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Calm and Insight, or Quietude and Insight (shamatha and vipashyana, zhi gnas lhag mthong). One-pointed concentrated meditation, and analytical meditation on Emptiness. [RY]

Camphor-like is a name for the moon in Tibetan poetry. [MR-ShabkarNotes]

Candala (Skt). Outcaste. [RY]

capable preparatory stage (nyer bsdogs mi lcogs med); summary definition of the ‘capable preparatory stage’ is the ‘seven types of attention’ in addition to the basis of the ‘nine means of mental stillness’. The seven types of attention are: 1) the attentions of characteristics 2) interest 3) seclusion 4) delight 5) discernment 6) basis of application and 7) result. The nine means of mental stillness are: 1) Resting 2) continual resting 3) repeated resting 4) Fully resting 5) taming 6) pacifying 7) Fully pacifying 8) one-pointedness 9) settling in equanimity. A full definition can be found in The Light of Wisdom (ISBN 9627341371), vol. 1, pgs. 170 and 268 [RY]

Capacity (thugs rje). In Dzogchen, one of the three most basic principles or aspects: essence, nature, and capacity. The combination of these three is revealed self-manifested as profound compassion which here has a much deeper meaning than selfless kindness and the wish to alleviate the suffering of others. It is the natural expression which is of the indivisibility of emptiness and luminosity or, emptiness and wakefulness. [RY]

Carefree Vagrant (yan pa blo bde) (?-1926?) The chief disciple and lineage holder of Mipham Rinpoche. Carefree Vagrant was the unconventional name Shechen Gyaltsab Pema Namgyal used for himself. He is one of His Holiness Dilgo Khyentse Rinpoche's root gurus. His collected works were published in India by His Holiness. [RY]

Carya-tantra (spyod rgyud). Second of the Four Levels of Tantra. rgyud sde bzhi - Four sections of tantra are:

Categorized ultimate of concepts and words - (rnam grangs pa mtshan ma tshig gi don dam). [RY]

causal (rgyu'i) - of or pertaining to a cause [RY][LW1] [RY]

causal and resultant vehicles
Causal and Resultant Vehicles (rgyu dang 'bras bu'i theg pa). The teachings of Hinayana and Mahayana which regard the practices of the path as the causes for attaining the fruition of liberation and enlightenment, and the Vajrayana system of taking fruition as the path by regarding buddhahood as inherently present and the path as the act of uncovering and revealing this basic state.
The great master Longchenpa defined these as follows:
"The causal vehicles are so called because of accepting a sequence of cause and effect, asserting that buddhahood is attained by increasing through the circumstance of the two accumulations the qualities of the nature of the sugata essence, which is merely present as a seed.
The resultant vehicles are so called because of asserting the basis for purification is sugata essence endowed with qualities which are spontaneously present as a natural possession in sentient beings, just as the sun is endowed with rays of light; and any objects of purification are temporary defilements of the eight collections of consciousnesses (rnam shes tshogs brgyad), like the sky being (temporarily) obscured by clouds; also, one realizes the result of purification, this primordially present nature - by means of which the purification of the paths of ripening and liberation are revealed. Besides this, there is no difference (between the two) in sequence or quality." [AL] [RY]

Causal philosophical teachings (rgyu mtshan nyid kyi chos). The teachings of Hinayana and Mahayana which regard practices of the path as the causes for attaining the fruition of liberation and enlightenment. [ZL] [RY]

Causal philosophical vehicle (rgyu mtshan nyid kyi theg pa) is comprised of the three yanas of the shravaka (nyan thos kyi theg pa), pratyekabuddha (rang sangs rgyas / rang rgyal kyi theg pa) and bodhisattva (byang chub sems dpa'i theg pa) vehicles. Compare with ‘Resultant Vehicle’[RY]

causal refuge; compared to refuge of fruition; expl. [LWx] [RY]

causal teachings [LW1] [RY]

causal vehicle of the paramitas [LW1] [RY]

Causal vehicles (rgyu'i theg pa). Same as the two vehicles, Hinayana and Mahayana. The practitioners of these vehicles regard the practices as the cause for attaining fruition. [RY]

Cause and Effect (rgyu 'bras). 1) The natural law of dependent origination. 2) The law of karma. [Bardo Guide 91] [RY]

Cave in which the Dri Vanished ('bri thim phug) also called Drira Phuk, the "Cave of the Dri Horn" ('bri rwa phug). When Gyalwa Götsangpa opened the sacred place of Kailash (from 1213 to 1221), he came to the Wild Yak Valley ('brong lung), knowing that the hill overlooking it was the palace of the Thousand Buddhas. As he approached, the Lion-headed Dakini (seng ge dong ma) appeared to him in the form of a female of the wild yak, or Drong Dri ('brong 'dri), and showed him the path to a certain cave. There it vanished into one of the walls, leaving on the rock the visible mark of its horn. Götsangpa meditated for several years in this cave. Above the entrance of it he, too, left his footprint in the rock. See MK, p.53. [MR-ShabkarNotes]

Cave of Miracles (rdzu 'phrul phug) lies to the southeast of Mt. Kailash, and is a few hours' walk from the mountain itself. When Jetsun Milarepa constructed his meditation cave with a few boulders, he first found that the ceiling of the cave was too low. Stretching his body, he pushed the ceiling up, leaving the print of his head in the rock. Then he thought that the ceiling was too high, so he went outside and stepped on the rock from above the cave, leaving prints of his feet in the rock. Shabkar stayed in retreat in a nearby smaller cave located above the Cave of Miracles. [MR-ShabkarNotes]

Cave of Standing-on-My-Feet (rkang tshugs phug), so called because this was the place where Milarepa first established himself on the solid ground of spiritual practice, i.e. "stood on his own two feet." [MR-ShabkarNotes]

Cave of the Subjugation of Mara (bdud 'dul phug) is the principal among the four main caves of Lapchi, the three other one being the Crest Cave (ze phug), the Revelation of All Secrets (sbas pa kun gsal), and the Prophesied Cave of the Great Forest (lung bstan tshal chen phug), and the Hidden Cave (sbas ba). GL, p.56/a says that the actual door of the cave, which Shabkar thus reopened, had been closed by nonhuman beings. According to a personal communication from Toni Huber, the cave itself has an outer and an inner part, separated by a narrow passage with a low roof. The stone hearth of Jetsun Milarepa is the centerpiece and inner sanctum of the cave. The temple is built as a continuation of the outer part of the cave. The Cave of the Subjugation of Mara is one of the "four widely known caves" mentioned in Milarepa's life-story (see Bacot, 1925, and Lhalungpa, 1984). It was in this cave that Jetsun Milarepa subjugated a host of demons who had attacked him. It is also the place where, blocked by snow that had fallen for eighteen days and nights, he spent six months in complete seclusion, surviving on one measure of tsampa. There too, Milarepa performed many miracles and left nearby a footprint in a rock. See Tsang Nyong Heruka's Hundred Thousand Songs of Milarepa (mi la'i mgur 'bum) and their translation in English by G.C.Chang (1977). Other great saints who meditated in this cave include Milarepa's moon-like disciple Rechung Dorje Trakpa (ras chung rdo rje grags pa, 1084-1161), Nyö Lhanangpa (gnyos lha nang pa, 1164-1224), the "Mad Yogin of Tsang Ornate with Bones" (gtsang smyon he ru ka rus pa'i rgyan can, 1452-1507), and the "Victorious Hermit of Lapchi," Namkha Gyaltsen (rgyal la phyi pa nam mkha' rgyal mtshan), fifteenth century, said to be the mind-aspect incarnation of Milarepa). [MR-ShabkarNotes]

Cave of Yangleshö (yang le shod kyi brag phug). Situated in the southern end of the Kathmandu Valley, near the village of Pharping. The 'Upper Cave of Yanglesh"' is also known as Asura Cave. [ZL] [RY]

Central Channel (rtsa dbu ma, avadhuti). The central subtle channel within the body, running from the base of the spine to the crown of the head. [AL] [RY]

Cessation ('gog pa). A temporary state in which sensation and thinking have ceased. Sometimes mistaken as being the state of liberation. [RY]

cessation; the truth of truth of cessation [LWx] [RY]

Chagdud Tulku Rinpoche [LW1] [RY]

Chagmey Rinpoche; (chags med rin po che) alias Karma Chagmey [LWx] [RY]

Chak (lcags). [ZL] [RY]

Chakdrukpa. (see Mahakala) [RY]

Chakpori (lcags po ri) is the hill near the Potala, on top of which was the medical college. [MR-ShabkarNotes]

Chakra ('khor lo). 'Wheel' or junction of subtle channels in the body. [RY]

Chakranatha ('khor lo'i mgon po); expl.; [LWx] [RY]

Chakras - there are four main chakras, which are located at the head, throat, heart, and navel. Three channels (nadi) pass through these chakras, acting as the conductors of energy and vital forces. Patterning (rtsa), energy (rlung), and vitality (thig le) refer to the interrelationship of these elements. [RY]

chakras Skt. (Tib. 'khor lo) are symbolic "wheels", or circular diagrams, upon which are written mantras and formulae meant for protection, for helping one to attain liberation, and for accomplishing any of the four activities for the sake of sentient beings. [MR-ShabkarNotes]

Chakrasamvara ('khor lo bde mchog). A main yidam or tantra of the New Schools. [RY]

Chakravartin ('khor los sgyur ba'i rgyal po). See Universal Monarch.[Primer] [RY]

chakravartins. Chakravartin: "One who rules through the wheel". A world ruler of Indian mythology. In Buddhism, he is the incarnation of a Bodhisattva as a world ruler. He is said to have gained the highest position within the human worldly life through such an exceptional accumulation of merit that he possesses many miraculous powers and magical possessions. [Peter Roberts]

Chakshus (Skt). The meaning in this context should be clarified through oral instructions from a qualified master. [RY]

Chakzam Tulku Rinpoche - Before his death, the famed Tibetan siddha Thangtong Gyalpo blessed with his body, speech and mind his close disciple Tendzin Chöje Nyima Zangpo (bstan 'dzin chos rje nyi ma bzang po) who was also said to be his son. The latter is therefore considered to be a "reincarnation before death" (ma 'das sprul sku). (Communicated by Cyrus Stearns.) The successive incarnations of Nyima Zangpo are known as the Chakzam tulkus (lcags zam sprul sku) and were the heads of Chuwori (chu bo ri) Monastery, in central Tibet. The lama whom Shabkar met might have beenTendzin Yeshe Lhundrup (bstan 'dzin yes shes lhun grub), the seventh and most famous incarnation, or the eighth incarnation, Tendzin Khyenrab Thutop (bstan 'dzin mkhyen rab mthu stobs). [MR-ShabkarNotes]

Chamara (rnga g.yab). (1.)One of the eight sub-continents surrounding Mount Sumeru as well as the support for the terrestrial pure land of Guru Rinpoche known as the Glorious Copper Colored Mountain. [ZL] [RY] & (2.) the southwestern island of the Rakshasas, from which rises the Glorious Copper Colored Mountain (zangs mdog dpal ri), the Buddhafield of Guru Rinpoche (Padmasambhava). [MR-ShabkarNotes]

Chameh Rinpoche. Karma Chameh (chags med) 1613-1678. A monk of the Karma Kagyu School, who spent thirteen years in retreat from 1649 until 1662, the last seven years of which he was joined by Mingyur Dorje 1645-1667, who entered the retreat at the age of ten. During this retreat the young Mingyur Dorje had visions that Karma Chameh wrote out as thirteen volumes of "Space-Dharma" teachings. While these were to form the heart of the Palyul Nyingma school, many of these practices are of great importance in the Karma Kagyu lineage. Karma Chameh himself composed numerous works. [Peter Roberts]

Ch'an - Chinese Buddhist school that traces to Bodhidharma; eventually southern Ch'an, stressing Sudden Enlightenment, became dominant. [RY]

Chandrabhadra - see also (Kings of Shambhala). One of The 7 Dharmarajas [LWx] [RY]

Chandragomi (alt.: Chandra Gomi). Chandra means moon and gomi means the kinsman of Gomi (go mi dge bsnyen). [RY] Also, Chandragomin - Disciple of Sthiramati, famed for his universal knowledge.

Chandragupta (zla ba sbas pa) - founder of Mauryan Dynasty at end of fourth century B.C. [RY]

Chandrakirti (zla ba grags pa) - Leading Prasangika-Madhyamaka master [RY]
Also: - Born in South Indian in a Brahmin family, Candrakirti became one of the last and chief disciple of Nagarjuna. Not only did he become one of the most outstandidng scholar, but he also attained supreme realization. He was able to work miracles, such as milking the drawing of a cow, or stopping invading armies with a stone lion which he magically made roar in terrifying way. At Nalanda University, where he was a teacher he had a famous debate with Chandragomi who himself was assisted by Avalokiteshvara [who used to appear to him in person]. One of his principal works is (Nagarjuna’s) Supplement to the Middle Way, the Madhyamakavatara. [MR]

Chang (chang). 1) Tibetan beer brewed from barley. [Bardo Guide 91] [RY] 2) the most common Tibetan fermented beverage, prepared with millet. [MR-ShabkarNotes]

Ch'ang-an - Capital of China during T'ang Dynasty (thang); important translation center [RY]

Change and fall ('pho ltung). The fall into the lower states of existence, after the long enjoyment of celestial pleasures. [MR-ShabkarNotes]

Changeless Light ('od mi 'gyur ba) Samantabhadra [LW1] [RY]

changeless light. "Changeless Light" being also one of the names for the Dharmakaya Buddha. [Peter Roberts]

Changeless Nature, The see The Light of Wisdom, vol.1, pg. 249 (ISBN 9627341371) [RY]

Changing suffering ('gyur ba'i sdug bsngal). The fact that pleasure is impermanent and not under one's individual control. One of the 'three sufferings.' [RY]

Changkya Rölpa Dorje (lcang skya rol pa rdo rje), teacher of the Emperor of China, -1786 MR - Also: Changkya Rölpa Dorje / lCang kya Rol pa'i rdo rje - Founder of the lcang skya incarnation lineage of Mongolia and influential adviser to the Manchu court RY

Changkya Tamje Khyenpa, the "All-knowing Changkya", lcang skya thams cad mkhyen pa ngag dbang chos ldan, born contemporary of Buton, born in water horse year of 11th cycle. [MR]

Changphukma (byang phug ma). [ZL] [RY]

Changtra Düntse (byang pra dun rtse). [ZL] [RY]

Channels (rtsa). See 'nadi.' [RY]

channels, energies and essences. [Daki] [RY]

channels, winds and essences (rtsa rlung thig le); expl.; Padmasambhava's mastery; Nadi, prana, and bindu; the constituents of the vajra body. The channels are the 72,000 nadis and the 40 million minor nadis abiding in the body. The winds are the 21,600 pranas circulating within the nadis. Connected with them, the essences which are the white and red bindus permeate. These three aspects are the subtle bases for body, speech and mind.[Primer] [LWx] [RY]

Channels;. The subtle veins (rtsa), in which circulate the various energies (rlung) of the body, energies which carry along these veins the white and red essences (thig le). In the deluded state these three are related to the three poisons: attachment, hatred and ignorance; in the wisdom state they are related to the Three Kayas [MR]

Chariot of the Profound View (zab mo lta ba'i shing rta). See also Lineage of the Profound View [LW1] [RY]

Chariot of the Vast Conduct (rgya chen spyod pa'i shing rta). See also Lineage of the Vast Conduct [LW1] [RY]

Charnel ground (dur khrod). A site where bodies are left to decompose or be eaten by wild animals. Frequented by ghosts and spirits, it is a suitable place for advanced practitioners to gain progress in their realization. [ZL] [RY]

Charnel ground ornaments (dur khrod kyi chas). The attire worn by a wrathful buddha. [RY]

Charya (spyod pa). The second of the four sections of tantras according to the Sarma Schools. [RY]

Charya Tantra (spyod rgyud) Charya Tantras place emphasis on purification of body and speech through ritual and meditation, establishing a relationship between the deity and the practitioner similar to that between brothers or friends. Realization can be gained within seven human lifetimes. [LW1] [RY]

Chekawa Yeshe Dorje; ('chad ka ba ye shes rdo rje), 1102-1176, a very learned kadampa master and a great practitioner of the bodhicitta teachings. He formulated in verse the teachings of the Seven Point Mind Training, which he received from Sharawa; (sha ra ba) ***. [MR]

Chemchok (che mchog) [LW1] [RY]

Chemchok Heruka (che mchog he ru ka). One of the 58 wrathful buddhas. [RY]

Chengnawa (spyan sgna'): (Tsultrim Bar) 1038-1103 [MR]

Chen-ngawa Chökyi Trakpa (spyan snga chos kyi grags pa) Shamar IV: 1453-1524. [RY]

Chephu Shampo - (lce phu sham po). [ZL] [RY]

Chetsün Nyingtig (lce btsun snying tig). One of the most important Dzogchen instructions, based on a transmission from Vimalamitra. Jamyang Khyentse had a vision of Chetsün Senge Wangchuk which inspired him to write the precious teaching known as Chetsün Nyingtig. Senge Wangchuk (11th-12th century) is among the lineage gurus in the Nyingtig transmission, which he received from his root guru, Dangma Lhüngyal, as well as directly from Vimalamitra. As a result of his high level of realization, his physical body transformed to a rainbow body at the time of death. In a later reincarnation as Jamyang Khyentse Wangpo, he remembered the Dzogchen teachings which Senge Wangchuk had transmitted to the dakini Palgyi Lodrö and wrote them down as the terma] Chetsün Nyingtig, the 'Heart Essence of Chetsün.'[AL] [RY]

Chetsün Senge Wangchuk (lce btsun seng ge dbang phyug) - A great master of the Nyingma Lineage. His name Chetsün means "noble tongued" - someone who never lied, slandered or gossiped. [ [LW1] [RY]

Chikchar (cig char) is a secluded spot in Old Tsari (tsa ri rnying ma) on the northern side of the Pure Crystal Mountain. For a history of Chikchar, see also Filibek (1988, p.4.) [MR-ShabkarNotes]

Child luminosity (bu'i 'od gsal). The experience of luminosity in one's present meditation practice, while on the path. See mother luminosity. [RY]

Chimey Dorje (Chimey Dorje). A great master and the Father of Tulku Urgyen Rinpoche. [RY]

Chimey Taktsang; place where Lamrim Yeshe Nyingpo was revealed [LW1] [RY]

Chimey Tennyi Yungdrung Lingpa ('chi med bstan gnyis g.yung drung gling pa). See Jamgön Kongtrül [LW1] [RY]

Chimphu (chims phu). The hermitage of caves above Samye in Central Tibet. Guru Rinpoche spent several years there in retreat. [RY]

Chimphu Phuk (mchims phu phug) [LW1] [RY]

Chinese and Mongolian titles of nobility - According to the Annals of Kokonor [see Bibliography to The Life of Shabkar by Matthieu Ricard- (ISBN 1-55939-154-5)], Chingwang is Prince of the First Order; Jun Wang, Prince of the Second Order; Pile (in Chinese, Pei-le), Prince of the Third Order; Bise, or Be sim (in Chinese, Pei tzu), Prince of the Fourth Order; Gung or Kung, Imperial Duke. T'ai chi is the lowest order of Mongolian nobility. A Jasag, pronounced by Tibetans dzasa (dza sag, or ja sag, in Chinese cha sa k'e), is the chieftain of a Mongolian "banner," or district (see Appendix 3). A Jasag could hold any of the above ranks or titles (from Chingwang to Gung). This title was also given to Tibetan notables by Mongol invaders. The banner system of the Mongols in Kokonor was established by an imperial edict after Lobzang Tendzin's rebellion in 1724. [MR-ShabkarNotes]

Chinese Emperors: 1260-1360: Yuang Emperor, Kublai Khan (Mongolian). 1360-1644: Ming (chinese). 1644-1911: Manchu (Ching). 1644-1661: Shun-chih. 1662-1722: K'ang-hsi. 1723-1735: Yung-cheng. 1736-1795: Ch'ien-lung. 1796-1820: Chia-ch'ing. upto 1728: Ambam had no power. 1792-1895: Powerful. 1811-1814: Ambam Ahu Thuli. 1814-1817: Ambam Shiming. 1817-1820: Ambam Yuling. 1820-1907: Kuang-hsu. 1820-1823: Ambam Sunken or Hunken (alias Hun ning)?. 1823-1827: Ambam Zungding or Lunding ?. 1895: 13th Dalai Lama, Ambam becomes less powerful and in. 1908-1911: Hsuan-t'ung [MR]

Chinese Hashangs (rgya nag gi hva shang). The term refers here to the followers of a certain Chinese meditation teacher, Hvashang Mahayana, whose view point was refuted by Kamalashila in a public debate during the Early Spread of the teachings. See also Hashang view. [RY]

Chinese teacher Hashang. (rgya nag gi ston pa hva zhang). A certain Chinese meditation teacher, Hashang Mahayana, whose view point was refuted by Kamalashila in a public debate during the early spread of the teachings. [ZL] RY

Chinese wounds (rgya rma) refers to syphilis. [MR-ShabkarNotes]

Ching (Manchu). 1644-1911: [RY]

chinghu - the position of chinghu is one rank below Goshir, but still higher than a wang. The whole western continent was divided under the power of four chinghu and eight wang. In our terms we can equate the chinghu with an affiliated but independent ruler, while the position of wang is closer to that of a district governor. Tulku Urgyen Rinpoche [ RY ]

Chingkar Donyö Dorje (phying dkar don yod rdo rje) or "Meaningful Vajra Clad in White Felt." Compassionate teachers like Patrul Rinpoche and Shechen Gyaltsab Pema Namgyal, who emphasized the practice of Bodhicitta, abstained from wearing or using animal furs and skins, and preferred using white felt for their coats and carpets. [MR-ShabkarNotes]

Chinul - Twelfth century Son master who helped unite Korean Dharma schools [RY]

Ch'i-tan - People to the north of China who adopted the Dharma; founders of Liao dynasty [RY]

Chiti Yoga (spyi ti'i rnal 'byor). One of the subdivisions of the Instruction Section of Dzogchen: Ati Yoga, Chiti Yoga and Yangti (yang ti). Chiti is defined as covering the general points of Dzogchen. [Bardo Guide 91] [ZL] [RY]

Chö/Chod (gcod). 1) Literally 'cutting.' A system of practices based on Prajnaparamita and set down by the Indian siddha Phadampa Sangye and the Tibetan female teacher Machig Labdrön for the purpose of cutting through the four Maras and ego-clinging. One of the Eight Practice Lineages of Buddhism in Tibet. 2) a tantric system based on Prajnaparamita and introduced to Tibet by dam pa sangs rgyas in which all attachment to one's self is relinquished. ma gcig lab sgron, an incarnation of ye shes mtsho rgyal, was a central figure in the propagation of this teaching. [RY]

Chöd (gcod) - The purpose for Chöd practitioners is not to try to subdue evil spirits but rather taming their own ego-clinging. In the Chöd practice one visualizes one's body being cut into pieces, which are offered to the four classes of guests (see Author's Introduction to The Life of Shabkar, note 32). On a higher level the practice of Chöd is intended to ‘cut-through’ the ego and phenomena which normally are regarded as being truly existent. Chöd practitioner Konchok Chöphel (gcod yul ba dkon mchog chos 'phel, 1767-1834) lived in Urgeh and was the Tulku of Pönlop Tashi Gyatso (dpon slob bkra shis rgya mtsho). Chöpa, a Chöd practitioner. [MR-ShabkarNotes]

Chodrak Gyatso, Karmapa VII: 1450-1506 [MR]

Chodruk (chos drug). Same as the Six Doctrines. [RY]

Chodrup Gyatso, Shamar X: 1742-1792 [MR]

Chogdungs, Twenty-one (cog brdung nyi shu rtsa gcig). [ZL] [RY]

Chog-ro Lui Gyaltsen. [Daki] [RY]

Chogyal Dorje. [RY]

Chogyal Lhagyari Tashi Tsering Palbar (chos rgyal lha rgya ri bkra shis tshe ring dpal 'bar). The Lhagyari Kings, said to be originally descendants of celestial beings (lha), are direct descendants of King Trisong Deutsen. A prophecy from the State Oracle of Nechung gnas chung chos rgyal, said that if the Lhagyari line flourished, so would Tibet. See also Karsten (1980). [MR-ShabkarNotes]

Chögyal Ngakyi Wangpo (chos rgyal ngag gi dbang po, 1736-1807), Shabkar's main teacher, (see Translator's Introduction and Appendices 3 and 4). In the course of this life-story he is referred to by various names: the precious Dharma King, Chögyal Rinpoche, Chögyal Wang (chos rgyal wang), Pöntsang Rinpoche (dpon tshang rin po che), and Chingwang Rinpoche (ching wang rin po che). [MR-ShabkarNotes]

Chögyal Phagpa (chos rgyal phags pa), nephew of Sakya Pandita: 1235-1280. One of the Five Sakya Forefathers. A great master of the Sakya lineage. [RY]

Chokchu dushi. [RY]

Chokgyur Dechen Lingpa (mchog gyur bde chen gling pa). The name of Chokgyur Lingpa (1829-1870). 1) A treasure revealer and contemporary of Jamyang Khyentse Wangpo and Jamgön Kongtrül. Regarded as one of the major tertöns in Tibetan history, his termas are widely practiced by both the Kagyü and Nyingma schools. Chokgyur Lingpa means 'Sanctuary of Eminence.' For more details see The Life and Teachings of Chokgyur Lingpa, Rangjung Yeshe Publications. [RY]

Chokgyur Lingpa (mchog gyur gling pa). The great tertön who revealed numerous terma teachings especially the cycle of Lamey Tukdrub Barchey Künsel. Biographical details; Body Seat; description by H.H. Dilgo Khyentse Rinpoche; emanation of Damdzin; Life and Teaching of; meaning of Orgyen Chokgyur Dechen Lingpa; Orgyen Chokgyur Dechen Shikpo Lingpa; seats of; Speech Seat; terma teachings of; consort The Light of Wisdom, vol.1] [RY]

Chokling Mingyur Dewey Dorje [LW1] [RY]

Chokling Pema Gyurme [RY]

Chokling Rinpoche (mchog gling rin po che). The third incarnation of the great tertön Chokgyur Dechen Lingpa whose seat was at Neten in Kham. His reincarnation is in his teens and studying in Bir, Himachal Pradesh. Chokling Tulku. [RY]

Chokling Tersar (mchog gling gter gsar), expl. of lineage. The collection of termas revealed by Chokgyur Lingpa together with its connected teachings. [RY] [see The Light of Wisdom, vol. 1]

Chokro Lui Gyaltsen (cog ro klu'i rgyal mtshan). Early Tibetan translator of great importance and one of the twenty-five disciples of Padmasambhava who recognized him as an incarnate bodhisattva. He worked closely with Vimalamitra, Jnanagarbha, Jinamitra and Surendrabodhi. He is vital to the continuation of the Vinaya lineage in Tibet. Having revealed realization at Chuwori, he aided Padmasambhava in transcribing and concealing terma treasures. The great tertön Karma Lingpa (14th cent.) is regarded as an reincarnation of Chokro Lui Gyaltsen. [ZL] [RY]

Chöku Rinpoche (chos sku rin po che) is a precious white statue of Buddha Amitabha. It is one of the five image- emanations of Avalokitesvara which originated miraculously from the milk lake of the Dakini Land of Karsha (gar shwa, Lahaul, in northern India). The monastery also housed the white conch and the cauldron of Naropa. These three relics were hidden when the monastery was destroyed during the Cultural Revolution, and reinstalled in the new monastery rebuilt since 1981. [MR-ShabkarNotes]

Chökyi Dondrup, Shamar VIII: 1695-1732 [MR]

Chökyi Drakpa (chos kyi grags pa bkra shis nor bu mi 'gyur dbang gi rgyal po), emanation of the Gyalwang (Gyalwang Drukpa?): 1538-1583 [MR]

Chökyi Lodrö (chos kyi blo gros). The reincarnation of Jamyang Khyentse Wangpo. He was a great master upholding the Rime' tradition as well as one of the root gurus of His Holiness Dilgo Khyentse Rinpoche. His reincarnation lives presently at Bir, Himachal Pradesh. [RY]

Chökyi Nyima Rinpoche (chos kyi nyi ma rin po che). The abbot of Ka-Nying Shedrup Ling Monastery and the oldest son of Tulku Urgyen Rinpoche. Author of 'Union of Mahamudra and Dzogchen', (ISBN 962-7341-21-5)' and of 'Jewel of the Heart,' Rangjung Yeshe Publications, 1987. [RY]

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The Rangjung Yeshe Gilded Palace of Dharmic Activity (Front Cover)

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