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The Rangjung Yeshe Gilded Palace of Dharmic Activity (Front Cover)

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Sciences, the five; vidya sthana, (rig pa'i gnas lnga). Grammar, dialectics, medicine, arts and craft, and religious philosophy. [RY]

Scriptural transmission (lung). Same as 'reading transmission.' [RY]

Scripture (mdo), (lung). In the context of this book, a scripture belonging to the category of Anu Yoga or Ati Yoga. [ZL] [RY]

Scripture in Eight Chapters (lung bam po brgyad pa). One of the Eighteen Mahayoga Tantras. Vol. LA of the Nyingma Gyübum. [ZL] [RY]

Scripture of the Compendium of Knowledge (kun 'dus rig pa'i mdo) [LW1] [RY]

Scripture of the Compendium of Knowledge (kun 'dus rig pa'i mdo); quotation from [LWx] [RY]

Scripture of the Embodiment of the Realization of All Buddhas. (sangs rgyas thams cad dgongs pa 'dus pa'i mdo). The Anu Yoga scripture renowned as 'Gongdü'. [ZL] [RY]

Scripture of the Great Assemblage ('dus pa mdo). [EMP] [RY]

Scripture of the Great Prophesy of Awakened Mind (sems lung chen po'i mdo). An Anu Yoga scripture. [ZL] [RY]

Scripture of the Play of the Cuckoo Bird of the Charnel Ground (dur khrod khu byug rol pa'i mdo). An Anu Yoga scripture. [ZL] [RY]

Scripture of the Wisdom Wheel of Awesome Lightning (ye shes rngam pa glog gi 'khor lo'i mdo). An Anu Yoga scripture. [ZL] [RY]

Scripture on Discernment (lung rnam 'byed) [LW1] [RY]

Scripture on Discernment (lung rnam 'byed); quotation from [LWx] [RY]

Scripture(lung) (mdo). In the context of this book, a scripture belonging to the category of Anu Yoga or Ati Yoga. [ZL] [RY]

Scriptures (lung). See 'tantras, scriptures, and instructions.' [RY]

Scriptures and realization (lung dang rtogs pa). Authoritative scriptures and the realization of the Dharma in the minds of noble beings. [ZL] [RY]

Scriptures of the Kadampas, Father and Sons (bka' gdams glegs bam pha chos bu chos): A collection of instructions, questions and answers, stories, songs, prophecies, etc., of Lord Atisha (the father), and his disciples (the sons). Includes 49 sections, 26 for the Father's Dharma, 22 for the Sons' Dharma, and 1 section of miscellanii. The Father Dharma comprises: 1) the byang chub sems dpa'i nor bu phreng ba, a short text in verse on the Bodhisattva Path by Atisha; 2) the 23 sections of the zhus lan nor bu'i phreng ba, authored by Atisha: a series of instructions to Drom Tönpa Gyalwai Jungney and of spiritual conversions between Atisha and Drom. 3) The Sons' Dharma comprises: Collected by legs pa'i shes rab. Lhassa prints, and 2 volume edition (435 pp. and 427 pp.) by Kalsang Lhundup, Buddhist Temple, Vanarasi, 1973-74. (bka' gdams glegs bam, Collected Teachings and Stories of Lord Atisha and His Disciples on the Precious Practice fo the Bka' Gdams Pa Buddhism). [MR]

Se (sad) mi, mi dun ordained: 767/ or 827 (HHDR) [MR]

Second Buddha. See Padmasambhava [LW1] [RY]

Second Buddha; alias Padmasambhava; synonym for Padmasambhava; [LWx] [RY]

Second Council - Council of 700 Arhats convened at Vaishali one hundred years after the Parinirvana to resolve questions on Vinaya practice [RY]

Second Council at Vaisali: 383 BC [MR]

Second Dharma Wheel; see 'Three Turnings of the Wheel of Dharma' [LWx] [RY]

Second Dhyana Realm [LWx] [RY]

Second Dhyana Realm. See Dhyana Realms [LW1] [RY]

second prince. See Murub Tseypo [LW1] [RY]

second prince; alias Prince Rölpa Tsal; [LWx] [RY]

Second Turning of the Wheel of Dharma (chos 'khor gnyis pa). The teachings emphasizing bodhichitta and 'emptiness,' that all phenomena are devoid of a self-entity and true existence.[Primer] [RY]

Second Turning of the Wheel of Dharma (chos 'khor gnyis pa). The teachings emphasizing 'emptiness,' that all phenomena are devoid of a self-entity and true existence. [RY]

Second Turning of the Wheel of Dharma. See Dharma Wheels [LW1] [RY]

Second Turning of the Wheel of Dharma; expl.; see 'Three Turnings of the Wheel of Dharma' [LWx] [RY]

Secret Black Moon (zla gsang nag po). The tantra of Manjushri Body. One of the Eighteen Mahayoga Tantras. [ZL] [RY]

Secret Cave at Chimey Taktsang [LW1] [RY]

Secret Cave at Karmo Taktsang [LW1] [RY]

Secret conduct (gsang ba'i spyod pa). One of the different types of conduct used as an enhancement practice. [RY]

Secret Confession of the Four Classes of Dakinis (mkha' 'gro ma rnam bzhi gsang ba'i bshags pa). [ZL] [RY]

Secret Cycle of Luminosity ('od gsal gsang skor). An aspect of the Instruction Section of Dzogchen. [RY]

Secret Dakini Path. [RY]

Secret Document. (gsang thems). "Secret Document" See note 13: [Peter Roberts]

Secret empowerment (gsang ba'i dbang). The second of the four empowerments. [RY]

secret empowerment (gsang dbang) [LW1] [RY]

secret empowerment [LWx] [RY]

Secret General Tantra. (gsang ba spyi rgyud). In Derge Kangyur it is text 806 in volume Wa. pages 141-168. dkyil 'khor thams cad kyi spyi'i cho ga gsang ba'i rgyud. In Sanskrit: Sarvamandala Samanyavidhinam Guhya Tantra. It also exists in Chinese and Japanese translation. No known Sanskrit original survives. [Peter Roberts]

secret lower gate [LW1] [RY]

secret lower gate; [LWx] [RY]

Secret Mantra (gsang sngags), Skt. guhyamantra. Synonymous with Vajrayana or tantric teachings. 'Guhya' means secret, both concealed and self-secret. 'Mantra' in this context means eminent, excellent, or praiseworthy. [ZL] [RY]

Secret Mantra (gsang sngags). See also Mantrayana, Vajrayana; master; New Schools; outer and inner sections; path of blessing; Pitaka; Three Outer Tantras [LW1] [RY]

SECRET MANTRA (gsang sngags, Skt. guhyamantra). Synonymous with Vajrayana or tantric teachings. 'Guhya' means secret, both concealed and self-secret. 'Mantra' in this context means eminent, excellent, or praiseworthy. [AL] [RY]

Secret Mantra of the Early Translations (gsang sngags snga 'gyur). The Vajrayana system of the Nyingma School the emphasis of which is on the Three Inner Tantras: Mahayoga, Anu Yoga and Ati Yoga. According to Jamgön Kongtrül, the chief scriptures are the Magical Net of Mahayoga, the Embodiment of Realization of Anu Yoga, and the Dzogchen tantras of the Mind Section and Space Section. These are adorned with the Eight Sadhana Teachings while the vital life force is the Instruction Section of Dzogchen, the extract of the realization of Padmasambhava and Vimalamitra which is contained in the collection renowned as Nyingtig Yabshi. See also Three Inner Tantras and Nyingma School. [ZL] [RY]

Secret Mantra of the greater vehicle (theg pa chen po'i gsang sngags). Vajrayana when regarded as a part of Mahayana. [RY]

Secret Mantra Palace. [RY]

Secret Mantra Vajrayana {gsang sngags rdo rje theg pa}. The Secret Mantra Vajrayana is able to make use of relative truth as a path by seeing phenomena as the unlimited display of primordial purity. The six classes of Vajrayana tantras teach this in an increasingly direct and profound way. The gateway to the Vajrayana is the empowerment, which is given by the spiritual master. [RY]

secret mantras. See mantras [LW1] [RY]

secret mantras; expl. [LWx] [RY]

Secret Mantrayana (gsang sngags rdo rje theg pa), a synonym for Vajrayana. See Appendix 1. [MR-ShabkarNotes]

Secret Moon Essence (zla gsang thig le). A Mahayoga scripture. Vol. MA of the Nyingma Gyübum. Sometimes counted among the Eighteen Mahayoga Tantras as the tantra of enlightened speech. [ZL] [RY]

Secret Ocean Tantra (gsang ba rgya mtsho'i rgyud). One of the Twenty-five Tantras of the Great Perfection taught by Shri Singha to Vairochana. [ZL] [RY]

Secret or innermost obstacles (gsang ba'i bar chad). The habitual tendency for grasping and fixation. [RY]

secret questions, which are asked of the candidates before they receive full monastic ordination, concern conceivable obstacles to the keeping of the vows, such as not having permission from one's parents, and so forth. [MR-ShabkarNotes]

Secret Tantra of the Blazing Sun Expanse of Luminosity (klong gsal 'bar ba nyi ma'i gsang rgyud). [EMP] [RY]

Secret Treasury of the Dakinis (mkha' 'gro gsang mdzod). [EMP] [RY]

Secret Wisdom (gsang ba ye shes) cycle is possibly the cycle of termas rediscovered by Kunzang Dechen Gyalpo (see Appendix 4), since, according to GC (vol. 3 226) a former Lhagyari king was a chief disciple and patron of Dechen Gyalpo (see Appendix 4). This could also refers to the cycles of the same name revealed by Minling Terdak Lingpa (1646-1714; see chap.1, note 38) and elaborated by Lelung Shepai Dorje (sle lung bzhad pa'i rdo rje, b. 1697; see chap.14, note 51). [MR-ShabkarNotes]

Secret Wrathful Manjushri Tantra ('jam dpal khros pa gsang rgyud). Mahayoga Tantra belonging to the Sadhana Section which was received by Manjushrimitra. [ZL] [RY]

Seed samadhi (rgyu'i ting nge 'dzin). The third of the three samadhis. [RY]

Seed syllable (yig 'bru). The syllable from which the deity is manifested during the development stage. [RY]

Seeing the mind essence (sems ngo mthong ba). [RY]

Self Liberation of the Six Senses (tshogs drug rang grol). Shabkar's name. [MR-ShabkarNotes]

Self of phenomena (chos kyi bdag). An independent entity or inherently existent identity in phenomena. [RY]

Self of phenomena. [RY]

Self of the individual (gang zag gi bdag). See 'individual self.' [RY]

Self-aware self-cognizance (rang rig rang gsal). [RY]

Self-Born Padma, expl. of name of Padmasambhava [LW1] [RY]

Self-born Padma; expl. of name of Padmasambhava [LWx] [RY]

Self-cognizance (rang rig). [RY]

Self-cognizant mindfulness (rang gsal gyi dran pa). [RY]

self-consecration [LWx] [RY]

self-consecration; relative [LW1] [RY]

self-empowerments. (bdag 'jug) Literally "Self-Entry". This is an use of the liturgy of the empowerment of a particular deity as a practice. Without the presence of an external lama, one uses all the ritual objects etc., oneself, while internally doing all the visualisations and meditation necessary for receiving the empowerment. In this way, one "enters" into the mandala of that deity. [Peter Roberts]

self-entity (bdag); expl. of two kinds [LW1] [RY]

Self-entity (rang bzhin). An inherently existent and independent entity of the individual self or of phenomena. [RY]

SELF-ENTITY (rang bzhin). An inherently existent and independent entity of the individual self or of phenomena.[AL] [RY]

self-entity; expl. of two kinds [LWx] [RY]

self-entry. The self-entry, means entering the mandala of liberation of the deity you have been practicing. This is done by using the empowerment text, and receiving the empowerments though one's own practice and visualisation, without an external teacher giving the empowerment. [Peter Roberts]

Self-existing natural flow (rang byung rang babs). [RY]

Self-existing self-cognizance (rang byung rang gsal). [RY]

Self-existing wakefulness (rang byung ye shes). [RY]

self-existing wakefulness (rang byung ye shes); as emanation basis for all syllables, as synonym for sugata essence [LW1] [RY]

self-existing wakefulness; as emanation basis for all syllables; as synonym for sugata essence; [LWx] [RY]

Self-existing wisdom (rang byung ye shes). Basic wakefulness that is independent of intellectual constructs. [ZL] [RY]

Self-grasping (atma graha, bdag 'dzin). A mind apprehending an independently existent self-nature of a person or of dharmas; the misconception of a truly existing self. [RY]

Selflessness (bdag med). The innate absence of a self-entity in both the individual person as well as in matter and mind. [RY]

Selflessness. = Non-self. [RY]

Self-liberated (rang grol). [RY]

Self-liberated Direct Seeing that Points Out the Awareness (rig pa ngo sprod cer mthong rang grol). [EMP] [RY]

self-nature (rang bzhin) [LWx] [RY]

Self-nature (rang bzhin). An inherently existent and independent substance of the individual self or of phenomena. Something that can serve as a valid basis for individual attributes. [RY]

self-nature (rang bzhin). See also emptiness [LW1] [RY]

SELF-NATURE (rang bzhin). See 'Self-entity.'[AL] [RY]

self-nature [LWx] [RY]

Self-occurring (rang shar). [RY]

Seltong (gsal stong). Luminosity inseparable from emptiness. [RY]

Sem (sems). When opposed to 'rigpa,' it means the ordinary state of dualistic mind which is ignorant of its own nature and produces karma for further samsaric rebirth. [RY]

semi-apparent natural nirmanakaya realm; [LWx] [RY]

semi-apparent nirmanakaya; expl. [LWx] [RY]

Semi-manifest natural nirmanakaya realms of Mahabrahma. [Daki] [RY]

Semnyi Ngalso. [RY]

Semo (bse mo). [ZL] [RY]

Sending and taking (gtong len). See 'giving and taking.' [RY]

sending and taking. The practice of sending and taking, is the practice of giving away all happiness and good karma to all beings, while taking all their suffering and bad karma into oneself. It is a practice which is done combined with visualisation and one's breathing. [Peter Roberts]

SENGCHEN NAMTRAK (seng chen nams brag). One of the 25 sacred places of Kham opened by Chokgyur Lingpa. Sengchen Namtrak means 'Great Lion Sky Cliff.'[AL] [RY]

Sengchen Namtrak. [RY]

Senge Dongma. [RY]

Senge Dradrok; one of the eight manifestations [LW1] [RY]

Senge Dzongphuk (seng ge rdzong phug) [LW1] [RY]

Senge Wangchuk (lce btsun seng ge dbang phyug)11th-12th century. Chetsün Senge Wangchuk is counted among the lineage gurus in the transmission of Nyingthig which he received from his root guru Dangma Lhungyal as well as from Vimalamitra directly. As a result of his high level of realization, his physical body disappeared in rainbow light at the time of death. Before passing away, he uttered this last song. His later reincarnation as Jamyang Khyentse Wangpo remembered the Dzogchen teachings which Senge Wangchuk had transmitted to the dakini Palgyi Lodrö and wrote them down as the terma Chetsün Nyingthig, one of the most important Dzogchen instructions based on the transmission from Vimalamitra. [RY]

Senge Yutso. [RY]

Senmo (bsen mo). [ZL] [RY]

Senmo (bsen mo). A type of evil spirit often found in company with the gyalpo class and thus are the male and female spirits symbolizing desire and anger. [ZL] [RY]

Sense bases (skye mched), ayatana. The five senses and their five objects as well as the mental faculty and mental objects. [RY]

sense bases (skye mched). See aggregates, elements, and sense bases; six sense bases; twelve sense bases [LW1] [RY]

SENSE BASES (skye mched). The twelve sense factors are the organs of eye, ear, nose, tongue, body and mind consciousness as well as their corresponding objects which are visual form, sound, smell, taste, texture, and mental object.[AL] [RY]

Sense factors (skye mched). The twelve sense factors are the organs of eye, ear, nose, tongue, body and mind consciousness as well as their corresponding objects which are visual form, sound, smell, taste, texture, and mental object. [RY]

sense faculties, five (dbang po lnga) [LW1] [RY]

sense objects (yul); five; six [LW1] [RY]

sense powers. See sense faculties [LW1] [RY]

sense-bases; see 'aggregates, elements, and sense-bases'; six; twelve [LWx] [RY] Sentient being (sems can). Any living being in one of the six realms who has not attained liberation. [ZL] [RY]

Sentient beings (sattva, sems can; also jagat, 'gro (ba)). Any beings who have not yet attained Buddhahood. [RY]

sentient beings (sems can); definition according to Dzogchen [LW1] [RY]

Separation or preference (dbye bsri) is synonymous with distant or close (nye ring). [RY]

Sera monastery. [RY]

Serak (bse rag). A type of mischievous spirit who consumes the potent essences of food and wealth. He personifies ultimate envy and miserliness and is usually exorcized during rituals to promote wealth and prosperity. [ZL] [RY]

Seralung used to house up to one hundred monks, tradionally a monastery of the Drigung Kagyu order it was totally destroyed by the Chinese and the small newly built temple is now run by Gelukpa monks. Nearby on the shore of the lake on finds the five-colored sands. Trugo Monastery and Yer-ngo Monastery (in ruins) are places where Atisha spent some time in meditation. Trugo is also a market place to which many nomads converge. Chiu Monastery, on a hill where Guru Rinpoche spent his last seven days in Tibet (?) [MR]

serenity (snyoms 'jug) conceptionless serenity [LW1] [RY]

SERENITY OF CESSATION ('gog pa'i snyoms 'jug). The meditative state entered by an arhant after all disturbing emotions, sensations and thinking have ceased. It is not considered the ultimate goal by the Mahayana schools.[AL] [RY]

serenity of cessation [LWx] [RY]

serenity of the sphere of infinite consciousness; expl. [LW1] [RY]

serenity of the sphere of infinite space; expl. [LWx] [RY]

serenity of the sphere of neither absence of conception nor presence of conception; expl. [LW1] [RY]

serenity of the sphere of nothing whatsoever; expl. [LW1] [RY]

serenity of the sphere of nothing whatsoever; expl. [LWx] [RY]

Serkyem (gser skyems). Oblation, libation, drink, offering; sacrificial pouring of a liquid or the liquid thus poured; [RY]

Serling (gser gling). [ZL] [RY]

Session {thun}. A fixed period of meditation practice. [RY]

sevasadhana. Sevasadhana.: Tibetan: bsnyen sgrub. While the Sanskrit word sadhana can have as many as thirty-four different meanings, the meaning here of course is the practice of a Tantric deity as "a means of accomplishment". The word "Seva" also has a range of meanings, its root being to serve and attend, but also meaning to honour and worship, to be devoted or even addicted to, to practice and employ, to follow, to cultivate, practice, to frequent and inhabit. The Tibetan part of this word: bsnyen, can mean both to honour or worship, and to approach or be near to, and is usually transalted as "approach". However, the basic meaning of this whole word, is to practice something assiduously and intensively, or to do something repeatedly. A Tibetan definition, is "to be closely associated with a deity". Thrangu Rinpoche says that sevasadhana means an intensive practice of a deity, but not necessarily within a retreat context, although it is a retreat form of practice that will be described in this text. He also states that it does not specifically mean the repeated accumulation of specific numbers of mantras, another principal characteristic of the practice. [Peter Roberts]

sevasadhana. Sevasadhana.: Tibetan: bsnyen sgrub. While the Sanskrit word sadhana can have as many as thirty-four different meanings, the meaning here of course is the practice of a Tantric deity as "a means of accomplishment". The word "Seva" also has a range of meanings, its root being to serve and attend, but also meaning to honour and worship, to be devoted or even addicted to, to practice and employ, to follow, to cultivate, practice, to frequent and inhabit. The Tibetan part of this word: bsnyen, can mean both to honour or worship, and to approach or be near to. However, the basic meaning of this whole word, is to practice something assiduously and intensively, or to do something repeatedly. A Tibetan definition, is "to be closely associated with a deity". Thrangu Rinpoche says that sevasadhana means an intensive practice of a deity, but not necessarily within a retreat context, although it is a retreat form of practice that will be described in this text. He also states that it does not specifically mean the repeated accumulation of specific numbers of mantras, another principal characteristic of the practice. Although Rinpoche said that "intensive-practice" would be a suitable translation, it proved rather awkward, due to its repeated use in the text. As sadhana is already a familiar term, I have used the Sanskrit for this important word throughout the text. [Peter Roberts]

S continued - S2


The Rangjung Yeshe Gilded Palace of Dharmic Activity (Front Cover)

Go To:

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--Richard 13:11, 12 August 2008 (EDT)