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Lotsawa Workbench The Lotsawa Workbench is an initiative of the Tsadra Foundation research department. Currently, this is just a test and we welcome any comments and suggestions. We hope to invite collaboration from users and stakeholders from Dharma groups as well as academia. Please contact us if you are interested in developing this project with us: research AT tsadra DOT org.

རིག་པ་
rig pa

The information below is kindly provided by the following translation teams and projects: 84000, Tsadra Foundation.

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Date Author/Translator Book Wylie Meaning
2022 {{#arraymap: Blankleder, H.;Fletcher, W.;Padmakara Translation Group;Khang sar bstan pa'i dbang phyug;Klong chen pa ; @@@ @@@

}}

The Precious Treasury of the Fundamental Nature {{#arraymap: {{#arraymap: rig pa ; @@@ @@@ ,

}}

, @@@ @@@

}}

English
{{#arraymap: awareness
, @@@ @@@

}}


2021 {{#arraymap: Cabezón, J.;Conlon, R.;Doctor, T.;Duckworth, D.;Garfield, J.;Forman, J.;Powers, J.;Thakchöe, Sonam;Thabkhe, Yeshe;Tsering, Tashi;Yakherds ; @@@ @@@

}}

Knowing Illusion - Vol. 1 (The Yakherds 2021) {{#arraymap: {{#arraymap: rig pa ; @@@ @@@ ,

}}

, @@@ @@@

}}

Sanskrit
{{#arraymap: vidyā
, @@@ @@@

}}

English
{{#arraymap: cognition
, @@@ @@@

}}


2021 {{#arraymap: Cabezón, J.;Conlon, R.;Doctor, T.;Duckworth, D.;Garfield, J.;Forman, J.;Powers, J.;Thakchöe, Sonam;Thabkhe, Yeshe;Tsering, Tashi;Yakherds ; @@@ @@@

}}

Knowing Illusion - Vol. 1 (The Yakherds 2021) {{#arraymap: {{#arraymap: rig pa ; @@@ @@@ ,

}}

, @@@ @@@

}}

Sanskrit
{{#arraymap: vedyā
, @@@ @@@

}}

English
{{#arraymap: cognition
, @@@ @@@

}}


2021 {{#arraymap: Cabezón, J.;Conlon, R.;Doctor, T.;Garfield, J.;Powers, J.;Thakchöe, Sonam;Yakherds ; @@@ @@@

}}

Knowing Illusion - Vol. 2 (The Yakherds 2021) {{#arraymap: {{#arraymap: rig pa ; @@@ @@@ ,

}}

, @@@ @@@

}}

Sanskrit
{{#arraymap: vidyā
, @@@ @@@

}}

English
{{#arraymap: cognition
, @@@ @@@

}}


2021 {{#arraymap: Cabezón, J.;Conlon, R.;Doctor, T.;Garfield, J.;Powers, J.;Thakchöe, Sonam;Yakherds ; @@@ @@@

}}

Knowing Illusion - Vol. 2 (The Yakherds 2021) {{#arraymap: {{#arraymap: rig pa ; @@@ @@@ ,

}}

, @@@ @@@

}}

Sanskrit
{{#arraymap: vidyā
, @@@ @@@

}}

English
{{#arraymap: cognition
, @@@ @@@

}}


2021 {{#arraymap: Fletcher, W.;Padmakara Translation Group;Blankleder, H.;Zhechen Gyaltsab, 4th ; @@@ @@@

}}

A Chariot to Freedom {{#arraymap: {{#arraymap: rig pa ; @@@ @@@ ,

}}

, @@@ @@@

}}

Sanskrit
{{#arraymap: vidyā
, @@@ @@@

}}

English
{{#arraymap: awareness
, @@@ @@@

}}

Definition
In the teachings of the Great Perfection, the original state of the mind, fresh, vast, luminous, and beyond thought.


2019 {{#arraymap: Callahan, E.;Dwags po bkra shis rnam rgyal;Karmapa, 9th ; @@@ @@@

}}

Moonbeams of Mahāmudrā (Callahan) {{#arraymap: {{#arraymap: rig pa ; @@@ @@@ ,

}}

, @@@ @@@

}}

English
{{#arraymap: awareness,be aware,recognize
, @@@ @@@

}}


2019 {{#arraymap: Gray, D.;tsong kha pa ; @@@ @@@

}}

Illumination of the Hidden Meaning Part 2 {{#arraymap: {{#arraymap: rig pa ; @@@ @@@ ,

}}

, @@@ @@@

}}

Sanskrit
{{#arraymap: vidyā
, @@@ @@@

}}

English
{{#arraymap: spell
, @@@ @@@

}}


2019 {{#arraymap: Gray, D.;tsong kha pa ; @@@ @@@

}}

Illumination of the Hidden Meaning Part 2 {{#arraymap: {{#arraymap: rig pa,rig ma ; @@@ @@@ ,

}}

, @@@ @@@

}}

Sanskrit
{{#arraymap: vidyā
, @@@ @@@

}}

English
{{#arraymap: spell,sacred knowledge consort
, @@@ @@@

}}


2019 {{#arraymap: Gray, D.;tsong kha pa ; @@@ @@@

}}

Illumination of the Hidden Meaning Part 2 {{#arraymap: {{#arraymap: rig pa ; @@@ @@@ ,

}}

, @@@ @@@

}}

Sanskrit
{{#arraymap: vidyā
, @@@ @@@

}}

English
{{#arraymap: spell,sacred knowledge
, @@@ @@@

}}


2019 {{#arraymap: Gray, D.;tsong kha pa ; @@@ @@@

}}

Illumination of the Hidden Meaning Part 2 {{#arraymap: {{#arraymap: rig pa ; @@@ @@@ ,

}}

, @@@ @@@

}}

Sanskrit
{{#arraymap: vidyā
, @@@ @@@

}}

English
{{#arraymap: sacred knowledge
, @@@ @@@

}}


2017 {{#arraymap: Gray, D.;tsong kha pa ; @@@ @@@

}}

Illumination of the Hidden Meaning Part 1 {{#arraymap: {{#arraymap: rig pa,rig ma ; @@@ @@@ ,

}}

, @@@ @@@

}}

Sanskrit
{{#arraymap: vidyā
, @@@ @@@

}}

English
{{#arraymap: spell,sacred knowledge,consort
, @@@ @@@

}}


2017 {{#arraymap: Gray, D.;tsong kha pa ; @@@ @@@

}}

Illumination of the Hidden Meaning Part 1 {{#arraymap: {{#arraymap: rig pa ; @@@ @@@ ,

}}

, @@@ @@@

}}

Sanskrit
{{#arraymap: vidyā
, @@@ @@@

}}

English
{{#arraymap: spell,sacred knowledge
, @@@ @@@

}}


2017 {{#arraymap: Gray, D.;tsong kha pa ; @@@ @@@

}}

Illumination of the Hidden Meaning Part 1 {{#arraymap: {{#arraymap: rig pa ; @@@ @@@ ,

}}

, @@@ @@@

}}

Sanskrit
{{#arraymap: vidyā
, @@@ @@@

}}

English
{{#arraymap: sacred knowledge
, @@@ @@@

}}


2017 {{#arraymap: Canti, J.;Duckworth, D.;Fletcher, W.;Sheehy, M.;Deroche, M.;Harding, S.;Holmes-Tagchungdarpa, A.;Gayley, H.;Ronis, J.;Willock, N.;Draszczyk, M.;Barstow, G.;Schapiro, J. ; @@@ @@@

}}

A Gathering of Brilliant Moons {{#arraymap: {{#arraymap: rig pa ; @@@ @@@ ,

}}

, @@@ @@@

}}

Definition
Awareness.


2017 {{#arraymap: Gray, D.;tsong kha pa ; @@@ @@@

}}

Illumination of the Hidden Meaning Part 1 {{#arraymap: {{#arraymap: rig pa ; @@@ @@@ ,

}}

, @@@ @@@

}}

Sanskrit
{{#arraymap: vidyā
, @@@ @@@

}}

English
{{#arraymap: spell
, @@@ @@@

}}


2016 {{#arraymap: Dorje, G.;Chos dbyings stobs ldan rdo rje ; @@@ @@@

}}

The Complete Nyingma Tradition from Sutra to Tantra, Books 15 to 17 Vol. 2 {{#arraymap: {{#arraymap: rig pa ; @@@ @@@ ,

}}

, @@@ @@@

}}

Sanskrit
{{#arraymap: vidyā
, @@@ @@@

}}

English
{{#arraymap: awareness
, @@@ @@@

}}


2016 {{#arraymap: Charrier, C.;Dwags po bkra shis rnam rgyal ; @@@ @@@

}}

Lumière de diamant {{#arraymap: {{#arraymap: rig pa ; @@@ @@@ ,

}}

, @@@ @@@

}}

Sanskrit
{{#arraymap: vidyā
, @@@ @@@

}}

French
{{#arraymap: connaissance,présence éveillée
, @@@ @@@

}}


2015 {{#arraymap: Klein, A.;Sangpo, Khetsun ; @@@ @@@

}}

Strand of Jewels {{#arraymap: {{#arraymap: rig pa ; @@@ @@@ ,

}}

, @@@ @@@

}}

English
{{#arraymap: sheer awareness presence
, @@@ @@@

}}


2015 {{#arraymap: Klein, A.;Sangpo, Khetsun ; @@@ @@@

}}

Strand of Jewels {{#arraymap: {{#arraymap: rig pa ; @@@ @@@ ,

}}

, @@@ @@@

}}

Sanskrit
{{#arraymap: vidyā,vedana
, @@@ @@@

}}

English
{{#arraymap: sheer awareness
, @@@ @@@

}}


2014 {{#arraymap: Chonam, Lama;Khandro, Sangye;Light of Berotsana;Lingpa, Dudjom;Pema Lungtok Gyatso ; @@@ @@@

}}

Dudjom Lingpa's Chöd {{#arraymap: {{#arraymap: rig pa ; @@@ @@@ ,

}}

, @@@ @@@

}}

Sanskrit
{{#arraymap: vidyā
, @@@ @@@

}}

English
{{#arraymap: awareness
, @@@ @@@

}}


2014 {{#arraymap: Charrier, C.;Brunnhölzl, K. ; @@@ @@@

}}

Au cœur du ciel, Vol. II {{#arraymap: {{#arraymap: rig pa ; @@@ @@@ ,

}}

, @@@ @@@

}}

Sanskrit
{{#arraymap: vidyā
, @@@ @@@

}}

French
{{#arraymap: connaissance (claire)
, @@@ @@@

}}


2014 {{#arraymap: Charrier, C.;Brunnhölzl, K. ; @@@ @@@

}}

Au cœur du ciel, Vol. II {{#arraymap: {{#arraymap: rig pa ; @@@ @@@ ,

}}

, @@@ @@@

}}

Sanskrit
{{#arraymap: vidyā
, @@@ @@@

}}

French
{{#arraymap: connaissance
, @@@ @@@

}}


2012 {{#arraymap: Dorje, G.;'jam mgon kong sprul ; @@@ @@@

}}

Indo-Tibetan Classical Learning and Buddhist Phenomenology {{#arraymap: {{#arraymap: rig pa ; @@@ @@@ ,

}}

, @@@ @@@

}}

Sanskrit
{{#arraymap: vidyā
, @@@ @@@

}}

English
{{#arraymap: awareness,intelligence,cognitive phenomena
, @@@ @@@

}}


2012 {{#arraymap: Dorje, G.;'jam mgon kong sprul ; @@@ @@@

}}

Indo-Tibetan Classical Learning and Buddhist Phenomenology {{#arraymap: {{#arraymap: rig pa ; @@@ @@@ ,

}}

, @@@ @@@

}}

Sanskrit
{{#arraymap: vidyā
, @@@ @@@

}}

English
{{#arraymap: awareness,intelligence,knowledge
, @@@ @@@

}}


2012 {{#arraymap: Dorje, G.;'jam mgon kong sprul ; @@@ @@@

}}

Indo-Tibetan Classical Learning and Buddhist Phenomenology {{#arraymap: {{#arraymap: rig pa ; @@@ @@@ ,

}}

, @@@ @@@

}}

Sanskrit
{{#arraymap: yukti
, @@@ @@@

}}

English
{{#arraymap: resolve [to attain the objective of a plot]
, @@@ @@@

}}


2011 {{#arraymap: Barron, R.;'jam mgon kong sprul ; @@@ @@@

}}

Journey and Goal {{#arraymap: {{#arraymap: rig pa ; @@@ @@@ ,

}}

, @@@ @@@

}}

Sanskrit
{{#arraymap: vidyā
, @@@ @@@

}}

English
{{#arraymap: pure awareness
, @@@ @@@

}}


2011 {{#arraymap: Barron, R.;Padma Translation Committee;Klong chen pa ; @@@ @@@

}}

A Treasure Trove of Scriptural Transmission {{#arraymap: {{#arraymap: rig pa ; @@@ @@@ ,

}}

, @@@ @@@

}}

English
{{#arraymap: awareness
, @@@ @@@

}}


2011 {{#arraymap: Komarovski, Y. ; @@@ @@@

}}

Visions of Unity {{#arraymap: {{#arraymap: rig pa ; @@@ @@@ ,

}}

, @@@ @@@

}}

Sanskrit
{{#arraymap: vidya
, @@@ @@@

}}

English
{{#arraymap: cognition
, @@@ @@@

}}


2011 {{#arraymap: Roberts, P. ; @@@ @@@

}}

Mahāmudrā and Related Instructions {{#arraymap: {{#arraymap: rig pa ; @@@ @@@ ,

}}

, @@@ @@@

}}

Sanskrit
{{#arraymap: vidyā
, @@@ @@@

}}

Definition
The term vidyā can be interpreted as knowledge, a magical spell or mantra, or even as a consort (in which case it is translated into Tibetan as rig ma). See also knowing


2010 {{#arraymap: Charrier, C.;Dwags po bkra shis rnam rgyal ; @@@ @@@

}}

Rayons de lune {{#arraymap: {{#arraymap: rig pa ; @@@ @@@ ,

}}

, @@@ @@@

}}

French
{{#arraymap: faculté cognitive,connaissance,conscience ; connaissance intuitive immédiate,conscience éveillée
, @@@ @@@

}}


2010 {{#arraymap: Achard, J-L. ; @@@ @@@

}}

The Precepts in Eight Chapters {{#arraymap: {{#arraymap: rig pa ; @@@ @@@ ,

}}

, @@@ @@@

}}

English
{{#arraymap: Awareness
, @@@ @@@

}}

Definition
The direct, non-discursive knowledge of the natural state. It discerns (rig) its own nature in the same way a butter-lamp illuminates itself and its surroundings. This has nothing to do with an idea of “presence” which is a mental event and is basically a more or less subjective mental sensation. Obviously, the Awareness of Dzogchen is entirely different and does not depend on such sensations, consciousnesses, etc.


2009 {{#arraymap: Zahler, L. ; @@@ @@@

}}

Study and Practice of Meditation {{#arraymap: {{#arraymap: rig pa ; @@@ @@@ ,

}}

, @@@ @@@

}}

Sanskrit
{{#arraymap: samvedana
, @@@ @@@

}}

English
{{#arraymap: knower
, @@@ @@@

}}


2009 {{#arraymap: Klein, A. ; @@@ @@@

}}

Meeting the Great Bliss Queen (2009) {{#arraymap: {{#arraymap: rig pa ; @@@ @@@ ,

}}

, @@@ @@@

}}

English
{{#arraymap: INNATE AWARENESS
, @@@ @@@

}}

Definition
A mind's natural and clear awareness of itself, a state identified for Great Completeness practitioners so that they can discover it in the course of their training


2009 {{#arraymap: Zahler, L. ; @@@ @@@

}}

Study and Practice of Meditation {{#arraymap: {{#arraymap: rig pa ; @@@ @@@ ,

}}

, @@@ @@@

}}

Sanskrit
{{#arraymap: saṃvedana
, @@@ @@@

}}

English
{{#arraymap: knower
, @@@ @@@

}}


2009 {{#arraymap: Zahler, L. ; @@@ @@@

}}

Study and Practice of Meditation {{#arraymap: {{#arraymap: rig pa ; @@@ @@@ ,

}}

, @@@ @@@

}}

Sanskrit
{{#arraymap: saṃvedana
, @@@ @@@

}}

English
{{#arraymap: knower
, @@@ @@@

}}


2008 {{#arraymap: Chonam, Lama;Khandro, S.;Light of Berotsana;'jigs med gling pa ; @@@ @@@

}}

Yeshe Lama (2008, Snow Lion) {{#arraymap: {{#arraymap: rig pa ; @@@ @@@ ,

}}

, @@@ @@@

}}

Sanskrit
{{#arraymap: vidyā
, @@@ @@@

}}

English
{{#arraymap: awareness
, @@@ @@@

}}


2007 {{#arraymap: Gray, D. ; @@@ @@@

}}

The Cakrasamvara Tantra (The Discourse of Sri Heruka) - A Study and Annotated Translation (2007) {{#arraymap: {{#arraymap: phyag rgya,rig pa,shes rab ; @@@ @@@ ,

}}

, @@@ @@@

}}

Sanskrit
{{#arraymap: mudrā,vidyā,prajñā
, @@@ @@@

}}

English
{{#arraymap: consort
, @@@ @@@

}}


2007 {{#arraymap: Gray, D. ; @@@ @@@

}}

The Cakrasamvara Tantra (The Discourse of Sri Heruka) - A Study and Annotated Translation (2007) {{#arraymap: {{#arraymap: rig pa ; @@@ @@@ ,

}}

, @@@ @@@

}}

Sanskrit
{{#arraymap: vidyā
, @@@ @@@

}}

English
{{#arraymap: sacred knowledge
, @@@ @@@

}}


2007 {{#arraymap: Gray, D. ; @@@ @@@

}}

The Cakrasamvara Tantra (The Discourse of Sri Heruka) - A Study and Annotated Translation (2007) {{#arraymap: {{#arraymap: rig pa ; @@@ @@@ ,

}}

, @@@ @@@

}}

Sanskrit
{{#arraymap: vidya
, @@@ @@@

}}

English
{{#arraymap: spell
, @@@ @@@

}}


2007 {{#arraymap: Gray, D. ; @@@ @@@

}}

The Cakrasamvara Tantra (The Discourse of Sri Heruka) - A Study and Annotated Translation (2007) {{#arraymap: {{#arraymap: rig pa ; @@@ @@@ ,

}}

, @@@ @@@

}}

Sanskrit
{{#arraymap: vidyā
, @@@ @@@

}}

English
{{#arraymap: consort,spell,sacred knowledge
, @@@ @@@

}}


2007 {{#arraymap: Gray, D. ; @@@ @@@

}}

The Cakrasamvara Tantra (The Discourse of Sri Heruka) - A Study and Annotated Translation (2007) {{#arraymap: {{#arraymap: rig pa ; @@@ @@@ ,

}}

, @@@ @@@

}}

Sanskrit
{{#arraymap: vidyā
, @@@ @@@

}}

English
{{#arraymap: consort,spell,sacred knowledge
, @@@ @@@

}}


2006 {{#arraymap: Padmakara Translation Group;Gethin, S.;Khyentse, Dilgo ; @@@ @@@

}}

Zurchungpa's Testament (Padmakara 2006) {{#arraymap: {{#arraymap: rig pa ; @@@ @@@ ,

}}

, @@@ @@@

}}

Sanskrit
{{#arraymap: vidya
, @@@ @@@

}}

Definition
The original state of the mind: fresh, vast, luminous, and beyond thought


2006 {{#arraymap: Dahl, C.;Doctor, A.;The Dharmachakra Translation Committee;'jigs med gling pa;Dpal sprul o rgyan ʼjigs med chos kyi dbang po;dge rtse ma hA paN+Di ta tshe dbang mchog grub ; @@@ @@@

}}

Deity Mantra and Wisdom {{#arraymap: {{#arraymap: rig pa ; @@@ @@@ ,

}}

, @@@ @@@

}}

English
{{#arraymap: awareness
, @@@ @@@

}}


2006 {{#arraymap: Hopkins, J.;Mi pham rgya mtsho;Sangpo, Khetsun ; @@@ @@@

}}

Fundamental Mind {{#arraymap: {{#arraymap: rig pa ; @@@ @@@ ,

}}

, @@@ @@@

}}

English
{{#arraymap: basic knowledge
, @@@ @@@

}}


2006 {{#arraymap: Barron, R.;Fairclough, S.;Bdud 'joms gling pa ; @@@ @@@

}}

Buddhahood Without Meditation {{#arraymap: {{#arraymap: rig pa ; @@@ @@@ ,

}}

, @@@ @@@

}}

Sanskrit
{{#arraymap: vidyā
, @@@ @@@

}}

Definition
(the recognition of) intrinsic awareness, whereupon the ground of being becomes evident, with the true nature of mind present as the dynamic energy of such awareness; its "ground aspect" is awareness of the fundamental nature of the ground of being; its "path aspect" is the ongoing experience of unsullied lucid awareness [awareness (cs); cognitive excitation, wholeness in ecstatic intensity, cognitively intensificatory (FRC); immediate awareness, state of contemplation (GL); pure awareness (KB, NJ, PC); pure cognitiveness, non-representationally cognitive (KB); innate wisdom or wakefulness, pure presence, primordial being (NGP); awareness (NS, WPT); flash of awareness, flash of knowing that gives awareness its (illumining) quality (PE)]


2005 {{#arraymap: Batchelor, S.;Rabten, Geshe ; @@@ @@@

}}

The Mind and its Functions {{#arraymap: {{#arraymap: rig pa ; @@@ @@@ ,

}}

, @@@ @@@

}}

English
{{#arraymap: Cognition
, @@@ @@@

}}


2004 {{#arraymap: Brunnhölzl, K.;Pawo Rinpoche, 2nd ; @@@ @@@

}}

The Center of the Sunlit Sky {{#arraymap: {{#arraymap: rig pa ; @@@ @@@ ,

}}

, @@@ @@@

}}

Sanskrit
{{#arraymap: vidyā
, @@@ @@@

}}

English
{{#arraymap: awareness
, @@@ @@@

}}


2004 {{#arraymap: Doctor, T.;Dharmachakra Translation Committee;Mi pham rgya mtsho ; @@@ @@@

}}

Speech of Delight {{#arraymap: {{#arraymap: rig pa ; @@@ @@@ ,

}}

, @@@ @@@

}}

English
{{#arraymap: awareness
, @@@ @@@

}}


2004 {{#arraymap: Doctor, T.;Dharmachakra Translation Committee;Mi pham rgya mtsho ; @@@ @@@

}}

Speech of Delight {{#arraymap: {{#arraymap: rig pa ; @@@ @@@ ,

}}

, @@@ @@@

}}

English
{{#arraymap: awareness
, @@@ @@@

}}


2004 {{#arraymap: Brunnhölzl, K.;Pawo Rinpoche, 2nd ; @@@ @@@

}}

The Center of the Sunlit Sky {{#arraymap: {{#arraymap: rig pa ; @@@ @@@ ,

}}

, @@@ @@@

}}

Sanskrit
{{#arraymap: vidyā
, @@@ @@@

}}

English
{{#arraymap: awareness
, @@@ @@@

}}


2004 {{#arraymap: Palmo, A. J. ; @@@ @@@

}}

The Great Image {{#arraymap: {{#arraymap: rig pa ; @@@ @@@ ,

}}

, @@@ @@@

}}

Sanskrit
{{#arraymap: vidya
, @@@ @@@

}}

English
{{#arraymap: awareness
, @@@ @@@

}}

Definition
When referring to the view of the Great Perfection, awareness means consciousness devoid of ignorance and dualistic fixation.


2003 {{#arraymap: Harding, S.;Ma gcig lab sgron ; @@@ @@@

}}

Machik's Complete Explanation (2013) {{#arraymap: {{#arraymap: rig pa ; @@@ @@@ ,

}}

, @@@ @@@

}}

English
{{#arraymap: Intrinsic awareness
, @@@ @@@

}}

Definition
The nature of mind itself, pure of ignorance and afflictive emotions. From a Tibetan Buddhist viewpoint, this is the basic nature of mind which is concealed by ignorance.


2003 {{#arraymap: Harding, S.;Ma gcig lab sgron ; @@@ @@@

}}

Machik's Complete Explanation (2003) {{#arraymap: {{#arraymap: rig pa ; @@@ @@@ ,

}}

, @@@ @@@

}}

English
{{#arraymap: Intrinsic awareness
, @@@ @@@

}}

Definition
The nature of mind itself, pure of ignorance and afflictive emotions. From a Tibetan Buddhist viewpoint, this is the basic nature of mind which is concealed by ignorance.


1999 {{#arraymap: Padmakara Translation Group;Rgyal ba byang chub;Nam mkha'i snying po ; @@@ @@@

}}

Lady of the Lotus-Born {{#arraymap: {{#arraymap: rig pa ; @@@ @@@ ,

}}

, @@@ @@@

}}

English
{{#arraymap: AWARENESS
, @@@ @@@

}}

Definition
The primordial state of the mind, clear, awake, free from grasping: the union of emptiness and clarity.


1993 {{#arraymap: Kunsang, E.;Ye shes mtsho rgyal;Nyang ral nyi ma 'od zer;Rtse le sna tshogs rang grol ; @@@ @@@

}}

The Lotus-Born {{#arraymap: {{#arraymap: rig pa ; @@@ @@@ ,

}}

, @@@ @@@

}}

Sanskrit
{{#arraymap: vidya
, @@@ @@@

}}

English
{{#arraymap: Awareness
, @@@ @@@

}}

Definition
When referring to the view of the Great Perfection, "awareness" means consciousness devoid of ignorance and dualistic fixation.


1992 {{#arraymap: Perdue, D. ; @@@ @@@

}}

Debate in Tibetan Buddhism {{#arraymap: {{#arraymap: rig pa ; @@@ @@@ ,

}}

, @@@ @@@

}}

Sanskrit
{{#arraymap: saṃvedana
, @@@ @@@

}}

English
{{#arraymap: knower
, @@@ @@@

}}


1986 {{#arraymap: Napper, E.;Lati Rinpoche ; @@@ @@@

}}

Mind in Tibetan Buddhism {{#arraymap: {{#arraymap: rig pa ; @@@ @@@ ,

}}

, @@@ @@@

}}

Sanskrit
{{#arraymap: saṃvedana
, @@@ @@@

}}

English
{{#arraymap: knower
, @@@ @@@

}}


1986 {{#arraymap: Willson, Martin ; @@@ @@@

}}

In Praise of Tara {{#arraymap: {{#arraymap: sngags,rig sngags,rig pa,gsang sngags ; @@@ @@@ ,

}}

, @@@ @@@

}}

Sanskrit
{{#arraymap: mantra,vidyā,guhya-mantra
, @@@ @@@

}}

Definition
because mantras play such a key role in its practice, Tantra or Vajrayāna is often called Mantra, or the M. Vehicle. Their nature is discussed in many books, such as Lama Govinda's.


1974 {{#arraymap: Tsuda, S. ; @@@ @@@

}}

The Saṁvarodaya-Tantra {{#arraymap: {{#arraymap: rig pa ; @@@ @@@ ,

}}

, @@@ @@@

}}

Sanskrit
{{#arraymap: vidyā
, @@@ @@@

}}