Difference between revisions of "F continued"

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Four aspects of the path of joining (sbyor lam cha bzhi): Heat, summit, acceptance, and supreme attribute. See individually. [RY]
 
Four aspects of the path of joining (sbyor lam cha bzhi): Heat, summit, acceptance, and supreme attribute. See individually. [RY]
  
four attractive qualities of a bodhisattva, or four ways of gathering beings who need to be benefited (bsdu ba'i dngos po bzhi). (1) To please them with presents (sbyin pa), (2) to please them by saying gentle things suited to their minds (snyan par smra ba), (3) to teach them in accordance with their needs and capacities (don spyod pa), (4) to behave and practice in accordance with what one teaches (don mthun pa). [MR-ShabkarNotes]
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'''[[F continued - F1]]'''
 
 
four attractive qualities of a Bodhisattva, or four ways of gathering beings who need to be benefited (bsdu ba'i dngos po bzhi): 1) to please them with presents, 2) to please them by saying gentle things suited to their minds, 3) to teach them in accordance with their needs and capacities, and 4) to behave and practice in accordance with what one teaches. [MR-ShabkarNotes]
 
 
 
four attributes of a virtuous practitioner (dge sbyong gi chos bzhi) [LW1] [RY]
 
 
 
four attributes of a virtuous practitioner; expl. [LWx] [RY]
 
 
 
four basic practices of the Kagyu lineage are: (1) The view--of Mahamudra (phyag rgya chen po) (2) The meditation--the Six Yogas of Naropa (naro chos drug) (3) The action--the Six Cycles of Even Taste (ro snyoms skor drug) (4) The profound path--Guru Yoga (lam zab bla ma'i rnal 'byor). The guru yoga mentioned here is likely to be the secret Guru Yoga associated with the yogic exercises. [MR-ShabkarNotes]
 
 
 
four basic practices of the kagyu lineage. (1) The view--of Mahamudra (phyag rgya chen po), (2) the meditation--the Six Yogas of Naropa (naro chos drug) (3) the action--the Six Cycles of Even Taste (ro snyoms skor drug), (4) the profound path--Guru Yoga (lam zab bla ma'i rnal 'byor). [MR-ShabkarNotes]
 
 
 
four boundless thoughts (tshad med bzhi) are boundless loving-kindness (byams pa tshad med), boundless compassion (snying rje tshad med), boundless sympathetic joy (dga' ba tshad med), and boundless equanimity (btang snyoms tshad med). They are boundless because the number of beings to whom they apply is boundless, the motivation to benefit them is boundless, the virtues of doing so are boundless, and the excellence of the result is boundless. [MR-ShabkarNotes]
 
 
 
four boundless thoughts (tshad med bzhi). Boundless loving-kindness, boundless compassion, boundless sympathetic joy and boundless equanimity. They are boundless because the number of beings to whom they apply is boundless, the motivation to benefit them is boundless, the virtues of doing so are boundless, and the excellence of the result is boundless. [MR-ShabkarNotes]
 
 
 
Four Brahma Abodes (tshangs pa'i gnas pa bzhi) [LW1] [RY]
 
 
 
Four Brahma Abodes; expl. [LWx] [RY]
 
 
 
four branches of approach and accomplishment (bsnyen sgrub yan lag gzhi). These four belong to the development stage (bskyed rim). during which one visualizes wisdom deities and recites their mantras. First one "approaches" or "serves" (bsnyen) the deity by familiarizing oneself with the practice; one "approaches further" (nye bsnyen) by undertaking mantra recitation, visualization, etc.; one "accomplishes" (sgrub) the deity by mastering these practices; and, finally, one achieves the "great accomplishment (sgrub chen) by becoming one with the deity's wisdom nature. See YZ, vol. 40, pp. 121ff. [MR-ShabkarNotes]
 
 
 
four causal forms; listing of [LW1] [RY]
 
four causal forms; listing of [LWx] [RY]
 
 
 
Four circular empowerments (zlum po bzhi dbang). Synonym for the four empowerments. [RY]
 
 
 
Four classes of dakinis (mkha' 'gro sde bzhi). The dakinis of the four families of vajra, ratna, padma, and karma. They are spiritual beings who carry out the four activities of pacifying, increasing, magnetizing, and subjugating. [RY]
 
 
 
four classes of tantra (rgyud sde bzhi). Kriya, Upa, Yoga, and Anuttara. [MR-ShabkarNotes]
 
 
 
Four common karmas (thun mong gi las bzhi). See Four activities. [RY]
 
 
 
four contemplations (bsam gtan bzhi). The first involves both discursive thoughts (rtog pa) and examination (dpyod pa). The second is sheer examination devoid of discursive thoughts. The third is free from both examination and discursive thoughts. The fourth is attention (yid la byed pa) united with bliss (dga' ba). See YZ, vol.39, p.* [MR-ShabkarNotes]
 
 
 
four continents (gling bzhi), listing of [LW1] [RY]
 
 
 
Four continents (gling bzhi). The four continents surrounding Mount Sumeru: Superior Body, Jambu Continent, Cow Utilizing, and Unpleasant Sound. [ZL] [RY]
 
 
 
Four continents (gling bzhi). The four continents surrounding Mount Sumeru: Superior Body, Jambudvipa, Cow Enjoyment, and Unpleasant Sound. [RY]
 
 
 
four continents (gling bzhi); listing of [LWx] [RY]
 
 
 
four correct discriminations (so so yang dag rig pa bzhi); listing [LW1] [RY]
 
 
 
Four Cycles of Guru Sadhana (bla sgrub skor bzhi), details of lineage by Jamgön Kongtrül [LW1] [RY]
 
Four Cycles of Guru Sadhana. [RY]
 
Four Cycles of Guru Sadhana; details of lineage by Jamgön Kongtrül; [LWx] [RY]
 
 
 
Four Cycles of Nyingthig (snying thig skor bzhi). The chief disciple of Manjushrimitra, the great master known as Shri Singha, divided the Instruction Section into The Four Cycles of Nyingthig: the Outer, Inner, Secret, and Innermost Unexcelled Cycles. [RY]
 
 
 
Four Demons, or Maras; (bdud bzhi) phung po (tshang pa ser po), nyon mong (dbang phyug dkar po), lha bu (lha dbang kham ser), 'chi bdag (phyab 'jug nag po) [MR]
 
 
 
Four dharmas of the Kadampas; (dka' gdams chos bzhi) : Base your life on the dharma,, Base your dharma on a humble life,, Base your humble life on the thought of death,, Base your death on a lonely cave. [MR]
 
 
 
four dharmas of training in virtue (dge sbyong gi chos bzhi). Not returning anger for anger, insult for insult, slander for slander, blow for blow. [MR-ShabkarNotes]
 
 
 
Four Dhyana Realms (bsam gtan gyi gnas ris bzhi); in the Realm of Form [LW1] [RY]
 
 
 
Four Dhyana Realms; in the Realm of Form; expl. [LWx] [RY]
 
 
 
FOUR DHYANA STATES OF SERENITY (snyoms 'jug gi bsam gtan bzhi). The first dhyana is a state with both concept and discernment. The second dhyana is a state without concept but with discernment. The third dhyana is a state without delight but with bliss. The fourth dhyana is a state of equanimity.[AL] [RY]
 
 
 
four dhyanas (bsam gtan bzhi) [LW1] [RY]
 
 
 
four dhyanas (bsam gtan bzhi): The first dhyana is a state with both concept and discernment. The second dhyana is a state without concept but with just discernment. The third dhyana is a state without delight but with bliss. The fourth dhyana is a state of equanimity. [RY]
 
 
 
four dhyanas; detailed expl.; listing of [LWx] [RY]
 
 
 
Four districts of Tibet (bod ru bzhi). Four areas in Central Tibet flanking the rivers Kyichu and Tsangpo. [ZL] [RY]
 
 
 
four districts of u and tsang (bar dbus gtsang ru bzhi). Initially, during the reign of King Songtsen Gampo, the Four Regions in U and Tsang were described as follows: In U (dbus): 1) Uru (dbu ru), all the regions on the left banks of the Kyichu River, and of the Tsangpo River, after Chaksam, where the Kyichu and Tsangpo meet; 2) Yoru (g.yo ru), the regions on the right banks of these two rivers. In Tsang (gtsang): 3) Yeru (g.yas ru), the Right Region (on the right bank of the Tsangpo which flows from Mt Kailash), and 4) Ru lag (ru lag) on the left bank of the Tsangpo. More recently, they have been described as In U: 1) Puru (spus ru) and 2) Gungru (gung ru) In Tsang: 3) Yeru (g.yas ru) and 4) Yönru (g.yon ru) For a discussion of this see AC, pt. 1, p.4. CN. [MR-ShabkarNotes]
 
 
 
four districts of Ü and Tsang; listing of [LW1] [RY]
 
 
 
Four Districts of U-Tsang (bar dbus gtsang ru bzhi): According to AC Vol. I, p.4. and CN, p.* , initially, during the reign of Songtsen Gampo the Four Regions in U and Tsang were described as follows: In U (dbus): 1) Uru (dbu ru) all the regions on the left banks of the Kyichu River, and of the Tsangpo River, after Chaksam, where the Kyichu and Tsangpo meet. 2) Yoru (g.yo ru), the regions on the right banks of these two rivers. In Tsang (gtsang): 3) Yeru (g.yas ru), the Right Region (on the right bank of the Tsangpo which flows from Mt Kailash) and 4) Ru lag (ru lag) on the left bank of the Tsangpo. More recently, they have been described as: In U: 1) Puru (spus ru) and 2) Gungru (gung ru). In Tsang: 3) Yeru (g.yas ru) and 4) Yönru (g.yon ru). [MR-ShabkarNotes]
 
Four domains of the Realm of Form (gzugs khams kyi gnas ris bzhi). The abodes of beings who have cultivated the meditative states of the 'four dhyanas.' [RY]
 
 
 
four elements ('byung ba bzhi). Earth (sa), water (chu), fire (me), wind (rlung), and space (nam mkha'). [MR-ShabkarNotes]
 
 
 
four empowerments (dbang bzhi) [LW1] [RY]
 
 
 
four empowerments (dbang bzhi). 1) The vase empowerment (bum dbang), 2) the secret empowerment (gsang dbang), 3) the wisdom empowerment (shes rab ye shes kyi dbang), and 4) the precious word empowerment (tshig dbang rin po che). Within Atiyoga (rdzogs chen), the four empowerments are 1) elaborate (spros bcas), unelaborate (spros med), very unelaborate (shin tu spros med), and utterly unelaborate (rab tu spros med). [MR-ShabkarNotes]
 
 
 
Four empowerments (dbang bzhi). The empowerments of vase, secret, wisdom-knowledge and precious word. [RY]
 
 
 
Four empowerments (dbang bzhi). The vase, secret, wisdom-knowledge and precious word empowerments. Padmasambhava says in the Lamrim Yeshe Nyingpo: "The vase empowerment which purifies the body and the nadis is the seed of the vajra body and nirmanakaya. The secret empowerment which purifies the speech and the pranas is the seed of the vajra speech and sambhogakaya. The phonya empowerment which purifies the mind and the essences is the seed of the vajra mind and dharmakaya. The ultimate empowerment which purifies the habitual patterns of the all-ground is the seed of the vajra wisdom and svabhavikakaya." [ZL] [RY]
 
 
 
Four empowerments (dbang bzhi). The vase, secret, wisdom-knowledge and precious word empowerments. Padmasambhava says in the Lamrim Yeshe Nyingpo: …The vase empowerment that purifies the body and the nadis is the seed of the vajra body and nirmanakaya. The secret empowerment that purifies the speech and the pranas is the seed of the vajra speech and sambhogakaya. The phonya empowerment which purifies the mind and the essences is the seed of the vajra mind and dharmakaya. The ultimate empowerment which purifies the habitual patterns of the all-ground is the seed of the vajra wisdom and svabhavikakaya.† [Bardo Guide 91] [RY]
 
 
 
four empowerments; expl.; listing of; [LWx] [RY]
 
 
 
Four extremes (mtha' bzhi). Existence and non-existence, both and neither. [RY]
 
 
 
four female gatekeepers [LW1] [RY]
 
 
 
Four Formless Realms (gzugs med kyi khams bzhi). The four unenlightened meditative states of dwelling on the thoughts: Infinite Space, Infinite Consciousness, Nothing Whatsoever, and Neither Presence Nor Absence [of conception]. [RY]
 
 
 
Four formless spheres of finality (gzugs med kyi skye mched mu bzhi). See 'Four Formless Realms.' [RY]
 
 
 
four formless states (gzugs med bzhi). :See also four states of formless spheres; karmic cause and effect [LW1] [RY]
 
 
 
four formless states (gzugs med kyi gnas bzhi). Infinite space (nam mkha' mtha' yas), infinite consciousness (rnam shes mtha' yas), nothing at all (ci yang med pa), and neither perception nor non-perception ('du shes med 'du shes med min). See YZ, vol.38, p.* [MR-ShabkarNotes]
 
 
 
FOUR FORMLESS STATES OF SERENITY (gzugs med kyi snyoms 'jug bzhi). See 'Formless Realms.'[AL] [RY]
 
 
 
four formless states; karmic cause and effect; see also 'four states of formless spheres' [LWx] [RY]
 
 
 
Four gate keepers (sgo ba bzhi). Acala, Yamantaka, Hayagriva, and Amritakundali. [RY]
 
 
 
four grand snow mountains (bod kyi gangs chen bzhi), listing of [LW1] [RY]
 
 
 
four Great Kings (rgyal chen bzhi). The four great Kings of the four sides of Mount Meru. At the beginning of the retreat, they are invoked and asked to reside within their representation upon the retreat boundary marker, and use their powers of protection until the retreat is concluded. This marks the boundary beyond which people cannot pass or enter. [Peter Roberts]
 
 
 
Four Great Rivers of Transmissions (bka' babs kyi chu bo chen po bzhi). The rivers of empowerment of yidam, tantric scriptures, spiritual friend, and of the expression of awareness. These four transmissions originate from, respectively, Garab Dorje, King Jah, Buddhaguhya and Shri Singha. [ZL] [RY]
 
 
 
Four Great Sorcerers (mthu bo che mi bzhi). [ZL] [RY]
 
 
 
Four guardian kings {rgyal chen bzhi}. The four world guardians. Dhritarashtra in the east, Virudhaka in the south, Virupaksha in the west, and Vaishravana in the north. [RY]
 
 
 
four guests (mgron po bzhi). 1) the Three Jewels, the Buddhas and Bodhisattvas who elicit faith and respect, 2) the protectors of the Dharma, who are endowed with excellent qualities, 3) sentient beings, who deserve our compassion, and 4) negative harmful spirits, to whom we must repay karmic debts. [MR-ShabkarNotes]
 
 
 
Four Hundred Verses [of Yogic Deeds]; Catuhshataka-shastra-karika; (rnal 'byor spyod pa bzhi brgya pa); Aryadeva, 2nd century. [PK] [RY]
 
 
 
Four Immeasurable - love, compassion, joy, equanimity. [RY]
 
 
 
Four immeasurables (tshad med bzhi). Compassion, love, joy and impartiality. [RY]
 
 
 
Four immeasurables (tshad med bzhi). Compassion, love, joy and impartiality. Also called the 'four abodes of Brahma' because their cultivation causes rebirth as the king of the gods in the Realm of Form within samsaric existence. When embraced by the attitude of bodhichitta, the wish to attain enlightenment for the welfare of others, their cultivation causes the attainment of unexcelled buddhahood. [ZL] [RY]
 
 
 
four immeasurables (tshad med bzhi); Dhyana Realms; four samadhis; identity of; listing of [LW1] [RY]
 
 
 
four immeasurables. Compassion, love, joy and impartiality. Also called the 'four abodes of Brahma' because their cultivation causes rebirth as the king of the gods in the Realm of Form within samsaric existence. When embraced by the attitude of bodhichitta, the wish to attain enlightenment for the welfare of others, their cultivation causes the attainment of unexcelled buddhahood.[Primer] [RY]
 
 
 
Four Joys - each of the four joys is associated with one of the four chakras: Awakened Joy (forehead chakra): Joy of Limitless Good Qualities (throat chakra); Supreme Joy of the Mahamudra (heart chakra); and Spontaneous Transcendent Awakened Joy (navel chakra). [RY]
 
 
 
four joys (dga' ba bzhi) [LW1] [RY]
 
 
 
Four joys (dga' bzhi). Joy, supreme joy, non-joy, and innate joy. [RY]
 
 
 
four joys, (dga' ba bzhi) ananda. The four joys are associated with the third abhiseka: joy (S: ananda, perfect joy (S: paramananda), joy of cessation (S: viramananda), and coemergent joy (S: sahajananda). [Rain of Wisdom]
 
 
 
four joys; listing of; [LWx] [RY]
 
 
 
Four karmas (las bzhi). See Four activities. [RY]
 
 
 
 
 
Four kayas - see Three Kayas. [RY]
 
 
 
Four kayas (sku bzhi). The three kayas plus svabhavikakaya. [RY]
 
 
 
four kayas (sku bzhi); listing [LW1] [RY]
 
 
 
four kayas. See kayas and wisdoms [LW1] [RY]
 
 
 
four kayas; listing of; see also 'kayas and wisdoms' [LWx] [RY]
 
 
 
Four kinds of activities (phrin las rnam pa bzhi). See Four activities. [RY]
 
 
 
four kinds of verbal nonvirtues. See ten nonvirtues [LW1] [RY]
 
 
 
four kinds of verbal nonvirtues; see 'ten nonvirtues' [LWx] [RY]
 
 
 
Four legs of miraculous action (rdzu 'phrul gyi rkang pa bzhi). Determination, discernment, diligence, and samadhi; perfected on the greater path of accumulation. [RY]
 
 
 
four legs of miraculous action (rdzu 'phrul gyi rkang pa bzhi); listing of [LW1] [RY]
 
 
 
Four levels of emptiness (stong pa bzhi). Emptiness, special emptiness, great emptiness, universal emptiness. [RY]
 
 
 
four liberating paths; listing of the four yogas [LW1] [RY]
 
 
 
Four liberations (grol ba bzhi ldan), the four liberations through seeing, hearing, remembering and touching. [RY]
 
 
 
four liberations (grol ba bzhi), listing of [LW1] [RY]
 
 
 
four liberations; listing of [LWx] [RY]
 
 
 
four limiting concepts (spros pa'i mtha' bzhi). Conceiving of reality in terms of existence and nonexistence, eternity and nothingness. [MR-ShabkarNotes]
 
 
 
four limits of impermanence; listing of [LW1] [RY]
 
 
 
Four magical powers (rdzu 'phrul bzhi). In the general vehicles, the 'four legs of miraculous action' (rdzu 'phrul gyi rkang pa bzhi) are mentioned as intention, determination, diligence, and discernment; four causes for achieving the power of superknowledge. In Vajrayana, 'four magical displays' (cho 'phrul bzhi) are mentioned as being samadhi, consecration, conferring empowerment, and making offerings. [RY]
 
 
 
four main traditions of tibetan buddhism (bod kyi chos lugs chen po bzhi). Nyingma (rnying ma), Kagyu (bka' brgyud), Sakya (sa skya), and Geluk (dge lugs). [MR-ShabkarNotes]
 
 
 
Four major and eight minor temples (gling bzhi gling phran brgyad). The temples positioned around the central temple of Samye. Listed in Chapter Eleven. [ZL] [RY]
 
 
 
Four Major Sections of Yoga Tantra (yo ga'i rgyud sde chen po bzhi). Listed in Chapter 12. [ZL] [RY]
 
 
 
Four major sets of teaching (skor tsho chen po rnam pa bzhi). Four divisions of Lamey Tukdrub Barchey Künsel. Sheldam Nyingjang, Ladrub, Koljang, and Khyepar gyi lha bzhi. [RY]
 
 
 
Four major sets of teaching (skor tsho chen po rnam pa bzhi). Four divisions of Lamey Tukdrub Barchey Künsel: The root tantra Sheldam Nyingjang including branch sadhanas, the three versions of Guru Sadhana, the three Concise Manuals, and the sadhanas for the Four Divinities who Dispel Obstacles - Tara, Achala, Dorje Bechon and Mewa Tsekpa. [RY]
 
 
 
four major transgressions of the monastic vows (pham pa bzhi). To kill a human being, to steal (to take what is not given), to break celibacy, and to lie about one's spiritual attainment (pretending to have attained a high spiritual level, to have experienced visions, etc.). These four are called "defeats" (pham pa), because they make one completely lose one's ordination.  [MR-ShabkarNotes]
 
 
 
Four Maras (bdud bzhi). Lord of Death, Godly Son, Klesha and Skandha. [RY]
 
 
 
Four masters for receiving the Four Rivers of Empowerment (dbang gi chu bo bzhi): 1) Garab Dorje (Prahevajra, dga' rab rdo rje) who received the river of empowerment of yidam. 2) King Jah (rgyal po dza:) who received the river of empowerment of tantric scriptures. 3) Buddhaguhya (sangs rgyas gsang ba) [and also sometimes Vimalamitra] who received the river of empowerment of spiritual friend. 4) Shri Singha who received the river of empowerment of awareness play. (DKR) [RY]
 
 
 
four masters; of Padmasambhava [LW1] [RY]
 
 
 
four means of attraction (bsdu ba'i dngos po bzhi) [LW1] [RY]
 
 
 
four means of attraction; detailed expl. [LWx] [RY]
 
 
 
Four Means of Conversion  (bsdu ba'i dngos po bzhi)- giving, kind words, assisting the development of others, consistency between words and actions. [RY]
 
 
 
Four means of magnetizing (bsdu ba'i dngos po bzhi). Being generous, uttering kind words, giving appropriate teachings and keeping consistency between words and actions. [RY]
 
 
 
Four means of magnetizing (bsdu ba'i dngos po bzhi). Being generous, uttering kind words, giving appropriate teachings and keeping consistency between words and actions. Padmasambhava says in the Lamrim Yeshe Nyingpo: Having ripened your own being, gather followers through generosity, Delight them with pleasing words, and comfort them by being consistent. Through giving them counsel to meaningful conduct, establish them temporarily and ultimately, In the full splendor of benefit and well-being. [RY]
 
 
 
Four means of magnetizing (bsdu ba'i dngos po bzhi). Being generous, uttering kind words, giving appropriate teachings, and keeping consistency between words and conduct. [ZL] [RY]
 
 
 
Four means of magnetizing (bsdu ba'i dngos po bzhi). Generosity, pleasing speech, appropriate teachings and consistency in behavior. [RY]
 
 
 
four means of magnetizing, sangraha vastuni; (bsdu ba rnam bzhi). The four ways a bodhisattva gathers students and spreads the dharma: (1) generosity, providing necessities so that students will be attracted to the dharma; (2) praise, being generous in a pleasing and kind way; (3) acting in accord with local customs, so that students will understand the bodhisattva's actions; and (4) actions that benefit students. [Rain of Wisdom]
 
 
 
four means of magnetizing. Being generous, uttering kind words, giving appropriate teachings and keeping consistency between words and actions. Padmasambhava says in the Lamrim Yeshe Nyingpo: Having ripened your own being, gather followers through generosity, Delight them with pleasing words, and comfort them by being consistent. Through giving them counsel to meaningful conduct, establish them temporarily and ultimately, In the full splendor of benefit and well-being.[Primer] [RY]
 
 
 
Four mind-changings (blo ldog rnam bzhi). 1) The freedoms and riches comprising the precious human body that are so difficult to find. 2) Impermanence and death. 3) Karma, the law of cause and effect. 4) The sufferings of samsara. Reflecting on these four topics regarding the facts of life, causes one's mind to change and be directed towards Dharma practice. [RY]
 
 
 
Four mind-changings (blo ldog rnam bzhi). 1) The freedoms and riches comprising the precious human body that are so difficult to find. 2) Impermanence and death. 3) Karma, the law of cause and effect. 4) The sufferings of samsara. Reflecting on these four topics regarding the facts of life, causes one's mind to change and be directed towards Dharma practice.[Primer] [RY]
 
 
 
Four mind-changings (blo ldog rnam bzhi). 1). The freedoms and riches that are so difficult to find, 2). impermanence and death, 3). karma, the law of cause and effect, 4). the defects of samsara. Reflecting on these four topics regarding the facts of life, causes one's mind to change and be directed towards Dharma practice. [RY]
 
 
 
Four modes (tshul bzhi) are the 1) literal (tshig), 2) general (spyi), 3) hidden (sbas), and the 4) ultimate (mthar thug). [RY]
 
 
 
FOUR MODES (tshul bzhi). Four levels of meaning: the literal, the general, the hidden, and the ultimate.[AL] [RY]
 
 
 
four modes (tshul bzhi); concerning Wisdom Essence; detailed expl.; listing of; summary of [LWx] [RY]
 
 
 
four modes (tshul bzhi); concerning Wisdom Essence; detailed; listing of; summary of [LW1] [RY]
 
 
 
Four mudras (phyag rgya bzhi). Four aspects of tantric practice. [RY]
 
 
 
four nadi-wheels [LW1] [RY]
 
 
 
Four Noble Truths - suffering, cause of suffering, ending of suffering, and the eightfold path to liberation from suffering. [RY]
 
 
 
Four noble truths ('phags pa'i bden pa bzhi). The four truths are the truth of suffering, of origin, of the cessation, and of the path. The truth of suffering refers to the world and the beings. The truth of origin refers to karmic actions and disturbing emotions. The truth of cessation is state of having relinquished both the karmas and disturbing emotions along with their effects. The truth of the path is the paths and levels of Buddhism, the ultimate solution to suffering. The truth of suffering is like a sickness, the truth of origin is the cause of the sickness, the truth of cessation is like having recovered from the sickness, and the truth of the path is like following a cure for the sickness. These four truths can be understood in increasingly deeper ways as the practitioner progresses through the three vehicles.[Primer] [RY]
 
 
 
four noble truths (bden pa bzhi). 1) The truth of suffering, 2) of the origin of suffering (the obscuring emotions), 3) of the cessation of suffering, and 4) of the path to achieve this cessation. [MR-ShabkarNotes]
 
 
 
Four noble truths ('phags pa'i bden pa bzhi). The four truths are the truth of suffering, of origin, of the cessation, and of the path. The truth of suffering refers to the world and the beings. The truth of origin refers to karmic actions and disturbing emotions. The truth of cessation is state of having relinquished both the karmas and disturbing emotions along with their effects. The truth of the path is the paths and levels of Buddhism, the ultimate solution to suffering. The truth of suffering is like a sickness, the truth of origin is the cause of the sickness, the truth of cessation is like having recovered from the sickness, and the truth of the path is like following a cure for the sickness. These four truths can be understood in increasingly deeper ways as the practitioner progresses through the three vehicles. [Bardo Guide 91] [RY]
 
 
 
Four Noble Truths ('phags pa'i bden pa bzhi). The truth of suffering, origin, path, and cessation. [RY]
 
 
 
four obscurations (sgrib bzhi) [LW1] [RY]
 
 
 
Four Oceans of the Universal Mother Deities (ma mo srid pa'i mtsho bzhi). [ZL] [RY]
 
 
 
Four of daily activities (spyod lam bzhi). Walking, moving about, lying down and sitting. [RY]
 
 
 
four ornaments (rgyan bzhi). Four classical themes on old brocades--the elephant hastina symbolizing strength; the deer sharana symbolizing compassion; the sea monster patrana, which purified desire; and the garuda karuna, which purified ignorance. [MR-ShabkarNotes]
 
 
 
Four Ornaments (rgyan bzhi): four classical themes of old brocades--the elephant, hastina, symbolizing strength; the deer, sharana, symbolizing compassion; the sea monster, patrana who purified desire; and the Garuda, karuna, who purified ignorance. [MR-ShabkarNotes]
 
 
 
Four paramitas (phar phyin bzhi). The last four of the ten paramitas: Skillful means, strength, aspiration and wisdom. [RY]
 
 
 
Four Particularly Important Instructions (khyad par du gal che ba'i gdams pa bzhi). [ZL] [RY]
 
 
 
Four patron deities of the Kadampas (bka' gdams lha bzhi): Buddha Sakyamuni, Avalokitesvara, Vajra Achala, and Tara. [MR-ShabkarNotes]
 
 
 
Four philosophical schools (grub mtha' bzhi). See 'philosophical schools.' [Bardo Guide 91] [RY]
 
 
 
Four philosophical schools (grub mtha' bzhi). Vaibhashika, Sautrantika, Cittamatra, and Madhyamika. [RY]
 
 
 
Four Philosophical Schools (grub mtha' bzhi); listing of viewpoints regarding the sugata essence [LW1] [RY]
 
 
 
Four Philosophical Schools; listing of viewpoints regarding the sugata essence [LWx] [RY]
 
 
 
four preferences of the noble ones ('phags pa'i rigs bzhi). Simple food, simple clothing, simple dwelling-place, simple possessions. [MR-ShabkarNotes]
 
 
 
Four Profound Cycles of Guru Sadhana (zab mo'i bla sgrub skor bzhi). See Four Cycles of Guru Sadhana [LW1] [RY]
 
 
 
Four Profound Cycles of Heart Practice. See Four Cycles of Guru Sadhana [LW1] [RY]
 
 
 
Four Protector Temples (mgon khang bzhi). [ZL] [RY]
 
 
 
Four pure notions (dag pa'i 'du shes bzhi). Regarding oneself as a sick person, the teacher as a doctor, the teaching as a medicine and the practice as the act of following the cure. [RY]
 
 
 
Four realms of infinite perception (skye mched mu bzhi kyi gnas ris). Same as the 'four Formless Realms.' [RY]
 
 
 
Four Remati Sisters (re ma ti mched bzhi). [ZL] [RY]
 
 
 
four renowned lakes (grags pa'i mtsho chen brgyad), listing of [LW1] [RY]
 
 
 
Four results of spiritual practice (dge sbyor gyi 'bras bu bzhi). See 'shravaka.' [ZL] [RY]
 
 
 
four right discriminations (so so yang dag rig pa bzhi); listing of [LWx] [RY]
 
 
 
four right endeavors (yang dag par spong ba bzhi); listing of [LW1] [RY]
 
 
 
four right endeavors; listing of [LWx] [RY]
 
 
 
Four right exertions (yang dag spong ba bzhi). To avoid giving rise to nonvirtuous qualities, to abandon the ones that have arisen, to give rise to virtuous qualities, and to avoid letting the ones that have arisen degenerate. They are perfected on the medium stage of the path of accumulation. [RY]
 
 
 
four ripening empowerments (smin byed kyi dbang bzhi); See four empowerments [LW1] [RY]
 
 
 
four ripening empowerments; see also 'four empowerments'; [LWx] [RY]
 
 
 
Four Rivers of Empowerment (dbang gi chu bo bzhi); received by Padmasambhava [LW1] [RY]
 
 
 
Four Rivers of Lower Dokham; listing of [LW1] [RY]
 
 
 
Four rivers of samsara: Whatever is born will die,, Whatever is gathered will be dispersed,, Whatever is joined will come apart,, Whatever ascends will fall down. [MR]
 
 
 
Four rivers of Secret Mantra (gsang sngags chu bo bzhi'i bka' babs). Yidam, tantra scripture, spiritual friend and awareness display. [RY]
 
 
 
Four Rivers of the Transmission; (bka'i chu bo bzhi): 1) dkyus bshad gzhung gi chu bo which comprises 'grel ba, ti ka and stong thun. 2) snyan brgyud gdams ngag gi chu bo, which comprises gnad yig and dmar khrid. 3) byin rlabs dbang gi chu bo, which comprises the ways to bestow the empowerment (bskur thabs) and the introduction to the nature (ngo sprod). 4) phyag bzhes phrin las kyi chu bo, which comprises bstan srung and drag sngags. (shes bya mdzod E p.510) [MR]
 
 
 
Four Rivers; listing of [LWx] [RY]
 
 
 
FOUR ROOT PRECEPTS (rtsa ba bzhi). To refrain from killing, stealing, lying, and sexual misconduct.[AL] [RY]
 
 
 
four root precepts (rtsa sdom bzhi). Not taking lives, not taking what is not given, not lying, and not engaging in sexual misconduct. [RY]
 
 
 
four root precepts. Not taking lives, not taking what is not given, not lying, and not engaging in sexual misconduct.[Primer] [RY]
 
 
 
four samadhis. See four immeasurables [LW1] [RY]
 
 
 
four samadhis; alias 'four immeasurables'; expl. [LWx] [RY]
 
 
 
Four Scriptures and the Summation (mdo bzhi sdom dang lnga). The major scriptures of Anu Yoga. Listed in Chapter 12. [ZL] [RY]
 
 
 
four seals (phyag rgya bzhi); listing of [LW1] [RY]
 
 
 
four seals (phyag rgya bzhi); listing of [LWx] [RY]
 
 
 
Four sections of tantra (rgyud sde bzhi). Kriya, Charya, Yoga, and Anuttara Yoga. [RY]
 
 
 
Four Semo Sisters (bse mo mched bzhi). [ZL] [RY]
 
 
 
Four sessions (thun bzhi). Dawn, morning, afternoon and evening. [RY]
 
 
 
Four Shvana Sisters (shva na ma mched bzhi). [ZL] [RY]
 
 
 
Four spheres of the Formless Realm (gzugs med kyi skye mched bzhi). See 'Four Formless Realms.' [RY]
 
 
 
Four Spheres. See four states of formless spheres, four formless states [LW1] [RY]
 
 
 
Four Spheres; see also 'four states of formless spheres' [LWx] [RY]
 
 
 
four states of formless spheres (gzugs med kyi skye mched bzhi) [LW1] [RY]
 
 
 
Four summaries of the Dharma (chos kyi sdom bzhi). The four main principles of Buddhism: all compounded things are impermanent, everything defiled (with ego-clinging) is suffering, all phenomena are empty and devoid of a self-entity, and nirvana is the great peace. [RY]
 
 
 
Four supports {rton pa bzhi}. Don't rely on the individual, rely on the dharma. Don't rely on the words, rely on the meaning. Don't rely on the expedient meaning, rely on the real meaning. Don't rely on consciousness, rely on wisdom. [RY]
 
 
 
four syllables (yi ge bzhi); detailed fourfold qualities; in relation to the twelve links of dependent origination; reason for; source of origin; special teachings of the meaning; symbolism and function; their essence; vajra syllables of the Great Secret [LW1] [RY]
 
 
 
four syllables; detailed expl.; fourfold qualities; in relation to the twelve links of dependent origination; reason for; source of origin; special teachings of the meaning; symbolism and function; their essence; vajra syllables of the Great Secret; [LWx] [RY]
 
 
 
four Tantras. The Four Tantras: The Kriya, Charya, Yoga and Anuttara. [Peter Roberts]
 
 
 
Four things to remember regarding the karmic law of cause and result: (1) That karma is certain, (2) that it tends to increase, (3) that you will never experience something of which you have not enacted the cause, (4) that karmic impulse set in motion by your actions is never wasted and never disappear on its own. [MR]
 
 
 
four truths (bden pa bzhi); detailed; functions of; listing the sixteen aspects; realization of; sixteen moments; twelve aspects of [LW1] [RY]
 
 
 
four truths; detailed expl.; functions of; listing the; aspects; twelve aspects of [LWx] [RY]
 
 
 
four types of impelling and completing, performed and accumulated; expl. [LWx] [RY]
 
 
 
Four Types of Instantaneous Razor Slash (spu gri reg chod rnam bzhi). [ZL] [RY]
 
 
 
Four types of letters 1) the letters E and Wam are the ultimate natural state, 2) the vowels and consonants are the nadi letters abiding in the body, 3) the (Buddha's) Words and the Treatises are the sound letters of utterance, and 4) the final letters of fruition. [RY]
 
 
 
Four types of right discrimination (so so yang dag rig pa bzhi). The right discrimination of definitive words, meaning, phenomena, and courageous eloquence. [EMP] [RY]
 
 
 
Four types of throwing and completing, performed and accumulated have four aspects: A white throwing karma while the completing is black; a black throwing karma while the completing is white; both being white; both being black. Similarly, the performed and accumulated have four aspects: a black karma with a white ripening; a white karma with a black ripening etc. [RY]
 
 
 
Four Ubhaya Tantras (u bha ya'i rgyud bzhi). [ZL] [RY]
 
 
 
four ultimate aims (gtad pa bzhi). To leave one's mind to the Dharma; to leave one's Dharma to a beggar's life; to live a beggar's life until death; to leave one's death to a cave. [MR-ShabkarNotes]
 
 
 
Four Vajra Syllables. See also syllables; four syllables [LW1] [RY]
 
 
 
Four Vajra Syllables; detailed expl.; see also 'syllables' and 'four syllables' [LWx] [RY]
 
 
 
four vajras (rdo rje bzhi); combined with the three kayas; listing of [LW1] [RY]
 
 
 
four vajras; combined with the three kayas; listing of [LWx] [RY]
 
 
 
four variable mental states (sems byung gzhan gyur bzhi); listing of [LW1] [RY]
 
 
 
Four vidyadhara levels (rig 'dzin rnam pa bzhi'i go 'phang). See Four vidyadharas. [RY]
 
 
 
Four Vidyadhara Levels (rig 'dzin rnam pa bzhi'i go 'phang). The four stages of attainment of knowledge-holders, masters of the four stages of the tantric path of mahayoga. The four vidyadhara levels are the Full Maturation, Life Mastery, Mahamudra, and Spontaneous Presence (rnam smin, tshe dbang, phyag chen, lhun grub). [RY]
 
 
 
Four Vidyadhara Levels (rig 'dzin rnam pa bzhi'i go 'phang). The four stages of attainment of knowledge-holders, masters of the four stages of the tantric path of Mahayoga. The four vidyadhara levels are the Maturation, Longevity (Life Mastery), Mahamudra, and Spontaneous Perfection. See under each individually. [ZL] [RY]
 
 
 
four vidyadhara levels [LW1] [RY]
 
 
 
four vidyadhara levels; expl. [LWx] [RY]
 
 
 
Four vidyadharas (rig 'dzin bzhi). The four knowledge-holders, masters of the four stages of the tantric path of mahayoga. The four vidyadhara levels are the Fully Matured, Life Mastery, Great Seal, and Spontaneously Accomplished. (rnam smin, tshe dbang, phyag chen, lhun grub). [RY]
 
 
 
four visions (snang ba bzhi), listing of [LW1] [RY]
 
 
 
Four visions (snang ba bzhi). Four stages in Dzogchen practice: manifest dharmata, increased experience, awareness reaching fullness, and exhaustion of concepts and phenomena. [RY]
 
 
 
Four visions {snang ba bzhi}. The four visions in thogal practice: Direct realization of dharmata, increase in experience, culmination of awareness and exhaustion of phenomena. [RY]
 
 
 
Four visions of Dzogchen (rdzogs chen gyi snang ba bzhi). Four stages in Dzogchen practice: manifest dharmata, increased experience, awareness reaching fullness and exhaustion of concepts and phenomena. [RY]
 
 
 
four visions of thögal practice (thod rgal kyi snang ba bzhi). 1) The vision of the absolute nature becoming manifest (chos nyid mngon sum), 2) the vision of the experience of increasing appearances (nyams gong 'phel), 3) the vision of awareness reaching its greatest magnitude (rig pa tshad phebs), and 4) the vision of the exhaustion of phenomena in dharmata (chos nyid zad pa). [MR-ShabkarNotes]
 
 
 
Four visions of Tögal (thod rgal gyi snang ba bzhi). Four stages in Dzogchen practice: manifest dharmata, increased experience, awareness reaching fullness and exhaustion of concepts and phenomena. [RY]
 
 
 
four white deeds [LW1] [RY]
 
 
 
four white deeds; expl. [LWx] [RY]
 
 
 
Four yogas (rnal 'byor bzhi) are: The shape yoga of development stage, the profound yoga of mantra, the ultimate yoga of Dharma, and the yoga of total purity. [RY]
 
 
 
Four yogas (rnal 'byor bzhi). See the 'four yogas of Mahamudra.' (phyag chen gyi rnal 'byor bzhi). [RY]
 
 
 
four yogas (rnal 'byor bzhi); expl.; listing of; [LWx] [RY]
 
 
 
four yogas (rnal 'byor bzhi); listing of [LW1] [RY]
 
 
 
Four Yogas of Mahamudra (phyag chen gyi rnal 'byor bzhi). Four stages in Mahamudra practice: one-pointedness, simplicity, one taste, and nonmeditation. [RY]
 
 
 
Fourfold spheres of perception (skye mched mu bzhi). Same as the four formless realms. The four unenlightened meditative states of dwelling on the thoughts: Infinite Space, Infinite Consciousness, Nothing Whatsoever, and Neither Presence Nor Absence of conception. [RY]
 
 
 
fourfold spheres of perception. Same as the four formless realms. The four unenlightened meditative states of dwelling on the thoughts: Infinite Space, Infinite Consciousness, Nothing Whatsoever, and Neither Presence Nor Absence of conception.[Primer] [RY]
 
 
 
Fourth Dhyana Realm [LWx] [RY]
 
 
 
Fourth Dhyana Realm. See Dhyana Realms [LW1] [RY]
 
 
 
Fourth Dzogchen Rinpoche, Mingyur Namkhai Dorje (Mi 'gyur gnam mkha'i rdo rje) :1793-?. [RY]
 
 
 
Fourth Dzogchen Rinpoche, Mingyur Namkhai Dorje (Mi 'gyur gnam mkha'i rdo rje) :1793/4?-? [MR]
 
 
 
Fourth empowerment (dbang bzhi pa). Also known as the precious word empowerment (tshig dbang rin po che). [RY]
 
 
 
fourth empowerment (dbang bzhi pa); nature of; practices of [LW1] [RY]
 
 
 
Fourth empowerment of Mantra (sngags kyi dbang bzhi pa). Also called the 'precious word empowerment' (tshig dbang rin po che), the purpose of which is to point out the nature of mind. [RY]
 
 
 
fourth empowerment; nature of; practices of [LWx] [RY]
 
 
 
Fourth Guide; (Buddha Shakyamuni) [LWx] [RY]
 
 
 
Fourth Guide; Buddha Shakyamuni [LW1] [RY]
 
 
 
fourth time of equality (dus bzhi mnyam pa nyid) [LW1] [RY]
 
 
 
fourth time of equality (dus bzhi mnyam pa nyid); expl. [LWx] [RY]
 
 
 
Fourth time of great equality (dus bzhi mnyam pa chen po). A synonym for the view of Mahamudra and Trekchö. [RY]
 
 
 
Fragment Sadhana of the Eight-petaled Lotus (padma 'dab brgyad khrol bu'i sgrub pa). [ZL] [RY]
 
 
 
Fragrant aloe wood (a ga ru). Agallochum, Amyris aggallocha. [RY]
 
 
 
Free and well-favored human form (dal 'byor gyi mi lus). A human existence endowed with the eight freedoms and ten riches. [RY]
 
 
 
Free of the Four Graspings {zhen pa bzhi bral}. An important Sakyapa text. [RY]
 
 
 
Freedom (moksa, thar pa). = Liberation [RY]
 
 
 
freedom and maturation [LW1] [RY]
 
 
 
freedom and maturation; qualities of (bral smin gyi yon tan); [LWx] [RY]
 
 
 
freedom, qualities of (bral ba'i yon tan) [LW1] [RY]
 
 
 
freedom; qualities of (bral ba'i yon tan); [LWx] [RY]
 
 
 
Freedoms and advantages {dal 'byor}. The eight freedoms and the ten advantages which are necessary to practice the Dharma and are very hard to obtain. [RY]
 
 
 
freedoms and riches (dal 'byor) [LW1] [RY]
 
 
 
FREEDOMS AND RICHES (dal 'byor). See under 'precious human body.'[AL] [RY]
 
 
 
Freedoms and riches (dal 'byor). The conditions for being able to practice the sacred Dharma in a human body. [RY]
 
 
 
freedoms and riches; expl. [LWx] [RY]
 
 
 
freedoms, eight (dal ba brgyad); expl. [LWx] [RY]
 
 
 
Friendliness, Loving kindness, Love (maitri, byams pa). wishing all sentient beings to be happy. [RY]
 
 
 
Friendly-minded (maitri citta, byams sems). =Bodhisattva. [RY]
 
 
 
Frowning One (khro gnyer can ma) is a wrathful aspect of Tara. [MR-ShabkarNotes]
 
 
 
Fruition ('bras bu). The end of the path. Usually the state of complete and perfect buddhahood. Can also refer to one of the three levels of enlightenment of a shravaka, pratyekabuddha or bodhisattva. See also 'view, meditation, action and fruition.' [Bardo Guide 91] [RY]
 
 
 
Fruition ('bras bu). The end of the path. Usually the state of complete and perfect buddhahood. Can also refer to one of the three levels of enlightenment of a shravaka, pratyekabuddha or bodhisattva. See also 'view, meditation, action and fruition.' [ZL] [RY]
 
 
 
FRUITION ('bras bu). The result, usually the end of a spiritual path. One of the three levels of enlightenment of a shravaka, pratyekabuddha or bodhisattva. In Mahayana the state of complete and perfect buddhahood; in Vajrayana the 'unified state of a vajra-holder,' in this book expressed as the '25 attributes of fruition.' See also 'view, meditation, action and fruition.' [AL] [RY]
 
 
 
Fruition ('bras bu). The state of complete and perfect buddhahood. [RY]
 
 
 
Fruition Mahamudra ('bras bu phyag chen). The state of complete and perfect buddhahood. [RY]
 
 
 
Fruition of nonreturn (phyir mi ldog pa'i 'bras bu). Liberation from samsara or the omniscient state of buddhahood. [ZL] [RY]
 
 
 
Fruition of the two kayas (sku gnyis kyi 'bras bu). The state of complete and perfect buddhahood comprised of dharmakaya and rupakaya of which rupakaya, the form body, refers to both sambhogakaya and nirmanakaya. [RY]
 
 
 
Fruition of unity (zung 'jug gi 'bras bu). Complete enlightenment, the unified level of a vajra holder. [RY]
 
 
 
Fruition Wisdom ('bras bu'i ye shes). Innate wakefulness in which all qualities are fully manifest and all obscurations are fully removed. [RY]
 
 
 
Fulfilled Action (las rab rdzogs pa). The pure realm of Buddha Amoghasiddhi. [RY]
 
 
 
Fulfillment ritual (bskang ba, bskang chog). A practice to purify outer, inner and secret or innermost breaches and violations of a practitioner's Hinayana precepts, Mahayana vows, or Vajrayana commitments. [ZL] [RY]
 
 
 
Fulfillment stage - see Perfecting Stage. [RY]
 
 
 
Full approach (nye bar bsnyen pa). Same as 'close approach.' [RY]
 
 
 
Full approach (nye bar bsnyen pa). See 'four aspects of approach and accomplishment.' [RY]
 
full-breast vase-shape ('brang-rgyas bum-gzugs) " life-torma. "Full breast vase-shape" torma. 'brang-rgyas bum-gzugs. There is a "full breast" torma, that is narrower at the base, with a large rounded upper half. This particular "vase-form" type, narrows towards the apex into a flat top. [Peter Roberts]
 
 
 
Fully Liberating Samsara ('khor ba yongs grol). The pure realm of Buddha Vairocana. [RY]
 
 
 
Fumigate the room with the smoke of bdellium and frankincense. Bdellium and frankincense: In Tibetan called black guggul and white guggul.They are both resins from trees. [Peter Roberts]
 
 
 
Fu-nan - Early Cambodian Kingdom that followed Buddhist teachings [RY]
 
 
 
Fu-nan - Early Cambodian kingdom that followed Buddhist teachings. [Tarthang]
 
 
 
Fundamental Treatise on the Middle Way; Prajña-mulamadhyamaka-karika; (dbu ma rtsa ba'i
 
 
 
 
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'''[[The Rangjung Yeshe Gilded Palace of Dharmic Activity]]''' (Front Cover)
 
'''[[The Rangjung Yeshe Gilded Palace of Dharmic Activity]]''' (Front Cover)

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Five Kayas - see Three Kayas. [RY]

Five kayas (sku lnga). In this book the five kayas or aspects of buddhahood are dharmakaya, sambhogakaya, nirmanakaya, essence kaya, and great bliss kaya. They are defined in the chapter on Vajrayana Mind Training. [RY]

five kayas (sku lnga). See also kayas and wisdoms [LW1] [RY]

Five kayas of fruition ('bras bu'i skabs kyi sku lnga). The five aspects of perfect enlightenment are described by Padmasambhava in his Lamrim Yeshe Nyingpo: The perfection of the benefit of oneself is the peaceful dharmakaya. The spontaneously present benefit for others is the unified sambhogakaya. The manifold skillful means to tame beings is the way of nirmanakaya. The distinct and unmixed appearance aspect is the true bodhikaya. Their one taste as dharmadhatu of the emptiness aspect is the vajrakaya. [ZL] [RY]

five Kayas. Five kayas (or Bodies) are, in this case, the five buddhas of the five families: Vairochana, Akshobhya, Ratnasambhava, Amitabha and Amoghasiddhi. There exists another classification however: Dharmakaya, sambhogakaya, nirmanakaya, essence-kaya and bliss-kaya. [Peter Roberts]

five kayas; expl. [LWx] [RY]

five kinds of fear; expl. [LWx] [RY]

Five kinds of offerings (nyer spyod lnga). The desirable objects of the five senses. [RY]

Five kinds of wrong livelihood (log 'tsho lnga). Hypocrisy, flattery, soliciting, expropriating, and calculated generosity.[EMP] [RY]

Five King-Like Tertöns (gter ston rgyal po lnga). One list of the Five Tertön Kings contains Nyang Ral Nyima Özer (1124-1192), Guru Chökyi Wangchuk (1212-1270), Dorje Lingpa (1346-1405), Pema Lingpa (1445/50-1521), and (Padma Ösel) Do-ngak Lingpa (Jamyang Khyentse Wangpo) (1820-1892). Sometimes the list also includes the great tertön Rigdzin Gödem (1337-1408). [AL] [RY]

Five knowledge empowerments (rig pa'i dbang lnga) - ma rig las gyur pa'i sgrib pa lnga dag,,,rig pa ye shes lnga'i sa bon gsos btab pas rig pa'i dbang zhes bya'o [DKR] [RY]

five lands (lung lnga), listing of [LW1] [RY]

Five major root pranas (rtsa ba'i rlung chen lnga). The winds circulating within the human body which have the nature of the five elements: the 'life-upholding,' the 'downward-clearing,' the 'upward-moving,' the 'equally-abiding,' and the 'pervading' wind. [RY]

Five male buddhas (rgyal ba rigs lnga). Vairochana, Akshobhya, Ratnasambhava, Amitabha and Amoghasiddhi. [RY]

five meats and the five amritas. The Tantric offering of five meats and five amritas is an offering of what was considered in India to be inedible and undrinkable. However their essence is revealed to be the five Buddhas and their five Consorts, thus transcending the conceptualisation of cleanliness and uncleanliness. They are not offered in their ordinary forms, but transmuted into wisdom amrita. The five meats are: human flesh, dog flesh, horse flesh, elephant meat and beef, the latter of course never being eaten in India. The five amritas are urine, faeces, sperm, menstrual blood and brain. [Peter Roberts]

five mental afflictions, the five poisons. Five poisons: ignorance, anger, pride, craving and envy. [Peter Roberts]

Five minor branch pranas (yan lag gi lung phran lnga). [RY]

five minor sciences [LW1] [RY]

five minor sciences; expl. [LWx] [RY]

Five Never-Ending Adornment Wheels (mi zad rgyan 'khor lnga); explanation of twenty-five qualities of fruition [LW1] [RY]

five notions ('du shes lnga) [LW1] [RY]

five object-determining mental states; listing [LW1] [RY]

Five Paths - five aspects of the complete path to enlightenment, following one another in succession: preparation or accumulation; application; vision or seeing; cultivation; no more learning. [RY]

FIVE PATHS (lam lnga). The five paths or stages on the way to enlightenment: the path of accumulation, joining, seeing, cultivation, and consummation or no more learning. [AL] [RY]

Five paths (lam lnga). The paths of accumulation, joining, seeing, cultivation and beyond training. These five paths cover the entire process from sincerely beginning Dharma practice to complete enlightenment. [Bardo Guide 91] [RY]

Five paths (lam lnga). The paths of accumulation, joining, seeing, cultivation and no-learning. The five paths cover the entire process from beginning Dharma practice to complete enlightenment. [RY]

five paths; in terms of bodhichitta; listing of [LWx] [RY]

five perfections (phum sum tshogs pa lnga). See also five certainties; detailed; synonym for; three subdivisions of; two aspects of [LW1] [RY]

five perfections (phum sum tshogs pa lnga); detailed expl.; synonym for; three subdivisions of; two aspects of; [LWx] [RY]

Five perfections (phun sum tshogs pa lnga). The perfect teacher, retinue, place, teaching, and time. [RY]

Five perfections (phun sum tshogs pa lnga). The perfect teacher, retinue, place, teaching, and time. These five attributes characterize the sambhogakaya realms. [Bardo Guide 91] [RY]

five perpetuating aggregates (nye bar len pa'i phung po lnga); as basis for ego-clinging; as basis for suffering; listing of [LWx] [RY]

five places. The five places are the forehead (sometimes this is the crown of the head), the throat, the heart, the navel and the secret region (the genital area). [Peter Roberts]

Five poisonous kleshas (nyon mongs pa dug lnga). See 'five poisons.' [ZL] [RY]

five poisons (dug lnga). 1) Desire-attachment ('dod chags), 2) hatred (zhe sdang), 3) lack of discernment (gti mug), 4) pride (nga rgyal), and 5) jealousy (phra dog). [MR-ShabkarNotes]

Five poisons (dug lnga). Desire, anger, delusion, pride and envy. [RY]

Five powers (stobs lnga). Similar to the five 'ruling' faculties but differing in that they have become indomitable by adverse factors. They are perfected during the last two of the four aspects of ascertainment on the path of joining. [RY]

five powers (stobs lnga); listing of; of the path of joining [LWx] [RY]

Five Pure Abodes (gnas gtsang ma lnga); in the Realm of Form [LW1] [RY]

five riches from oneself (rang 'byor lnga) [LW1] [RY]

five riches from others (gzhan 'byor lnga) [LW1] [RY]

five ruling faculties (dbang po lnga); listing of; of perfection (rnam byang); of the path of joining [LWx] [RY]

Five sacred places blessed by Guru Rinpoche: (1) Trak Yerpa, brag yer pa, the holy place related to the body aspect, (2) Samye Chimpu, bsam yas mchim pu, the place related to the speech aspect, (3) Lhodrak Karchu, lho brag mkhar chu, the place related to the mind aspect, (4) Yarlung Sheltrak, yar klung shel brag, the place related to the quality aspect, and (5) Neuring Senge Dzong, (in Mön, East Bhutan), nee ring seng ge rdzong, the place related to the activity aspect. [MR]

Five sciences (rig pa'i gnas lnga). Grammar, dialectics, healing, arts and crafts, and philosophy. [ZL] [RY]

five sciences (thun mong rigs pa lnga). Languages, crafts, medicine, astrology, and philosophy. [MR-ShabkarNotes]

Five Sciences; rigs pa'i gnas lnga; /NG 63 : sgra (or gtan tsig lnga), tshad ma, bzo ba, gso ba, nang gi rig pa. See also NG 63 rigs pa'i gnas chung lnga; and NG 65 rigs pa'i gnas bco rgyad; [MR]

Five sense consciousnesses (sgo lnga'i rnam shes). The five functions of cognizing the sense objects of visual form, sound, smell, taste and texture. [RY]

five sense consciousnesses (sgo lnga'i rnam shes); as synonym for engaging consciousnesses; definition of [LW1] [RY]

five sense faculties (dbang po lnga) [LW1] [RY]

five sense objects (yul lnga) [LW1] [RY]

five sense-consciousnesses (sgo lnga'i rnam shes); as synonym for engaging consciousnesses; definition of; expl. [LWx] [RY]

Five Sets of Sacred Incantations (gzungs grva lnga). A tantra belonging to Kriya Yoga. [ZL] [RY]

five shortcomings (nyes pa lnga); expl.; regarding dhyana [LWx] [RY]

Five silken Dharma garments (dar gyi chos gos lnga). The five silk garments of a peaceful sambhogakaya buddha. [RY]

Five skandhas (phung po lnga). The five aspects which comprise the physical and mental constituents of a sentient being: physical forms, sensations, conceptions, (mental) formations, and consciousnesses. [RY]

Five Sophistic Schools (tarka sde lnga); listing of [LWx] [RY]

five special qualities of Mantrayana [LW1] [RY]

Five Stages (rim lnga). The system of practical application of the Father Tantras especially taught by Nagarjuna and his two spiritual sons, Aryadeva and Chandrakirti. They consist of the three solitudes of body, speech and mind; illusory body, and unity.[EMP] [RY]

Five Stages (rim lnga); explanation of Father Tantra; quotation from [LWx] [RY]

Five Stages of Guhyasamaja Accomplished in One Sitting (gsang 'dus rim nga gdan rdzogs), the Torch Illuminating the Five Stages (rim nga gsal sgron), and the Twenty-One Notes (yig chung nyer gcig) are works by Je Tsongkhapa related to the practice of the Guhyasamaja Tantra (gsang ba 'dus pa). [MR-ShabkarNotes]

five steps of the preliminary practice (sngon 'gro). 1) The taking of refuge, with prostrations (skyabs 'gro), 2) generation of Bodhicitta (sems bskyed), 3) meditation on Vajrasattva and recitation of the hundred-syllable mantra (rdor sems sgom bzlas), 4) offering of the mandala (mandal), and 5) guru yoga (bla ma'i rnal 'byor). This practice entails 110,000 repetitions of each of these steps. [MR-ShabkarNotes]

Five superknowledges (mngon shes lnga). The capacities for performing miracles, divine sight, divine hearing, recollection of former lives, and cognition of the minds of others. [RY]

five syllables of great emptiness; expl. [LWx] [RY]

Five Tantras Functioning as Subsidiaries to Conduct (spyod pa yan lag tu 'gro ba' rgyud sde lnga). See Eighteen Mahayoga Tantras. [ZL] [RY]

Five Teachings of Lord Maitreya (byams chos sde lnga) expl. [LWx] [RY]

five tertön kings (gter ston rgyal po lnga), listing of [LW1] [RY]

Five Traditional Sciences (rig gnas lnga). Grammar, logic, craftsmanship, healing, and spirituality. [RY]

Five treasuries (mdzod lnga). Five collections of teachings by Jamgön Kongtrül I: Dam-ngak Dzo, Rinchen Terdzö, Kagyu Ngakdzo, Sheja Kunkhyab, and Gyacher Kadzo. [RY]

Five Tseringma sisters (tshe ring mched lnga). [RY]

Five Tsigla Tsen (tshig la btsan lnga) [LW1] [RY]

five undefiled aggregates (zag med kyi phung po lnga) [LWx] [RY]

five vehicles; listing of [LWx] [RY]

five wisdoms (ye shes lnga). 1) The wisdom of the absolute expanse (chos dbyings ye shes), 2) the mirror-like wisdom (me long ye shes), 3) the all-discerning wisdom (so sor rtog pa'i ye shes), 4) the wisdom of sameness (mnyam nyid ye shes), and 5) the all-accomplishing wisdom (bya ba grub pa'i ye shes). [MR-ShabkarNotes]

five wisdoms (ye shes lnga). See also kayas and wisdoms [LW1] [RY]

Five wisdoms (ye shes lnga). The dharmadhatu wisdom, mirror-like wisdom, wisdom of equality, discriminating wisdom, and all-accomplishing wisdom. They represent five distinctive functions of the tathagatagarbha, our enlightened essence. [ZL] [RY]

Five wisdoms / Five Types of Pristine Awareness - each of the five types of Pristine Awareness is associated with one of the Dhyanibuddhas: Mirror-like Awareness (Skt. Adarsajnana, Me long ye shes) is associated with Akshobhya; Awareness of Fundamental Sameness (Skt. Samtajnana, mnyam nyid ye shes) is associated with Ratnasambhava; All-encompassing Investigating Awareness (Skt. Pratyaveksanajnana, So sor rtogs pa'i ye shes) is associated with Amitabha; All accomplishing Awareness (Skt. Krtyanustanajnana, bya grub ye shes) is associated with Amoghasiddhi; the Awareness of the Expanse of Dharma (Skt. Dharmadhatu jnana, Chos dbyings ye shes) is associated with Vairocana. [RY]

five wisdoms; expl.; see also 'kayas and wisdoms' [LWx] [RY]

fivefold great emptiness; expl. [LWx] [RY]

Fivefold Mahamudra (phyag chen lnga ldan) of the Drigungpas consist of : 1) The Great Seal of Bodhicitta (byang sems phyag chen); 2) the Great Seal of the Deity's form (lha sku'i phyag chen); 3) the Great Seal of Fervent Devotion (mos gus phyag chen); 4) the Great Seal of the True Nature (gnas lugs phyag chen); and 5) the Great Seal of Dedication (bsngo ba'i phyag chen). [MR-ShabkarNotes]

Five-hundred year period (dus lnga brgya). Periods of each five hundred years. The Buddhadharma is said to last ten such periods. [ZL] [RY]

fives bases of knowables (shes bya'i gzhi lnga); listing of [LWx] [RY]

Fixation ('dzin pa). The mental act of holding on to a material object, experience, concept or set of philosophical ideas. [RY]

Fixation on concreteness (dngos 'dzin). The habitual tendency to cling to self and outer things as being real, solid and lasting. [RY]

Fleshless One-eyed Vajra Lady of the White Glacier (sha med gangs dkar rdo rje spyan gcig ma). [ZL] [RY]

flesh-shape torma (sha gzugs ma) [RY]

Flight of the Garuda (lta ba'i mgur mkha' lding gshog rlabs, (See Appendix 5). [MR-ShabkarNotes]

Flower Ornament Sutra (Skt. Gandavyuha-sutra, Tib. sdong po bkod pa'i mdo, T44, part 45). [MR-ShabkarNotes]

foal of a barren mare, rabbit horns, tortoise hair, etc., These expressions are classic metaphors for nonexistent things. [MR-ShabkarNotes]

Focus (dmigs pa). A conceptual object held in mind or the act of apprehending such an object. The practices called 'accumulation of merit' involves holding in mind and cultivating a virtuous focus while the 'accumulation of wisdom' is cultivated by sustaining awareness totally free from holding any conceptual focus or reference point whatsoever. [RY]

food offerings" (gshin zas) is dedicated to benefit dead persons in need. [RY]

foods such as those that decrease the power of the mantra. In another text Kongtrül mentions garlic, onions, radish and salty foods, though there are instructions that will prevent their deleterious effect. He especially warns against eating tongue. [Peter Roberts]

Form kayas (gzugs sku). The sambhogakaya and nirmanakaya that have perceptible form as opposed to the formless dharmakaya. [RY]

Form Realm (rupa dhatu, gzugs khams). A subtle divine state of samsaric existence between the desire realm and the formless realm, where sense of smell, sense of taste and sexual organs are absent, and physical suffering, mental distress and unwholesome mental factors such as attachment cannot arise. It is comprised of the four dhyana abodes. [RY]

Form Realm (Skt. rupa dhatu; gzugs khams). Seventeen samsaric heavenly abodes consisting of the threefold four dhyana realms and the five pure abodes. A subtle divine state of samsaric existence between the desire realm and the formless realm, where sense of smell, sense of taste and sexual organs are absent. The beings there have bodies of light, long lives and no painful sensations. Unwholesome mental factors such as attachment cannot arise. [RY]

Formations (samskara, 'du byed). 'this life's f.' will mean everything making up one's present personality, formed by a coming-together of causes nd conditions. However, the same word is also used for volitions, the karmic motivations created in this life that contribute to shaping future lives. [RY]

Form-body (rupa kaya, gzugs sku). A Sambhogakaya or Nirmanakaya of a Buddha - what we would call her 'Body' as contrasted with the Dharmakaya, which is Her mind. [RY]

Form-Kaya. The Form-Kaya, or Rupakaya, is the manifestation of Buddhahood, the Dharmakaya, for the benefit of beings, this includes the Sambhogakaya, that manifests to high-level Bodhisattvas, and the Nirmanakaya that manifests to ordinary beings with the sufficient karma. [Peter Roberts]

Formless Realm (gzugs med khams; Skt. arupya dhatu). The most subtle state of samsaric existence, without anything physical at all; lacking even mental pleasure. The abode of an unenlightened being who has practiced the four absorptions. Its beings dwell in unchanging equanimity for long durations of time after which they again return to lower states within samsara. [RY]

Formless Realm. See Realms [LW1] [RY]

FORMLESS REALMS (gzugs med kyi khams). The abodes of unenlightened beings who have practiced formless meditative states, dwelling on the notions: Infinite Space, Infinite Consciousness, Nothing Whatsoever, and Neither Presence Nor Absence (of conception). These beings remain in these four subtle types of conceptual meditation for many aeons after which they again return to lower states within samsara.[AL] [RY]

formless states; see four formless states [LWx] [RY]

Fortress Cave at Phula (phu la rdzong phug). [ZL] [RY]

Forty Magical Nets (sgyu 'phrul bzhi bcu pa). A Mahayoga scripture. [ZL] [RY]

Forty thought states resulting from desire ('dod chags las byung ba'i rtog pa bzhi bcu). For a list, see 'eighty inherent thought states.' [RY]

Forty-two peaceful deities (zhi ba bzhi bcu zhe gnyis). Samantabhadra and Samantabhadri, the five male and female buddhas, the eight male and female bodhisattvas, the six munis, and the four male and female gate keepers. [ZL] [RY]

forty-two peaceful deities (zhi ba bzhi bcu zhe gnyis); listing of [LW1] [RY]

forty-two peaceful deities (zhi ba bzhi bcu zhe gnyis); listing of [LWx] [RY]

Foundation of Riwoche: 1277 [MR]

Four abodes of the Formless Realm (gzugs med khams kyi ris bzhi). See 'four formless realms.' [RY]

Four activities (las bzhi). Pacifying, increasing, magnetizing, and subjugating. [ZL] [RY] four activities (las bzhi). Performed for the sake of others by accomplished yogins: pacifying sickness, obstacles, mental obscurations, and ignorance; enriching merit, life span, glory, prosperity, and wisdom; bringing under control the good qualities, life force, and powerful energies of the three worlds; and subjugating wrathfully outer and inner negative forces, and obstacle-makers. [MR-ShabkarNotes]

four activities performed for the sake of others by accomplished yogins: pacifying sickness, obstacles, mental obscurations, and ignorance; enriching merit, life span, glory, prosperity, and wisdom; bringing under control the spiritual qualities, life force, and all the powerful energies of the three worlds; and subjugating wrathfully the outer and inner negative forces. [MR-ShabkarNotes]

Four activities. [RY]

four and six Tantras. The four Tantras is the new Tantra classification: Kriya, Charya Yoga and Anuttara. The six Tantras is the old Tantra classification: Kriya, Upa, Yoga, Mahayoga, Anu and Ati. [Peter Roberts]

Four applications of mindfulness (dran pa nye bar bzhag pa bzhi). Mindfulness of the body, sensations, mind, and phenomena. Their essence being discriminating knowledge concurrent with mindfulness, they are chiefly practiced on the lesser stage of the path of accumulation. [RY]

four applications of mindfulness (dran pa nye bar bzhag pa bzhi); listing of [LW1] [RY]

Four aspects of approach and accomplishment (bsnyen sgrub kyi yan lag bzhi). Approach, full approach, accomplishment, and great accomplishment. Four important aspects of Vajrayana practice, especially the recitation stage of yidam practice. These four aspects, however, can apply to any level of meaning within the tantras. Their traditional analogy is to invite the ruler of a country, to present him with gifts and make a specific request, to obtain his permission to carry out one's aim, and to use one's authority to accomplish the welfare of self and others. In the context of recitation practice, 'approach' is to visualize the yidam deity with the mantra in its heart center, 'full approach' is the spinning garland of mantra syllables emanate light rays making offerings to all the buddhas in the ten directions, 'accomplishment' is to receive their blessings which purify all one's obscurations, and 'great accomplishment' transform the world into the mandala of of buddhafield, the beings into male and female deities, sounds into mantra and all thoughts and emotions into a pure display of innate wakefulness. [RY]

Four aspects of approach and accomplishment (bsnyen sgrub kyi yan lag bzhi). Approach, full approach, accomplishment, and great accomplishment. Four important aspects of Vajrayana practice, especially the recitation stage of yidam practice. These four aspects, however, can apply to any level of meaning within the tantras. Their traditional analogy is to invite the ruler of a country, to present him with gifts and make a specific request, to obtain his permission to carry out one's aim, and to use one's authority to accomplish the welfare of self and others. In the context of recitation practice, 'approach' is to visualize the yidam deity with the mantra in its heart center, 'full approach' is the spinning garland of mantra syllables emanating light rays making offerings to all the buddhas in the ten directions, 'accomplishment' is to receive their blessings which purify all one's obscurations, and 'great accomplishment' is to transform the world into the mandala of a pure realm, the beings into male and female deities, sounds into mantra and all thoughts and emotions into a pure display of innate wakefulness. [ZL] [RY]

four aspects of approach and accomplishment (bsnyen sgrub kyi yan lag bzhi) [LW1] [RY]

four aspects of approach and accomplishment (bsnyen sgrub kyi yan lag bzhi); expl. [LWx] [RY]

Four aspects of ascertainment (nges byed kyi yan lag bzhi). See the 'four aspects of the path of joining.' [RY]

four aspects of ascertainment (nges 'byed yan lag bzhi); expl. [LWx] [RY]

Four aspects of the path of joining (sbyor lam cha bzhi): Heat, summit, acceptance, and supreme attribute. See individually. [RY]

F continued - F1


The Rangjung Yeshe Gilded Palace of Dharmic Activity (Front Cover)

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