Padmasambhava (pad ma 'byung gnas). 'Lotus-born.' Same as Guru Rinpoche. Padmakara and Padmasambhava are interchangeable in Tibetan literature, sometimes the Tibetan translation Pema Jungney is used in Tibetan literature, sometimes the Sanskrit.
From Lamrim Yeshe Nyingpo root text, opening verses:
"The essence of all the buddhas of the three times, the supreme sovereign of all power-wielding vidyadharas, the all-encompassing lord of the ocean of peaceful and wrathful yidams (yi dam), the chief of the gatherings of all the dakas and dakinis, the great being who by his splendor outshines all the vajra protectors of the Dharma and the haughty forces of appearance and existence, is the one renowned throughout the infinite realms of the teachers of the Three Kayas as Mahaguru Padmasambhava." RY
Names & Titles
- Guru Padma - the Lotus Master, Guru Rinpoche, Padmakara, the Precious Master, The Lotus Born, Lotus Born master, Master Padma.
- Names of Padmasambhava
Other Reference Sources
- Dudjom Rinpoche (1991). The Nyingma School of Tibetan Buddhism: Its Fundamentals and History. Translated by Gyurme Dorje and Matthew Kapstein. Boston: Wisdom Publications.
- Thondup, Tulku. Masters of Meditation and Miracles. Boston: Shambhala Publications, 1996.
- Nyoshul Khenpo Jamyang Dorjé. A Marvelous Garland of Rare Gems. Junction City: Padma Publishing, 2005.
- The Lotus-Born; the terma version of Padmasambhava's life revealed by Nyang Ral Nyima Ozer. ISBN 962-7341-55-4
- Padmasambava. His Life and Times;
- The Life and Liberation of Padmasambhava; the terma version of his biography in poetic verse form, revealed by Orgyen Lingpa.
- A Short Biography of Padmasambhava from the Precious Garland of Lapis Lazuli by Jamgon Kongtrul
- Padmakara and the Four Vidyadhara Levels by Khenpo Jokyab Rinpoche