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The Rangjung Yeshe Gilded Palace of Dharmic Activity (Front Cover)

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Pacifying (zhi byed). See Shije. [RY]

Pada. A half-line of Skt verse (usually becoming a whole line in Tib. translation). [RY]

Padampa Sangye (pha dam pa sangs rgyas, d.1117?), the great Indian siddha who came five times to Tibet and introduced there the lineage called "pacification" (zhi byed), referring to the pacification of the suffering endured in samsara. See Aziz (1980). [MR-ShabkarNotes]

Padampa Sangye: 11th-12th century [MR]

Padma (pad ma). 1) Same as Padmasambhava. 2) The lotus family among the five buddha families. [ZL] [RY]

Padma (pad ma). Same as Guru Rinpoche. [RY]

Padma {pad ma}. Lit. Lotus. One of the names of the great Indian mahasiddha Padmasambhava, who brought the Secret Mantra Vajrayana to Tibet in the 8th century. [RY]

Padma Do-ngak Lingpa (pad ma mdo sngags gling pa). The tertön name of Jamyang Khyentse Wangpo. [RY]

Padma Ewam Chogar. [RY]

Padma Gargyi Wangpo (pad ma gar gyi dbang po). The name of Jamgön Kongtrül the first. [RY]

Padma Gargyi Wangpo. See Jamgön Kongtrül [LW1] [RY]

Padma Garwang Lodrö Thaye (pad ma gar dbang blo gros mtha' yas). The name of Jamgön Kongtrül the first. [RY]

PADMA GARWANG LODRÖ THAYE (padma gar dbang blo gros mtha' yas). Another name for Jamgön Kongtrül. Padma Garwang means 'Lotus Lord of the Dance,' and Lodrö Thaye means 'Boundless Wisdom.'[AL] [RY]

Padma Garwang Lodrö Thaye. See Jamgön Kongtrül [LW1] [RY]

Padma Garwang Lodrö Thaye; alias Jamgön Kongtrül; [LWx] [RY]

Padma Garwang. See Jamgön Kongtrül [LW1] [RY]

Padma Garwang; alias Jamgön Kongtrül; [LWx] [RY]

Padma Gyalpo; [LWx] [RY]

Padma Gyalpo; one of the eight manifestations [LW1] [RY]

Padma Kathang (pad ma bka' thang) [LWx] [RY]

Padma Kathang (pad ma bka' thang). [ZL] [RY]

Padma Kathang (pad ma bka' thang). See Chronicles of Padma [LW1] [RY]

Padma Kathang by Orgyen Lingpa. Tibetan title: o rgyan gu ru pad-ma 'byung gnas kyi skyes rabs ran par that pa rgyas pa bkod pa pad-ma bka'i thang yig. Long version in poetry, 108 chapters in 721 pages. Revealed in the Crystal Cave of Yarlung in central Tibet and therefore also known as Namthar Sheldragma, The Crystal Cave Biography. Originally translated into French by Toussaint, G.-C. as Le Dict de Padma (Padma Thang Yig MS. de Lithang). Paris: 1933. Later re-translated in to English by Kenneth Douglas and Gwendolyn M. Bays, published by Tarthang Tulku as The Life and Liberation of Padmasambhava. [ZL] [RY]

Padma Kepa. [RY]

Padma Kunsang. [RY]

Padma Ling (pad-ma gling) [LW1] [RY]

Padma Nyinche Wangpo. [RY]

Padma Nyingtig (padma snying thig). [EMP] [RY]

Padma Nyugu. [RY]

Padma Osel Do-ngak Lingpa (pad ma 'od gsal mdo sngags gling pa). The tertön name of Jamyang Khyentse Wangpo. [RY]

Padma Ösel Do-ngak Lingpa. See Jamyang Khyentse Wangpo [LW1] [RY]

Padma Ösel Do-ngak Lingpa; alias Jamyang Khyentse Wangpo; expl. [LWx] [RY]

Padma Raja, the Lotus King. [Daki] [RY]

Padma Shelphuk. [RY]

Padma Tennyi Yungdrung Lingpa (pad ma bstan gnyis g.yung drung gling pa). The tertön name of Jamgön Kongtrül Lodrö Thaye. [RY]

Padma Tennyi Yungdrung Lingpa. See Jamgön Kongtrül [LW1] [RY]

Padma Tennyi Yungdrung Lingpa; alias Jamgön Kongtrül; [LWx] [RY]

Padma Thod Phreng rtsal - lit. 'the Lotus-one ornamented by a rosary of skulls,' an emanation of Padmasambhava. [RY]

Padma Tongdröl (pad ma mthong grol). The crown that liberates through seeing worn by Guru Rinpoche. [RY]

Padma Tötreng Tsal (pad ma thod phreng rtsal). The secret name of Guru Rinpoche. [RY]

Padma Tötreng Tsal (pad ma thod phreng rtsal). The secret name of Guru Rinpoche meaning 'Powerful Lotus of the Garland of Skulls.' [ZL] [RY]

Padma Tötreng Tsal, Powerful Lotus of the Garland of Skulls. [Daki] [RY]

Padma Tsuktor. [RY]

Padma Vajra (mtsho skyes rdo rje). [ZL] [RY]

Padma Vajra (pad ma badz ra). See Dechen Gyalpo. [RY]

Padma Wangchok, Situ XI: 1886-1952. [RY]

Padma Wangchuk Gyalpo, Situ XI: 1886-1952 [MR]

Padma Wangchuk Gyalpo. [RY]

Padma. The word for lotus here is "born-from-a-lake" (mtsho las skyes pa) as in the analogy of a lotus flower being untainted by the mud of the swamp in which it grows. [RY]

Padmabhasajvala. Lotus Shining-Light (pad ma 'od 'bar), literally: "Lotus Shining-Light", it is the name primarily used for Padmakara within the Ratnasamanyasamgha practice. [Peter Roberts]

Padmajala (pad ma drva ba). The name of the pure land of Guru Rinpoche. [RY]

Padmakara (pad ma 'byung gnas). 'Lotus-born.' Same as Guru Rinpoche. Padmakara and Padmasambhava are interchangeable in Tibetan literature, sometimes is used the Tibetan translation Pema Jungney, sometimes the Sanskrit. [ZL] [RY]

Padmakara (padma 'byung gnas), the "One who Arose from the Lotus," or Guru Padmasambhava (see Translator's Introduction, note 17). Known by many names, in this life-story he is referred to as Guru Rinpoche, Orgyen Rinpoche, the Precious Master, or the Lake-born Vajra. [MR-ShabkarNotes]

Padmakara Tötreng Tsal (pad ma ka ra thod phreng rtsal). Same as Guru Rinpoche. [RY]

Padmakara, See also Padmasambhava; literal meaning; meaning of Padmakara [LW1] [RY]

Padmakara, the king of the victorious ones (rgyal dbang pad ma ka ra). He is called the king of victorious ones because he conquered the enemy of the four maras. Padmakara means Lotus Born (padma 'byung gnas). [RY]

Padmakara. Padmakara, instead of the more commonly known name of Padmasambhava, is what Jamgön Kongtrül uses, and that this was the original name is a view expressed by Tibetan masters. The Tibetan name being padma 'byung gnas "lotus-origin". However, the Koncho Chidu terma itself contains the words, "I, Padmasambhava..". [Peter Roberts]

Padmakara; expl.; [LWx] [RY]

Padmakara's Stages of the Path [LW1] [RY]

Padmakara's Stages of the Path; expl. [LWx] [RY]

Padmapani, a name of Avalokitesvara, the Buddha of compassion. [MR-ShabkarNotes]

Padmasambhava - Fully enlightened master who established the teachings in Tibet in eight century [RY]

Padmasambhava - the 'Lotus-born' Guru of Odiyan' his eight major manifestations are: Padma 'byung gnas, Padma rgyal po, rDo rje gro lod, Nyi ma 'od zer, Sakya seng ge, Seng ge sgra sgrog, Blo ldan mchog sred, and rDo rje 'chang. [RY]

Padmasambhava (pad ma 'byung gnas). 'Originated from a Lotus.' Same as Guru Rinpoche. [RY]

Padmasambhava (pad-ma 'byung gnas); as one of the eight manifestations; biography and instructions; names [LW1] [RY]

Padmasambhava; as one of the eight manifestations; [LWx] [RY]

Padmey Lamrim [LW1] [RY]

Padmey Lamrim; expl. [LWx] [RY]

Padyam (Skt.). Washing water. [RY]

Pagan - Capital city of northern Burma; also a kingdom which adopted Theravadin Buddhism under Anoratha [RY]

Painful bardo of dying ('chi kha sdug bsngal gyi bar do). See Bardo of dying. [RY]

Pal Gyalkar (1992) speaks of twenty-five major works. To Jigme Thekcho's catalog, he adds a list of miscellaneous writings: [MR-ShabkarNotes]

Pal Kachöpa (dpal mkha' spyod pa). Propably identical with Kachö Wangpo, the second Shamar Rinpoche (1350-1405).[EMP] [RY]

Pala Dynasty - Rulers in central India from the eight through the twelfth centuries; gave active support to the Dharma [RY]

Pala Dynasty - Rulers in central India from the eighth through the twelfth centuries; gave active support to the Dharma. [Tarthang]

palace of dharmadhatu (chos kyi dbyings kyi pho brang) [LW1] [RY]

Palace of Dharmadhatu; expl. [LWx] [RY]

Palace of Lotus Light (pad ma 'od kyi pho brang). [Daki] [RY]

Palace of Lotus Light (pho brang pad ma 'od) [LW1] [RY]

Palace of Lotus Light (pho drang pad ma 'od); [LWx] [RY]

palanquin, stretcher, Sanskrit palyanka (do li) (phebs byams) (khyogs). A covered litter for one person carried on poles on the shoulders of two or four men. [RY]

palanquin, stretcher, Sanskrit palyanka (khyogs) (phebs byams) (do li). A covered litter for one person carried on poles on the shoulders of two or four men. [RY]

palanquin, stretcher, Sanskrit palyanka (phebs byams) (khyogs) (do li). A covered litter for one person carried on poles on the shoulders of two or four men. [RY]

Palden Khyentse Özer (dpal ldan mkhyen brtse 'od zer). The reincarnation of Jamgön Kongtrül Lodrö Thaye and son of the 15th Karmapa. [RY]

Palembang - City on Sumatra; major Buddhist center of study [RY]

Palgöns [LW1] [RY]

Palgye. See Paltrül Rinpoche [LW1] [RY]

Palgyi Dorje (Wangchuk) of Lhalung alias Lhalung Palgyi Dorje (lha lung dpal gyi rdo rje). Born in Upper Drom, he served as a border guard but developed renunciation and together with his two brothers received ordination from Vimalamitra. He received the bodhisattva vow from Padmasambhava as well as empowerment and oral instructions in Vajrayana. He practiced meditation in the White Gorge of Tsib and at Yerpa, where he reached the accomplishment of being able to move freely through solid rock. Years later he assassinated the evil king Langdarma. Palgyi Dorje means 'Resplendent Vajra.'[AL] [RY]

Palgyi Senge of Lang (rlangs dpal gyi seng ge). His father was Amey Jangchub Drekh"l, a powerful mantrika who could employ the eight classes of gods and demons as his servants. Palgyi Senge of Lang was one of the eight chief disciples of Padmasambhava when the empowerment of the Assemblage of Sugatas was conferred. He attained both the common and supreme accomplishments at Paro Taktsang through the practice of the Tamer of All Haughty Spirits. [ZL] [RY]

Palgyi Senge of Lang (rlangs dpal gyi seng ge). His father was Amey Jangchub Drekhöl, a mantrika powerful enough to employ the eight classes of gods and demons as his servants. Palgyi Senge of Lang was one of the eight chief disciples of Padmasambhava when the empowerment of the Assemblage of Sugatas was conferred. He attained both the common and supreme accomplishments at Paro Taktsang through the practice of the Tamer of All Haughty Spirits. The Dzogchen Rinpoches are regarded as his reincarnations. Palgyi Senge means 'Glorious Lion.'[AL] [RY]

Palgyi Senge of Shübu (shud bu dpal gyi seng ge). As one of the ministers of King Trisong Deutsen, he was sent among the first emissaries to invite Padmasambhava to Tibet. He learned translation from Padmasambhava and rendered numerous teachings of Mamo, Yamantaka and Kilaya into Tibetan. Having attained accomplishment through Kilaya and Mamo, he could split boulders and divide the flow of rivers with his dagger. [ZL] [RY]

Palgyi Senge of Shubu (shud bu dpal gyi seng ge). One of the ministers of King Trisong Deutsen, sent among the first emissaries to invite Padmasambhava to Tibet. He learned translation from Padmasambhava and rendered numerous teachings of Mamo, Yamantaka and Kilaya into Tibetan. Having attained accomplishment through Kilaya and Mamo, he could split boulders and divide the flow of rivers with his dagger. His reincarnations include the great Tertön Mingyur Dorje of the Namchö tradition. Palgyi Senge means 'Glorious Lion.'[AL] [RY]

Palgyi Senge of Shubu [LW1] [RY]

Palgyi Wangchuk of Kharchen (mkhar chen dpal gyi dbang phyug). Here in the Sanglingma, he is described as the father of Yeshe Tsogyal, but elsewhere as her brother who became a close disciple of Padmasambhava. [ZL] [RY]

Palgyi Wangchuk of Kharchen (mkhar chen dpal gyi dbang phyug). In the Sanglingma biography he is the father of Yeshe Tsogyal; elsewhere he is described as her brother, a close disciple of Padmasambhava who attained siddhi through the practice of Vajra Kilaya. Palgyi Wangchuk means 'Resplendent Lord.'. [AL] [RY]

Palgyi Wangchuk of O-Dren ('o dran dpal gyi dbang phyug). A great scholar and tantrika, he attained siddhi through practicing Guru Drakpo, the wrathful aspect of Padmasambhava. Palgyi Wangchuk means 'Resplendent Lord.'[AL] [RY]

Palgyi Yeshe (dpal gyi ye shes). Born into the Drogmi clan he was also known as Palgyi Yeshe of Drogmi. He was an adept translator and rendered numerous sutras and tantras into Tibetan including the Tantra of the Mother Deities Mamo. He received the transmission of the Mother Deities, from Padmasambhava and became an accomplished mantrika. [ZL] [RY]

Palgyi Yeshe of Lang (rlangs dpal gyi ye she). One of the first Tibetans to take ordination. He received also transmission from Hungkara in India but died on the way back. [ZL] [RY]

Palgyi Yeshe of Sogpo (sog po dpal gyi ye shes). Disciple of Padmasambhava and Jnana Kumara of Nyag. Palgyi Yeshe means 'Glorious Wisdom.'[AL] [RY]

Pali - Canonical language of the Theravadin tradition; thought by the theravadins to be the original language of the Buddha [RY]

Pali Tripitaka first written down: 80 BC [MR]

Palpung (dpal spung). The monastery in East Tibet which was the seat of Situ Rinpoche. [RY]

Palpung Monastery [LW1] [RY]

Palpung Monastery. [RY]

Palpung Monastery; [LWx] [RY]

Palpung Shri Devi Koti [LW1] [RY]

Palpung Shri Devi Koti; [LWx] [RY]

Palpung Situ Rinpoche. [RY]

Palpung Situ. [RY]

Palpung. [RY]

Paltrul Rinpoche (1808-1887) One of the foremost scholars of his time. He was known not only for his scholarship and learning but also for his example of renunciation and compassion. His most famous works include Kunsang Lamey Shellung and his commentary on Tsigsum Nedeg, the epitome of the Dzogchen teachings. [RY]

Paltrul Rinpoche (dpal sprul rin po che). A great nonsectarian master of the 19th century who was regarded as the speech emanation of Jigmey Lingpa. Author of Kunsang Lamey Shellung. [RY]

Paltrul Rinpoche (dpal sprul rin po che). A great nonsectarian Tibetan master of the nineteenth century. [RY]

Paltrul Rinpoche. [RY]

Paltrül Rinpoche; biographical details [LW1] [RY]

Pal-yang (dpal dbyangs). A Tibetan translator predicted by Padmasambhava. The first monk ordained by Khenpo Bodhisattva. He is also known as Ratna of Ba (sba ratna). [ZL] [RY]

Palyül [LW1] [RY]

Palyul Gyatrul. [RY]

Palyul Monastery. [RY]

Pancalika. A kind of clothe worn by devas; according to Dharmabhadra and Ch, 'five-colored'. [RY]

Panchen Lama / (pan chen bla ma) - Incarnation lineage of the abbots of bKra shis lhun po monastery, established in the time of the Fifth Dalai Lama [RY]

Panchen Lama 1st, (blo bzang chos kyi grags pa) = chos rgyan = chos kyi rgyal mtshan): 1570-1662. [RY]

Panchen Lama 4th, Lobsang Tenpai Nyima: 1781-. [RY]

Panchen Lama 5th, Tenpai Changchup: 1854-. [RY]

Panchen Lama 6th, Lobsang Palden Yeshe: 1738-1780 [MR]

Panchen Lama 7th, Lobsang Tenpai Nyima: 1781-1854 [MR]

Panchen Lama 9th, Chökyi Nyima: 1883-1937 [MR]

Panchen Lama Chökyi Gyaltsen 10th : 1938-1989 [MR]

Panchen Lama Lobzang Tenpai Nyima, The seventh(blo bzang bstan pa'i nyi ma, 1781-1859). [MR-ShabkarNotes]

Panchen Lama, 4th (1rst to hold the actual title) (blo bzang chos kyi grags pa = chos rgyan = chos kyi rgyal mtshan): 1570-1662 [MR]

Panchen Lama, 5th, Lobsang Yeshe: 1663-1737 [MR]

Panchen Lama, Tenpai Wangchuk: 1854-1882 [MR]

Panchen Lobzang Chögyen; see chap.2, note 30. Possibly the first Changkya, Ngawang Chöden, (lcang skya ngag dbang chos ldan, 1642-1714) or the second, Rolpa Dorje (rol pa rdo rje, 1717-86). [MR-ShabkarNotes]

Pandara-vasini (gos dkar mo), (na bza' dkar). Third of the four Sublime Mothers (see Locana), 'the White-robed Goddess', red in color and the consort of Amitabha. [RY] Pandita - great Buddhist scholar; usually refers to the Buddhist scholars from Kashmir or India. [RY]

Pandita - Indian title conferred on especiallv learned masters. [Tarthang]

Pandita - Indian title conferred on especially learned masters [RY]

pandita (mkhas pa) [LW1] [RY]

Pandita (mkhas pa) means "learned one." [RY]

Pandita (mkhas pa). A learned master, scholar or professor in Buddhist philosophy. [Bardo Guide 91] [RY]

PANDITA (mkhas pa). A learned master, scholar or professor in Buddhist philosophy. [AL] [RY]

Pandita (mkhas pa). A learned master, scholar, professor in Buddhist philosophy. [RY]

Pandita (mkhas pa). A learned master, scholar, professor in Buddhist philosophy. [ZL] [RY]

Pandita (mkhas pa); explanation of literal meaning [LWx] [RY]

Pandita cycle {pan di ta'i skor}. Writings on structured expositions of basic tenets of buddhist philosophy, such as the Seven Treasures by Longchenpa. [RY]

Pandita of Yanglesho (yang le shod kyi pan di ta). One of the 12 manifestations. Same as Mawey Senge. [RY]

Pandita. [RY]

Pandita. Scholar, learned man [RY]

Pang Lotsawa (dpang lo): -1342 [MR]

Pang Lotsawa (dpang lo): -1342. [RY]

Parables (de lta bu byung ba) [LW1] [RY]

Parakkamabahu - Twelfth century king of Sri Lanka under whose reign the Theravadin school gained unquestioned supremacy [RY]

Parakkamabahu - Twelfth century king of Sri Lanka under whose reign the Theravadin school gained unquestioned supremacy. [Tarthang]

Paramartha - Indian master who came to China in sixth century introduced Cittamatra teachings [RY]

Paramartha Seva. See Approaching the Ultimate [LW1] [RY]

Paramita (pha rol phyin). Perfection. [RY]

Paramita (pha rol tu phyin pa). Literally, 'paramita' means 'reaching the other shore.' Particularly, it means transcending concepts of subject, object and action. The Paramita vehicle (phar phyin gyi theg pa) is the Mahayana system of the gradual path through the five paths and ten bhumis according to the Prajnaparamita scriptures. See also 'six paramitas.'[AL] [RY]

Paramita (pha rol tu phyin pa). 'Reaching the other shore.'Transcending concepts of subject, object and action. [RY]

Paramita vehicle (phar phyin gyi theg pa). The Sutra system of the gradual path through the five paths and ten bhumis according to the Prajnaparamita scriptures. [RY]

paramita vehicle [LWx] [RY]

paramita vehicle. See vehicle [LW1] [RY]

paramitas (phar phyin). See also six paramitas; 36 types; Mahayana; ten [LW1] [RY]

paramitas; types [LWx] [RY]

Parinirvana - The final entry into nirvana; the passing away of a fully accomplished master [RY]

Parinirvana (yongs su mya ngan las 'das pa). 'Completely passing beyond suffering.' 1) The final entry into nirvana. 2) Honorific term for the passing away of a buddha or a fully accomplished master. [ZL] [RY]

parinirvana (yongs su mya ngan las 'das pa); complete cessation. The death and hence the end of the stream of rebirths of Shakyamuni Buddha, or any enlightened being. [Rain of Wisdom]

Parmi Gonpa. [RY]

Paro Drakar. [Daki] [RY]

Paro. [RY]

Particular samayas (khyad par gyi dam tshig). [RY]

partlessness (cha med) [LW1] [RY]

partlessness [LWx] [RY]

Paryanka (skyil mo krung). A particular sitting position, some say one leg on top of the other with the soles almost hidden. [RY]

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The Rangjung Yeshe Gilded Palace of Dharmic Activity (Front Cover)

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--Richard 12:58, 12 August 2008 (EDT)