sde snod gsum
three collections of scripture. (RB)
three collections of scripture; Three Pitakas. Tripitaka, the Buddhist Canon, comprising the Sutras, the Vinaya, and the Abhidharma, three baskets: Vinaya Pitaka-འདུལ་བ་སྡེ་སྣོད། ('dul ba sde snod), Sutra Pitaka-མདོའི་སྡེ་སྣོད། (mdo'i sde snod), and Abhidharma Pitaka-མངོན་ཆོས་ཀྱི་སྡེ་སྣོད། (mngon chos kyi sde snod). Tripitaka. (RY)
direct perception. (RY)
actuality; 1) direct perception / perceiver, directly apprehended, perceptible, primal cognition. 2) fully, plainly. 3) in person, real, actual, vivid, manifest, evident, direct; clearly, manifestly, directly/ open, public; 1) manifest, evident to the senses 2) perception, "pratyaksha" Skt. visible / perceptible. (RY)
1) unconfused perception of real things; 2) directly perceived, not hidden; 3) <Pratyaksha> * unconfused knowledge free from confusion * direct perception/ perceiver, primal cognition directly apprehended/ perceptible, real, actual, vivid, manifest[ly], evident, direct fully, plainly, in person, by personal experience. (IW)
1) unconfused (dngos gnas) perception; 2) directly perceived, not hidden; 3) <Pratyaksha> [blo rig bdun gyi nang gses] unconfused knowledge free from confusion [eg. bum 'dzin dbang mngon dang, gzhan sems shes pa'i mngon shes, 'phags pa'i mnyam bzhag ye shes mngon sum yang dag yul gyi rnam pa 'khrul ba med pa'i sgo nas dngos su mthong ba sogs rtog pa dang bral ba'i shes pa rnam par dag pa'i tsad ma - dper na, gzugs 'dzin mig shes lta bu. (IW)
pratyaksa, direct (experience, perception, awareness, perceiver), immediate (perception, apprehension), manifest, evident, SA rnal 'byor mngon sum (four are dbang, yid, rang rig, rnal 'byor), open, public, manifest, cognizable by the senses, direct perception, to perceive directly, evident to the senses, perception, directly, really. (JV)
Tripitaka. The three collections of the teachings of Buddha Shakyamuni: Vinaya, Sutra, and Abhidharma. Their purpose is the development of the three trainings of discipline, concentration and discriminating knowledge while their function is to remedy the three poisons of desire, anger and delusion. The Tibetan version of the Tripitaka fills more than one hundred large volumes, each with more than 600 large pages. In a wider sense all of the Dharma, both Sutra and Tantra, is contained within the three collections and three trainings. To paraphrase Khenpo Ngakchung in his Notes to the Preliminary Practices for Longchen Nyingtig: "The three collections of Hinayana scriptures, namely Vinaya, Sutra, and Abhidharma, respectively express the meaning of the training in discipline, concentration and discriminating knowledge. The teachings describing the details of precepts for the bodhisattva path belong to the Vinaya collection while the meaning expressed by these scriptures are the training in discipline. The sutras expressing the gateways to samadhi are the Sutra collection while their expressed meaning, reflections on precious human body and so forth, are the training in concentration. The scriptures on the sixteen or twenty types of emptiness are the Abhidharma collection while their expressed meaning is the training in discriminating knowledge. Scriptures expounding the details of the samayas of Vajrayana are the Vinaya collection while their expressed meaning is the training in discipline. The scriptures teaching the general points of the development stage and completion stage belong to the Sutra collection, while their expressed meaning is the training in samadhi. All the scriptures expressing the Great Perfection belong to the Abhidharma collection, while their expressed meaning is the training in discriminating knowledge." (RY)
Abhidharma, knowledge, 'actual things', metaphysics. [RY]
Abhidharma [undefiled prajna rjes 'brangs dang bcas pa &, manifesting that, the prajnas of hearing and contemplating etc. &, texts showing these, chiefly teaching the precepts of proper prajna, both bka' and commentaries, Abhidharma, knowledge, 'actual things', metaphysics]. [IW]
Abhidharma - knowledge, phenomenology. [JV]
Abhidharma. One of the three parts of the Tripitaka, the Words of the Buddha. Systematic teachings on metaphysics focusing on developing discriminating knowledge by analyzing elements of experience and investigating the nature of existing things. [RY]
One of the Three Baskets of Buddhist teachings.
There are several different explanations of the term abhidharma. Master Vasubandhu explains that it means manifestly directed towards the characteristics of dharmas. He wrote in the Treasury of Abhidharma:
Abhidharma is stainless full knowing, its following included,/ In order to attain it, whatever and whichever treatise.
In this explanation, abhidharma refers both to the undefiled realization of Nobles and to the shes rab and treatises by which one can attain that realization.
Similarly, in the Ornament of the Sutras, Maitreya explains that the word abhi or manifest means seeing or being seen and refers to shes rab.
Master Buddhaghosa, however, explains it as "meaning 'that which exceeds and is distinguished from the Dhamma'... the prefix abhi having the sense of preponderance and distinction, and dhamma here signifying the teaching of the Sutta Piṭaka." Based on such descriptions, some translators translate the term as "higher dharma" or "further dharma." [Excerpted from the Abhidhamma Sangaha: A Compendium of Abhidhamma.]