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The Rangjung Yeshe Gilded Palace of Dharmic Activity (Front Cover)

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Personal experience (rang snang). Exemplified by the dream experience, this term is sometimes translated as 'one's own projection' or 'self-display.' [RY]

Personal experience, Rangnang, (rang snang);, three main meanings meaning of rang snang; 1) Manifestation of one's own nature: as when one says that the manifestation which arises from the primordial ground is the manifestation of the absolute nature of the ground itself, or when one says that Samantabhadra recognizes that the arising of phenomena is a manifestation of his own nature and is liberated. 2) Natural manifestation: as when one says that the sambhogakaya Buddhafields are a natural manifestation of Samantabhadra's pristine wisdom. 3) Manifestation appearing to oneself: as when one speaks of the nirmanakaya Buddhafields which appear to the the Buddhas themselves but not to other beings, not even to the Bodhisattvas of the tenth bhumi. (As opposed to gzhan snang, "which appears to others"). Although according to the context one of these meanings can be emphasized and chosen as translation, the three meanings of rang snang are always present. [MR]

Personal manifestation (rang snang). Same as 'personal experience.' [RY]

Pervasive Great Joy (he chen brdal ba); charnel ground [LW1] [RY]

Perverse view (mithya drsti, log lta). e.g. disbelief in rebirth and the laws of actions and results. [RY]

Pesang Drolma. [RY]

Pestilent Mamos (nad gtong ma mo). [ZL] [RY]

Peyul Gonpa built: 1665 [MR]

Phadampa (pha dam pa). An Indian mahasiddha who brought the Shije (zhi byed) teachings to Tibet. [RY]

Phadampa Sangye (pha dam pa sangs rgyas) A great Indian siddha who visited Tibet five times, the last time in 1098, where he taught the Shije system. His chief Tibetan disciple was the yogini Machik Labdron. [RY]

Phadampa Sangye / Dam pa sangs rgyas - Indian master who visited Tibet on several occasions; founder of the Zhi byed school [RY]

Phadampa Sangye. [RY]

Phagma Nyingtig ('phags ma snying tig) [LW1] [RY]

Phagma Nyingtig ('phags ma snying tig) [LWx] [RY]

Phagmo Drupa Dorje Gyalpo (phag mo gru pa rdo rje rgyal po, 1110-70) was one the three foremost disciples of Gampopa (see chap.10, note 45), as well as a disciple of Sakya Kunga Nyingpo (sa chen kun dga' snying po, 1092-1158). See BA, pp. 552-63. [MR-ShabkarNotes]

Phagmo Drupa; Dorje Gyalpo (phag mo gru pa rdo rje rgyal po), (1110-1170): One of the three main disciples of Gampopa (1079-1153), and a disciple too of Sakya Kunga Nyingpo; (1092-1158), the forefather of the Sakya tradition. Founded the monastery of Dhensa Thil; in Lhoka, southern Tibet. [MR]

Phagri land of Gö ('gos kyi phag ri lung) [LW1] [RY]

Phakpa / ('phags pa) - Thirteenth century Sa skya master who became imperial preceptor under Qubilai Khan [RY]

Phakshab ('phags zhabs). See Nagarjuna [LW1] [RY]

Phakshab ('phags zhabs); expl. of quote; quotation by [LWx] [RY]

Phakshab; system of ('phags zhabs kyi bzhes pa) [LWx] [RY]

Phat (Skt.). The tantric sound that cuts through confusion and conceptual thinking. [RY]

Phen ('phan). [ZL] [RY]

Phenomena (chos), (snang ba). Anything that can be experienced, thought of, or known. [RY] philosophical schools (grub mtha'). See also Four Philosophical Schools; four; four types in relation to the Three Dharma Wheels [LW1] [RY]

Philosophical schools (grub mtha'). The four Buddhist schools of thought are: Vaibhashika, Sautrantika, Chittamatra, and Madhyamaka. The former two are Hinayana and the latter two Mahayana. [Bardo Guide 91] [RY]

philosophical schools; four types in relation to the Three Dharma Wheels [LWx] [RY]

Philosophical Vehicle (mtshan nyid kyi theg pa). A collective name for Hinayana and Mahayana. [RY]

Philosophical Vehicle; [LWx] [RY] Philosophical Vehicles (mtshan nyid kyi theg pa). A collective name for Hinayana and Mahayana; includes the three vehicles for shravakas, pratyekabuddhas, and bodhisattvas. [AL] [RY]

Philosophical Vehicles (mtshan nyid theg pa). See also vehicle [LW1] [RY]

Philosophical Vehicles; comparison with the Vajra Vehicles [LWx] [RY]

Phonya (pho nya). 1) Messenger, emissary. 2) Spiritual consort in Vajrayana practice. [ZL] [RY]

Phonya (pho nya). 1) Messenger, emissary. 2) Spiritual consort in Vajrayana practice.[Primer] [RY]

phowa - It is the Tibetan custom to offer a horse to the lama who performs the phowa for a deceased person. When a lama performs the "phowa for the living" (see chap.5, note 25) for an old or sick person, it often happens that this person faints for a while because of the power of the ritual. [MR-ShabkarNotes]

Phowa ('pho ba). Ejection of consciousness to a buddhafield at the moment of death. [Bardo Guide 91] [RY]

Phowa ('pho ba): the transference of consciousness, at the moment of death, to a Buddhafield where Buddhahood will ultimately be attained. There exists also a practice known as "phowa for the living" (gson 'pho) or"phowa transmission" ('pho lung)in which the method of the transference of the consciousness to a Buddhafield may be given, in association with a blessing to attract longevity (tshe 'gugs), to old persons before their death. [MR-ShabkarNotes]

Phowa ('pho-ba) is the practice of transference of consciousness (see chap.5, note 25). Itching at the top of the head and the other signs show success in the practice and are sometimes accompanied by the opening of a small aperture at the fontanelle in which a stalk of kusa grass can be inserted. [MR-ShabkarNotes]

Phowa of the celestial realm (mkha' spyod 'pho ba). A type of phowa. [RY]

Phul-gang - the 1/10 of a 'bre which is roughly 1 kg. [MR-ShabkarNotes]

Phun-tshogs rnam-rgyal - Seventeenth century bKa'-brygud-pa lama who became Dharma king of the Himalayan kingdom of Sikkim. [Tarthang]

Phuntsok Namgyal / (phun tshogs rnam rgyal) - Seventeenth century bKa' brgyud pa lama who became Dharma king of the Himalayan Kingdom of Sikkim [RY]

Phuntsoling; (phun tshog gling) and Jonang; (jo nang) Ganden Phuntsoling, or Jonang Monastery, was founded by Dolpupa Sherab Gyaltsen (1292-1361), whose established his hermitage nearby, an built the Great Stupa that Gives Liberation on Sight. /by Setting Eyes upon it. The place became later the seat of the great master Jetsün Taranatha Kunga Nyingpo. [MR]

Phurba dagger. [Daki] [RY]

Phurba Tsarcham. [RY]

Phurba. [RY]

Phurpey Döntig (phur pa'i don tig) [LW1] [RY]

Phurpey Döntig [LWx] [RY]

phyar ba, thick and rough material used for many purposes, made of goat or yak hair. [MR-ShabkarNotes]

Pishaca (sha za). A class of fierce, malignant, goblin-like demons, belonging to the preta realm, said to eat human flesh. [RY]

Pitaka (sde snod). 'Basket', collection of the Buddhist scriptures. There are three - Vinaya, Sutra and Abhidharma. [RY]

Pitaka (sde snod); listing four [LW1] [RY]

Pith instruction sections {man ngag sde}. Aspect of the Dzogchen tantras which is categorized into four cycles: the outer, inner, secret and unexcelled innermost cycle. [RY]

Pith Instructions on the Swift Path (myur lam dmar khrid), is the byang chub lam gyi rim pa'i dmar khrid thams cad mkhyen par 'grod pa'i myur lam by the second Panchen Lama Lobzang Yeshes (blo bzang ye shes, 1663-1737). [MR-ShabkarNotes]

Places, countries and charnel grounds (gnas yul dur khrod). These refer to the 24 major places, the 32 major countries and the eight charnel grounds. When added together, there are the 64 places and countries (gnas yul drug cu rtsa bzhi). [RY]

Places, three (gnas gsum). head (=body), throat (=speech), heart (=mind) [RY]

Plain of Famine (mu ge thang) is a sandy desert near the Ba ('ba') valley, north of Ragya (rwa rgya) and northeast of the Gyupar Range (rgyud par), beyond the sand dunes of Mangri Chema (mang ri bye ma). [MR-ShabkarNotes]

Planets, graha, (gza'). The seven p. are the familiar sun, Moon, Mars, Mercury, Jupiter, Venus and Saturn; the eighth is the fictitious and malevolent Rahu, causer of eclipses. Often a ninth is added, Ketu, the comet, likewise evil and fictitious. [RY]

pleasing actions, three types of (mnyes pa gsum) [LW1] [RY]

Pledge (samaya, dam tshig). Besides the Bodhisattva vows and (in the higher classes of Tantra) the Tantric vows, one receiving a Tantric empowerment has to take numerous pledges, which must be kept purely if the practice is to be successful. [RY]

Po and Kham (bod khams). Central and East Tibet. [RY]

Pobor Ridge [LW1] [RY]

Poetic Pronouncements (tshigs su bcad pa); aspect of excellent speech [LW1] [RY]

Pointing-out instruction (ngo sprod kyi gdams pa). The direct introduction to the nature of mind. [RY]

Pointing-out instruction (ngo sprod). The direct introduction to the nature of mind. [Bardo Guide 91] [RY]

Pointing-out instruction (ngo sprod). The direct introduction to the nature of mind. A root guru is the master who gives the 'pointing-out instruction' so that the disciple recognizes the nature of mind. [ZL] [RY]

POINTING-OUT INSTRUCTION (ngo sprod). The direct introduction to the nature of mind. A root guru is the master who gives the 'pointing-out instruction' so that the disciple recognizes the nature of mind. [AL] [RY]

Pointing-out Instruction of Mahamudra (phyag chen ngo sprod). [EMP] [RY]

pointing-out instruction; expl. [LWx] [RY]

Poisons, three (visa, dug). Greed, hate, delusion. [RY]

Polluting demons, chaya, (grib gnon). Skt. lit. 'shadow', 'shade'. [RY]

Pond of White Lotus Flowers by Shechen Gyaltsab Pema Namgyal. 527 pages. A major historical work on the Eight Chariots of the Practice Lineage with predominant emphasis on the Nyingma School. Tibetan title: snga 'gyur rdo rje'i theg pa gtso bor gyur pa'i sgrub brgyud shing rta brgyad kyi byung ba brjod pa'i gtam rdor bsdus legs bshad pad-ma dkar po'i rdzing bu. Published by His Holiness Dilgo Khyentse, New Delhi, India. [ZL] [RY]

Postmeditation (rjes thob). Generally, the period of being involved in sense perceptions and daily activities. Specifically, the period of being distracted from the natural state of mind. [ZL] [RY]

postmeditation (rjes thob); like magical illusion; vipashyana [LW1] [RY]

posture of "royal enjoyment". (rgyal po'i rol thabs). With the right leg extended somewhat, as for example in Tara's posture. posture of royal ease. [Peter Roberts]

Potala - Mount Potala is the Pure Realm of Avalokitesvara. [MR-ShabkarNotes]

Potala (gru 'dzin). The pure land of Avalokiteshvara. [ZL] [RY]

Potala [LW1] [RY]

Potala of Lhasa is said to be an earthly version of the celestial Potala Palace (pho brang ri bo gru 'dzin), the Buddhafield of Avalokitesvara. The "protector and refuge" refers here to the 9th Dalai Lama, Lungtok Gyatso, who had passed away in 1815. [MR-ShabkarNotes]

Potala Palace - From the Great Fifth onwards, the Potala Palace has been the home of the Dalai Lamas. Relics of the deceased Dalai Lamas are preserved there in golden stupas. [MR-ShabkarNotes]

Potala Palace of Lhasa. Its construction started in 1645 on Marpori at the order of the fifth Dalai Lama. [MR-ShabkarNotes]

Potala; expl. [LWx] [RY]

potential (rigs); developed potential; in relation to sugata essence; noble potential ('phags pa'i rigs); synonyms for; two types of [LW1] [RY]

potential; developed; developed, expl.; expl.; in relation to sugata essence; noble ('phags pa'i rigs), expl.; synonyms for; two types of; [LWx] [RY]

Potowa (Po to ba): 1031-1105 [MR]

Powder Sadhana of the Eight-spoked Wheel ('khor lo rtsib brgyad phye ma'i sgrub pa). [ZL] [RY]

Power of complete remorse (rnam par sun 'byin pa'i stobs). [RY]

Power of remorse (sun 'byin pa'i stobs. [RY]

Power of resolution (dam bca' ba'i stobs). [RY]

Power of support (rten gyi stobs). [RY]

Power of the applied antidote (gnyen po kun tu spyod pa'i stobs). [RY]

Power of Truth" prayer. In a "power of truth" prayer, one normally recites that through the power of the truth of the words of the Buddha, Dharma, Sangha, and various yidam deities and protectors, the malevolent forces will be destroyed, or turned back on their creator. A brief prayer is included in Kongtrül's sadhana which does not actually mention the word "truth" but says that through the power of the recitation of the wisdom mantra of Singhamukha, the various malevolent forces will be turned back. [Peter Roberts]

Powerful Garuda Youth. [Daki] [RY]

Powerful Lotus Skull Garland (pad ma thod phreng rtsal). [ZL] [RY]

powerful nagas. Demigods that live in rivers, oceans and in underground waters. Usually portrayed as being a serpent from the waist down. They hoard both material and dharma treasures. [Peter Roberts]

powerful spirits of the eight classes of supernatural beings within the three existences (lha ma srin sde brgyad). The eight classes of supernatural beings is a native Tibetan classification, originally the eight different kinds of beings in the entourage of the principal Bon deity named Se (gsas). They are listed as being the Lu (klu), who were taken to be the equivalent of the Nagas see note 98; the Tsen (btsan), who are red fierce horse-riding spirits; the Therong (the'u rang) who ride goats and as patrons of blacksmiths carry a bellows and hammer; the Du (bdud) see note 17; the Wealth-deities (phyug lha); the Nyen (gnyan) who are often mountain deities; the Za (gza' also Tibetan for "planet") who brings lightning and epilepsy and who is sometimes identified with Rahula, the eclipse-causing demigod; and the Dralha (dgra lha) or warrior deity. They were all deities that needed propitiation and would cause harm if inadvertently annoyed. However there are a number of variant lists. The original principal Bon deity is no longer a factor in this traditional classification of spirits. [Peter Roberts]

Powerful Vajra Wrath (rdo rje drag po rtsal). [ZL] [RY]

Powerful Vajra Wrath. See Dorje Drakpo Tsal [LW1] [RY]

Powerful Vajra Wrath; expl.; [LWx] [RY]

Power-Places of Central Tibet, The Pilgrim's Guide, by Keith Dowman, published by Routledge and Kegan Paul, London and New York, 1988, pp. 345. [MR]

Powers, ten (bala, stobs). Ten aspects of the Omniscience of a Buddha, understanding karmic causes etc. [RY]

Prabhahasti (glang po'i od). Same as Prahasti. [ZL] [RY]

Prabhahasti ('od kyi glang po) [LW1] [RY]

Prabhahasti ('od kyi glang po); mention of [LWx] [RY]

Practice lineage (sgrub brgyud). The lineage of masters where the emphasis is one's personal experience of the teachings as opposed to the scholastic lineage of expounding the scriptures (bshad brgyud). See Eight Practice Lineages. [RY]

Practice Lineage (sgrub brgyud). The lineage of teachings and masters where emphasis is placed on one's personal experience of the teachings as opposed to the scholastic lineage of expounding the scriptures (bshad brgyud). This phrase also refers to the Eight Great Chariots of the Practice Lineage (sgrub brgyud shing rta brgyad), the eight schools of Buddhism that flourished in Tibet: Nyingma, Kadam, Marpa Kagyü, Shangpa Kagyü, Sakya, Jordruk, Nyendrub, Shije and Chö. Today only the first five survive as independent lineages. [EMP] [RY]

Practice mandala (sgrub pa'i man dal). The mandala plate placed on the shrine during offerings. [RY]

Practice manuals for development and completion (bskyed rdzogs kyi las byang). Sadhana texts and liturgies of tantric practices. [RY]

practice of the three Roots. The Guru, Yidam and Dakini forms of Padmasambhava. [Peter Roberts]

Practice support (sgrub rten). [RY]

Practice" Section. Practice: Skt: Pratipatti. Tib: sgrub.pa. The third section of sevasadhana practice. [Peter Roberts]

Prahasti (glang po'i od), Skt. Prabhahasti). 'Radiant Elephant.' Among the Eight Vidyadharas the receiver of the transmission of the tantras of Kilaya Activity. Born to a royal family in the western part of India and named Shakyaprabha when ordained as monk, Prahasti became extremely well-versed in the Tripitaka and studied Secret Mantra with Vajrahasya (rdo rje bzhad pa) and numerous other masters. He achieved supreme accomplishment and had, together with his disciple Shakyamitra, a tremendous impact on the Dharma in Kashmir. [ZL] [RY]

Prahevajra (dga' rab rdo rje). The human recipient of the Maha Ati teachings. See Garab Dorje. [RY]

Praise of Dependent Arising (rten 'brel bstod pa or more exactly thub pa'i dbang po'i bstod pa legs bshad snying po) praises in 58 stanzas the view of the dependent links. Composed by Tsongkhapa while doing a solitary retreat at Olkha ('ol kha), in central Tibet, it was the result of a dream in which he met Nagarjuna, Santideva, Candrakirti, Aryadeva, and other great Indian panditas who were the chief exponents of the Madhyamaka philosophy. At the end of the dream Buddhapalita stood up and blessed Tsongkhapa with a volume of his commentary on the Madhyamaka-karika. Following this dream, Tsongkhapa attained a high degree of understanding of the ultimate reality while reading a verse of Buddhapalita that states that "the self is neither different from, nor identical to, the aggregates." The same day, Tsongkhapa wrote this praise to the Lord Buddha, the Awakened One who first realized this truth. The Glory of the Three Realms (dpal ldan sa gsum ma) was also written by Tsongkhapa. [MR-ShabkarNotes]

Praise of the Supramundane; Lokatita-stava; ('jig rten las 'das par bstod pa); Nagarjuna, 1st-2nd century. [PK] [RY]

Praises of Chakrasamvara [LW1] [RY]

Praises of Chakrasamvara [LWx] [RY]

Prajna (shes rab). Knowledge or intelligence. In particular, the 'knowledge of realizing egolessness.' [RY]

prajna (shes rab). See also knowledge [LW1] [RY]

Prajna and upaya (thabs dang shes rab). Prajna is knowledge or intelligence; in particular, the knowledge of realizing egolessness. Upaya is the method or technique that brings about realization. [Bardo Guide 91] [RY]

Prajna and Upaya (thabs dang shes rab). Prajna is knowledge or intelligence; in particular, the knowledge of realizing egolessness. Upaya is the method or technique that brings about realization. See also under 'means and knowledge.'[AL] [RY]

prajna and upaya. Prajna is knowledge or intelligence; in particular, the knowledge of realizing egolessness. Upaya is the method or technique that brings about realization.[Primer] [RY]

prajna; expl. [LWx] [RY]

Prajnamula (rtsa ba shes rab) [LW1] [RY]

Prajnamula (rtsa shes); quotation from; [LWx] [RY]

Prajnaparamita - The teaching of complete omniscience; the heart of the Buddha's realization; associated with the Second Turning [RY]

Prajnaparamita (Pha rol tu phyin pa) lit. 'Perfection of Wisdom'; six paramitas are generally referred to: giving, morality, patience, effort, meditation, and wisdom. [RY]

Prajnaparamita (sher phyin ma) The Perfection of Wisdom as a female deity. [RY]

Prajna-paramita (shes rab kyi pha rol tu phyin pa), (phar phyin). The Perfection of Wisdom, esp. as a branch of literature and study; (sher phyin ma). The Perfection of Wisdom as a female deity. [RY]

Prajnaparamita (shes rab kyi pha rol tu phyin pa). 'Transcendent knowledge.' The Mahayana teachings on insight into emptiness, transcending the fixation of subject, object and action. Associated with the Second Turning of the Wheel of Dharma. Since Prajnaparamita eliminates the most subtle obscuration, this insight is often called Mother of All Buddhas.[Primer] [RY]

Prajnaparamita (shes rab kyi pha rol tu phyin pa). See 'Transcendent Knowledge.' [RY]

Prajnaparamita (shes rab kyi pha rol tu phyin pa). 'Transcendent knowledge.' The Mahayana teachings on insight into emptiness, transcending the fixation of subject, object and action. Associated with the Second Turning of the Wheel of Dharma. [Bardo Guide 91] [ZL] [RY]

Prajnaparamita (shes rab phar phyin); expl.; [LWx] [RY]

Prajñaparamita in a Hundred Thousand Verses; (shes rab kyi pha rol tu phyin pa stong phrag brgya pa). [PK] [RY]

pramana (tshad ma) [LW1] [RY]

pramana [LWx] [RY]

P continued - P2


The Rangjung Yeshe Gilded Palace of Dharmic Activity (Front Cover)

Go To:

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--Richard 12:59, 12 August 2008 (EDT)