ye shes

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Term Info

ཡེ་ཤེས་
Wylie ye shes

English Resources

Rangjung Yeshe Dictionary Rangjung Yeshe Tibetan-English Dharma Dictionary 3.0 <br> by Erik Pema Kunsang (2003)

knowledge, original wakefulness, gnosis, cognition, wisdom, primal awareness, pristine awareness, Primordial Awareness, [jnana]; pristine cognition. Innate wakefulness, intelligence, self-born awareness, primal awareness, wisdom, one of the phar phyin bcu the ten paramitas, pristine awareness, ever-fresh awareness, exalted wisdom / body, intuition [intuitive wisdom], gnosis, wisdom mind, primal knowledge, jnana. Syn ye gnas kyi shes pa; 'wisdom', [primordial knowing, original cognition, wakefulness, awareness]. Innate wakefulness, Jnana, cognition, knowledge, divine wisdom, ever-fresh awareness, pristine awareness, exalted wisdom / body, primordial wisdom, intelligence, intuition [intuitive wisdom], gnosis, wisdom mind, primal knowledge, jnana, pristine cognition / awareness. Syn ye gnas kyi shes pa pristine wisdom, [or wisdom if otherwise qualified. i.e. mirror-like wisdom]. one of the phar phyin bcu the ten paramitas. primordial wisdom/wakefulness, Wisdom/Pristine wisdom

wisdom, original wakefulness. Basic cognizance independent of intellectual constructs. There are also the five wisdoms, aspects of how the cognitive quality of buddha nature functions: the dharmadhatu wisdom, mirror-like wisdom, wisdom of equality, discriminating wisdom and all-accomplishing wisdom

507 total match(es)
Hopkins Glossary 2015 The Uma Institute for Tibetan Studies Tibetan-Sanskrit-English Dictionary (Version: June 2015) <br> Jeffrey Hopkins, Editor. <br> Paul Hackett, Contributor and Technical Editor. <br> Contributors: Nathaniel Garson, William Magee, Andres Montano, John Powers, Craig Preston, Joe Wilson, Jongbok Yi <br> A PDF version of this dictionary is available for download at: www.uma-tibet.org

pristine wisdom; exalted wisdom; wisdom

133 total match(es)
Hopkins Definitions 2015 The Uma Institute for Tibetan Studies Tibetan-Sanskrit-English Dictionary (Version: June 2015) <br> Jeffrey Hopkins, Editor. <br> Paul Hackett, Contributor and Technical Editor. <br> Contributors: Nathaniel Garson, William Magee, Andres Montano, John Powers, Craig Preston, Joe Wilson, Jongbok Yi <br> A PDF version of this dictionary is available for download at: www.uma-tibet.org

No direct match.

5 total match(es)
Hopkins Divisions 2015 The Uma Institute for Tibetan Studies Tibetan-Sanskrit-English Dictionary (Version: June 2015) <br> Jeffrey Hopkins, Editor. <br> Paul Hackett, Contributor and Technical Editor. <br> Contributors: Nathaniel Garson, William Magee, Andres Montano, John Powers, Craig Preston, Joe Wilson, Jongbok Yi <br> A PDF version of this dictionary is available for download at: www.uma-tibet.org

No direct match.

2 total match(es)
Hopkins Others' English 2015 The Uma Institute for Tibetan Studies Tibetan-Sanskrit-English Dictionary (Version: June 2015) <br> Jeffrey Hopkins, Editor. <br> Paul Hackett, Contributor and Technical Editor. <br> Contributors: Nathaniel Garson, William Magee, Andres Montano, John Powers, Craig Preston, Joe Wilson, Jongbok Yi <br> A PDF version of this dictionary is available for download at: www.uma-tibet.org

cognition; knowledge

13 total match(es)
84000 Glossary 84000 Glossary <br> English terms from the Glossary of the 84000 translation project. http://www.84000.co/

Gnosis, Knowledge, Primordial wisdom, Pristine cognition, Wisdom

49 total match(es)
Richard Barron's glossary Richard Barron's glossary. <br> © Copyright 2002 by Turquoise Dragon Media Services. <br> Source: Rangjung Yeshe Tibetan-English Dharma Dictionary 3.0 (2003)

timeless awareness [in mahayana, vajrayana and Dzogchen contexts] pristine awareness [in shravaka and pratyekabuddha contexts]

38 total match(es)

Verb Forms

No matches in the Verbinator dictionary.

Click here (or the English tab) to see more English language resources  


Tibetan Resources

No direct match in the Monlam Grand Dictionary.

Click here (or the Tibetan tab) to see more Tibetan language resources  


Sanskrit Resources

Negi (Tibetan-Sanskrit) Tibetan-Sanskrit dictionary <br> J.S. Negi <br> Dictionary Unit, Central Institute of Higher Tibetan Studies, Sarnath (January 1993)
ye shes
  • saṃ.
  1. jñānam i. tattvajñānam — sogs pa'i mtshan nyid ni rnam par shes pa'o/ /bri ba'i mtshan nyid ni ye shes so// upacayalakṣaṇaṃ vijñānam, apacayalakṣaṇaṃ jñānam la.a.117kha/64; 'dir sems can thams cad kyi snying gi nang na gnas pa ni ye shes so// de yang gzhom du med pa'i sgra ste rtag tu nA da'i mtshan nyid do// iha sarvasattvānāṃ hṛdayāntargataṃ jñānam, taccānāhatadhvaniḥ sadā nādalakṣaṇaḥ vi.pra.127ka/3.54; de phyir de yi bsgrub bya ru/ /gyur pa'i ye shes rnam dpyad bya'i/ /'di yis srin bu'i grangs mkhyen pa/ /nged la 'gar yang nyer mkho med// tasmādanuṣṭheyagataṃ jñānamasya vicāryatām kīṭasaṃkhyāparijñānaṃ tasya naḥ kvopayujyate pra.vā.108kha/1.33; rnam par smin pa de las bzlog/ /bde ba'i ye shes za ba nyid// vipākaṃ tadviparyāsaṃ sukhajñānasya bhuñjanam he.ta.17ka/54; sangs rgyas pa rnams kyi ye shes ni sems can thams cad la snying rje'i bdag nyid can zhi ba'i las ston par byed pa'o// śāntakarmadeśakaṃ bauddhānāṃ jñānaṃ sarvasattvakaruṇātmakam vi.pra.273kha/2.98; rnam par bcad pa zla ba phyed pa'i rnam pa'o// thig le zlum po'o// ye shes rtse mo'i rnam pa'o// visargo arddhacandrākāro bindurvṛtto jñānaṃ śikhākāram vi.pra.157ka/1.5; bhagaḥ — b+ha gaM ye shes skye gnas 'dod// śrī.ko.173ka ii. = stong pa śūnyam — ye shes gzugs las so zhes pa stong pa'i gzugs las so// jñānabimbācchūnyabimbāditi vi.pra.67ka/4.119 iii. = rdo rje kuliśam — nam mkha'i khams ni pad ma la/ /b+ha ga zhes bya ye shes brjod// khadhātāviti padmeṣu jñānaṃ bhagamiti smṛtam he.ta.9kha/28; jñānaṃ kuliśam yo.ra.125 iv. = 'dod pa kāmaḥ — kun rdzob kyis ye shes 'dod pa ste de'i me ni 'dod pa'i me'o// 'dod pa'i me des rab tu rgyas par gyur pa na saṃvṛtyā jñānaṃ kāmastasya tejaḥ kāmāgnistena kāmāgninā prabuddhā satī vi.pra.63ka/4.110
  2. vijñānam — de la de 'dra'i ye shes ni/ /rim gyis gtso bo las byung 'gyur// tatra tādṛśi vijñāne krameṇa bhavati prabhoḥ ta.sa.132kha/1127; de thams cad mkhyen pa'i ye shes 'di la thams cad du dad pas rjes su 'brang zhing chos nyid tshad mar bgyis te 'di ltar mos pa zhes bgyi 'o// so'tra sarvatra śraddhānusārī sarvajñajñāne dharmatāṃ pramāṇīkṛtya evamadhimukta iti a.sā.8ka/5; cetaḥ — spyi de rnal 'byor ye shes des/ /'dzin par mdzad pa ma yin no// sāmānyaṃ tasya naitena grahaṇaṃ yogicetasā ta.sa.132kha/1128; de nyid rtog pa'i ye shes kyis rnam par gcod par byed pa'i phyir tasyaiva ca parāmarśacetasā vyavacchedaḥ kriyate ta.pa.329ka/1126;
  • pā. jñānam
  1. ādarśādayaḥ — sangs rgyas rnams kyi ye shes ni rnam pa bzhi ste/ me long lta bu'i ye shes dang mnyam pa nyid kyi ye shes dang so sor rtog pa'i ye shes dang bya ba grub pa'i ye shes so// caturvidhaṃ buddhānāṃ jñānam — ādarśajñānaṃ samatājñānaṃ pratyavekṣājñānaṃ kṛtyānuṣṭhānajñānaṃ ca sū.vyā.160ka/48
  2. pāramitābhedaḥ — sbyin dang tshul khrims bzod brtson 'grus/ /bsam gtan dang ni shes rab thabs/ /smon lam stobs dang ye shes dang/ /'di dag pha rol phyin pa bcu// dānaṃ śīlaṃ kṣamā vīryaṃ dhyānaṃ prajñā upāyatā praṇidhānaṃ balaṃ jñānametāḥ pāramitā daśa ma.vi.44ka/154; dra. ye shes kyi pha rol tu phyin pa/
  3. tattvāvabodhaḥ — ye shes chags bral dbang phyug ni/ /mi zad bcu dang ldan pa can/ /bde byed ces ni gang grags pa/ /de yang bdag bsam pa yis shes// jñānaṃ vairāgyamaiśvaryamiti yo'pi daśāvyayaḥ śaṅkaraḥ śrūyate so'pi jñānavānātmavittayā ta.sa.116kha/1011;

Click here (or the Sanskrit tab) to see more Sanskrit language resources  


ཡེ་ཤེས
ཡེ་ཤེས་
wisdom [IW]

Pristine Cognition [GD]

timeless awareness [in Mahayana, Vajrayana and Dzogchen contexts] pristine awareness [in shravaka and pratyekabuddha contexts] [RB]

jnana, (exalted, primordial) wisdom, (primal, transcending, original, unitary, authentic, pure, absolute, a priori, genuine, spiritual, ever-fresh, pristine) awareness, wakefulness, pristine cognition, mystic illumination, gnosis, understanding by peak experience, (intuitive, transcending, comprehensive, true) knowledge, SA mched pa'i ye shes, mnyam nyid ye shes, me long ye shes, chos dbyings ye shes, bya sgrub ye shes, sor rtog ye shes, perfect absolute divine wisdom, pristine wisdom, primordial awareness, timeless awareness [JV]

wisdom, original wakefulness. Basic cognizance independent of intellectual constructs. There are also the five wisdoms, aspects of how the cognitive quality of buddha nature functions: the dharmadhatu wisdom, mirror-like wisdom, wisdom of equality, discriminating wisdom and all-accomplishing wisdom [RY]

knowledge, original wakefulness, gnosis, cognition, wisdom, primal awareness, pristine awareness, Primordial Awareness, [ [[jnana] ]]; pristine cognition. Innate wakefulness, intelligence, self-born awareness, primal awareness, wisdom, one of the phar phyin bcu the ten paramitas, pristine awareness, ever-fresh awareness, exalted wisdom / body, intuition [intuitive wisdom], gnosis, wisdom mind, primal knowledge, jnana. Syn ye gnas kyi shes pa; 'wisdom', [primordial knowing, original cognition, wakefulness, awareness]. Innate wakefulness, Jnana, cognition, knowledge, divine wisdom, ever-fresh awareness, pristine awareness, exalted wisdom / body, primordial wisdom, intelligence, intuition [intuitive wisdom], gnosis, wisdom mind, primal knowledge, jnana, pristine cognition / awareness. pristine wisdom, [or wisdom if otherwise qualified. i.e. mirror-like wisdom]. one of the phar phyin bcu the ten paramitas. primordial wisdom/wakefulness, Wisdom/Pristine wisdom [RY]

Wisdom ([ shes rab ], [ ye shes ]): 1) the ability to discern correctly, the understanding of emptiness and 2) the primordial and non-dual knowing aspect of the nature of the mind. [MR]

Skt. jñāna. 1) deep wisdom, penetrating wisdom, intuitive wisdom, mystic wisdom, primal wisdom, primordial wisdom, original wisdom, timeless wisdom, pristine wisdom, wisdom; 2) deep gnosis, penetrating gnosis, intuitive gnosis, mystic gnosis, primal gnosis, primordial gnosis, original gnosis, timeless gnosis, pristine gnosis, gnosis; 3) deep wakefulness, penetrating wakefulness, intuitive wakefulness, mystic wakefulness, primal wakefulness, primordial wakefulness, original wakefulness, timeless wakefulness, pristine wakefulness, wakefulness; 4) deep awareness, penetrating awareness, intuitive awareness, mystic awareness, primal awareness, primordial awareness, original awareness, timeless awareness, pristine awareness, awareness; 5) deep knowing, penetrating knowing, intuitive knowing, mystic knowing, primal knowing, primordial knowing, original knowing, timeless knowing, pristine knowing, knowing; 6) deep knowledge, penetrating knowledge, intuitive knowledge, mystic knowledge, primal knowledge, primordial knowledge, original knowledge, timeless knowledge, pristine knowledge, knowledge. The most appropriate English translation mostly depends on the vehicle, namely, Hinayāna, Mahāyāna, Vajrayāna or Atiyoga/Mahāmudrā, as each vehicle has a somewhat different connotation for jñāna. Erick Tsiknopoulos