>Jigmé Lingpa, at your lotus feet I pray!<br></center>
 +
===Literary Works===
 +
See '''[[Writings of Jigme Lingpa]]'''
  
Mipham Rinpoche’s collected writings comprise twenty-seven volumes and cover a vast array of topics. Among his most influential writings are The [[Speech of Delight]]—a commentary on [[Shantarakshita]]'s [[Ornament of the Middle Way]], [[Gateway to Knowledge]]—which provides an overview of the Buddha’s teachings, and [[Beacon of Certainty]]—an elucidation of the view of the Great Perfection and its relationship to the Middle Way teachings.
 
 
Mipham’s most important students were [[Dodrupchen Rinpoche]], the Fifth [[Dzogchen Rinpoche]], Gemang Kyabgon, [[Khenpo Pema Dorje|Khenpo Padmavajra]], [[Gyaltrul Rinpoche|Palyul Gyaltrul]], Karma Yangtrul, [[Tai Situ Rinpoche|Palpung Situ Rinpoche]], Ling Jetrung, [[Adzom Drukpa]], Tokden [[Shakya Shri]], [[Jamyang Loter Wangpo|Ngor Ponlob]], and others. The great tulkus of [[Sechen Monastery]], [[Dzogchen Monastery]], [[Kathok Monastery]], [[Palyul Monastery]], [[Palpung Monastery]], [[Dege Gonchen]], [[Repkong]] and others of all lineages, [[Sakya]], [[Gelug]], [[Kagyu]], and [[Nyingma]], all became his disciples.
 
 
Jamgon Mipham Rinpoche was also instrumental in training some of last century’s most important [[Nyingma]] teachers. His most prominent students include [[Khenpo Kunpal]], [[Kathok Situ Rinpoche|Katok Situ]], [[Sechen Rabjam Rinpoche]], [[Khenpo Pema Dorje]], and the tertön [[Lerab Lingpa]].<br>
 
<center>'''''Verses by Ju Mipham'''''</center><br>
 
<center>''Whenever there is focus or reference on something, that is poison to the view.''</center>
 
<center>''Whenever there is contrivance or effort, that is a fault of meditation.''</center>
 
<center>''Whenever there is some reification of adopting and rejecting, conduct is lost.''</center>
 
<center>''May we realize pure reality, free of pain.''</center>
 
 
===Literary Works===
 
See '''[[Writings of Mipham]]'''<br>
 
 
===Main Teachers===
 
===Main Teachers===
*[[Mura Rinpoche Pema Dechen Zangpo]]
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*[[Longchenpa]]<br>
*[[Jamyang Khyentse Wangpo]]
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*[[Terton Rigdzin Thukchok Dorje]]
*[[Wangchen Gyerab Dorje]]
 
*[[Patrul Rinpoche]]<br>
 
  
 
===Main Students===
 
===Main Students===
*[[Khenpo Kunpal]]<br>
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*The four heart sons and lineage holders, [[The Four Jigmes]]
*[[Kathok Situ Rinpoche]]<br>
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*[[Jigme Trinley Ozer]], the first [[Dodrupchen Rinpoche]]
*[[Sechen Gyaltsab]]<br>
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*[[Jigme Gyalwe Nyuku]], root guru of [[Patrul Rinpoche]]
*[[Sechen Rabjam]]<br>
 
*[[Lerab Lingpa]]<br>
 
*[[Khenpo Shenga]]
 
*[[Troshul Khenpo Jampal Dorje]]
 
  
 
===Main Lineages===
 
===Main Lineages===
 
*[[Longchen Nyingthig]]<br>
 
*[[Longchen Nyingthig]]<br>
 +
*[[Vima Nyingthig]]
 +
*[[Khandro Nyingthig]]
  
===Alternate Names & Spellings===
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===Alternate Names===
*Lama Mipham Chokle Namgyel
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*[[Namkhai Naljor]]; [[nam mkha'i rnal 'byor]]<br>
*Jamgön Mipham Rinpoche
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*[[Drime Ozer]]; [[dri med 'od zer]]<br>
*Mipham Jamyang Gyamtso
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*[[Ranjung Dorje]]; [[rang byung rdo rje]]<br>
*Jampal Gyepe Dorje
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*[['jigs med gling pa mkhyen brtse 'od zer]] [primary name]
*Mipham Gyamtso
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*[[mkhyen brtse 'od zer]] [personal name]
*Jampal Dorje
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*[[rang byung rdo rje mkhyen brtse 'od zer]] [personal name]
*Lama Mipham
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*[[padma dbang chen]] [personal name]
*Ju Mipham
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*[[padma mkhyen brtse'i 'od zer]] [first ordination name]
*Jñanasara
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*[[Khyentse Lha]]
*Ajita
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*[[Dzogchenpa Rangjung Dorje]]
  
 
===Other Reference Sources===
 
===Other Reference Sources===
*[http://www.dharmafellowship.org/biographies/historicalsaints/mipham-namgyal.htm Biographies: The Life of Mipham Jamyang Namgyal (1846–1912)]
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*Thondup, Tulku (1996). ''Masters of Meditation and Miracles''. Boston: Shambhala Publications.<br> Contains a short biography of Jigme Lingpa and most of the primary masters of the Longchen Nyingthig lineage.<br>
*[http://www.google.com/books?id=-IfPeuDr8gwC&pg=PA19&source=gbs_toc_r&cad=0_0&sig=ACfU3U0rpeDDpLoiWUgezWbaEPBoBHSPgg#PPA19,M1 The Life and Works of Mipham Rinpoche]
 
*[http://anyenrinpoche.com/docs/Tsokv2.pdf Shower of Blessings Tsok Text Offered by Anyen Rinpoche]
 
*[http://www.rigpawiki.org/index.php?title=Mipham_Rinpoche_Timeline Mipham Rinpoche Timeline]
 
*Mipham's commentary on the Shambhala sections of the Kalachakra Tantra[http://www.mountaindev.com/d/shambhala.rtf]
 
*Mipham Rinpoche's The Sword of Knowledge with Khenchen Palden Sherab's commentary The Blazing Lights of the Sun and Moon[http://www.mountaindev.com/d/sral.pdf]
 
*"Molten Gold" The Pith Instruction on Looking Into the Mind; A Guide to the Mind entitled Liquid Gold Vomited from the Stomach of a Dog[http://www.turtlehill.org/miph.html]
 
*The Meaning Of The Vajra Seven Line Prayer To Guru Rinpoche[http://www.quietmountain.org/links/teachings/7_Line_Prayer_To_Guru_Rinpoche/7lnpryr.htm]
 
*Instruction on Attaining Inner Calm[http://www.turtlehill.org/calm.html]
 
*The Teaching of the Essential Point in Three Words[http://www.turtlehill.org/esse.html]
 
*The Lion's Roar Proclaiming Extrinsic Emptiness by Mipham Rinpoche[http://mahamadhyamaka.blogspot.com/2007/01/lions-roar-proclaiming-extrinsic.html]
 
*
 
  
 
===Internal Links===
 
===Internal Links===
*[[The Buddha's 80 Minor Marks]] explained by [[Mipham|Mipham Rinpoche]]
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*[[Longchen Nyingthig]]
*[[Commentary on the "Seven-lined Supplication to the Guru"]] Wylie text
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*[[Nyingthig]]
*[[Commentary to "The Supplication of the Vajra Verse"]] Wylie text
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*[[rdzogs pa chen po'i gnad gsum shan 'byod]]
 +
*[[man ngag rdzogs pa chen po'i rgyud phyi ma]]
 +
*[[kung tu bzang po'i dgongs nyams]]
  
 
===External Links===
 
===External Links===
*[http://www.tbrc.org/cgi-bin/tbrcdatx?do=so&resource=P252 Cataloged Writings of Mipham at TBRC]
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*[http://www.tbrc.org/cgi-bin/tbrcdatx?do=so&resource=P314 TBRC Page on Jigme Lingpa]
*[http://www.lotsawahouse.org/id9.html Mipham Rinpoche Series on Lotsawa House]
 
*[http://www.mipham-rinpoche.org homepage of the 3rd Jamgon Mipham Rinpoche]
 
*[http://groups.yahoo.com/group/mipham Mipham Yahoo group]
 
*[http://www.library.gov.bt/outlines/JuMipham.html Outline: Ju Mipham Sungbum / Mipham Karchag]
 
*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mipham Mipham Jamyang Gyatso at Wikipedia]
 
*[[http://www.bodhicittasangha.org/lang-en/teachings/important-texts Translations of Mipham text by Bodhicitta Sangha]
 
  
'''This page was developed by the [[Rime Foundation|Rimé Foundation]]'''
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[[Category:Tibetan Buddhist Teachers]]
 
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[[Category:Longchen Nyingthig Masters]]
[[Category:Key Terms]]
 
 
[[Category:Buddhist Masters]]
 
[[Category:Buddhist Masters]]
 
[[Category:Nyingma Masters]]
 
[[Category:Nyingma Masters]]
[[Category:Longchen Nyingthig Masters]]
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[[Category:Terton]]
[[Category:Dzogchen Masters]]
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[[Category:Key Terms]]
[[Category:Rime Masters]]
 

Revision as of 20:38, 16 December 2008

Jigme Lingpa (1730-1798)

འཇིགས་མེད་གླིང་པ།
'jigs med gling pa
རིག་འཛིན་འཇིགས་མེད་གླིང་པ།
rig 'dzin 'jigs med gling pa

Short Biography

Rigdzin Jigme Lingpa, Khyentse Ozer (1730-1798), was regarded as an incarnation of both King Trisong Deutsen and Vimalamitra. His most enduring contributions to the Tibetan tradition are his revealed teachings, the Longchen Nyingthig, the diverse body of literature he composed, and the amazing lineage of realized masters that have followed in his wake, which includes Patrul Rinpoche, Do Khyentse Yeshe Dorje and Jamyang Khyentse Wangpo.

Unlike many masters of the Tibetan tradition that went on to compose influential philosophical treatises, Jigme Lingpa did not receive extensive educational training. Neither was he a recognized reincarnation, a tulku. Instead, his great realization came directly through practice. In particular, it came from a series of three visions he had of the great master Longchenpa while in retreat at the Samye Chimpu. In these visions, Jigme Lingpa received the entire transmission of Longchen Rabjam's works, both their words and meanings, and his mind eventually merged completely with that of Longchenpa's.

Following his pivotal retreat at Samye Chimpu, Jigme Lingpa went on to found one of the most influential lineages in the Nyingma tradition. In the centuries since his passing, the inheritors of the Longchen Nyingthig have proven to be some of the greatest scholars, meditation masters and realized yogis in recent history. Many of his literary works, particularly the Treasury of Precious Qualities (yon tan mdzod), continue to be widely studied in Nyingma educational institutions, while his works on tantric practice, such as the famed yeshe lama, are among the most commonly taught practice manuals.

Rigdzin Jigme Lingpa (1729-1798) was considered to be an emanation of the great pandita Vimalamitra, of King Trisong Detsen, of Longchen Rabjam (13O8-1363), of Ngari Panchen Pema Wangyal (1487-1542), and of many other sages. He was also the immediate reembodiment of Choje Lingpa, also known as Orgyen Rogje Lingpa (1682-1725). [RY]


ཤེས་བྱ་ཀུན་མཁྱེན་འགྲོ་ལ་རྗེས་བརྩེའི་གཏེར། །
You who know all that’s knowable, source of compassion for all beings,
དྲི་མེད་འོད་ཟེར་ཡང་སྤྲུལ་ཐུགས་གཏེར་མཛོད། །
The emanation of Drime Özer (Longchenpa) and heir to a treasury of mind-termas;
འོད་གསལ་ཀློང་ཆེན་ནམ་མཁའི་རྣལ་འབྱོར་པ། །
Sky-like yogi of the luminescent, vast expansive
འཇིག་མེད་གླིང་པའི་ཞབས་ལ་གསོལ་བ་འདེབས།། །།
Jigmé Lingpa, at your lotus feet I pray!

Literary Works

See Writings of Jigme Lingpa

Main Teachers

Main Students

Main Lineages

Alternate Names

Other Reference Sources

  • Thondup, Tulku (1996). Masters of Meditation and Miracles. Boston: Shambhala Publications.
    Contains a short biography of Jigme Lingpa and most of the primary masters of the Longchen Nyingthig lineage.

Internal Links

External Links