Difference between revisions of "Patrul Rinpoche"

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'''Patrül Rinpoche''', Jigmé Chökyi Wangpo (Tib: dpal sprul 'jigs med chos kyi dbang po) 1808-1887
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'''Longchen Nyingthig''' ([[klong chen snying thig]]) - '''Heart Essence of the Vast Expanse'''
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----
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The Longchen Nyingthig is a [[Terma]] cycle revealed by the master [[Jigme Lingpa]]. Since its inception in the late 18th century, it has become one of the most widespread sets of teachings in the [[Nyingma]] tradition. It is particularly known and loved for its extensive commentarial literature, which includes practice manuals such as the famed ''[[Yeshe Lama]]''.
  
Patrül Rinpoche was born in the Dzachuka valley of Eastern Tibet. Although he is generally considered to have been the speech incarnation of the great tertön [[Jigme Lingpa]], Patrül Rinpoche was originally recognized as an incarnation of Palgé Tülku, a lama from Dzogchen Monastery. The first [[Dodrupchen Rinpoche]], one of Jigme Lingpa's two main disciples, entrusted young Patrül with the [[Longchen Nyingthik]] lineage shortly after the recognition. He practiced, studied, and taught this lineage throughout his life.
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These teachings were originally transmitted by the master [[Padmasambhava]] to [[King Trisong Deutsen]], the [[Dakini]] [[Yeshe Tsogyal]] and the [[Lotsawa]] [[Vairochana]] at [[Samye Monastery]] in central Tibet. As the time for these teachings to spread was not yet right, they were then written in symbolic script by Yeshe Tsogyal, entrusted to the Dakinis, and hidden to be revealed at a later time. The king later reincarnated as the [[Terton|Treasure Revealer]] Jigme Lingpa, who recalled the teachings he had received and, recognizing the time was ripe for them to be practised, put them down in writing and began to teach.
  
Patrül Rinpoche studied with many different masters. His two main teachers, however, were Jigmé Lingpa's second main disciple, [[Jigme Gyalwe Nyugu]], and the great tantric yogi [[Do Khyentse Yeshe Dorje]], the mind incarnation of Jigmé Lingpa. Under these and other important lamas, he studied a vast array of topics, from the foundational teachings of the Hinayana up to the most profound and secret oral instructions of the [[Great Perfection]].
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Jigme Lingpa, the [[Terton]] who revealed this cycle of teachings, was a reincarnation of two important masters, [[Vimalamitra]] and [[King Trisong Deutsen]]. As the embodiment of these two figures, Tibet's two primary [[Dzogchen]] lineages were combined in Jigme Lingpa -- the [[Vima Nyingthig]] and [[Khandro Nyingthig]], both of which are contained in the [[Nyingthig Yabshi]]. Hence, the Longchen Nyingthig terma cycle is considered a condensation of these profound teachings.
  
At the age of twenty, Patrül Rinpoche left the residence of his predecessor and took up the life of a wandering hermit. For the rest of his days, Patrül wandered from mountain retreats to large monasteries, practicing the teachings, instructing students, and composing commentaries on important texts and practices. Though he was master of the Great Perfection teachings, he had a passion for teaching the [[Mahayana]] as well. He taught [[Shantideva]]'s [[Bodhicaryavatara]] over a hundred times. Throughout his life, Patrül Rinpoche demonstrated the impeccable life of a true siddha/scholar; he kept few possessions, had no fixed abode, and was often mistaken for a beggar due to his humble appearance.
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The texts that were revealed by Jigme Lingpa, in their present-day form, comprise three volumes, known as the [[Nyingthig Tsapod]] (''[[snying thig rtsa pod]]''). The numerous treatises, sadhanas and prayers it contains deal primarily with tantric practice, in particular the stages of [[Development Stage]] and [[Dzogchen]].
  
In addition to the many stories of his life and exploits, which remain a much treasured part of Tibetan Buddhist lore, Patrül Rinpoche's writings have proven to be some of the most influential in recent history. His texts range from scholastic tomes on Mahayana philosophy to pithy poems on how to apply Buddhist principles in daily life. In particular, his text ''[[The Words of My Perfect Teacher]]'' (Tib: [[kun bzang bla ma'i zhal lung]]), a commentary on the Great Perfection preliminary practices, is studied in all of Tibetan Buddhism's four main lineages. He also composed a profound commentary on [[The Three Words that Strike the Vital Point]], known in Tibetan as[[Tsigsum Nedek]].
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===Lineage===
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*The '''primary lineage''' is as follows:
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**[[Samantabhadra]] - [[Dharmakaya]]<br>
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**[[Vajrasattva]] - [[Sambhogakaya]]<br>
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**[[Garab Dorje]] - [[Nirmanakaya]]<br>
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**[[Manjushrimitra]]<br>
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**[[Shri Singha]]<br>
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**[[Vimalamitra]]<br>
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**[[Padmasambhava]]<br>
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**[[Yeshe Tsogyal]]<br>
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**[[Trisong Deutsen]]<br>
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**[[Longchenpa]]<br>
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**[[Jigme Lingpa]]<br>
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**[[Jigme Trinle Ozer]] and [[Jigme Gyalwey Nyugu]]<br>
  
Patrül Rinpoche's heart disciple was Lungtok Tenpé Nyima, who lived with him for twenty-eight years. His other disciples include some of the 19th century's most outstanding masters. Among them were Mipham Rinpoche, Khenpo Künpal, the 3rd Dodrupchen Rinpoche, the famed tertön and teacher of the 13th Dalai Lama Lerab Lingpa, and Adzom Drukpa. Patrül Rinpoche died at the age of 80. Patrül Rinpoche died at the age of 80.
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*Lineage descending from Jigme Lingpa's heart son '''Jigme Trinle Ozer''' to the present '''Dodrupchen Rinpoche''':
----
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**[[Dola Jigme Kalzang]] and [[Do Khyentse Yeshe Dorje]]
'''Please expand this page''' by pressing the '''edit''' tab above or consulting [[Sample Buddhist Teacher Info & Instructions]] for more details
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**[[Gyalse Shenpen Thaye]]<br>
----
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**[[Khenchen Pema Dorje]]<br>
===Literary Works===
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**[[Jamyang Khyentse Wangpo]]<br>
See [[Writings of Patrul Rinpoche]]<br>
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**[[Dodrup Tenpey Nyima]] (third [[Dodrupchen Rinpoche]])<br>
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**[[Khenpo Kunpal]]<br>
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**[[Thubten Trinle Palzangpo]] (fourth [[Dodrupchen Rinpoche]])<br>
  
===Main Teachers===
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*Lineage descending from Jigme Lingpa's heart son '''Jigme Gyalwe Nyugu''' to the present-day master '''Chatral Rinpoche''':
*[[Jigme Gyalwe Nyugu]]<br>
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**[[Patrul Rinpoche]]<br>
*[[Do Khyentse Yeshe Dorje]]<br>
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**[[Lungtog Tenpe Nyima]]<br>
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**[[Khenpo Ngagchung]]<br>
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**[[Chatral Rinpoche]]<br>
  
===Main Students===
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===Other Lineage Masters===
*[[Lungtok Tenpe Nyima]]<br>
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*[[Mingyur Namkhai Dorje]] (the fourth [[Dzogchen Rinpoche]])<br>
*[[Mipham]]<br>
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*[[Onpo Tendzin Norbu]]<br>
*[[Khenpo Kunpal]]<br>
 
*[[Dodrup Tenpe Nyima ]], the third [[Dodrupchen Rinpoche]]<br>
 
*[[Lerab Lingpa]]<br>
 
 
*[[Adzom Drukpa]]<br>
 
*[[Adzom Drukpa]]<br>
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*[[Thubten Chokyi Dorje]] (the fifth [[Dzogchen Rinpoche]])<br>
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*[[Yukhok Chatralwa]]<br>
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*[[Jamyang Khyentse Chokyi Lodro]]<br>
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*[[Dilgo Khyentse Rinpoche]]<br>
  
===Main Lineages===
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===Primary Sadhanas===
*[[Longchen Nyingthig ]]<br>
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The Longchen Nyingthig cycle relates primarily to the teachings of [[Dzogchen]], particularly the [[Innermost Essence]] teachings. Though there are various practices and [[Sadhanas]] found in this tradition, such practices are approached from this Dzogchen perspective. These practices include:
  
===Alternate Names===
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*Preliminary Practice ([[sngon 'gro]])
*[[Jigme Chokyi Wangpo]]<br>
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**[[The Excellent Path To Omniscience]] ([[rnam mkhyen lam bzang]])
*[[Palge Tulku]]<br>
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**See also [[Longchen Nyingthig Ngondro]]
  
===Other Reference Sources===
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*Peaceful Male [[Vidyadhara]] [[Sadhana]]s:
*[[Fill in the blanks]]<br>
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**Outer Guru Practice: [[Guru Yoga]] ([[bla ma'i rnal 'byor]])
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**Inner Guru Practice: [[Rigdzin Dupa]] ([[rig 'dzin 'dus pa]])
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**Secret Guru Practice: [[Dukngal Rangdrol]] ([[sdug bsngal rang grol]])
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**Utmost Guru Secret Practice: [[Ladrup Thigle Gyachen]] ([[bla sgrub thig le'i rgya chen]])
  
===Internal Links===
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*Wrathful male [[Vidyadhara]] [[Sadhana]]s:
*Add double-brackets "[[ ]]" around any relevant word or phrase and it will create a new page for that term or link to an already existing page
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**[[Palchen Dupa]] ([[dpal chen 'dus pa]])
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**[[Takyung Barwa]] ([[rta khyung 'bar ba]])
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**Secret Practice: [[Dukngal Rangdrol]] ([[sdug bsngal rang grol]])
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**Utmost Secret Practice: [[Ladrup Thigle Gyachen]] ([[bla sgrub thig le'i rgya chen]])
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*Female [[Vidyadhara]] [[Sadhana]]s:
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**[[Yumkha Dechen Gyalmo]] ([[yum mkha' bde chen rgyal mo]])
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**[[Senge Dongchen]] ([[seng nge'i gdong chen]])
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*Chod Practice
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**[[The Bellowing Laugh of the Dakinis]] ([[mkha' 'gro gad rgyangs]])
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===Primary Texts===
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*The '''main Tantras and instructions''' of the Longchen Nyingthig:
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**[[Kuntuzangpo Yeshe Long Ki Gyu]] ([[kun tu bzang po ye she klong gi rgyud]])
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**[[Gyu Chima]] ([[rgyud phyi ma]])
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**[[Nesum Shenje]] ([[gnad gsum shan 'byed]])
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**[[Neluk Dorje Tsik-kang]] ([[gnas lugs rdo rje tshig rkang]])
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**[[Yeshe Lama]] ([[ye shes bla ma]]) and its supporting commentaries
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 +
*'''[[Preliminary Practice]]''' instructions:
 +
**[[The Steps to Liberation]] (thun mong gi sngon 'gro sems sbyong rnam pa bdun gyi don khrid thar ba'i them skas thar ba'i them skas)
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**[[Establishing Practice]] (rdzogs pa chen po klong chen snying thig gi thun mong gi sngon 'gro khrid kyi lag len la 'debs lugs)
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**[[Establishing Mindfulness]] (rdzogs pa chen po klong chen snying thig gi thun mong ma yin pa'i sngon 'gro'i khrid yig dran pa nyer gzhag)
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 +
*'''[[Development Stage]]''' practice instructions:
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**[[The Ladder to Akanishta]] ([['og min bgrod pa’i them skas]])bskyed rim lha’i khrid kyi rnam par gzhag pa)
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**[[The Advice of Palchen]] (yo ga gsum gyi spyi chings dpal chen zhal lung)
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*[[Completion Stage]] practice instructions:
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**[[A Wish-fulfilling Jewel: A Condensation of the Oral Lineage for Completion Stage, Bliss-emptiness Energy]] (bde stong rlung gi rdzogs rim snyan rgyud shog dril yid bzhin nor bu)
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**[[A Short Text on the Blazing and Dripping of Tummo]] (gtum mo'i 'bar 'dzag yig chung)
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 +
*Prayers and Aspirations:
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**[[bde can zhing bkod smon lam]]
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**[[gzhi lam 'bras bu'i smon lam]]
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**[[sku gsum zhing khams sbyong ba'i gsol 'debs smon lam]]; also known as ([[zhing sbyong smon lam]])
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**[[bar do'i smon lam dgongs gcig rgya mtsho]]
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**[[zangs mdog dpal ri'i smon lam dpal ri'i gsang lam]]
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 +
===Present Day Teachers of the Longchen Nyingthig===
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*[[Thubten Trinle Palzangpo]] (fourth [[Dodrupchen Rinpoche]])<br>
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*[[Chatral Rinpoche]]<br>
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*[[Trulshik Rinpoche]]<br>
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*[[Dzongsar Khyentse Rinpoche]]<br>
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*[[Sogyal Rinpoche]]<br>
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*[[Pema Wangyal Rinpoche]]<br>
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*[[Shechen Rabjam Rinpoche]]<br>
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*[[Jigme Losel Wangpo]] (the seventh [[Dzogchen Rinpoche]])<br>
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*The son of Adzom Druktrul (name unknown)<br>
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*[[Tulku Thondup]]
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*[[Traktung Rinpoche]]<br>
 +
 
 +
===Longchen Nyingthig Literature in Translation===
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*Works on the '''[[Longchen Nyingthig Ngondro]]''':
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**Patrul Rinpoche (1994). '''Words of My Perfect Teacher'''. Translated by the Padmakara Translation Group. San Francisco: HarperCollins. ISBN?
 +
**Ngawang Pelzang, Khenpo (2004). '''A Guide to the Words of My Perfect Teacher'''. Translated by the Padmakara Translation Group. Boston: Shambhala Publications. ISBN?
 +
**'''An Elucidation of The Path To Excellent Omniscience'''. Translated by the [[Vajravairochana Translation Committee]]. Halifax: Vajravairochana Translation Committee, 1996.
 +
**Thondup, Tulku (1982). '''Dzogchen: Innermost Essence Preliminary Practice'''. India: Library of Tibetan Works and Archives.
 +
 
 +
*Works on '''[[Dzogchen]]''':
 +
**'''Yeshe Lama'''. Translated by Sangye Khandro.
 +
**Van Schaik, Sam (2004). '''Approaching the Great Perfection'''. Boston: Wisdom Publications.
 +
 
 +
*'''Sadhana Practices''':
 +
**'''The Queen of Great Bliss of Long-Chen Nying-Thig'''. Translated by Tulku Thondup. Sikkim: Published by Dodrup Chen Rinpoche, 1992. A translation of the [[Yumkha Dechen Gyalmo]] sadhana.
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**'''The Assemblage of Vidyadharas of Long-Chen Nying-Thig'''. Translated by Tulku Thondup. Sikkim: Published by Dodrup Chen Rinpoche, 1992. A translation of the [[Rigdzin Dupa]] sadhana.
 +
 
 +
===Other References===
 +
*Thondup, Tulku (1996) ''Masters of Meditation and Miracles''. Boston: Shambhala Publications. - The most complete reference on the lineages and practices of the Longchen Nyingthig in the English language.
 +
*Gyatso, Janet (1998). ''Apparitions of the Self''. Princeton: Princeton University Press. - Contains translations of two biographies of Jigme Lingpa.
 +
 
 +
===Alternate Names and Spellings===
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*Longchen Nyingtik
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*Heart Essence of the Vast Expanse
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*Heart Essence of the Great Expanse
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*Heart Essence of Lonchenpa
  
 
===External Links===
 
===External Links===
*[http://www.tbrc.org ADD TBRC link here]
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[http://www.tbrc.org/cgi-bin/tbrcdatx?do=so&resource=W21024 TBRC] page on the Longchen Nyingthig<br>
 
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[http://www.tbrc.org/cgi-bin/tbrcdatx?resource=O15&highlight= TBRC] listing of the treatises contained in the Longchen Nyingthig root texts
[[Category:Buddhist Masters]]
 
[[Category:Nyingma Masters]]
 
  
* http://groups.yahoo.com/group/patrul
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[[Category:Lineages & Teachings]]
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[[Category:Nyingma]]
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[[Category:Nyingma Teachings]]
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[[Category:Nyingma Literature]]
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[[Category:Terma]]
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[[Category:Dzogchen]]

Revision as of 22:25, 23 March 2006

Longchen Nyingthig (klong chen snying thig) - Heart Essence of the Vast Expanse


The Longchen Nyingthig is a Terma cycle revealed by the master Jigme Lingpa. Since its inception in the late 18th century, it has become one of the most widespread sets of teachings in the Nyingma tradition. It is particularly known and loved for its extensive commentarial literature, which includes practice manuals such as the famed Yeshe Lama.

These teachings were originally transmitted by the master Padmasambhava to King Trisong Deutsen, the Dakini Yeshe Tsogyal and the Lotsawa Vairochana at Samye Monastery in central Tibet. As the time for these teachings to spread was not yet right, they were then written in symbolic script by Yeshe Tsogyal, entrusted to the Dakinis, and hidden to be revealed at a later time. The king later reincarnated as the Treasure Revealer Jigme Lingpa, who recalled the teachings he had received and, recognizing the time was ripe for them to be practised, put them down in writing and began to teach.

Jigme Lingpa, the Terton who revealed this cycle of teachings, was a reincarnation of two important masters, Vimalamitra and King Trisong Deutsen. As the embodiment of these two figures, Tibet's two primary Dzogchen lineages were combined in Jigme Lingpa -- the Vima Nyingthig and Khandro Nyingthig, both of which are contained in the Nyingthig Yabshi. Hence, the Longchen Nyingthig terma cycle is considered a condensation of these profound teachings.

The texts that were revealed by Jigme Lingpa, in their present-day form, comprise three volumes, known as the Nyingthig Tsapod (snying thig rtsa pod). The numerous treatises, sadhanas and prayers it contains deal primarily with tantric practice, in particular the stages of Development Stage and Dzogchen.

Lineage

Other Lineage Masters

Primary Sadhanas

The Longchen Nyingthig cycle relates primarily to the teachings of Dzogchen, particularly the Innermost Essence teachings. Though there are various practices and Sadhanas found in this tradition, such practices are approached from this Dzogchen perspective. These practices include:

Primary Texts

Present Day Teachers of the Longchen Nyingthig

Longchen Nyingthig Literature in Translation

  • Works on the Longchen Nyingthig Ngondro:
    • Patrul Rinpoche (1994). Words of My Perfect Teacher. Translated by the Padmakara Translation Group. San Francisco: HarperCollins. ISBN?
    • Ngawang Pelzang, Khenpo (2004). A Guide to the Words of My Perfect Teacher. Translated by the Padmakara Translation Group. Boston: Shambhala Publications. ISBN?
    • An Elucidation of The Path To Excellent Omniscience. Translated by the Vajravairochana Translation Committee. Halifax: Vajravairochana Translation Committee, 1996.
    • Thondup, Tulku (1982). Dzogchen: Innermost Essence Preliminary Practice. India: Library of Tibetan Works and Archives.
  • Works on Dzogchen:
    • Yeshe Lama. Translated by Sangye Khandro.
    • Van Schaik, Sam (2004). Approaching the Great Perfection. Boston: Wisdom Publications.
  • Sadhana Practices:
    • The Queen of Great Bliss of Long-Chen Nying-Thig. Translated by Tulku Thondup. Sikkim: Published by Dodrup Chen Rinpoche, 1992. A translation of the Yumkha Dechen Gyalmo sadhana.
    • The Assemblage of Vidyadharas of Long-Chen Nying-Thig. Translated by Tulku Thondup. Sikkim: Published by Dodrup Chen Rinpoche, 1992. A translation of the Rigdzin Dupa sadhana.

Other References

  • Thondup, Tulku (1996) Masters of Meditation and Miracles. Boston: Shambhala Publications. - The most complete reference on the lineages and practices of the Longchen Nyingthig in the English language.
  • Gyatso, Janet (1998). Apparitions of the Self. Princeton: Princeton University Press. - Contains translations of two biographies of Jigme Lingpa.

Alternate Names and Spellings

  • Longchen Nyingtik
  • Heart Essence of the Vast Expanse
  • Heart Essence of the Great Expanse
  • Heart Essence of Lonchenpa

External Links

TBRC page on the Longchen Nyingthig
TBRC listing of the treatises contained in the Longchen Nyingthig root texts