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The Rangjung Yeshe Gilded Palace of Dharmic Activity (Front Cover)

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Subhuti [LW1] [RY]

Subjugating mantras (drag snags). Mantras of wrathful deities. [ZL] [RY]

Subjugating, subduing (vashya, dbang (du bsdu ba)). Rite for summoning or controlling another person. [RY]

sublime purity, bliss, identity, and permanence (gtsang bde bdag rtag dam pa) [LW1] [RY]

Sublime Vision (gya nom snang) [LW1] [RY]

subsequent intellect [LWx] [RY]

subsequent mind (de ma thag yid) [LW1] [RY]

Subsequent Tantra of the Bathing Elephant (glang po chur 'jug gi rgyud phyi ma). [EMP] [RY]

Subsequent True Enlightenment Tantra (phyi ma mngon par byang chub pa'i rgyud). Tantra belonging to the Sadhana Section of Mahayoga. found in Vol OM of the Nyingma Gyübum. [ZL] [RY]

Subsidiary empowerments (yan lag gi dbang). [RY]

Substance of accomplishment (dngos grub kyi rdzas). The shrine articles such as amrita and torma of which a small portion is partaken of on the morning of the last day of a retreat practice. [RY]

Succession of Former Lives (skyes pa'i rabs); aspect of excellent speech [LW1] [RY]

Suchandra (chos rgyal zla ba bzang po) [LW1] [RY] Suchness (de bzhin nyid), Skt. tattva. Synonym for emptiness or the 'nature of things,' dharmata, it can also be used to describe the unity of dependent origination and emptiness. [ZL] [RY]

suchness (de bzhin nyid); defiled (dri bcas); in relation to sugata essence; tatha [LW1] [RY]

Suchness (Skt. tattva, de bzhin nyid). Synonym for emptiness or the 'nature of things,' dharmata, it can also be used to describe the unity of dependent origination and emptiness. [RY]

Suchness (tattva, de kho na nyid). Ultimate Nature, lack of true existence. [RY]

Suchness samadhi (de bzhin nyid kyi ting nge 'dzin). The first of the three samadhis. [RY]

sudden jump (thod rgal) [LW1] [RY]

Sudden jump, (thod rgal), here means to jump to a higher level while skipping the grades or steps in between. [RY]

Suddhodhana - King of the Sakyas; father of Sakyamuni Buddha. [Tarthang] suffering (sdug bsngal); explanation of the three types of; of change; of formations; of suffering [LW1] [RY]

Suffering of change ('gyur ba'i sdug bsngal). 'That which is pleasant when arising and remaining but painful when ceasing.' Mainly the suffering of the three higher realms. [RY]

suffering of formations; all-pervasive, expl. [LWx] [RY]

Suffering upon suffering (sdug bsngal gyi sdug bsngal). 'That which is painful when arising and remaining but pleasant when ceasing.' Mainly the suffering of the three lower realms. [RY]

Sugata (bde (bar) gshegs (pa), bder gshegs). 'One who has fared well', i.e. A Buddha. [RY]

Sugata (bde bar gshegs pa). 'Blissfully gone.' Same as a buddha.[Primer] [RY]

Sugata (bde bar gshegs pa). 'Blissfully gone.' 1) The historical Buddha Shakyamuni. 2) Any fully enlightened being. [ZL] [RY]

Sugata (bde bar gshegs pa). 'Blissfully gone.' Same as a buddha. [RY]

Sugata essence (bde gshegs snying po) applies to the aspect of the mind essence present as the indivisibility of the [two] truths as itself the essence of buddhahood. [RY]

Sugata essence (bde gshegs snying po). Another word for buddha nature, the enlightened essence inherent in sentient beings. [RY]

sugata essence (bde gshegs snying po); as unfabricated continuous instant; definition of; explanation of five special qualities; four qualities of; in relation to the all-ground; in terms of essence, nature, and capacity; in terms of ignorance; in terms of Proponents of Concrete Existence; nine analogies for; qualities in terms of fruition; root text definition of; synonyms for; synonyms in general context; synonyms in Vajrayana context; three reasons for [LW1] [RY]

Sugatagarbha (bde bar gshegs pa'i snying po). 'Sugata essence.' The most common Sanskrit term for what in the West is known as 'buddha nature.' [Bardo Guide 91] [RY]

sugatagarbha. See sugata essence [LW1] [RY]

Sugatas' Offspring, sugata suta, (bde gshegs sras po). Bodhisattva. [RY]

Sugatas: "Those who have gone to Bliss". An epithet of the Buddhas. [Peter Roberts]

Sukha Dharma (bde chen chos sgron). The consort of Chokgyur Lingpa. [RY]

Sukhavati (bde ba can) [LW1] [RY]

Sukhavati (bde ba can) is the Pure Realm of Buddha Amitabha; [MR-ShabkarNotes]

sukhavati (bde ba can) The western buddha field of Amitabha. [Rain of Wisdom]

Sukhavati (bde ba can). 'Blissful Realm.' The pure realm of Buddha Amitabha. [ZL] [RY]

Sukhavati (bde ba can). 'Blissful', n. of Amitabha's Pure Land. [RY]

SUKHAVATI (bde ba can). See 'Blissful Realm.'[AL] [RY]

Sukhavati, the Blissful Realm (bde ba can) etc is celestial, [RY]

Sulphuk (zul phug). [ZL] [RY]

Sülpo (srul po). A type of hideous hungry ghost. [ZL] [RY]

Sum of the Great Vehicle, theg pa chen po'i mdo bsdu pa [MR]

Sumeru - see Meru. [RY]

Sumeru (ri rab). The mountain in the center of the four continents. See 'Meru.' [RY]

Sumeru, Mount (ri rab). = Meru [RY]

Summit (rtse mo). One of the 'four aspects of ascertainment' on the path of joining. [RY]

summit of existence (srid pa'i rtse mo) [LW1] [RY]

Summit of existence (srid pa'i rtse mo). The highest of the four formless realms. [RY]

Summit Tantra of Letterless Great Space (nam mkha' che yi ge med pa rtse mo'i rgyud). One of the Twenty-five Tantras of the Great Perfection taught by Shri Singha to Vairochana. [ZL] [RY] sun and moon box (nyi zla ga'u). This is in the form of a small, round box, the lower half being white (made of the moon) and the upper half, or lid, being red (made of the sun). [Peter Roberts]

Sun and Moon Union Tantra (nyi zla kha sbyor). One of the 17 Dzogchen tantras. [RY]

Sundha Jnanaya (Skt.). [ZL] [RY]

Superficial truth (kun rdzob kyi bden pa). [RY]

Superior Body (lus 'phags po); Continent [LW1] [RY]

superior indivisibility of the two truths (lhag pa'i bden gnyis dbyer med) [LW1] [RY]

superior intention (lhag bsam); definition of; of bodhichitta; on the path of accumulation [LW1] [RY]

Superknowledge (mngon par shes pa). Usually refers to the six 'higher perceptions' including clairvoyance, knowledge of other's minds etc. See 'six superknowledges.' [RY]

Superknowledge (mngon shes). Divine sight, divine hearing, recollection of former lives, cognition of the minds of others, capacity for performing miracles, and, in the case of accomplished practitioners, the 'cognition of the exhaustion of defilements.' [ZL] [RY]

Superknowledges (mngon shes). Divine sight, divine hearing, recollection of former lives, cognition of the minds of others, capacity for performing miracles, and, in the case of accomplished practitioners, the 'cognition of the exhaustion of defilements.'[EMP] [RY]

superknowledges (mngon shes). See also six superknowledges; six; listing [LW1] [RY]

Superknowledges, five or six (abhijna, mngon shes). The s. of magical power (of levitation, transmutation and control of one's feelings), divine hearing, knowing other's thoughts, remembering past lives, and knowing the death and rebirth of sentient beings; and (in Arhants and Buddhas only) knowledge of the exhaustion of the contaminations. [RY]

supplementary numbers. Supplementary numbers are in order to make good any mantras that may not have been correctly recited. Traditionally, the supplementary numbers are a tenth of the total, then a tenth of that tenth is added on, etc. until reaching one. [Peter Roberts]

Supplication to Guru Rinpoche in Seven Chapters (gsol sdebs le'u bdun ma), the Prayer for the Spontaneous Fulfillment of Aspirations (bsam pa lhun grub ma), and The Sadhana of the Lineage of Awareness-Holders (rig 'dzin gdung sgrub) belong to the cycle of practices focused upon Guru Padmasambhava rediscovered by Rigdzin Gödem (rig 'dzin rgod ldem, 1337-1408) and are part of what is known as the Northern Terma (byang gter). See NS, pp. 780-3. [MR-ShabkarNotes]

support and the supported (rten dang brten pa) [LW1] [RY]

Support for the Accumulations (tshogs rten) Same as the objects of refuge. [RY]

Supported shamatha (rten bcas zhi gnas). See 'shamatha with support.' [RY]

Supporting ceremonies (zhabs brten). [RY]

Supportive rituals (zhabs brten). Rituals performed to remove obstacles for life and health. [ZL] [RY]

Supramundane beings are the triple sangha of shravakas, pratyekabuddhas, and bodhisattvas as well as the vidyadhara sangha such as the Five Eminent Ones (drva ma lnga). [RY]

Supramundane Scripture ('jig rten las 'das pa'i mdo). One of the Eighteen Mahayoga Tantras; focused on Vishuddha Mind. Vol. RA in the Nyingma Gyübum. [ZL] [RY]

Supreme and common accomplishments. See 'siddhis.' [RY]

Supreme and common siddhis (mchog dang thun mong gi dngos grub). Enlightenment and mundane accomplishments. [RY]

supreme and common siddhis, expl. [LW1] [RY]

Supreme attainment of Mahamudra (phyag rgya chen po mchog gi dngos grub). 1) Supreme enlightenment. 2) The third of the four vidyadhara levels. [RY]

Supreme Attribute (chos mchog). The fourth of the four aspects of ascertainment on the path of joining. The highest spiritual attainment within samsaric existence. [RY]

Supreme Dharma of Intent Mindfulness (Skt. Saddharmanusmrityupastana, Tib. dam pa'i chos dran pa nye bar gzhag pa, T 287). [MR-ShabkarNotes]

Supreme enlightenment (byang chub mchog), (byang chub snying po). Same as 'buddhahood.' [RY]

Supreme enlightenment(byang chub snying po) (byang chub mchog),. Same as 'buddhahood.' [RY]

Supreme Essence Sutra (snying po mchog gi mdo) [LW1] [RY]

Supreme Hundred Families (dam pa rigs brgya). Name of a sadhana text composed by Guru Rinpoche focused on the hundred peaceful and wrathful deities. [ZL] [RY]

Supreme King Scripture (rje btsan dam pa'i lung). One of the Eighteen Major Scriptures of the Mind Section of Dzogchen. [ZL] [RY]

Supreme Knowledge Tantra (rig pa mchog gi rgyud), Skt. Vidyottama Tantra. A tantra belonging to Kriya Yoga. [ZL] [RY]

Supreme Medicinal Nectar of the Garland of Questions and Answers (zhu len sman mchog bdud rtsi phreng ba), was written by Lodrak Drupchen Lekyi Dorje (lho brag grub chen las kyi rdo rje also known as Namkha Gyaltsen nam mkha' rgyal mtshan, 1326-1401). (see GC, vol.3, pp. 282-96). This great Nyingmapa siddha had many visions of Guru Padmasambhava and Vajrapani, whom he used to meet as if meeting real people. He was the Dzogchen master of Tsongkhapa (tsong kha pa, 1357-1419). These Questions and Answers are those that were put by Tsongkhapa to Lodrak Drupchen. The latter would, in turn, ask Vajrapani and then give the answers to Tsongkhapa. On these history and contents of these dialogues, see Ehrhard (1992) and NS, pp. 923ff. [MR-ShabkarNotes]

Supreme Mountain (ri mchog). Same as Sumeru. [RY]

Supreme mundane attribute ('jig rten chos mchog). The fourth of the four aspects of ascertainment on the path of joining. The highest spiritual attainment within samsaric existence. [RY]

Supreme mundane quality ('jig rten chos mchog). Same as 'supreme attribute.' [RY]

Supreme nirmanakaya (mchog gi sprul sku). An emanation to appear as a fully enlightened buddha enacting twelve deeds. [RY]

Supreme Objects of Compassion (snying rje'i yul mchog). Refers to all the sentient beings of the six classes, especially the ones in the lower realms. [RY]

Supreme siddhi (mchog gi dngos grub). The state of complete enlightenment. [RY]

Supreme siddhi of mahamudra (phyag rgya chen po mchog gi dngos grub). See supreme siddhi. [RY]

Supreme Steed Display (rta mchog rol pa). One of the Eighteen Mahayoga Tantras. [ZL] [RY]

Supreme Steed Display Root Tantra (rta mchog rol pa rtsa ba'i rgyud). Tantra belonging to the Sadhana Section of Mahayoga. Two versions are found in Vol. HA of Nyingma Gyübum. [ZL] [RY]

Supreme vidyadhara (rig 'dzin mchog). See vidyadhara. [RY]

Supreme vidyadhara level of mahamudra (phyag rgya chen po mchog gi rig 'dzin). 1) Supreme enlightenment. 2) The third of the four vidyadhara levels. See 'vidyadhara level of mahamudra.' [ZL] [RY]

Supreme vidyadhara level. [Daki] [RY]

Sur, burnt offering (gsur): an offering of smoke produced by burning tsampa (barley flour) mixed with the "three whites" (milk, butter, and cheese), the "three sweets" (sugar, molasses and honey), and blessed substances. This smoke, accompanied by a meditation upon Avalokitesvara, the Buddha of Compassion, in the form of Khasarpana, and the recitation of his mantra, om mani padme hum, relieves the pangs of hunger and thirst of the pretas (yi dwags), or hungry ghosts. [MR-ShabkarNotes]

Sur, burnt offering; (gsur) : and offering of smoke produced by burning barley flour, tsampa, mixed with the "three whites" (milk, butter, and cheese), the "three sweets" (sugar, molasses and honey), and blessed substances. This smoke, accompanied with a meditation upon the Buddha of Compassion, Avalokiteshvara in the form of Kasarpani and the recitation of his mantra, Om mani padme hum, relieves from the unending pangs of hunger and thirst of the hungry ghosts, the pretas. [MR]

Surmang Monastery. [RY]

Surmang Tenga Rinpoche [LW1] [RY]

Susiddhikara (legs par grub pa). A tantra belonging to Kriya Yoga. [ZL] [RY]

Susiddhikara Tantra (legs par grub pa'i rgyud) [LW1] [RY]

Sustainer of Bliss. [Daki] [RY]

Sustainer of Peace (zhi ba 'tsho). [ZL] [RY]

Sustaining freshness (sor zhugs). The Dzogchen version of vipashyana. [RY]

Sustaining the essence (ngo bo skyong ba). An expression used in Mahamudra and Trekcho teachings as a substitute for 'meditation.' [RY]

Sutra - A discourse of the Buddha. The Sutras of the Buddha are classified in accord with the Three Turnings. [RY]

Sutra - discourses given by the Buddha on the Dharma. [RY]

Sutra (mdo (sde)). A Discourse of the buddha, scripture of the Sutra pitaka; also, all exoteric teachings of Buddhism (the three Pitakas and their commentaries) as opposed to the esoteric, Tantric teachings. [RY]

Sutra (mdo), (mdo sde). 1) A discourse by or inspired by the Buddha. 2) A scripture of the Sutra pitaka within the Tripitaka. 3) All exoteric teachings of Buddhism belonging to Hinayana and Mahayana, the causal teachings that regard the path as the cause of enlightenment, as opposed to the esoteric, tantric teachings. [Bardo Guide 91][ZL] [RY]

SUTRA (mdo), (mdo sde). 1) A discourse by or inspired by the Buddha. 2) A scripture of the Sutra pitaka within the Tripitaka. 3) All exoteric teachings of Buddhism belonging to Hinayana and Mahayana, the causal teachings that regard the path as the cause of enlightenment, as opposed to the esoteric, tantric teachings. [AL] [RY]

Sutra (mdo). Discourse or teaching by the Buddha. Also refers to all the causal teachings that regard the path as the cause of enlightenment. Compare with 'Mantra.' [RY]

Sutra and Mantra (mdo sngags). Sutra refers to the teachings of both Hinayana and Mahayana. Mantra refers to Vajrayana. Sutra means taking the cause as path. Tantra means taking the result as path. [ZL] [RY]

Sutra and Mantra (mdo sngags); Dharma of Statement and Realization; hundred teachers of; one hundred teachers of; unexcelled [LW1] [RY]

Sutra and Mantra; expl. [LWx] [RY]

Sutra and Tantra (mdo rgyud). Sutra refers to the teachings of both Hinayana and Mahayana. Tantra refers to Vajrayana. Sutra means taking the cause as path. Tantra means taking the result as path. [RY]

Sutra and Tantra (mdo rgyud). Synonymous with Sutra and Mantra. [RY]

Sutra and Tantra. See Sutra and Mantra [LW1] [RY]

Sutra Designed as a Jewel Chest: (za ma tog bkod pa'i mdo) Skt. Ratnakaranda sutra; sutra on Avalokitesvara's life). [MR]

Sutra Discriminating between the Path of Virtue and the Path of Vice (Skt. Subhasubhakarmavipaka-nirdesa-sutra, Tib. dge ba dang mi dge ba'i lam gyi rnam par smin pa bstan pa'i mdo, T 355). [MR-ShabkarNotes]

Sutra Foretelling Goodness (bzang po lung bstan pa'i mdo). [EMP] [RY]

Sutra Lamkara (mdo sde rgyan). 'The Ornament of the Sutras,' one of the Five Teachings of Maitreya. [RY]

Sutra Lamkara [LWx] [RY]

Sutra Mahamudra (mdo'i phyag chen). The Mahamudra system based on the prajnaparamita scriptures and emphasizing shamatha and vipashyana and the progressive journey through the five paths and ten bodhisattva bhumis. [RY]

Sutra of Compassion's White Lotus (Skt. mahakaruna-pundarika-sutra, Tib. snying rje chen po padma dkar po'i mdo, T 111-12). [MR-ShabkarNotes]

Sutra of Entering the City of Vaishali (yangs pa'i grong khyer du 'jug pa) [LW1] [RY]

Sutra of Entering the City of Vaishali, (yangs pa'i grong khyer du 'jug pa'i mdo), [RY]

Sutra of Great Liberation (Skt. ghanaja-mahabhricaphulakarma avirnasodhaya bhudharakusumasancaya sutra, Tib. thar pa chen po'i phyogs su rgyas pa'i mdo, T 264). [MR-ShabkarNotes]

Sutra of Inconceivable Secrets (gsang ba bsam gyis mi khyab pa'i mdo). [ZL] [RY]

Sutra of Individual Liberation (Skt. Pratimoksa-sutra, Tib. so sor thar pa'i mdo, T 2). [MR-ShabkarNotes]

Sutra of Inexhaustible Intellect; Akshayamatinirdesha-sutra; (blo gros mi zad pa'i mdo). [PK] [RY]

Sutra of King-like Concentration; Samadhiraja-sutra; (mdo ting 'dzin gyal po). [PK] [RY]

Sutra of Manjusri's Perfect Emanation (Skt. manjusri-vikridita-sutra, Tib. 'jam dpal rnam par rol pa'i mdo, T 96). [MR-ShabkarNotes]

Sutra of One Hundred Karmas (mdo sde las brgya pa). [RY]

Sutra of Prajnaparamita in Eight Thousand Verses ( mdo brgyad stong pa) (see The Perfection of Wisdom in 8,000 Lines (RiBa) [LW1] [RY]

Sutra of Predictions in Magadha (dbus 'gyur lung bstan gyi mdo). [ZL] [RY]

Sutra of the Arrayed Tree (sdong po bkod pa'i mdo, Gandhavyuha). [EMP] [RY]

Sutra of the Cloud of the Three Jewels; Ratnamegha-sutra; (dkon mchog sprin gyi mdo). [PK] [RY]

Sutra of the Dense Array (stug po bkod pa'i mdo) [LW1] [RY]

Sutra of the Descent to Lanka, Lankavatara Sutra (lang kar gshegs pa'i mdo) [LW1] [RY]

Sutra of the Good Aeon (mdo sde bskal bzang); Kangyur 94. [LW1] [RY]

Sutra of the Heap of Jewels; Ratnakuta-sutra; (dkon mchog brtsegs pa). [PK] [RY]

Sutra of the Heart of Wisdom (Skt. prajnaparamitahridaya, Tib. mdo shes rab snying po, T 21). [MR-ShabkarNotes]

Sutra of the King of Samadhi (ting 'dzin rgyal po); expl. of [LW1] [RY]

Sutra of the King of Samadhi (ting 'dzin rgyal po'i mdo). [EMP] [RY]

Sutra of the Lion's Roar of Queen Shrimala [LW1] [RY]

Sutra of the Meeting of Father and Son (yab sras mjal mdo) [LW1] [RY]

Sutra of the Meeting of Father and Son, (Skt. pitaputra-samagamana, Tib. yab dang sras mjal ba'i mdo, T 60), which is part of the Ratnakuta. [MR-ShabkarNotes]

Sutra of the Meeting of Father and Son, (yab sras mjal mdo), [RY]

Sutra of the Meeting of the Father and Son; Pitaputra-samagamana-sutra; (yab sras mjal ba'i mdo). [PK] [RY]

Sutra of the Ornament of the Light of Wisdom; Jñanalokalamkara-sutra; (ye shes snang brgyen gyi mdo). [PK] [RY]

Sutra of the Power of the Elephant; (glang po'i rtsal gyi mdo). [PK] [RY]

Sutra of the Sublime Victory Banner (mdo rgyal mtshan dam pa) [LW1] [RY]

Sutra of the Ten Dharmas (Skt. dasadharmaka-sutra, Tib. chos bcu pa'i mdo, T 53). [MR-ShabkarNotes]

Sutra of the Ten Wheels of Ksitigarbha (sa'i snying po 'khor lo bcu pa'i mdo). [EMP] [RY]

Sutra of the Vast Display; Lalitavistara-sutra; (rgya cher rol pa'i mdo). [PK] [RY]

Sutra of the Visit to Lanka; Lankavatara-sutra; (lang par gshegs pa'i mdo). [PK] [RY]

Sutra of the White Lotus of the Holy Dharma; Saddharma-pundarika-sutra; (dam pa'i chos pad dkar po'i mdo). [PK] [RY]

Sutra of the Wise and the Foolish (Skt. damomurkha-nama-sutra, Tib. mdza' blun zhes bya ba'i mdo, T 341) is a sutra that contains fifty-one narratives of the previous lives of the Buddha. For a translation into English, see Frye (1981). [MR-ShabkarNotes]

Sutra of Unraveling the Intent (dgongs pa nges 'grel). [EMP] [RY]

Sutra on Blossoming in the Direction of the Great Liberation (thar pa chen po'i phyogs tu rgyas pa'i mdo). [RY]

Sutra on Magical Perception. [Daki] [RY]

Sutra on the Application of Mindfulness (dran nyer, mdo dran pa nyer bzhag) [LW1] [RY]

Sutra on the Benefits of Circumambulating Stupas; (mchod rten bskor ba'i phan yon gyi mdo). [PK] [RY]

SUTRA ON THE FURTHERANCE OF VIRTUE (mdo dge rgyas).[AL] [RY]

Sutra on the Inconceivable Secret (gsang ba bsam gyis mi khyab pa'i mdo) [LW1] [RY]

Sutra on the Recollection of the Three Jewels (dkon mchog rjes dran gyi mdo). [RY]

Sutra Pitaka (mdo yi sde snod) [LW1] [RY]

SUTRA PITAKA (mdo'i sde snod). See under 'Sutra.'[AL] [RY]

Sutra Pitaka {mdo sde}. One of the three Pitakas, containing concise texts spoken by the Buddha. [RY]

Sutra requested by Crown Jewel; Ratnachudaparipriccha-sutra; (gtsug na rin po ches zhus pa'i mdo). [PK] [RY]

Sutra Requested by Maitreya (byams zhus mdo) [LW1] [RY]

Sutra requested by Maitri Simhanada; (byams pa seng ge'i sgra'i mdo). [PK] [RY]

Sutra requested by Sagaramati; Sagaramatiparipriccha-sutra; (blo gros rgya mtshos shus pa'i mdo). [PK] [RY]

Sutra Requested by Sagarmati {blo gros rgya mtshos zhus pa'i mdo}. Name of a sutra. [RY]

Sutra Requested by Tagmo (stag mos zhus mdo) [LW1] [RY]

Sutra Requested by the King of Dharanis (gzungs kyi rgyal zhus pa'i mdo) [LW1] [RY]

SUTRA REQUESTED BY UNENDING INTELLIGENCE (blo gros mi zad pas zhus pa'i mdo).[AL] [RY]

Sutra Requested by Wisdom Ocean (ye shes rgya mtsho zhus pa'i mdo). [RY]

Sutra system (mdo lugs) [LW1] [RY]

Sutra system (mdo lugs). Refers in this context to the progressive bodhisattva path. [RY]

Sutra to Inspire Superior Intention (lhag pa'i bsam pa bskul ba'i mdo) [LW1] [RY]

Sutralamkara (mdo sde rgyan). One of the five works of Maitreya. [RY]

Sutralamkara. See Ornament of the Sutras [LW1] [RY]

Sutras (mdo). The discourses and teachings given by Buddha Shakyamuni. [RY]

sutras of definitive meaning [LW1] [RY]

Sutrayana - The vehicle of Realization which depends on the teachings of the Sutras [RY]

Sutrayana - The Vehicle of Realization which depends on the teachings of the Sutras. [Tarthang]

Suvarnabhumi - Land to the east of India where Ashoka sent missionaries; often associated with Burma [RY]

Svabhavakaya. Or Svabhavavikaya. (ngo bo nyid kyi sku). "The Essence Kaya". This is a term for the inseparability of the other three kayas. [Peter Roberts]

Svabhavikakaya (ngo bo nyid kyi sku). The 'essence body.' Sometimes counted as the fourth kaya, the unity of the first three. [RY]

Svatantrika (rang rgyud pa). Branch of the Madhyamaka, distinguished by use of conventional forms of philosophical reasoning [RY]

Svatantrika Madhyamaka School (dbu ma rang rgyud pa). [RY]

Svatantrika School Asserting Ultimate Illusion (sgyu ma don dam par 'dod pa'i dbu ma rang rgyud pa). [RY]

Svatantrika School of Complete Nondwelling (rab tu mi gnas pa'i dbu ma rang rgyud pa). [RY]

Swayamjnana (rang byung ye shes). "Self-existing" or "self-born wisdom." The name was given by Tulku Urgyen in 1981. Since 1985, 'Rangjung Yeshe' has been used. [RY]

Swift feet (rkang mgyogs). The yogic art of being able to walk extremely fast, covering a huge distance in a short time, through control over the inner currents of energy. [ZL] [RY]

syllables (yi ge); audible syllables of utterance; definition of; divisions of; e and vam; explanation of four types according to Longchen Rabjam; final syllables of fruition; function of; identity of; nadi syllables abiding in the body; nature of; the letter 'a'; ultimate syllables of the natural state [LW1] [RY]

symbol, meaning and sign offerings. Symbol, meaning and sign, is a common division of the aspects of a Tantric deity. They are described towards the end of "General Points that Should be Known", in the longer instruction text "The Oral Instructions of Padmasambhava". Here these three offerings are made to those respective aspects. The offerings and also the praises which follow are found in sequence in the sadhana text. The symbol offering begins "Si-sum tong-ki tor-shong du.." in which all worlds and their beings are offered as a torma. The primordial torma bowl being the three levels of existence: above, upon and below the earth. The meaning offering commences "Tong-sum tong-ki tor-shong du.." in which blazing mount Merus are offered as a torma. The torma-bowl being a thousand billion-world systems, as a Mount Meru is the centre of each world. The sign offering commences "Ban-da bar-way tor-shong du.." in which the flesh, blood, heads and fat of enemies and obstacle-makers is offered as a torma. The torma-bowl being a blazing skull-bowl. [Peter Roberts]

Symbol, meaning, and sign (brda' don rtags gsum). Three aspects of Vajrayana teachings. [RY]

Symbol, meaning, and sign (brda' don rtags gsum). Three aspects of Vajrayana teachings. For example, the peaceful and wrathful deities depicted are the symbol. The meaning they symbolize is the enlightened qualities spontaneously present within the buddha nature. The sign is that they naturally manifest during the bardo of dharmata. [RY]

Symbolic attribute (brda' rtags). For example, a vajra or a wheel. [RY]

Symbolic Being, samaya sattva, (dam tshig sems dpa'). Visualized image of the deity, with which the Tantric practitioner identifies herself. [RY]

Symbolic Graded Path Heap of Jewels (dpe'i lam rim rin chen spungs pa), composed by Geshe Potowa (Po to ba), 1031-1105, a great Kadampa Master. Here dpe'i approximately rendered by "symbolic" means that the teachings presented in it are indications leading to the ultimate truth - not yet the ultimate truth itself as it is expounded in the The Ultimate Graded Path Blue Lapis Vase (don gi lam rim be'u bum sngon po), also composed by Potowa. [MR]

symbolic letters (brda yig). See also sign script, dakini script [LW1] [RY]

symbolic letters; expl. [LWx] [RY]

Symbolic wisdom (dpe'i ye shes). The wisdom which is the unity of bliss and emptiness of the third empowerment and which is used to introduce the 'true wisdom' of the fourth empowerment. [RY]

System of Phakshab, ('phags zhabs kyi bzhes pa), is the tradition of Nagarjuna and his spiritual sons Aryadeva and Chandrakirti. [RY]


The Rangjung Yeshe Gilded Palace of Dharmic Activity (Front Cover)

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--Richard 13:14, 12 August 2008 (EDT)