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The Rangjung Yeshe Gilded Palace of Dharmic Activity (Front Cover)

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Five Kayas - see Three Kayas. [RY]

Five kayas (sku lnga). In this book the five kayas or aspects of buddhahood are dharmakaya, sambhogakaya, nirmanakaya, essence kaya, and great bliss kaya. They are defined in the chapter on Vajrayana Mind Training. [RY]

five kayas (sku lnga). See also kayas and wisdoms [LW1] [RY]

Five kayas of fruition - ('bras bu'i skabs kyi sku lnga). The five aspects of perfect enlightenment are described by Padmasambhava in his Lamrim Yeshe Nyingpo: The perfection of the benefit of oneself is the peaceful dharmakaya. The spontaneously present benefit for others is the unified sambhogakaya. The manifold skillful means to tame beings is the way of nirmanakaya. The distinct and unmixed appearance aspect is the true bodhikaya. Their one taste as dharmadhatu of the emptiness aspect is the vajrakaya. (RY)

five Kayas. Five kayas (or Bodies) are, in this case, the five buddhas of the five families: Vairochana, Akshobhya, Ratnasambhava, Amitabha and Amoghasiddhi. There exists another classification however: Dharmakaya, sambhogakaya, nirmanakaya, essence-kaya and bliss-kaya. [Peter Roberts]

five kayas; expl. [LWx] [RY]

five kinds of fear; expl. [LWx] [RY]

Five kinds of offerings (nyer spyod lnga). The desirable objects of the five senses. [RY]

Five kinds of wrong livelihood (log 'tsho lnga). Hypocrisy, flattery, soliciting, expropriating, and calculated generosity.[EMP] [RY]

Five King-Like Tertöns (gter ston rgyal po lnga). One list of the Five Tertön Kings contains Nyang Ral Nyima Özer (1124-1192), Guru Chökyi Wangchuk (1212-1270), Dorje Lingpa (1346-1405), Pema Lingpa (1445/50-1521), and (Padma Ösel) Do-ngak Lingpa (Jamyang Khyentse Wangpo) (1820-1892). Sometimes the list also includes the great tertön Rigdzin Gödem (1337-1408). [AL] [RY]

Five knowledge empowerments (rig pa'i dbang lnga) - ma rig las gyur pa'i sgrib pa lnga dag,,,rig pa ye shes lnga'i sa bon gsos btab pas rig pa'i dbang zhes bya'o [DKR] [RY]

five lands (lung lnga), listing of [LW1] [RY]

Five major root pranas (rtsa ba'i rlung chen lnga). The winds circulating within the human body which have the nature of the five elements: the 'life-upholding,' the 'downward-clearing,' the 'upward-moving,' the 'equally-abiding,' and the 'pervading' wind. [RY]

Five male buddhas (rgyal ba rigs lnga). Vairochana, Akshobhya, Ratnasambhava, Amitabha and Amoghasiddhi. [RY]

five meats and the five amritas. The Tantric offering of five meats and five amritas is an offering of what was considered in India to be inedible and undrinkable. However their essence is revealed to be the five Buddhas and their five Consorts, thus transcending the conceptualisation of cleanliness and uncleanliness. They are not offered in their ordinary forms, but transmuted into wisdom amrita. The five meats are: human flesh, dog flesh, horse flesh, elephant meat and beef, the latter of course never being eaten in India. The five amritas are urine, faeces, sperm, menstrual blood and brain. [Peter Roberts]

five mental afflictions, the five poisons. Five poisons: ignorance, anger, pride, craving and envy. [Peter Roberts]

Five minor branch pranas (yan lag gi lung phran lnga). [RY]

five minor sciences [LW1] [RY]

five minor sciences; expl. [LWx] [RY]

Five Never-Ending Adornment Wheels (mi zad rgyan 'khor lnga); explanation of twenty-five qualities of fruition [LW1] [RY]

five notions ('du shes lnga) [LW1] [RY]

five object-determining mental states; listing [LW1] [RY]

Five Paths - five aspects of the complete path to enlightenment, following one another in succession: preparation or accumulation; application; vision or seeing; cultivation; no more learning. [RY]

FIVE PATHS (lam lnga). The five paths or stages on the way to enlightenment: the path of accumulation, joining, seeing, cultivation, and consummation or no more learning. [AL] [RY]

Five paths (lam lnga). The paths of accumulation, joining, seeing, cultivation and beyond training. These five paths cover the entire process from sincerely beginning Dharma practice to complete enlightenment. [Bardo Guide 91] [RY]

Five paths (lam lnga). The paths of accumulation, joining, seeing, cultivation and no-learning. The five paths cover the entire process from beginning Dharma practice to complete enlightenment. [RY]

five paths; in terms of bodhichitta; listing of [LWx] [RY]

five perfections (phum sum tshogs pa lnga). See also five certainties; detailed; synonym for; three subdivisions of; two aspects of [LW1] [RY]

five perfections (phum sum tshogs pa lnga); detailed expl.; synonym for; three subdivisions of; two aspects of; [LWx] [RY]

Five perfections (phun sum tshogs pa lnga). The perfect teacher, retinue, place, teaching, and time. [RY]

Five perfections (phun sum tshogs pa lnga). The perfect teacher, retinue, place, teaching, and time. These five attributes characterize the sambhogakaya realms. [Bardo Guide 91] [RY]

five perpetuating aggregates (nye bar len pa'i phung po lnga); as basis for ego-clinging; as basis for suffering; listing of [LWx] [RY]

five places. The five places are the forehead (sometimes this is the crown of the head), the throat, the heart, the navel and the secret region (the genital area). [Peter Roberts]

Five poisonous kleshas (nyon mongs pa dug lnga). See 'five poisons.' [ZL] [RY]

five poisons (dug lnga). 1) Desire-attachment ('dod chags), 2) hatred (zhe sdang), 3) lack of discernment (gti mug), 4) pride (nga rgyal), and 5) jealousy (phra dog). [MR-ShabkarNotes]

Five poisons (dug lnga). Desire, anger, delusion, pride and envy. [RY]

Five powers (stobs lnga). Similar to the five 'ruling' faculties but differing in that they have become indomitable by adverse factors. They are perfected during the last two of the four aspects of ascertainment on the path of joining. [RY]

five powers (stobs lnga); listing of; of the path of joining [LWx] [RY]

Five Pure Abodes (gnas gtsang ma lnga); in the Realm of Form [LW1] [RY]

five riches from oneself (rang 'byor lnga) [LW1] [RY]

five riches from others (gzhan 'byor lnga) [LW1] [RY]

five ruling faculties (dbang po lnga); listing of; of perfection (rnam byang); of the path of joining [LWx] [RY]

Five sacred places blessed by Guru Rinpoche: (1) Trak Yerpa, brag yer pa, the holy place related to the body aspect, (2) Samye Chimpu, bsam yas mchim pu, the place related to the speech aspect, (3) Lhodrak Karchu, lho brag mkhar chu, the place related to the mind aspect, (4) Yarlung Sheltrak, yar klung shel brag, the place related to the quality aspect, and (5) Neuring Senge Dzong, (in Mön, East Bhutan), nee ring seng ge rdzong, the place related to the activity aspect. [MR]

Five sciences (rig pa'i gnas lnga). Grammar, dialectics, healing, arts and crafts, and philosophy. [ZL] [RY]

five sciences (thun mong rigs pa lnga). Languages, crafts, medicine, astrology, and philosophy. [MR-ShabkarNotes]

Five Sciences; rigs pa'i gnas lnga; /NG 63 : sgra (or gtan tsig lnga), tshad ma, bzo ba, gso ba, nang gi rig pa. See also NG 63 rigs pa'i gnas chung lnga; and NG 65 rigs pa'i gnas bco rgyad; [MR]

Five sense consciousnesses (sgo lnga'i rnam shes). The five functions of cognizing the sense objects of visual form, sound, smell, taste and texture. [RY]

five sense consciousnesses (sgo lnga'i rnam shes); as synonym for engaging consciousnesses; definition of [LW1] [RY]

five sense faculties (dbang po lnga) [LW1] [RY]

five sense objects (yul lnga) [LW1] [RY]

five sense-consciousnesses (sgo lnga'i rnam shes); as synonym for engaging consciousnesses; definition of; expl. [LWx] [RY]

Five Sets of Sacred Incantations (gzungs grva lnga). A tantra belonging to Kriya Yoga. [ZL] [RY]

five shortcomings (nyes pa lnga); expl.; regarding dhyana [LWx] [RY]

Five silken Dharma garments (dar gyi chos gos lnga). The five silk garments of a peaceful sambhogakaya buddha. [RY]

Five skandhas (phung po lnga). The five aspects which comprise the physical and mental constituents of a sentient being: physical forms, sensations, conceptions, (mental) formations, and consciousnesses. [RY]

Five Sophistic Schools (tarka sde lnga); listing of [LWx] [RY]

five special qualities of Mantrayana [LW1] [RY]

Five Stages (rim lnga). The system of practical application of the Father Tantras especially taught by Nagarjuna and his two spiritual sons, Aryadeva and Chandrakirti. They consist of the three solitudes of body, speech and mind; illusory body, and unity.[EMP] [RY]

Five Stages (rim lnga); explanation of Father Tantra; quotation from [LWx] [RY]

Five Stages of Guhyasamaja Accomplished in One Sitting (gsang 'dus rim nga gdan rdzogs), the Torch Illuminating the Five Stages (rim nga gsal sgron), and the Twenty-One Notes (yig chung nyer gcig) are works by Je Tsongkhapa related to the practice of the Guhyasamaja Tantra (gsang ba 'dus pa). [MR-ShabkarNotes]

five steps of the preliminary practice (sngon 'gro). 1) The taking of refuge, with prostrations (skyabs 'gro), 2) generation of Bodhicitta (sems bskyed), 3) meditation on Vajrasattva and recitation of the hundred-syllable mantra (rdor sems sgom bzlas), 4) offering of the mandala (mandal), and 5) guru yoga (bla ma'i rnal 'byor). This practice entails 110,000 repetitions of each of these steps. [MR-ShabkarNotes]

Five superknowledges (mngon shes lnga). The capacities for performing miracles, divine sight, divine hearing, recollection of former lives, and cognition of the minds of others. [RY]

five syllables of great emptiness; expl. [LWx] [RY]

Five Tantras Functioning as Subsidiaries to Conduct (spyod pa yan lag tu 'gro ba' rgyud sde lnga). See Eighteen Mahayoga Tantras. [ZL] [RY]

Five Teachings of Lord Maitreya (byams chos sde lnga) expl. [LWx] [RY]

five tertön kings (gter ston rgyal po lnga), listing of [LW1] [RY]

Five Traditional Sciences (rig gnas lnga). Grammar, logic, craftsmanship, healing, and spirituality. [RY]

Five treasuries (mdzod lnga). Five collections of teachings by Jamgön Kongtrül I: Dam-ngak Dzo, Rinchen Terdzö, Kagyu Ngakdzo, Sheja Kunkhyab, and Gyacher Kadzo. [RY]

Five Tseringma sisters (tshe ring mched lnga). [RY]

Five Tsigla Tsen (tshig la btsan lnga) [LW1] [RY]

five undefiled aggregates (zag med kyi phung po lnga) [LWx] [RY]

five vehicles; listing of [LWx] [RY]

five wisdoms (ye shes lnga). 1) The wisdom of the absolute expanse (chos dbyings ye shes), 2) the mirror-like wisdom (me long ye shes), 3) the all-discerning wisdom (so sor rtog pa'i ye shes), 4) the wisdom of sameness (mnyam nyid ye shes), and 5) the all-accomplishing wisdom (bya ba grub pa'i ye shes). [MR-ShabkarNotes]

five wisdoms (ye shes lnga). See also kayas and wisdoms [LW1] [RY]

Five wisdoms (ye shes lnga). The dharmadhatu wisdom, mirror-like wisdom, wisdom of equality, discriminating wisdom, and all-accomplishing wisdom. They represent five distinctive functions of the tathagatagarbha, our enlightened essence. [ZL] [RY]

Five wisdoms / Five Types of Pristine Awareness - each of the five types of Pristine Awareness is associated with one of the Dhyanibuddhas: Mirror-like Awareness (Skt. Adarsajnana, Me long ye shes) is associated with Akshobhya; Awareness of Fundamental Sameness (Skt. Samtajnana, mnyam nyid ye shes) is associated with Ratnasambhava; All-encompassing Investigating Awareness (Skt. Pratyaveksanajnana, So sor rtogs pa'i ye shes) is associated with Amitabha; All accomplishing Awareness (Skt. Krtyanustanajnana, bya grub ye shes) is associated with Amoghasiddhi; the Awareness of the Expanse of Dharma (Skt. Dharmadhatu jnana, Chos dbyings ye shes) is associated with Vairocana. [RY]

five wisdoms; expl.; see also 'kayas and wisdoms' [LWx] [RY]

fivefold great emptiness; expl. [LWx] [RY]

Fivefold Mahamudra (phyag chen lnga ldan) of the Drigungpas consist of : 1) The Great Seal of Bodhicitta (byang sems phyag chen); 2) the Great Seal of the Deity's form (lha sku'i phyag chen); 3) the Great Seal of Fervent Devotion (mos gus phyag chen); 4) the Great Seal of the True Nature (gnas lugs phyag chen); and 5) the Great Seal of Dedication (bsngo ba'i phyag chen). [MR-ShabkarNotes]

Five-hundred year period (dus lnga brgya). Periods of each five hundred years. The Buddhadharma is said to last ten such periods. [ZL] [RY]

fives bases of knowables (shes bya'i gzhi lnga); listing of [LWx] [RY]

Fixation/fixation ('dzin pa). The mental act of holding on to a material object, experience, concept or set of philosophical ideas. [RY]

Fixation on concreteness (dngos 'dzin). The habitual tendency to cling to self and outer things as being real, solid and lasting. [RY]

Fleshless One-eyed Vajra Lady of the White Glacier (sha med gangs dkar rdo rje spyan gcig ma). [ZL] [RY]

flesh-shape torma (sha gzugs ma) [RY]

Flight of the Garuda (lta ba'i mgur mkha' lding gshog rlabs, (See Appendix 5). [MR-ShabkarNotes]

Flower Ornament Sutra (Skt. Gandavyuha-sutra, Tib. sdong po bkod pa'i mdo, T44, part 45). [MR-ShabkarNotes]

foal of a barren mare, rabbit horns, tortoise hair, etc., These expressions are classic metaphors for nonexistent things. [MR-ShabkarNotes]

Focus (dmigs pa). A conceptual object held in mind or the act of apprehending such an object. The practices called 'accumulation of merit' involves holding in mind and cultivating a virtuous focus while the 'accumulation of wisdom' is cultivated by sustaining awareness totally free from holding any conceptual focus or reference point whatsoever. [RY]

Fonts, Free Tibetan & Sanskrit:

food offerings" (gshin zas) is dedicated to benefit dead persons in need. [RY]

foods such as those that decrease the power of the mantra. In another text Kongtrül mentions garlic, onions, radish and salty foods, though there are instructions that will prevent their deleterious effect. He especially warns against eating tongue. [Peter Roberts]

Form kayas (gzugs sku). The sambhogakaya and nirmanakaya that have perceptible form as opposed to the formless dharmakaya. [RY]

Form Realm (rupa dhatu, gzugs khams). A subtle divine state of samsaric existence between the desire realm and the formless realm, where sense of smell, sense of taste and sexual organs are absent, and physical suffering, mental distress and unwholesome mental factors such as attachment cannot arise. It is comprised of the four dhyana abodes. [RY]

Form Realm (Skt. rupa dhatu; gzugs khams). Seventeen samsaric heavenly abodes consisting of the threefold four dhyana realms and the five pure abodes. A subtle divine state of samsaric existence between the desire realm and the formless realm, where sense of smell, sense of taste and sexual organs are absent. The beings there have bodies of light, long lives and no painful sensations. Unwholesome mental factors such as attachment cannot arise. [RY]

Formations (samskara, 'du byed). 'this life's f.' will mean everything making up one's present personality, formed by a coming-together of causes nd conditions. However, the same word is also used for volitions, the karmic motivations created in this life that contribute to shaping future lives. [RY]

Form-body (rupa kaya, gzugs sku). A Sambhogakaya or Nirmanakaya of a Buddha - what we would call her 'Body' as contrasted with the Dharmakaya, which is Her mind. [RY]

Form-Kaya. The Form-Kaya, or Rupakaya, is the manifestation of Buddhahood, the Dharmakaya, for the benefit of beings, this includes the Sambhogakaya, that manifests to high-level Bodhisattvas, and the Nirmanakaya that manifests to ordinary beings with the sufficient karma. [Peter Roberts]

Formless Realm (gzugs med khams; Skt. arupya dhatu). The most subtle state of samsaric existence, without anything physical at all; lacking even mental pleasure. The abode of an unenlightened being who has practiced the four absorptions. Its beings dwell in unchanging equanimity for long durations of time after which they again return to lower states within samsara. [RY]

Formless Realm. See Realms [LW1] [RY]

FORMLESS REALMS (gzugs med kyi khams). The abodes of unenlightened beings who have practiced formless meditative states, dwelling on the notions: Infinite Space, Infinite Consciousness, Nothing Whatsoever, and Neither Presence Nor Absence (of conception). These beings remain in these four subtle types of conceptual meditation for many aeons after which they again return to lower states within samsara.[AL] [RY]

formless states; see four formless states [LWx] [RY]

Fortress Cave at Phula (phu la rdzong phug). [ZL] [RY]

Forty Magical Nets (sgyu 'phrul bzhi bcu pa). A Mahayoga scripture. [ZL] [RY]

Forty thought states resulting from desire ('dod chags las byung ba'i rtog pa bzhi bcu). For a list, see 'eighty inherent thought states.' [RY]

Forty-two peaceful deities (zhi ba bzhi bcu zhe gnyis). Samantabhadra and Samantabhadri, the five male and female buddhas, the eight male and female bodhisattvas, the six munis, and the four male and female gate keepers. [ZL] [RY]

forty-two peaceful deities (zhi ba bzhi bcu zhe gnyis); listing of [LW1] [RY]

forty-two peaceful deities (zhi ba bzhi bcu zhe gnyis); listing of [LWx] [RY]

Foundation of Riwoche: 1277 [MR]

Four abodes of the Formless Realm (gzugs med khams kyi ris bzhi). See 'four formless realms.' [RY]

Four activities (las bzhi). Pacifying, increasing, magnetizing, and subjugating. [ZL] [RY] four activities (las bzhi). Performed for the sake of others by accomplished yogins: pacifying sickness, obstacles, mental obscurations, and ignorance; enriching merit, life span, glory, prosperity, and wisdom; bringing under control the good qualities, life force, and powerful energies of the three worlds; and subjugating wrathfully outer and inner negative forces, and obstacle-makers. [MR-ShabkarNotes]

four activities performed for the sake of others by accomplished yogins: pacifying sickness, obstacles, mental obscurations, and ignorance; enriching merit, life span, glory, prosperity, and wisdom; bringing under control the spiritual qualities, life force, and all the powerful energies of the three worlds; and subjugating wrathfully the outer and inner negative forces. [MR-ShabkarNotes]

Four activities. [RY]

four and six Tantras. The four Tantras is the new Tantra classification: Kriya, Charya Yoga and Anuttara. The six Tantras is the old Tantra classification: Kriya, Upa, Yoga, Mahayoga, Anu and Ati. [Peter Roberts]

Four applications of mindfulness (dran pa nye bar bzhag pa bzhi). Mindfulness of the body, sensations, mind, and phenomena. Their essence being discriminating knowledge concurrent with mindfulness, they are chiefly practiced on the lesser stage of the path of accumulation. [RY]

four applications of mindfulness (dran pa nye bar bzhag pa bzhi); listing of [LW1] [RY]

Four aspects of approach and accomplishment (bsnyen sgrub kyi yan lag bzhi). Approach, full approach, accomplishment, and great accomplishment. Four important aspects of Vajrayana practice, especially the recitation stage of yidam practice. These four aspects, however, can apply to any level of meaning within the tantras. Their traditional analogy is to invite the ruler of a country, to present him with gifts and make a specific request, to obtain his permission to carry out one's aim, and to use one's authority to accomplish the welfare of self and others. In the context of recitation practice, 'approach' is to visualize the yidam deity with the mantra in its heart center, 'full approach' is the spinning garland of mantra syllables emanate light rays making offerings to all the buddhas in the ten directions, 'accomplishment' is to receive their blessings which purify all one's obscurations, and 'great accomplishment' transform the world into the mandala of of buddhafield, the beings into male and female deities, sounds into mantra and all thoughts and emotions into a pure display of innate wakefulness. [RY]

Four aspects of approach and accomplishment (bsnyen sgrub kyi yan lag bzhi). Approach, full approach, accomplishment, and great accomplishment. Four important aspects of Vajrayana practice, especially the recitation stage of yidam practice. These four aspects, however, can apply to any level of meaning within the tantras. Their traditional analogy is to invite the ruler of a country, to present him with gifts and make a specific request, to obtain his permission to carry out one's aim, and to use one's authority to accomplish the welfare of self and others. In the context of recitation practice, 'approach' is to visualize the yidam deity with the mantra in its heart center, 'full approach' is the spinning garland of mantra syllables emanating light rays making offerings to all the buddhas in the ten directions, 'accomplishment' is to receive their blessings which purify all one's obscurations, and 'great accomplishment' is to transform the world into the mandala of a pure realm, the beings into male and female deities, sounds into mantra and all thoughts and emotions into a pure display of innate wakefulness. [ZL] [RY]

four aspects of approach and accomplishment (bsnyen sgrub kyi yan lag bzhi) [LW1] [RY]

four aspects of approach and accomplishment (bsnyen sgrub kyi yan lag bzhi); expl. [LWx] [RY]

Four aspects of ascertainment (nges byed kyi yan lag bzhi). See the 'four aspects of the path of joining.' [RY]

four aspects of ascertainment (nges 'byed yan lag bzhi); expl. [LWx] [RY]

Four aspects of the path of joining (sbyor lam cha bzhi): Heat, summit, acceptance, and supreme attribute. See individually. [RY]

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The Rangjung Yeshe Gilded Palace of Dharmic Activity (Front Cover)

Go To:

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--Richard 12:34, 12 August 2008 (EDT)