Chronology of Buddhism by Matthieu Ricard

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Chronology of Buddhism by Matthieu Ricard

Chronology of Buddhism

India and Others

  • Lord Buddha: 961-881 BC According to Butön]] (bu ston)
  • 624-544 According to Theravadin tradition
  • 403-483 Calculation based on the "dotted record" of Vinaya texts.
  • 569-489 Assuming that King Ashoka reigned 100 years after the Buddha's Parinirvana
  • 463-383 Japanese scholars' calculations based on Sanskrit, Tibetan and Chinese texts
  • 451-371 Assuming that King Ashoka reigned 218 years after the Buddha's parinirvana


Ngagyur Nyingma

9th & 10th c. (Tibet After Guru Rinpoche)

Post 11th c. (Eras of Rangzompa thru Guru Chowang)

The 14th c. (Eras of Kumaradza, Godemchen and Thangtong Gyal)

The 15th thru 17th c. (Era of Ratna Lingpa to Raga Asey & the Great 5th)

17th & 18th c.(Era of Many Great Nyingma Monasteries and Masters)

Late 18th & 19th c. (Era of Dodrub, Chokling, Kongtrul & Khyentse)

  • Samye caught fire: 1816

Post 19th c. (Era of the Modern Nyingma Scholars)

Kadam:

Sakya:

Kagyu:


10th to 12th c. Founding Fathers of the Kagyu Lineages

Mid 12th to Mid 14th c.

Mid 14th to 16th c. - The beginning of the Phadru Kings

Mid 16th to th c. - Pawo Tsuklak Trengwa & Karmapa Mikyo Dorje

Shangpa Kagyu:

Kalachakra:

Orgyen Nyengyu:

Shiche-Chöd:

Jonang, Bodong:

Zhalu:

Geluk:

Bönpo

Physicians, grammarians

General:

Sino-Tibetan relationships:

  • 1260-1360: Yuang Emperor, Kublai Khan (Mongolian)
  • 1360-1644: Ming (chinese)
  • 1644-1911: Manchu (Ching)
  • [[1644-1661: Shun-chih
  • [[1662-1722: K'ang-hsi
  • [[1723-1735: Yung-cheng
  • [[1736-1795: Ch'ien-lung
  • [[1796-1820: Chia-ch'ing
  • [[upto 1728: Amban has no power
  • [[1792-1895: Amban has some power
  • [[1811-1814: Amban Ahu Thuli
  • [[1814-1817: Amban Shiming
  • [[1817-1820: No 85 Amban Yuling
  • [[1819-1821: No 86 Amban Linghai
  • [[1820-1907: Kuang-hsu
  • 1820-1823: No 87 Weng'gan (Wenming)
  • [[1821: No 88 Nadanzhu
  • [[1821-1825: No: 90 Amban Baochang
  • [[1823-1827: No 91 Amban Songting
  • [[1895: 13th Dalai Lama, Amban becomes less powerful and in
  • [[1908-1911: Hsuan-t'ung
  • [[1912: The last Amban is expelled from Lhasa.
  • [[1913-1914 Conference of Simla. The Chinese refuse to sign the final agreement.

Unknown:

Sources