Difference between revisions of "Patrul Rinpoche"

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'''Patrül Rinpoche''', Jigmé Chökyi Wangpo (Tib: dpal sprul 'jigs med chos kyi dbang po) 1808-1887
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'''Longchen Nyingthig''' ([[klong chen snying thig]]) - '''Heart Essence of the Vast Expanse'''
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----
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The Longchen Nyingthig is a [[Terma]] cycle revealed by the master [[Jigme Lingpa]]. Since its inception in the late 18th century, it has become one of the most widespread set of teachings in the [[Nyingma]] tradition. It is particularly known and loved for its extensive commentarial literature, which includes practice manuals such as the famed ''[[Yeshe Lama]]''.
  
Patrül Rinpoche was born in the Dzachuka valley of Eastern Tibet. Although he is generally considered to have been the speech incarnation of the great tertön [[Jigme Lingpa]], Patrül Rinpoche was originally recognized as an incarnation of Palgé Tülku, a lama from Dzogchen Monastery. The first [[Dodrupchen Rinpoche]], one of Jigme Lingpa's two main disciples, entrusted young Patrül with the [[Longchen Nyingthik]] lineage shortly after the recognition. He practiced, studied, and taught this lineage throughout his life.
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These teachings were originally transmitted by the master [[Padmasambhava]] to [[King Trisong Deutsen]], the [[Dakini]] [[Yeshe Tsogyal]] & the [[Lotsawa]] [[Vairochana]] at [[Samye Monastery]] in central Tibet. As the time for these teachings to spread was not yet right, they were then written in symbolic script by Yeshe Tsogyal, entrusted to the Dakinis, and hidden--to be revealed at a later time. The king later reincarnated as the [[Treasure Reavealer]] Jigme Lingpa, who recalled the teachings he had received and, recognizing the time was ripe for them to be practiced, put them to writing and began to teach.
  
Patrül Rinpoche studied with many different masters. His two main teachers, however, were Jigmé Lingpa's second main disciple, [[Jigme Gyalwe Nyugu]], and the great tantric yogi [[Do Khyentse Yeshe Dorje]], the mind incarnation of Jigmé Lingpa. Under these and other important lamas, he studied a vast array of topics, from the foundational teachings of the Hinayana up to the most profound and secret oral instructions of the [[Great Perfection]].
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Jigme Lingpa, the [[Terton]] who revealed this cycle of teachings, was a reincarnation of two important masters, [[Vimalamitra]] and [[King Trisong Deutsen]]. As the embodiment of these two figures, Tibet's  two primary [[Dzogchen]] lineages were combined in Jigme Lingpa--the [[Vima Nyingthig]] & [[Khandro Nyingthig]], both of which are contained in the [[Nyingthig Yabshi]]. Hence, the Longchen Nyingthig terma cycle is considered a condensation of these profound teachings.
  
At the age of twenty, Patrül Rinpoche left the residence of his predecessor and took up the life of a wandering hermit. For the rest of his days, Patrül wandered from mountain retreats to large monasteries, practicing the teachings, instructing students, and composing commentaries on important texts and practices. Though he was master of the Great Perfection teachings, he had a passion for teaching the [[Mahayana]] as well. He taught [[Shantideva]]'s [[Bodhicaryavatara]] over a hundred times. Throughout his life, Patrül Rinpoche demonstrated the impeccable life of a true siddha/scholar; he kept few possessions, had no fixed abode, and was often mistaken for a beggar due to his humble appearance.
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The texts that were revealed by Jigme Lingpa, in their present day form, comprise three volumes, known as the [[Nyingthig Tsapod]] ([[snying thig rtsa pod]]). The numerous treatises, sadhanas and prayers it contains deal primarily with tantric practice, in particular the stages of [[Development Stage]] and [[Dzogchen]].
  
In addition to the many stories of his life and exploits, which remain a much treasured part of Tibetan Buddhist lore, Patrül Rinpoche's writings have proven to be some of the most influential in recent history. His texts range from scholastic tomes on Mahayana philosophy to pithy poems on how to apply Buddhist principles in daily life. In particular, his text ''[[The Words of My Perfect Teacher]]'' (Tib: [[kun bzang bla ma'i zhal lung]]), a commentary on the Great Perfection preliminary practices, is studied in all of Tibetan Buddhism's four main lineages. He also composed a profound commentary on [[The Three Words that Strike the Vital Point]], known in Tibetan as[[Tsigsum Nedek]].
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===Lineage===
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*The '''primary lineage''' is as follows:
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**[[Samantabhadra]] - ([Dharmakaya]]<br>
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**[[Vajrasattva]] - [[Sambhogakaya]])br>
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**[[Garab Dorje]] - [[Nirmanakaya]])br>[[Garap Dorje]] [[Prahevajra]]
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**[[Manjushrimitra]]<br>
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**[[Shri Singha]]<br>
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**[[Vimalamitra]]<br>
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**[[Padmasambhava]]<br>
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**[[Yeshe Tsogyal]]<br>
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**[[Trisong Deutsen]]<br>
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**[[Longchenpa]]<br>
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**[[Jigme Lingpa]]<br>
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**[[Jigme Trinle Ozer]] & [[Jigme Gyalwe Nyugu]]<br>
  
Patrül Rinpoche's heart disciple was Lungtok Tenpé Nyima, who lived with him for twenty-eight years. His other disciples include some of the 19th century's most outstanding masters. Among them were Mipham Rinpoche, Khenpo Künpal, the 3rd Dodrupchen Rinpoche, the famed tertön and teacher of the 13th Dalai Lama Lerab Lingpa, and Adzom Drukpa. Patrül Rinpoche died at the age of 80. Patrül Rinpoche died at the age of 80.
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*'''Lineage descending from Jigme Lingpa's heart son '''Jigme Trinle Ozer''' to the present '''Dodrupchen Rinpoche''':
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**[[Dola Jigme Kalzang]] & [[Do Khyentse Yeshe Dorje]] [[Dola Jigme Kalsang]]
'''Please expand this page''' by pressing the '''edit''' tab above or consulting [[Sample Buddhist Teacher Info & Instructions]] for more details
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**[[Gyalse Shenpen Thaye]]<br>
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**[[Khenchen Pema Dorje]]<br>
===Literary Works===
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**[[Jamyang Khyentse Wangpo]]<br>
See [[Writings of Patrul Rinpoche]]<br>
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**[[Dodrup Tenpey Nyima]](3rd [[Dodrupchen Rinpoche]])[[Dodrup Tenpe Nyima]] [[Dodrupchen Tenpey Nyima]] [[Dodrupchen Tenpe Nyima]]<br>
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**[[Khenpo Kunpal]]<br>
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**[[Thubten Trinle Palzangpo]] (4th [[Dodrupchen Rinpoche]])<br>
  
===Main Teachers===
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*Lineage descending from Jigme Lingpa's heart son '''Jigme Gyalwe Nyugu''' to the present-day master '''Chatral Rinpoche''':
*[[Jigme Gyalwe Nyugu]]<br>
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**[[Patrul Rinpoche]]<br>
*[[Do Khyentse Yeshe Dorje]]<br>
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**[[Lungtog Tenpe Nyima]] [[Lungtok Tenpe Nyima]] [[Lungtog Tenpey Nyima]] [[Lungtok Tenpey Nyima]]<br>
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**[[Khenpo Ngagchung]]<br>
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**[[Chatral Rinpoche]]<br>
  
===Main Students===
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===Other Lineage Masters===
*[[Lungtok Tenpe Nyima]]<br>
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*[[Mingyur Namkhai Dorje]] (the fourth [[Dzogchen Rinpoche]])<br>
*[[Mipham]]<br>
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*[[Onpo Tendzin Norbu]]<br>
*[[Khenpo Kunpal]]<br>
 
*[[Dodrup Tenpe Nyima ]], the third [[Dodrupchen Rinpoche]]<br>
 
*[[Lerab Lingpa]]<br>
 
 
*[[Adzom Drukpa]]<br>
 
*[[Adzom Drukpa]]<br>
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*[[Thubten Chokyi Dorje]] (the fifth [[Dzogchen Rinpoche]])<br>
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*[[Yukhok Chatralwa]]<br>
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*[[Jamyang Khentse Chokyi Lodro]]<br>
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*[[Dilgo Khyentse Rinpoche]]<br>
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===Primary Sadhanas===
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The Longchen Nyingthig cycle relates primarily to the teachings of [[Dzogchen]], particularly the [[Innermost Essence]] teachings. Though there are various practices and [[Sadhanas]] found in this tradition, such practices are approached from this Dzogchen perspective. These practices include:
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*Preliminary Practice ([[sngon 'gro]])
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**[[The Excellent Path To Omniscience]] ([[rnam mkhyen lam bzang]])
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**See also [[Longchen Nyingthig Ngondro]]
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*Peaceful Male [[Vidyadhara]] [[Sadhana]]s:
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**Outer Guru Practice: [[Guru Yoga]] ([[bla ma'i rnal 'byor]])
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**Inner Guru Practice: [[Rigdzin Dupa]] ([[rig 'dzin 'dus pa]])
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**Secret Guru Practice: [[Dukngal Rangdrol]] ([[sdug bsngal rang grol]])
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**Utmost Guru Secret Practice: [[Ladrup Thigle Gyachen]] ([[bla sgrub thig le'i rgya chen]])
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*Wrathful male [[Vidyadhara]] [[Sadhana]]s:
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**[[Palchen Dupa]] ([[dpal chen 'dus pa]])
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**[[Takyung Barwa]] ([[rta khyung 'bar ba]])
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**Secret Practice: [[Dukngal Rangdrol]] ([[sdug bsngal rang grol]])
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**Utmost Secret Practice: [[Ladrup Thigle Gyachen]] ([[bla sgrub thig le'i rgya chen]])
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*Female [[Vidyadhara]] [[Sadhana]]s:
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**[[Yumkha Dechen Gyalmo]] ([[yum mkha' bde chen rgyal mo]])
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**[[Senge Dongchen]] ([[seng nge'i gdong chen]])
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*Chod Practice
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**[[The Bellowing Laugh of the Dakinis]] ([[mkha' 'gro gad rgyangs]])
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===Primary Texts===
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*The '''main Tantras and instructions''' of the Longchen Nyingthig:
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**[[Kuntuzangpo Yeshe Long Ki Gyu]] ([[kun tu bzang po ye she klong gi rgyud]])
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**[[Gyu Chima]] ([[rgyud phyi ma]])
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**[[Nesum Shenje]] ([[gnad gsum shan 'byed]])
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**[[Neluk Dorje Tsik-kang]] (gnas lugs rdo rje tshig rkang]])
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**[[Yeshe Lama]] ([[ye shes bla ma]]) & its supporting commentaries
  
===Main Lineages===
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*'''[[Preliminary Practice]]''' instructions:
*[[Longchen Nyingthig ]]<br>
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**[[The Steps To Liberation]] ([[thar ba'i them skas]])thun mong gi sngon 'gro sems sbyong rnam pa bdun gyi don khrid thar ba'i them skas]]) ([[thun mong gi sngon 'gro sems sbyong rnam pa bdun gyi don khrid
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**[[Establishing Practice]] ([[lag len la 'debs lugs]])rdzogs pa chen po klong chen snying thig gi thun mong gi sngon 'gro khrid kyi
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**[[Establishing Mindfulness]] ([[sngon 'gro'i khrid yig dran pa nyer gzhag]])rdzogs pa chen po klong chen snying thig gi thun mong ma yin pa'i
  
===Alternate Names===
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*'''[[Development Stage]]''' practice instructions:
*[[Jigme Chokyi Wangpo]]<br>
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**[[The Ladder to Akanishta]] ([['og min bgrod pa’i them skas]])bskyed rim lha’i khrid kyi rnam par gzhag pa
*[[Palge Tulku]]<br>
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**[[The Advice of Palchen]] ([[yo ga gsum gyi spyi chings dpal chen zhal lung]])
  
===Other Reference Sources===
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*[[Completion Stage]] practice instructions:
*[[Fill in the blanks]]<br>
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**[[A Wish-fulfilling Jewel: A Condensation Pf The Oral Lineage For Completion Stage, Bliss-Emptiness Energy]] ([[bde stong rlung gi rdzogs rim snyan rgyud shog dril yid bzhin nor bu ]])
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**[[A Short Text On The Blazing & Dripping Of Tummo]] ([[gtum mo'i 'bar 'dzag yig chung]])
  
===Internal Links===
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*Prayers & Aspirations:
*Add double-brackets "[[ ]]" around any relevant word or phrase and it will create a new page for that term or link to an already existing page
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**[[bde can zhing bkod smon lam]]
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**[[gzhi lam 'bras bu'i smon lam]]
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**[[sku gsum zhing khams sbyong ba'i gsol 'debs smon lam]]; also known as ([[zhing sbyong smon lam]])
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**[[bar do'i smon lam dgongs gcig rgya mtsho]]
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**[[zangs mdog dpal ri'i smon lam dpal ri'i gsang lam]]
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**[[]]
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===Present Day Teachers of the Longchen Nyingthig===
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*[[Thubten Trinle Palzangpo]] (4th [[Dodrupchen Rinpoche]])<br>
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*[[Chatral Rinpoche]]<br>
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*[[Trulshik Rinpoche]]<br>
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*[[Dzongsar Khyentse Rinpoche]]<br>
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*[[Sogyal Rinpoche]]<br>
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*[[Pema Wangyal]]<br>
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*[[Rabjam Rinpoche]]<br>
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*[[Jigme Losel Wangpo]] (the seventh [[Dzogchen Rinpoche]])<br>
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*The son of Adzom Druktrul (name unknown)<br>
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===Longchen Nyingthig Literature in Translation===
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===Other References===
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*Thondup, Tulku (1996) ''Masters of Meditation and Miracles''. Boston: Shambhala Publications. - The most complete reference on the lineages and practices of the Longchen Nyingthig in the English language.
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*Gyatso, Janet (1998). ''Apparitions of the Self''. Princeton: Princeton University Press. - Contains translations of two biographies of Jigme Lingpa.
  
 
===External Links===
 
===External Links===
*[http://www.tbrc.org ADD TBRC link here]
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[http://www.tbrc.org/cgi-bin/tbrcdatx?do=so&resource=W21024 TBRC] page on the Longchen Nyingthig
 
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[http://www.tbrc.org/cgi-bin/tbrcdatx?resource=O15&highlight= TBRC] listing of the treatises contained in the Longchen Nyingthig root texts
[[Category:Buddhist Masters]]
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[[Category:Nyingma Literature]]
[[Category:Nyingma Masters]]
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[[Category:Terma]]

Revision as of 05:12, 16 December 2005

Longchen Nyingthig (klong chen snying thig) - Heart Essence of the Vast Expanse


The Longchen Nyingthig is a Terma cycle revealed by the master Jigme Lingpa. Since its inception in the late 18th century, it has become one of the most widespread set of teachings in the Nyingma tradition. It is particularly known and loved for its extensive commentarial literature, which includes practice manuals such as the famed Yeshe Lama.

These teachings were originally transmitted by the master Padmasambhava to King Trisong Deutsen, the Dakini Yeshe Tsogyal & the Lotsawa Vairochana at Samye Monastery in central Tibet. As the time for these teachings to spread was not yet right, they were then written in symbolic script by Yeshe Tsogyal, entrusted to the Dakinis, and hidden--to be revealed at a later time. The king later reincarnated as the Treasure Reavealer Jigme Lingpa, who recalled the teachings he had received and, recognizing the time was ripe for them to be practiced, put them to writing and began to teach.

Jigme Lingpa, the Terton who revealed this cycle of teachings, was a reincarnation of two important masters, Vimalamitra and King Trisong Deutsen. As the embodiment of these two figures, Tibet's two primary Dzogchen lineages were combined in Jigme Lingpa--the Vima Nyingthig & Khandro Nyingthig, both of which are contained in the Nyingthig Yabshi. Hence, the Longchen Nyingthig terma cycle is considered a condensation of these profound teachings.

The texts that were revealed by Jigme Lingpa, in their present day form, comprise three volumes, known as the Nyingthig Tsapod (snying thig rtsa pod). The numerous treatises, sadhanas and prayers it contains deal primarily with tantric practice, in particular the stages of Development Stage and Dzogchen.

Lineage

Other Lineage Masters

Primary Sadhanas

The Longchen Nyingthig cycle relates primarily to the teachings of Dzogchen, particularly the Innermost Essence teachings. Though there are various practices and Sadhanas found in this tradition, such practices are approached from this Dzogchen perspective. These practices include:

Primary Texts

Present Day Teachers of the Longchen Nyingthig

Longchen Nyingthig Literature in Translation

Other References

  • Thondup, Tulku (1996) Masters of Meditation and Miracles. Boston: Shambhala Publications. - The most complete reference on the lineages and practices of the Longchen Nyingthig in the English language.
  • Gyatso, Janet (1998). Apparitions of the Self. Princeton: Princeton University Press. - Contains translations of two biographies of Jigme Lingpa.

External Links

TBRC page on the Longchen Nyingthig TBRC listing of the treatises contained in the Longchen Nyingthig root texts