Buddhism

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Some meanings related to Buddhism and it's use-in-context:

bka' gdams glegs bam pha chos bu chos - Scriptures of the Kadampas, Father and Sons. Collected Teachings and Stories of Lord Atisha and His Disciples on the Precious Practice for the Kadampa Buddhism. (RY)

bka' gdams dge bshes - 1) Kadam Geshe. 2) the great masters of the Kadampa tradition of Tibetan Buddhism. (RY)

bka' gdams pa - Kadampa; Kadampa [sect of Tibetan Buddhism founded by Atisha (882-1054 AD) and chief disciple] {bka' gdams gong ma/ bka' gdams rnying pa}; 1) the Kadampa School, brought to Tibet by Atisha. 2) A follower of the Kadampa School. (RY)

skyabs rje ldil mgo mkhyen brtse rin po che - His Holiness Dilgo Khyentse Rinpoche. (b. 1910). Regarded by followers of all four schools as one of the foremost masters of Tibetan Buddhism. Among his other names are Rabsel Dawa and Tashi Paljor, and his tertön names Osel Trulpey Dorje and Pema Do-ngak Lingpa. (RY)

skyobs pa 'jig rten mgon po - Kyobpa Jigten Gönpo [1143-1217]. one of the foremost teachers of Drikung Kagyü Tradition of Tibetan Buddhism [RY]

khri srong de'u btsan - Trisong Deutsen. (790-844) The second great Dharma king of Tibet who invited Guru Rinpoche, Shantarakshita, Vimalamitra, and many other Buddhist teachers including Jinamitra and Danashila. In The Precious Garland of Lapis Lazuli, Jamgön Kongtrül dates Trisong Deutsen as being born on the eighth day of the third month of spring in the year of the Male Water Horse (802). Other sources state that year as his enthronement upon the death of his father. Until the age of seventeen he was chiefly engaged in ruling the kingdom. He built Samye, the great monastery and teaching center modeled after Odantapuri, established Buddhism as the state religion of Tibet, and during his reign the first monks were ordained. He arranged for panditas and lotsawas to translate innumerable sacred texts, and he established a large number of centers for teaching and practice. Among his later incarnations are Nyang Ral Nyima Özer (1124-1192), Guru Chöwang (1212-1270), Jigmey Lingpa (1729-1798), and Jamyang Khyentse Wangpo (1820-1892) [RY]

gangs can mun pa'i smag rum - the dense darkness of the Snowy Range, [Tibet before Buddhism] [RY]

gu ru rin po che - Guru Rinpoche 'Precious Master.' The lotus born tantric master who established Vajrayana Buddhism in Tibet in the 9th century at the invitation of King Trisong Deutsen. He manifested the attainment of the four vidyadhara levels. He hid innumerable Dharma treasures throughout Tibet, Nepal and Bhutan to be revealed by destined disciples in the centuries to come. Guru Rinpoche resides on the summit of the Copper Colored Mountain on the southeastern continent. He is also known under the names Padmasambhava and Padmakara [RY]

grub mtha' smra ba bzhi - four schools of tenets [of Indian Buddhism]. Vaibhashika, Sautrantika, Chittamatra, Madhyamika. Syn {bye brag smra ba}, {mdo sde pa}, {sems tsam pa}, {dbu ma pa} [RY]

grub mtha' bzhi'i lugs - the philosophical positions (siddhanta) of the four major schools of Buddhism [RY]

grub mtha' so so'i bzhed tshul gzhung gsal bar ston pa chos 'byung grub mtha' chen po bstan pa'i sgron me - a detailed survey of comparative siddhanta in the context of Mahayana Buddhism and in particular the rnying ma pa tradition of Tibet; by {rog ban de shes rab 'od} [RY]

glang dar ma - Langdarma. Brother of the great Dharma king Ralpachen and the persecutor of the Sangha in central Tibet during a five year reign. During his brief reign, he almost succeeded in eradicating Buddhism in Tibet. assassinated by Palgyi Dorje, 906 [RY]

glang dar ma - reigned from 841 to 846 - Langdarma, king, who attempted to destroy Buddhism in Tibet [RY]

dge bsnyen nyi shu rtsa gcig - Twenty-one Genyen. A group of powerful spirits indigenous to Tibet. They were converted by Padmasambhava are commanded to serve Buddhism. Today, they are still called upon along with Nyenchen Tanglha and Machen Pomra during Vajrayana rituals in order to guard the doctrine of the Buddha, elevate the status of the Precious Ones, expand the community of the Sangha, increase the life and splendor of the practitioners, raise the banner of fame, blow the conch of renown, and increase our following and prosperity [RY]

dge lugs - Gelug, Geluk. The Tibetan school of Buddhism founded by Lord Tsongkhapa as a reformation of the Kadam tradition of Atisha Dipamkara. The present head is H.H. the 14th Dalai Lama [RY]

dge lugs pa - Gelukpa, one of the four main lineages of Tibetan Buddhism [RY]

rgyal bstan - the doctrine / teachings of the Victorious One / Buddha. Syn {rgyal ba'i bstan pa} Buddhism [RY]

rgyud rdo rje'i snying po - dag snang ye shes drva ba las gnas lugs rang byung gi rgyud rdo rje'i snying po - a systematic presentation of the teachings of the rdzogs chen approach of rnying ma pa Buddhism revealed by bdud 'joms gling pa and edited by bdud 'joms 'jigs bral ye shes rdo rje [RY]

sgo bsrung ba'i pan di ta - Gate-keeping pandita. At the major monastic institutions in ancient India, it was the custom to nominate competent scholars to the position of defending the view of Buddhism through debate, one at each of the gates in the four directions of the monastery [RY]

sgrub brgyud - Practice Lineage. The lineage of teachings and masters where emphasis is placed on one's personal experience of the teachings as opposed to the scholastic lineage of expounding the scriptures (bshad brgyud). This phrase also refers to the Eight Great Chariots of the Practice Lineage (sgrub brgyud shing rta brgyad), the eight schools of Buddhism that flourished in Tibet: Nyingma, Kadam, Marpa Kagyü, Shangpa Kagyü, Sakya, Jordruk, Nyendrub, Shije and Chö. Today only the first five survive as independent lineages [RY]

sgrub brgyud brgyad - Eight Practice Lineages. Syn {sgrub brgyud shing rta brgyad}. The eight independent schools of Buddhism that flourished in Tibet: Nyingma, Kadampa, Marpa Kagyü, Shangpa Kagyü, Sakya, Jordruk, Shije, and Cho [RY]

sgrub brgyud shing rta brgyad - Eight Great Chariots of the Practice Lineage. The eight independent schools of Buddhism that flourished in Tibet: Nyingma, Kadam, Marpa Kagyü, Shangpa Kagyü, Sakya, Jordruk, Nyendrub, Shije and Chö [RY]

mnga' ris sum cu rtsa brgyad - verse work on the essentials of Mahayana Buddhism by {zhabs dkar tshogs drug rang grol} 1781-1850 [RY]

sngags gso - rdo rje theg pa sngags kyi gso sbyong bdud rtsi'i rol mtsho - arranged by mchog gyur gling pa, gter ston, 1829-1870. ritual for expiation and purification of defects in conduct according to Vajrayana Buddhism [RY]

gcod - Chö. Literally 'cutting.' A system of practices based on Prajnaparamita and set down by the Indian siddha Phadampa Sangye and the Tibetan female teacher Machig Labdrön for the purpose of cutting through the four Maras and ego-clinging. One of the Eight Practice Lineages of Buddhism in Tibet [RY]

gcod lugs - Lineage in Tantric Buddhism [RY]

chos kyi 'khor lo bskor ba - to turn the wheel of Buddhadharma; to teach Buddhism [RB]

chos kyi sdom bzhi - The Four Summaries of the Dharma, the four dharma emblems. Syn {chos rtags kyi phyag rgya bzhi}. the four seals. Syn {phyag rgya bzhi}. The four main principles of Buddhism. These four main principles marking a doctrine as Buddhist are: 1) {'du byas thams cad mi rtag pa}, All conditioned/compounded things are impermanent; 2) {zag bcas thams cad sdug bsngal}, all defiling things (defiled with ego-clinging) are suffering; 3) {chos thams cad stong zhing bdag med pa'o}, all phenomena are empty and devoid of a self-entity / identityless. 4) {mya ngan las 'das pa ni zhi ba}, nirvana is peace [RY]

chos rgyal - 1) Dharma-king, king of religion, dharma-raja, religious, pious ruler, Dharma Raja, title given to kings who are protectors of Buddhism. 2) title of king [maharaja] of Sikkim. 3) the Chögyal dynasty in Tibet; the name of the dynasty founded by the first Tibetan king/ Dharma King [RY]

chos rgyal - 1) Dharma-king/raja [buddhist king or king who protects Buddhism]; 2) Las kyi gshin rje; 3) buddha; 4) religious, pious ruler; 5) chogyal of Sikkim; 5) chogyal dynasty in Tibet [IW]

chos byung - history of Buddhism, source of dharmas [the cervix, the source of the feminine principle, unborn, unceasing, w a nature like the sky; represented by a triangle or crossed triangles] [IW]

chos byung - history of Buddhism, source of dharmas [IW]

chos byung - history of Buddhism [RY]

chos 'byung - history of the dharma, triangles of origination, cervix (unborn, unceasing source of feminine principle like the sky), works on the origin & growth of buddhism, history of Buddhism, "source of existence" triangles [JV]

chos 'byung me tog snying po sbrang rtsi'i bcud - a history of Buddhism and its development in Tibet in the royal dynastic period; by {mnga' bdag nyang ral nyi ma 'od zer} (1124-1192) [RY]

chos 'byung me tog snying po sbrang rtsi'i bcud - a history of Buddhism and its development in Tibet in the royal dynastic period; by {mnga' bdag nyang ral nyi ma 'od zer} [RY]

chos lugs - Dharma tradition, style of teaching. school, system, tradition of teachings, sect, a religion, schools on lineages of Buddhism, religious doctrine, denominations, sects; an organized system of teachings; version of the Dharma [RY]

ston pa'i chos lugs - Buddhism [RY]

bstan dgra - an enemy of the teachings, Buddhism [RY]

bstan rgyas smon lam - snga 'gyur bstan pa rgyas pa'i smon lam chos rgyal dgyes pa'i zhal lung by 'jam mgon 'ju mi pham rgya mtsho, 1846-1912. prayer (pranidhana) for the continued prosperity of the Nyingmapa sect of Tibetan Buddhism [RY]

bstan pa - 1) pf. of {ston pa}; ft. of {ston pa}; to teach, explain, expound, present, illustrate, demonstrate, indicate, point out, mention, manifest, display, show, direct, face, spell out, be visible. manifest, reveal; point, show, display, bring to light; taught, revealed; explained, shown, pointed out, demonstrated. 2) what is shown; teachings; demonstration; doctrine, presentation, communication, description, 3) the Buddhist teachings, Buddhism, the doctrine [RY]

bstan pa - {ston} teach[ings], explain, show [expound, present, illustrate, point out, mention, manifest, display, indicate, direct, face, spell out, be visible/ manifest, taught, explained, shown, pointed out, demonstrate the teachings, Buddhism, doctrine, presentation (in text classifications, communication, description, doctrine. [p f ston pa, dharmas of scripture and realization] [IW]

bstan pa'i rnam bzhag - rnying ma'i chos 'byung - Nyingma School of Tibetan Buddhism, Its Fundamentals and History, by H.H. Dudjom Rinpoche [RY]

bstan srung rgya mtsho'i rnam thar - dam can bstan srung rgya mtsho'i rnam par thar pa cha shas tsam brjod pa sngon med legs bshad - an account of the origins and iconography of the protective deities of Tibetan Buddhism; by {sle lung rje drung bzhad pa'i rdo rje} (b. 1697) [RY]

thub bstan - Buddha's teaching, Buddhism, the doctrine of Shakyamuni [RY]

theg pa - Vehicle. The practice of a set of teachings which 'carries' one to the level of fruition. In Buddhism there are mainly three vehicles: Hinayana, Mahayana and Vajrayana [RY]

dag snang ye shes drva ba las gnas lugs rang byung gi rgyud rdo rje'i snying po - a systematic presentation of the teachings of the rdzogs chen approach of rnying ma pa Buddhism revealed by bdud 'joms gling pa and edited by bdud 'joms 'jigs bral ye shes rdo rje [RY]

dam can bstan srung rgya mtsho'i rnam par thar pa cha shas tsam brjod pa sngon med legs bshad - an account of the origins and iconography of the protective deities of Tibetan Buddhism; by {sle lung rje drung bzhad pa'i rdo rje} (b. 1697) [RY]

dam pa'i chos kyi srol btod - established Buddhism in Tibet [RY]

gdan sa gsum - the three great monasteries of the Gelukpa Sect [Drepung, Sera and Ganden]. three pillars of Buddhism. [Ganden, Sera and Drepung] [RY]

bdud - mara, demons, lord of limitations, devil, fiend, monster, ogre, satan, wizard, (personification of forces which obstruct realization), evil one, chief devil, antagonist of religion, personified evil principle, 4 types (phung po'i bdud, nyon mongs pa'i bdud, 'chi bdag gi bdud, lha'i bu'i bdud), 4 more types (thogs bcas kyi bdud, thogs med kyi bdud, dga' spro yi bdud, snyems byed kyi bdud), SA gcod lugs bdud bzhi, 1 of sde brgyad, class of semi-divine beings aboriginal to the ancient Tibetan tradition and later assimilated to the Indian Mara after the introduction of Buddhism; hindrance to spiritual realization which is the characteristic activity of the class of bdud, demons [JV]

mdo - Sutra, (mdo sde). 1) A discourse by or inspired by the Buddha. 2) A scripture of the Sutra pitaka within the Tripitaka. 3) All exoteric teachings of Buddhism belonging to Hinayana and Mahayana, the causal teachings that regard the path as the cause of enlightenment, as opposed to the esoteric, tantric teachings. 4) Scripture, (lung). a scripture belonging to the category of Anu Yoga or Ati Yoga [RY]

nang chos - Buddhism [RY]

nang bstan - Buddhist teachings, Buddhism [RY]

nang pa sangs rgyas pa - a Buddhist, Buddhism [RY]

nang pa sangs rgyas par mos pa - was an avid admirer of Buddhism; a follower of the Buddha [RY]

nang pa'i bstan pa - Buddhism [RY]

nang pa'i rig gnas - inner science of Buddhism [RY]

nang pa'i rig gnas - inner science of Buddhism GD [IW]

nang bon - Buddhism and Bön [RY]

gnas lugs rang byung gi rgyud rdo rje'i snying po - dag snang ye shes drva ba las gnas lugs rang byung gi rgyud rdo rje'i snying po - a systematic presentation of the teachings of the rdzogs chen approach of rnying ma pa Buddhism revealed by bdud 'joms gling pa and edited by bdud 'joms 'jigs bral ye shes rdo rje [RY]

gnubs sangs rgyas ye shes - Sangye Yeshe of Nub. One of the twenty-five disciples of Padmasambhava, he was the chief recipient of the Anu Yoga teachings as well as the Yamantaka of Mahayoga. In addition to Guru Rinpoche, his other teachers were Traktung Nagpo and Chögyal Kyong of India, Vasudhara of Nepal, and Chetsen Kye from the country of Drusha. He visited India and Nepal seven times. When the evil king Langdarma attempted to destroy Buddhism in Tibet, Sangye Yeshe instilled fear in the king by causing an enormous scorpion, the size of nine yaks, to magically appear by a single gesture of his right hand. Through this, Langdarma lost the courage to persecute the Vajrayana sangha. Tulku Urgyen Rinpoche is considered one of his reincarnations. Sangye Yeshe means 'Buddha Wisdom.' [RY]

pad ma 'byung gnas - Padmasambhava/Padmakara, the Lotus Born Guru, also known as Guru Rinpoche (gu ru rin po che), the master considered to be the "Second Buddha," who established Buddhism in Tibet [RY]

pad ma 'byung gnas - In his Pond of White Lotus Flowers (p. 19-20) Shechen Gyaltsab Pema Namgyal explains that Padmasambhava was predicted in the Tantra of the Perfect Embodiment of the Unexcelled Nature, "Eight years after I pass into nirvana, I shall reappear in the country of Uddiyana by the name Padmasambhava and be the lord of the teachings of Secret Mantra." Following this prophesy, Padmasambhava appeared in this world in the following way: The fully perfected Buddha Amitabha, sovereign of the vajra speech of all the buddhas of the three times, resides in an immense celestial palace composed of the self-display of innate wakefulness in the center of the pure realm of Sukhavati. Inseparable from the luminous dharmakaya essence of Amitabha's mind, Padmasambhava is an unceasing miraculous display of the natural expression of compassionate energy, a manifestation of outer, inner and secret emanations that appear according to the countless beings to be influenced and to accomplish their welfare. In particular, in this world Padmasambhava appeared as the regent of Buddha Shakyamuni by taking birth from a lotus flower in Lake Danakosha. Through the miraculous display of his amazing deeds he was equivalent to a second buddha for Buddhism in both India and Tibet. On the relative level, in Maratika he appeared to realize the vidyadhara level of life mastery, the unified stage of the path of training, the realization of which is equal to that of a bodhisattva on the eighth level according to the causal vehicles. In the Cave of Yangleshö he acted as if reaching the Mahamudra level of the path of cultivation by the samadhi that illuminates the wisdom mandala of the nine divinities of Vishuddha and thus attained a state of realization corresponding to that of a bodhisattva on the tenth level according to the causal vehicles. In fact, his state of realization is indivisible from that of the buddhas of the three times and possesses the nature of wondrous manifestations that surpass the boundary of ordinary thought [RY]

pra - small turquoise, SA tshom, lot, sign, token, prognostic, omen divination, mirror, divination quite far spread in both Buddhism & bon; to see the clues, the practitioner must first have obtained the power through the practice of the divination deity; the pra vision may appear in a mirror, in space, on the surface of a lake, on a fingernail, on the blade of a sword [JV]

bod kyi chos lugs chen po bzhi - four main traditions of Tibetan Buddhism [RY]

bod kyi bstan pa'i shing rta brgyad - eight schools of Tibetan Buddhism [RY]

bon po - Bönpo. Bonpo. The religion prevalent in Tibet before the establishment of Buddhism in the 9th Century [RY]

byang chub sems dpa'i spyod pa la 'jug pa - Shantideva's "Engaging in Bodhisattva Conduct", [Syn {spyod 'jug}, Bodhicaryavatara; bodhicary'avat'ara, verse treatise on the outlook and practice of Mahayana Buddhism by Shantideva, 7th cent; "Entering the Conduct" for {spyod 'jug} [RY]

bla med rdo rje theg pa'i lam gyi sngon 'gro thun mong dang thun mong ma yin pa'i khrid rim thar pa thams cad mkhyen pa'i lam gyi sgron me - an explanation of the preliminaries to the practice of Vajrayana Buddhism according to the sa skya pa tradition; by {byams pa ngag dbang blo gros rin chen} [RY]

'brog mi lo tsa ba - Drogmi Lotsawa - Student of Prajna Indraruci and Gayadhara and founder of the sa skya school of Tibetan Buddhism, 993-1050 [RY]

me dog gis rgyas pa - India city were 1st four sects of Buddhism developed [RY]

mes dpon rnam gsum - the Three Ancestral Kings. [of the spread of Buddhism in Tibet] [RY]

zhi byed - Pacification, of suffering, one of the eight main traditions of Tibetan Buddhism, founded by Padampa Sangye [RY]

rig pa'i gnas bcu - Ten Sciences. Arts, grammar, medicine, logic, Buddhism, astrology, poetics, prosody, synonymics, and drama [RY]

shes bya kun khyab mdzod - Sheja Künkyab Treasury. One of the Five Treasuries of Jamgön Kongtrül containing an encyclopedia of Buddhism and Buddhist culture in three volumes. Translated under the guidance of H.E. Kalu Rinpoche [RY]

sa skya - 1) Sakya. One of the four major schools of Tibetan Buddhism. It was established in the eleventh century by Drogmi Lotsawa ('brog mi lo tsa ba), a disciple of the Indian master Virupa. 2) Sakya; The seat of the Sakya school, Sakya was founded by Könchok Gyalpo of the powerful Khön family, in 1073 [RY]

sa skya pa - Sakyapa. A follower of the Sakya lineage of Tibetan Buddhism [RY]

sangs rgyas kyi bstan pa - Buddhadharma, Buddhism, the teachings of the Buddha. Syn {bstan pa, chos} [RY]

sum pa mkhan po - author of dpag bsam ljon bzang history of Buddhism in India and Tibet [RY]

slob dpon dpa' bo - Famous non-Buddhist yogi in India in Nagarjuna's time. Mentioned in Taranatha's rise of Buddhism in India {chos 'byung}. Almost defeated the monks at Nalanda in debate so they sent a message to Nagarjuna requesting help. Nagarjuna sent his disciple Aryadeva to debate with the Indian heretic. The heretic was defeated but refused to accept Buddhism so they locked him in the library. Slowly he began to read the books and one day realized that Lord Buddha's dharma was authentic. He took refuge and wrote many famous texts. [TDuff] [RY]

bsam yas - Samye. The wondrous temple complex, modeled after the Indian monastery Odantapuri, built by King Trisong Deutsen (790-844) and consecrated by Guru Rinpoche in 814. A major center of the early transmission of Buddhism in Tibet. It is situated in Central Tibet close to Lhasa. It is also known as Glorious Temple of Samye, the Unchanging and Spontaneously Fulfillment of Boundless Wishes. Its three stories are of Indian, Chinese and Tibetan designs. See The Lotus-born (Shambhala Publications) [RY]

bsre 'pho - six practices of Naropa (n'a ro chos drug); {jo bo n'a ro pa'i khyad chos}; principles of tantric Buddhist hathayoga and the {n'a ro chos drug} yoga (tantric Buddhism) [RY]

o rgyan bsnyen grub - Orgyen Nyendrub, one of the eight main traditions of Tibetan Buddhism, founded by Drubtob Orgyen pa [RY]