King Songtsen Gampo

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ku sa ra - Indian master invited to Tibet by King Songtsen Gampo [RY]

kong co - 1) queen, lady, princess etc. 2) the wife of King Songtsen Gampo [RY]

khri btsun - 1) queen. 2) the Nepalese queen of King Songtsen Gampo [RY]

khrims chen drug - the six major laws, {gtan khrims lnga} + {kheng mi ldog pa} [instigated by King Songtsen Gampo] [RY]

gram pa rgyangs - Drampa Gyang; One of the twelve missionary temple (mtha' 'dul gtsug lag khang) built in the 7th century by King Songtsen Gampo [RY]

jo bo mi bskyod rdo rje - Jowo Mikyö Dorje, a crowned-Buddha image in Ramoche Temple at Lhasa, brought by the Nepalese wife of King Songtsen Gampo [RY]

jo bo rin po che - Jowo Shakyamuni, or Jowo Rinpoche, the crowned Buddha of Lhasa, brought to Tibet by King Songtsen Gampo's Chinese wife [RY]

'phags pa spyan ras gzigs kyi sprul pa rgyal po srong btsan sgam po - King Songtsen Gampo, an emanation of Avalokitesvara [RY]

'phrul snang - Trülnang. One of two important temples in Lhasa built by King Songtsen Gampo and housing a statue of Buddha Shakyamuni [RY]

brag lha klu phug - Dra Lhalupuk; King Songtsen Gampo's meditation cave on the front side of Chakpori Hill [RY]

ma Ni bka' 'bum - teaching of Avalokiteshvara by King Songtsen Gampo [RY]

zan ching - Chinese princess married to King Songtsen Gampo, rgya bza' kong jo [IW]

yang 'dul lha khang bzhi - Four Temples for Further Taming. established by King Songtsen Gampo at Kongpo Puchu, Lhodrak Khoting, Chamtrin Degye, and Changdra Dumtso [RY]

ra mo che - Ramochey. One of two important temples in Lhasa housing the statue of Buddha Shakyamuni brought to Tibet by the queens of King Songtsen Gampo [RY]

ra sa 'phrul snang - Rasa Trulnang. A famous temple in Lhasa built by King Songtsen Gampo [RY]

lha gcig khri btsun - Bhrikuti, King Songtsen Gampo's Nepalese queen [RY]

lha sa - Lhasa. 'Abode of the Gods.' The capital of Tibet and location of the famous Jokhang temple founded by King Songtsen Gampo. (RY)

Drak Yerpa (brag yer pa) - This is the holy place of Guru Padmasambhava related to the speech aspect. It is also said to be the "life tree" (srog shing), or spiritual axis, of Lhasa. There are over eighty caves where many great beings from all lineages meditated. On the top are the cave of Guru Padmasambhava, the Rock that is Hard to Reach (brag gi yang bgrod dka'), and Yeshe Tsogyal's Secret Cave (gsang phug). Below is the Moon Cave (zla ba phug), another cave of Guru Padmasambhava; the Dharma King's Cave (chos rgyal phug), King Songtsen Gampo's cave; the great cave where the eighty siddhas of Yerpa (i.e., Guru Padmasambhava's disciples) meditated together; and Lord Atisha's cave, the Cave of Auspicious Coincidence (rten 'brel phug), thus named because when Atisha entered it, a rain of flowers fell. See Gegyepa Tendzin Dorje (1988) and Keith Dowman (1988, hereafter abbreviated as PP). In some enumerations, instead of Drak Yangdzong (see chap.10, pg. 272, note 59, in The Life of Shabkar), Drak Yerpa is given as the holy place related to the body aspect of Guru Rinpoche. (MR-ShabkarNotes)